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it descends, in a great measure, the character of a fluid, being divided into pyramidal-shaped fragments, the bases of which are turned upward.

9. The surface of the gulf, below the cataract, presents a very singular aspect; seeming, as it were, filled with an immense quan. tity of hoar frost, which is agitated by small and rapid undulation. The particles of water are dazzlingly white, and do not apparently unite together, as might be supposed, but seem to continue for a time in a state of distinct comminution, and to repel each other with a thrilling and shivering motion, which can not easily be described.

10. The road to the bottom of the Fall presents many more difficulties than that which leads to the Table Rock. After leay. ing the Table Rock, the traveler must proceed down the river nearly half a mile, where he will come to a small chasm in the bank, in which there is a spiral staircase inclosed in a wooden building. By descending the stair, which is seventy or eighty feet in perpendicular hight, he will find himself under the precipice, on the top of which he formerly walked. A high but sloping bank extends from its base to the edge of the river; and, on the summit of this, there is a narrow slippery path, covered with angular +fragments of rock, which leads to the Great Fall.

11. The impending cliffs, hung with a + profusion of trees and brushwood, overarch this road, and seem to vibrate with the thunders of the cataract. In some places, they rise abruptly to the hight of one hundred feet, and display, upon their surfaces, fossil shells, and the organic remains of a former world; thus sublimely leading the mind to contemplate the convulsions which nature has undergone since the creation.

12. As the traveler advances, he is frightfully stunned by the appalling noise; clouds of spray sometimes envelop him, and suddenly check his faltering steps; rattlesnakes start from the + cavities of the rocks; and the scream of eagles, soaring among the whirlwinds of eddying vapor, which obscure the gulf of the cataract, at intervals announce that the raging waters have hurled some bewildered animal over the precipice. After scrambling among piles of huge rocks that obscure his way, the traveler gains the bottom of the Fall, where the soul can be susceptible only of one emotion, that of uncontrollable terror.

13. It was not until I had, by frequent excursions to the Falls, in some measure familiarized my mind with their sublimities, that I ventured to explore the recesses of the Great Cataract. The precipice over which it rolls, is very much arched underneath, while the impetus whieh the water receives in its descent, projects it far beyond the cliff, and thus an immense Gothic arch is formed by the rock and the torrent. Twice I entered this cavern, and twice I was obliged to retrace my steps, lest I should be suffocated by the blast of the dense + spray that whirled around me; however, the third time, I succeeded in advancing about twenty-five yards.

14. Here darkness began to encircle me. On one side, the black cliff stretched itself into a + gigantic arch far above my head, and on the other, the dense and hissing torrent formed an impenetrable sheet of foam, with which I was drenched in a moment. The rocks were so slippery, that I could hardly keep my feet, or hold securely by them; while the horrid din made me think the precipices above were tumbling down in colossal fragments upon my head.

15. A little way below the Great Fall, the river is, comparatively speaking, so tranquil, that a ferry boat plies between the Canadian and American shores, for the convenience of travelers. When I first crossed, the heaving flood tossed about the skiff with a violence that seemed very alarming; but, as soon as we gained the middle of the river, my attention was altogether engaged by the +surpassing + grandeur of the scene before me.

16. I was now in the area of a semicircle of cataracts, more than three thousand feet in extent, and floated on the surface of a gulf, raging, +fathomless, and interminable. Majestic cliffs, splendid rainbows, lofty trees, and columns of spray, were the gorgeous decorations of this theater of wonders; while a dazzling sun shed refulgent glories upon every part of the scene.

17. Surrounded with clouds of vapor, and stunned into a state of confusion and terror by the hideous noise, I looked upward to the hight of one hundred and fifty feet, and saw vast floods, dense, awful, and +stupendous, vehemently bursting over the precipice, and rolling down as if the windows of heaven were opened to pour another deluge upon the earth.

18. Loud sounds, resembling discharges of artillery or + volcanic explosions, were now distinguishable amid the watery tumult, and added terrors to the abyss from which they issued. The sun, looking majestically through the ascending spray, was encircled by a radiant halo, while fragments of rainbows floated on every side, and momentarily vanished, only to give place to a succession of others more brilliant.

19. Looking backward, I saw the Niagara River, again becoming calm and tranquil, rolling magnificently between the towering cliffs, that rose on either side. A gentle breeze ruffled the waters, and beautiful birds fluttered around, as if to welcome its egress from those clouds, and thunders, and rainbows, which were the heralds of its + precipitation into the abyss of the cataract.


QUESTIONS.- What is the form and hight of Niagara Falls ? Is there more than one Fall? What divides it? From what place may the Falls be seen in all their grandeur ? Where is Table Rock, and why is it so named ? Is there much water? How does it appear below the Fall ? What effect is produced upon the mind by the union of all these sights and sounds ?

LESSON XLIV. REMARK.-In reading poetry that does not rhyme, where there is an intimate connection, both in sense and construction, between the end of one line and the beginning of the next, there should be no pause.

ARTICULATE distinctly.-In-stant, not in-stan: cast, not cass: el-e-ments, not el-e-mence: mist, not miss: for-est, not for-ess: dost (pro. dust), not duss: past, not pass: la-test, not la-tes.

3. Wide-in-volv'-ing, a, extending to a 35. Pyr'-a-mid, n. a solid body with great distance.

an angular base terminating in a 24. Verge, n. the brink, the edge.

point. 29. Bar', n. an obstruction, a boun- 59. Girt, v. surrounded, encircled.

dary. [that can not be satisfied. 60. Ra'-di-ant, a, sparkling, giving out 30. In-sa'-tia-ble, a. (pro. in-sa'-sha-ble) rays of light.


1. + TREMENDOUS torrent! for an instant, hush

The terrors of thy voice, and cast aside
Those wide-involving shadows, that my eyes
May see the fearful beauty of thy face !
I am not all +unworthy of thy sight;
For, from my very boyhood, have I loved,
Shunning the meaner track of common minds,
To look on nature in her loftier moods.

At the fierce rushing of the +hurricane, 10. At the near bursting of the thunderbolt,

I have been touched with joy; and, when the sea,

Lashed by the wind, hath rocked my bark, and showed
Its *yawning caves beneath me, I have loved

Its dangers and the wrath of elements. 15. But never yet the madness of the sea

Hath moved me, as thy + grandeur moves me now.

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Thou flowest on in quiet, till thy waves
Grow broken 'mid the rocks; thy current then

Shoots onward, like the irresistible course 20. Of destiny. Ah! terribly they rage,

The hoarse and rapid *whirlpools there! My brain
Grows wild, my senses wander, as


gaze Upon the hurrying waters, and my sight

Vainly would follow, as onward to the verge 25. Sweeps the wide torrent; waves +innumerable

Meet there and madden; waves innumerable
Urge on and overtake the waves before,
And disappear in thunder and in foam.

They reach, they leap the barrier: the +abyss 30. Swallows, insatiable, the sinking waves.

A thousand rainbows arch them, and the woods
Are deafened with the roar. The violent shock
Shatters to vapor the descending sheets :

A cloudy whirlwind fills the gulf, and heaves 35. The mighty pyramid of circling mist

To heaven. The solitary hunter, near,
Pauses with terror in the forest shades.

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God of all truth! in other lands I've seen

Lying philosophers, blaspheming men,
40. +Questioners of thy + mysteries, that draw

Their fellows deep into impiety;
And therefore doth my spirit seek thy face
In earth's + majestic solitudes. Even here

My heart doth open all itself to thee. 45. In this timmensity of loneliness

I feel thy hand upon me. To my ear
The eternal thunder of the cataract brings
Thy voice, and I am humbled as I hear.

Dread torrent! that with wonder and with fear 50. Dost overwhelm the soul of him that looks

Upon thee, and dost bear it from itself,
Whence hast thou thy beginning? Who supplies,

Age after age, thy + unexhausted springs?

What power hath ordered, that, when all thy weight 55. Descends into the deep, the swollen waves

Rise not, and roll to #overwhelm the earth ?

The lord hath opened his + omnipotent hand,
Covered thy face with clouds, and given his voice

To thy down-rushing waters; he hath girt 60. Thy terrible forehead with his radiant bow.

I see thy never-resting waters run,
And I bethink me how the tide of time
Sweeps to teternity. So pass, of man,-

Pass, like a noonday dream,—the blossoming days, 65. And he awakes to sorrow.



Hear, dread Niagara ! my latest voice.
Yet a few years, and the cold earth shall close
Over the bones of him who sings thee now
Thus feelingly. Would that this my

humble verse, 70. Might be, like thee, + immortal. I, meanwhile,

Cheerfully passing to the appointed rest,
Might raise my radiant forehead in the clouds
To listen to the techoes of



QUESTIONS.-What is the difference between this lesson and the last? What is the difference between prose and poetry? Do the lines in poetry always rhyme ? What is that poetry called which does not ? What kind of poetry is this lesson? What is meant by feet in poetic composition ? Answer the questions proposed in lines 52, 53, 54, 55, and 56. How are Niagara Falls like time?

Parse“ days,” in the 64th line. (It is nominative to “pass.") Parse “to listen," in the last line. In what mode and tense is "might raise,” in the 72d line ?

N. B.-The notation of inflections, it is believed, has been sufficiently extensive to be useful to the pupil. It is desirable that he should be led along, until he can safely trust to his own judgment. Having become acquainted with the general principles, and having received such assistance as may be necessary in the early stage of this study, he will thenceforth learn more by practicing in simple reliance upon his own judgment and taste, with such assistance and correction as his teacher may, from time to time, deem appropriate, than he would from any number of lessons already marked with proper emphasis and inflections. Persevering attention to this subject, however, both on the part of the pupil and the teacher, is necessary, in order to secure the desired result.

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