« AnteriorContinuar »
By our holy Sabbath, I have sworn,
To have the due and forfeit of my bond. Ju. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
To excuse the + current of thy #cruelty.
You ʼll ask me why I rather choose to have
say it is my humor. Is it answered ?
A losing suit against him.
Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,
I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Ju. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none? Shy. The pound of flesh which I demand of him,
Is dearly bought; is mine; and I will have it :
I stand for + judgment; answer; shall I have it?
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.
The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
Ju. Is he not able to discharge the money?
Yea, twice and thrice the sum.
Can alter a + decree +established.
(Gives it to the Judge.) Shy. Here 't is, most + reverend doctor,* here it is. Ju. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offered thee. Shy. An oath, an oath, I have in heaven:
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
Take thrice the money ; bid me tear the bond.
You know the law, your exposition
To alter me: I stand here on my bond.
To give the judgment.
You must prepare your bosom for his knife.
Hath full relation the penalty,
Which here appeareth due unto the bond. Shy. 'Tis very true: 0 wise and upright Judge ! Ju. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. (To Antonio.) Shy. Ay, his breast :
says the bond; does it not, noble Judge ? Nearest his heart, those are the very
words. Ju. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh
The flesh ?
* This word here means a learned man.
Ju. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.
’T were good you do so much in charity.
The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
The law allows it, and the court awards it.
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;
Unto the State of Venice.
For, as thou urgest justice, be + assured
Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desirest.
And let the Christian go.
He shall have nothing but the penalty.
thee to cut off the flesh.
Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy + forfeiture.
Thou shalt have merely justice, and the bond.
Ju. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture,
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.
I'll stay no longer question.
The law hath yet another hold on you.
Of the court only.
You do take my house, when you do take the prop
When you do take the means by which I live.
But the forfeiture of thy estate
Are you + contented, Jew? what dost thou say?
I am not well; O give me leave to go
die in peace :
Is taken from me.
Go, repent, and live,
QUESTIONS. - Why did Shylock choose the pound of flesh rather than the payment of his debt? What does he mean by saying “my deeds upon my head ?” In whose favor does the judge decide ? How does he eventually relieve Antonio from his danger ? How is Shylock punished ? Was his punishment just ? Why?
In the last three lines, which are the verbs? Which of them is in the indicative mode? Which are in the imperative mode? What does the word indicative mean? Why is this mode so called? What does the word imperative mean? See Pinneo's Analytical Grammar, page 63.
LESSON LXXIII. REMARK.- Be careful not to read in a faint and low tone, but give due force and emphasis to each word.
PRONOUNCE the following words correctly.—(The fault consists in inserting a vowel between consonants which should coalesce): Supply, not sup-pul-ly: press, not per-ess: prose, not per-ose: ca-pri-cious, not ca-per-i-cious: Dry-den, not Der-y-den: brighter, not ber-ighter: flights, not ful-ights:
Par'-al-lel, n. a comparison made. 2. Al-lot'-ed, p. granted, given.
La'-tent, a. secret, hidden.
E-ject'-ed, v. dismissed, cast out. 3. Punc-til'-ious, a, very particular. 6. Scho-las'-tic, a. scholar-like.
7. Pred-e-ces'-sor, n. one who has gono
before another in the same capacity.
PARALLEL BETWEEN POPE AND DRYDEN.
1. POPE professed to have learned his poetry from Dryden, whom, whenever an opportunity was presented, he praised through his whole life with unvaried + liberality; and perhaps his character
receive some +illustration, if he be compared with his master. 2. Integrity of understanding, and nicety of + discernment, were not allotted in a less proportion to Dryden than to Pope. The rectitude of Dryden's mind was sufficiently shown by the dismission of his poetical + prejudices, and the rejection of unnatural thoughts and rugged numbers. But Dryden never desired to apply all the judgment that he had. He wrote, and professed to write, merely for the people; and when he pleased others, he contented himself. He spent no time in struggles to rouse latent powers; he never attempted to make that better which was already good, nor often to mend what he must have known to be faulty. He wrote, as he tells us, with very little consideration : when occasion or necessity called upon him, he poured out what the present moment happened to supply, and, when once it had passed the press, ejected it from his mind; for, when he had no * pecuniary interest, he had no further +solicitude.
3. Pope was not content to satisfy; he desired to excel, and therefore always endeavored to do his best; he did not court the