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So he, cut from the + sympathies of life,
A wandering, weary, worn, and wretched thing, 60. Scorched, and desolate, and blasted soul,
A gloomy wilderness of dying thought,
QUESTIONS.- Who was Byron? Why is he compared to a comet r What was his character ? Are talents always a blessing? Where are the Alps ? Where are the Apennines ? What is meant by laying his hand upon the “ocean's mane ?”
Explain the inflections from the 29th line to the end of the lesson.
REMARK.- As each one reads, let all the pupils in the class observe and mention every syllable that is not fully and correctly sounded,
ARTICULATE distinctly.-- Dif-fer-ent not dif-f'rent : el-e-gant, not el gant: fu-til-i-ty, not fu-tilty: ex-pe-ri-enc'd, not ex-pe-r'enc'd : il-lu-mi-nate, not il-lu-m'nate : dec-o-ra-tion, not dec'ra-tion: friv-o-lous, not friv’lous: 0c-ca-sions, not ca-sions : res-o-lu-tions, not res’lu-tions : test-i-mony, not test
2. Fu-til-i-ty, n. triflingness, unimport- | 5. Mer-it-o'-ri-ous, a. deserving of re
[tion. Glare, n. a bright dazzling light. 6. Per-son-age, n. a person of distino3. Pull-ley, n. a small wheel for a run- Per'-ils, n. dangers, risks.
ning cord, with which heavy articles 8. Ex-ult-a'-tion, n. lively joy, great are raised.
[precious stone. 4. Fu'-gi-tivo, a. soon passing away. 9. Ru'-by, n. (plural, rubies), a kind of
CHESTERFIELD AND PAUL.
1. To those youthful witnesses,* whose remains show the dif. ference between the happiness of those who obey, and those who disobey the law of God, may be added the + testimony of two who had fulfilled their years. The first was the polished, the witty, the elegant, and admired Earl of Chesterfield, who tried every source of earthly enjoyment, and, at the end, makes this acknowledgment.
* Martyn and Byron.
2. “I have seen,” says he, “the silly rounds of business and of pleasure, and have done with them all. I have enjoyed all the pleasures of the world, and consequently know their futility, and do not regret their loss. I + appraise them at their real value, which is, in truth, very low; whereas, those that have not experienced, always overrate them. They only see their gay outside, and are dazzled at the glare.
3. " But I have been behind the scenes. I have seen all the coarse pulleys and dirty ropes which exhibit and move the gaudy + machines; and I have seen and smelt the tallow candles which illuminate the whole decoration, to the astonishment and admiration of the ignorant +audience.
4. “When I reflect on what I have seen, what I have heard, and what I have done, I can hardly persuade myself, that all that + frivolous hurry of bustle and pleasure of the world, had any reality; but I look upon all that is passing, as one of those romantic dreams, which opium commonly occasions; and I do, by no means, desire to repeat the + nauseous dose, for the sake of the fugitive dream.
5. “Shall I tell you that I bear this melancholy situation with that meritorious constancy and + resignation, which most people boast of ? No, for I really can not help it. I bear it, because I must bear it, whether I will or not! I think of nothing but killing time the best way I can, now that he has become my enemy. It is my resolution to sleep in the carriage during the remainder of the journey of life.”
6. The other personage was Paul, the Aged. For Christ and the + salvation of those for whom Christ died, Paul “suffered the loss of all things ;” and this is the record of his course; “in labors abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft; in journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the wilderness, in perils among false brethren; in weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness; and that which cometh daily upon me, the care of all the churches.
7. “We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, yet not in despair; + persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed. For though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed, day by day. For our light aliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.”
8. And, as the time drew near when he was to be " offered up,” and he looked back on the past course of his life, these are his words of +triumphant exultation : “I have fought a good fight! I have finished my course! I have kept the faith! henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which Christ, the righteous judge shall give.”
9. To this testimony of the +experience of mankind, may be added that of scripture. “Whoso trusteth in the Lord, happy is he! The fear of the Lord, that is wisdom, and to depart from evil understanding. Wisdom is better than rubies, and all the things that may be desired, are not to be + compared to her. Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. Keep sound wisdom, so shall it be life to thy soul. Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and when thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid, yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet.'
10. And thus the Redeemer invites to his service: “Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls !”
QUESTION8.- What two persons, who lived to be old, have left their testimony in regard to the way to be happy? What is said of Lord Chesterfield ? How did he look on his past life? What did he resolve to do? What is said of Paul ? Which was the happier man of the two? What does the Bible say respecting the way of happiness ?
What inflections, in this lesson, are explained by Rule II, 93, and Rule VI, 91?
In the last paragraph, what verbs are in the imperative mode? Which are in the indicative mode? Which are the pronouns, and for what nouns does each one stand ? Which are the adjectives ? Compare those that can be compared. Which are the adverbs ? What is the difference between the adjective and the adverb? See Pinneo's Analytical Grammar, page 16.
ARTICULATION. Indulged'st, waft'st, tempted'st, loved'st. Thou indulged'st the appetite. O wind! that waftst us o'er the main. Thou tempted'st him. Thou loved' st him fondly. Thou credited'st his story. The lists are open. The light dazzl'd his eyes. They were puzzl’d by the intricacies of the path. In vain thou muzzl'd' st the fierce beast.
ARTICULATE clearly all the consonants in the following and similar words in this lesson: stability, prosperity, interested, principles, friend, suspect, comprehends, fabric, concerns, itself, improvements, perpetrator, extinction, describe, unprotected, trample, restraints.
1, Rec-og-ni'-tion, n. acknowledgment. Ex-tinc-tion, 1. a putting an end 2. Fab'-ric, n. any system composed of to. connected parts.
4. Perl-til-ize, v. to make fruitful. E-ra'-sed, p. blotted out. [a crime. A'-the-ism, n. disbelief in the exist3. Per'-pe-tra-tor, n. one that commits ence of a God.
RELIGION THE ONLY BASIS
1. RELIGION is a social concern; for it operates powerfully on society, * contributing, in various ways, to its stability and prosperity. Religion is not merely a private affair; the + community is deeply interested in its + diffusion; for it is the best support of the virtues and principles, on which the social order rests. Pure and undefiled religion is, to do good; and it follows, very plainly, that, if God be the Author and Friend of society, then, the recognition of him must enforce all social duty, and enlightened piety must give its whole strength to public order.
2. Few men suspect, perhaps no man + comprehends, the extent of the support given by religion to every virtue. No man, perhaps, is aware, how much our moral and †social sentiments are fed from this fountain ; how + powerless conscience would become,
without the belief of a God; how palsied would be human benevolence, were there not the sense of a higher benevolence to quicken and sustain it; how suddenly the whole social fabric would quake, and with what a fearful crash it would sink into hopeless ruin, were the ideas of a supreme Being, of accountableness, and of a future life, to be utterly erased from every mind.
3. And, let men thoroughly believe that they are the work and sport of chance; that no superior + intelligence concerns itself with human affairs; that all their improvements perish forever at death; that the weak have no guardian, and the injured no avenger; that there is no recompense for sacrifices to uprightness and the public good; that an oath is unheard in heaven; that secret crimes have no witness but the perpetrator; that humán existence has no purpose, and human virtue no unfailing friend ; that this brief life is every thing to us, and death is total, everlasting extinction; once let them thoroughly + abandon religion, and who
can conceive or describe the extent of the desolation which would follow!
4. We hope, perhaps, that human laws and natural sympathy would hold society together. As reasonably might we believe, that were the sun quenched in the heavens, our torches would + illuminate, and our fires quicken and fertilize the creation. What is there in human nature to awaken respect and tenderness, if man is the tunprotected insect of a day? And what is he more, if atheism be true ?
5. Erase all thought and fear of God from a community, and selfishness and sensuality would absorb the whole man. Appetite, knowing no restraint, and suffering, having no solace or hope, ald trample in scorn on the restraints of human
ws. Virtue, duty, principle, would be mocked and spurned as unmeaning sounds. A +sordid self-interest would +supplant every feeling; and man would become, in fact, what the theory of atheism declares him to be, - a companion for brutes.
QUESTIONS. What is the operation of religion upon society? What would be the effect of the removal of religion, upon the whole fabric of virtue ? Why would not human laws and sympathies hold society together?
Point out all the emphatic words in this lesson.
In the first sentence of the 4th paragraph, what is the subject of the verb “hope ?” What is its object? What two nominatives form the subject of the verb “hold ?” What is the object of that verb? In what mode and tense is “would hold ?” What are “together” and “perhaps ?” What kind of a verb may “hold together” be called ? See Analytical Grammar, p. 101, 9310.