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60. “Woe! Woe! the great city!

She, who was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet,
And was decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls;
For in one hour is brought to + desolation this so great

wealth !
And every shipmaster, and every supercargo,
65. And mariners, and all who labor on the sea,

Stood afar off, and cried aloud,
When they saw the smoke of her burning; saying,
“What city, like the great city !”.

And they cast dust upon their heads,
70. And cried aloud, weeping and mourning; saying,

“Woe! Woe! the great city!
Wherein all who had ships upon the sea waxed rich
By her costliness ;

For in one hour has she been made + desolate!75. Rejoice over her thou heaven !

And ye saints! and ye apostles! and ye prophets !
For God hath for her crimes against you passed sentence

upon her!

no more:

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And a mighty angel took up a stone like a huge millstone,

and cast it into the sea ; saying, 6. Thus with violence shall be thrown down Babylon the great

city, and shall be found no more : 80. And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and flute players,

and trumpeters shall be heard in thee no more :
And

any artificer of any ingenious art shall be found in thee
And the sound of a millstone shall be heard in thee no more:
And the light of a lamp shall be seen in thee no more :
And the voice of the bridegroom, and of the bride, shall be

heard in thee no more :
85. For thy merchants were the great ones of the earth;

For by thy sorceries were deceived all the nations ;
And in her, the blood of prophets and saints hath been found,
And of all those who were slain upon the earth.”
And after these things, I heard as it were, the voice of a great
multitude in heaven, saying,

+6 HALLELUJAH! 90. + Salvation, and glory, and honor,

And power, be unto the Lord our God !
For true and righteous are his judgments;
For he hath judged the great harlot

Who corrupted the earth with her lewdness; 95. And he hath #avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.”

And, a second time, they said, “HALLELUJAH!"
And her smoke ascendeth forever and ever!

JEBB'S SACRED LITERATURE.

QUESTION 8. – To what city does this prophecy refer? From what book is it taken? Why is evil denounced upon Babylon? Who are represented as lamenting her fall? Who are they that sing “hallelujah" to God ? How long ago was this prophecy written ? Is it supposed to be yet fulfilled ? Is Babylon, here, the real name of the city, or is it used figuratively? Where was the Babylon whose destruction is foretold in the Old Testament? Was that fulfilled ?

To what inflections in this lesson is Rule II, 93, applicable? To what, Rule II, 82, and 94?

Which nouns in the lesson specify the merchandise spoken of in the 39th and 40th lines ? Parse the sixteen nouns found in lines 47 to 53 inclusive. Parse each word contained in the 60th line.

LESSON LXXXIII. REMARK.-In reading poetry, that does not rhyme, the pauses should be regulated chiefly by the sense, as in prose. The poetic measure, how. ever, should be observed, whenever it is consistent with the sense, and the construction of the sentence.

PRONOUNCE correctly and ARTICULATE distinctly.-Ru-ins, not runes : burst, not buss: bul-warks, not bul-wuks: pal-ace, not pal-iss: lab-y-rinth, not lab-er-inth, nor labrinth: wan-der-ing, not wan-d'rin: dan-ger-ous, not dan-g'rous: aw-ful, not awe-f"l: col-umns, not col-yums: whith-er-ward, not with-er-wud.

1. Domes, n. buildings.

Bask'-ed, v. lay in the sun. Dusk'-y, a. dark, gloomy.

Sanct'-u-a-ry, n, a place devoted to Bit'-tern, n. a water fowl.

the worship of God. Boom, n. the sound which the bittern 3. A-e'-ri-al, a. placed in the air. makes.

Do'-tage, n. the childishness of old 2. Char-i-ot-eer', n. one who drives à

age. chariot.

Fane, n. a temple. Por'-tals, n. gates.

Bo'-lus, n. one of the Gods of Babylon. Bul'-warks, n. walls, means of defense. Do'-vi-ous, a. out of the common way.

THALABA AMONG THE RUINS

OF BABYLON.

1.

the +

THE many-colored domes *
Yet wore one dusky hue;
The cranes upon

mosque
Kept their night + clatter still;

* Of Bagdad.

When through the gate the early traveler passed.
And when, at evening, o'er the swampy plain

The bittern's boom came far,

Distinct in darkņess seen, Above the low +horizon's lingering light, Rose the near ruins of old Babylon.

2. Once, from the lofty walls the charioteer

Looked down on swarming + myriads; once she flung
Her arches o'er Euphrates' conquered tide,
And, through her brazen portals, when she poured
Her armies forth, the distant nations looked
As men who watch the thunder cloud in fear,
Lest it should burst above them. She was fallen!
The queen of cities, Babylon was fallen!
Low lay her bulwarks; the black + scorpion basked
In palace courts; within the sanctuary

The she-wolf hid her whelps.

3. Is yonder huge and shapeless heap, what once

Hath been the aerial gardens, hight on hight,
Rising, like Media's mountains, crowned with wood,
Work of + imperial dotage? Where the fane
Of Belus ? Where the golden image now,
Which, at the sound of dulcimer and lute,
Cornet and sackbut, harp and psaltery,

The Assyrian slaves +adored ?
A labyrinth of ruins, Babylon

Spreads o'er the blasted plain.
The wandering Arab never sets his tent
Within her walls. The shepherd eyes afar
· Her evil towers, and devious, drives his flock.
Alone unchanged, a free and + bridgeless tide,

Euphrates rolls along,
Eternal nature's work.

4.

Through the broken portal,
Over weedy +fragments,
Thalaba went his way.

Cautious he trod, and felt
The dangerous ground before him with his bow.

The jackal started at his steps;

The stork, alarmed at sound of man,
From her broad nest upon the old pillar top,

Affrighted fled on flapping wings;

The adder, in her haunts disturbed, Lanced at the +intruding staff her arrowy tongue

5. Twilight and moonshine, dimly mingling, gave

An awful light + obscure :
Evening not wholly closed,
The moon still pale and faint:

An awful light obscure,
Broken by many a mass of blackest shade;
Long columns stretching dark through weeds and + moss;

Broad length of lofty wall,

Whose windows lay in light,
And of their former shape, low-arched or square,

Rude outline on the earth
Figured with long grass fringed.

6. Reclined against a column's broken *shaft, Unknowing whitherward to bend his way,

He stood and gazed around.

The ruins closed him in :
It seemed as if no foot of man
For

ages had + intruded there.

He stood and gazed awhile,
+ Musing on Babel's pride, and Babel's fall;

Then, through the ruined street,
And through the further gate,
He passed in silence on.

SOUTHEY.

QUESTION8.- Where was Babylon situated, and of what was it the capital ? How could a charioteer look down from the walls ? Do you understand what is meant by the ærial gardens ? Do you recollect any thing in the Bible about the “golden image" here mentioned ? What was formerly the condition of Babylon ? What became of the city ? What is here represented as the appearance of the place where it stood ? Where was its ruin foretold ?

ARTICULATION.

Fragrance and aromatic odors every where. Frolic and gleesomeness characterized the scene. We arranged the change. Chance and change await all. Thou troubl’st thy father's friends. The sculptor has executed three busts. The swift dark whirlwind that uproots the woods.

LESSON LXXXIV.

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REMARK — Avoid reading in a monotonous way, as if you were not interested, and did not understand what you read.

PRONOUNCE correctly. — Sub-due, not sub-doo, nor subjue: reg-ula-tions, not reg-ew-la-tions, nor reg-gy-la-tions: stren-u-ous, not strenew-ous: spec-u-la-tion, not spec-ky-la-tion: val-u'd, (pro. val-yude), not valewd: vir-tue, not vir-too, nor vir-tew, nor vir-tshue : su-pe-ri-or, not shu-pe-ri-ar: sur'-vey, not survey' (the noun is pronounced sur'-vey, and the verb, survey' ).

3. Pol'-i-cy, n. the art of governing | 6. Pan-e-gyr'-ic, n. praise bestowed on nations.

eminent persons. 4. Stren'-u-ous, a. bold, active.

Chi-me'-ra, n. a vain or idle fancy. 5. Reg'-is-ter, n. a book in which ro- 9. Drudg'-er-y, n. hard labor. cords are kept.

10. Ar-tif-i-cer, n. one who makes and Dis/-taff, n. the staff of a spinning contrives. wheel, to which flax is tied.

13. Ef-fem'-i-nate, a. womanish, tender.

BENEFITS OF LITERATURE.

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1. Hercules. Do you pretend to sit as high on Olympus as Hercules ? Did you kill the Nemæan lion, the Erymanthian boar, the Lernean serpent, and Stymphalian birds? Did you destroy tyrants and robbers? You value yourself greatly on subduing one serpent: I did as much as that while I lay in my

cradle. 2. Cadmus. It is not on account of the serpent, that I boast myself a greater + benefactor to Greece than you. Actions should be valued by their utility, rather than their splendor. I taught Greece the art of writing, to which laws owe their + precision and + permanency. You subdued monsters; I civilized men. It is from untamed passions, not from wild beasts, that the greatest evils arise to human society. By wisdom, by art, by the united strength of a civil community, men have been enabled to subdue the whole race of lions, bears, and serpents; and, what is more, to bind by laws and wholesome regulations, the ferocious violence and dangerous treachery of the human disposition. Had lions

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