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LESSON XCV. REMARK.-The tones of the voice, and the manner of reading, should correspond with the nature of the subject. (Deep emotion is to be expressed in the following soliloquy.)
PRONOUNCE each word correctly and distinctly.-Sha-ken, pro. sha-k'n: fa-vor-ite, not fa-vrite: land-scape, not lan’skip: hid-e-ous not hid-je-ous ; fam-i-ly, not fam’ly: vi-per-ous, not vi-p'rous: pur-chase, not pur-chis.
4. Fiends, n. (pro. feends) infernal be- | 5. Ex-bale', o. (pro. egz-hale') to send
Vi'-per-ous, a, like a serpent. [ings. out.
CHARLES DE MOOR'S REMORSE. 1. I MUST rest here. My joints are shaken asunder. My tongue + cleaves to my mouth.
How glorious, how + majestic, yonder setting sun! 'Tis thus the hero falls, 't is thus he dies, in godlike majesty! When I was a boy, a mere child, it was my
favorite thought, to live and die like that sun. 2. 'T was an idle thought, a boy's + conceit. There was a time, there was a time, when I could not sleep, if I had forgotten my prayers! Oh that I were a child once more!
3. What a lovely evening! what a pleasing landscape! That scene is noble ! this world is beautiful ! the earth is grand! But I am hideous in this world of beauty! a monster on this + magnificent earth! the prodigal son! My innocence! Oh my innocence! All nature +expands at the sweet breath of spring: but, oh God, this + paradise, this heaven is a hell to me! All is happiness around me, all is the sweet spirit of peace : the world is one family, but its Father there above is not
father. 4. I am an outcast ! the prodigal son! the companion of murderers, of viperous fiends! bound down, enchained to guilt and horror! Oh! that I could return once more to peace and innocence! that I hung an infant on the breast ! that I were born a beggar, the meanest kind, a + peasant of the field !
5. I would toil, till the sweat of blood dropped from my brow, to purchase the + luxury of one sound sleep, the + rapture of a single tear! There was a time when I could
days of bliss! Oh mansion of my fathers! Scenes of my
infant years, enjoyed by fond + enthusiasm ! will you no more return? No more exhale your sweets to cool this burning bosom?
6. Oh! never, never shall they return ! No more + refresh this bosom with the breath of peace. They are gone! gone forever!
QUESTIONS.— What had evidently been the conduct and character of the person who speaks in this lesson? Why was he now so wretched ? Is a wicked man ever happy long? In what way can a man be truly and permanently happy? What inflection prevails in this lesson? Why? Point out the emphatic words in this lesson.
LESSON XCVI. ARTICULATE the h clearly: high, heart, happiness, heaven, hard, had, hearken, here, have, happy, whit, howling, hearth, whenever, hypocrites.
ARTICULATE the d: seem'd, talk'd, mind, call’d, preferr’d, England, land, launch'd, soil'd, round, intend.
2. Por-son'-i-fied, p. represented with abeth. They were so called because attributes of a person.
the professed to follow the pure Al'-le-go-ri-zed, p. turned into an al. word of God. legory, or a figurative description. The-o-crat'-ic-al, a. conducted by the En-shri'-ned, p. preserved in a sacred immediate agency of God. chest.
[accord. 10. Pen'-ta-touch, n. (pro. Pen-ta-tuke) 6. Spon-ta'-ne-ous-ly, adv. of its own the first five books of the old Testa7. Prim'-i-tive, a. first, original.
[figuratively. 9. Pu’-ri-tan, n. a name given to those Im-bu'-ed, p. tinged, dyed, used
who separated from the Church of 13. Ar'-ro-ga-ting, p. claiming more reEngland, in the days of Queen Eliz- spect than is just.
CHARACTER OF THE PURITAN FATHERS OF NEW ENGLAND.
1. ONE of the most prominent features which distinguished our forefathers, was their determined resistance to oppression. They seemed born and brought up, for the high and special purpose of showing to the world, that the civil and religious rights of man, the rights of #self-government, of conscience, and independent thought, are not merely things to be talked of, and woven into theories, but to be adopted with the whole strength and ardor of the mind, and felt in the profoundest recesses of the heart, and carried out into the general life, and made the foundation of practical usefulness, and visible beauty, and true nobility.
2. Liberty with them, was an object of too serious desire and stern resolve, to be personified, allegorized, and enshrined. They made no goddess of it, as the ancients did : they had no time nor inclination for such trifling; they felt that liberty was the simple birthright of every human creature; they called it so; they claimed it as such; they reverenced and held it fast as the tunalienable gift of the Creator, which was not to be surrendered to power, nor sold for wages.
3. It was theirs, as men; without it, they did not esteem them. selves men; more than any other privilege or possession, it was tessential to their happiness, for it was essential to their original nature; and therefore they preferred it above wealth, and ease, and country; and that they might enjoy and exercise it fully, they forsook houses, and lands, and kindred, their homes, their native soil, and their father's graves.
4. They left all these; they left England, which, whatever it might have been called, was not to them a land of freedom; they launched forth on the pathless ocean, the wide, + fathomless ocean, soiled not by the earth beneath, and bounded, all round and above, only by heaven; and it seemed to them like that better and + sublimer freedom, which their country knew not, but of which they had the conception and image in their hearts; and, after a toil. some and painful voyage, they came to a hard and wintry coast, unfruitful and + desolate, but unguarded and boundless; its calm silence interrupted not the ascent of their prayers; it had no eyes to watch, no ears to hearken, no tongues to report of them; here, again, there was an answer to their soul's desire, and they were satisfied, and gave thanks; they saw that they were free, and the desert smiled.
5. I am telling an old tale; but it is one which must be told, when we speak of those men. It is to be added, that they transmitted their principles to their children, and that peopled by such a race, our country was always free. So long as its inhabitants were +unmolested by the mother country, in the exercise of their important rights, they submitted to the form of English government; but when those rights were invaded, they spurned even the
6. This act was the revolution, which came of course, and
spontaneously, and had nothing in it of the wonderful or unforeseen. The wonder would have been, if it had not occurred.
indeed, a happy and glorious event, but by no means unnatural; and I intend no slight to the revered actors in the revolution, when I assert that their fathers before them were as free as they.-every whit as free.
7. The principles of the revolution were not the suddenly acquired property of a few bosoms; they were abroad in the land in the ages before; they had always been taught, like the truths of the Bible; they had descended from father to son, down from those primitive days, when the + pilgrim, established in his simple dwelling, and seated at his blazing fire, piled high from the forest which shaded his door, repeated to his listening children the story of his wrongs and his resistance, and bade them rejoice, though the wild winds and the wild beasts were howling without, that they had nothing to fear from great men's oppression.
8. Here were the beginnings of the revolution. Every settler's hearth was a school of independence; the scholars were apt, and the lessons sunk deeply; and thus it came that our country was always free; it could not be other than free.
9. As deeply seated as was the principle of liberty and resistance to arbitrary power, in the breasts of the Puritans, it was not more so than their piety and sense of religious obligation. They were emphatically a people whose God was the Lord. Their form of government was as strictly theocratical, if direct communication be excepted, as was that of the Jews; insomuch that it would be difficult to say, where there was any civil authority among them entirely distinct from tecclesiastical jurisdiction.
10. Whenever a few of them settled a town, they immediately gathered themselves into a church; and their elders were magistrates, and their code of laws was the Pentateuch. These were forms, it is true, but forms which faithfully +indicated principles and feelings : for no people could have adopted such forms, who were not thoroughly imbued with the spirit, and bent on the practice, of religion.
11. God was their King; and they regarded him as truly and literally so, as if he had dwelt in a visible palace in the midst of their state. They were his devoted, + resolute, humble subjects; they undertook nothing which they did not beg of him to prosper; they accomplished nothing without rendering to him the praise; they suffered nothing without carrying up their sorrows to his throne; they ate nothing which they did not timplore him to bless.
12. Their piety was not merely external; it was sincere; it had the proof of a good tree in bearing good fruit; it produced
and sustained a strict morality. Their + tenacious purity of manners and speech obtained for them, in the mother country, their name of Puritans, which, though given in derision, was as honorable an appellation as was ever bestowed by man on man.
13. That there were hypocrites among them, is not to be doubted; but they were rare; the men who voluntarily exiled themselves to an unknown coast, and endured there every toil and hardship for conscience' sake, and that they might serve God in their own manner, were not likely to set conscience at defiance, and make the services of God a mockery; they were not likely to. be, neither were they, +hypocrites. I do not know that it would be arrogating too much for them to say, that, on the extended surface of the globe, there was not a single community of men to be compared with them, in the respects of deep religious impressions, and an exact performance of moral duty.
QUESTIONS.- What was one of the prominent traits of character in the Puritans? How did they regard liberty? What was their conduct in support of liberty? Why was the revolution a perfectly natural event, or just what might have been expected ? From whence were derived the principles of the revolution ? How were their systems of government formed? What was the character of their piety? As a community, how will they bear comparison, for moral worth, with all other communities, past or present ?
Which are the pronouns in the 12th paragraph ? For what noun does “their” stand ? For what does "it" stand? Parse" which.” Parse the last "as."
ARTICULATION. Shrill, trump, scramble, scribblers, scrawl, strange, scratch.
The shrill trump of victory. We scrambled up the hill. Scribblers scrawl strange stories. Diamonds scratch glass. They furl'd the sails. His chains clank'd. He handles the instruments skillfully. The blue waves curld. We were unharm’d amid the conflict of elements.