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ARTICULATION. To TEACHER S. - - Each difficult word should be attered clearly, first by its elements, and then by their combination, omitting silent letters : as, r-i-be, ribs, d-e-th, death. (See Eclectic Second Reader, pages 5 and 13, and Third Reader, pages 10 and 11.) Then read the sentences carefully and distinctly.
Ribs, death, cry, crime, orb’d, act, acts, &c. The ribs of death. Can you cry, crackers, crime, cruelty, crutches?
, ? The orb'd moon. It was the worst act of all acts. It is a mixed
governo ment. The idle spindle. Long droves of cattle. Their deeds show their feelings. The length, and breadth, and depth of the thing. It was highly and holily done.
PRONOUNCE correctly the following words in this lesson. Fel-low, not fel-ler: vent-ure (pro. vent-yur), not ven-ter, nor ven-tshur : stim-ula-ted, not stim-my-la-ted: thou-sand, not thou-sun: back-ward, not back-wud : forward, not for-ud : ig-no-rant, not ig-ner-unt: el-o-quence, not el-er-quunce : e-lev-en (pro. e-lev'n), not lev-un.
WORDS TO BE SPELLED AND DEFINED.
1. At-test', v. to bear witness to.
Ex-cept', v. to object. 3. Ac-tion, n. a claim made before a 10. Dex'-trous,a.skillful, artful.[gument. court.
Ad-du'-ced, p. brought forward in arAs-si'-zes, n. a court of justice. 11. Plead'-er, n. one that argues in a 6. Plaint'-iff, n. the person who com- court of justice. mences a suit at court.
De-po'-sed, v. gave evidence on oath. 7. Pre-ca'-ri-ous, a. uncertain.
Ver'-dict, n. the decision of a jury con. Ju'-ry-man, n. one who serves on a cerning the matter referred to them. jury, and whose business it is to hear 12. Fore'-man, n. the chief man of a jury. the evidence and decide which party 14. Dem-on-stra'-tion, n. certain proof. is right in any given case.
115. Soph'-ist-ry, n. false reasoning.
THE JUST JUDGE.
1. A GENTLEMAN who possessed an estate worth about five hundred a year, in the eastern part of England, had two sons. The eldest being of a trambling disposition, went abroad. After several years, his father died; when the younger son, destroying his will, seized upon the estate. He gave out that his elder brother was dead', and +bribed false witnesses' to attest the truth' of it.
2. In the course of time, the elder brother returned; but came home in +destitute circumstances. His younger brother repulsed him with scorn, and told him that he was an impostor and a cheat. He asserted that his real brother was dead long ago; and he could bring witnesses to prove it. The poor fellow, having neither money nor friends, was in a sad situation. He went round the parish making complaints, and, at last, to a lawyer, who, when he had heard the poor man's story, replied, “You have nothing to give me. If I undertake your cause and lose' it, it will bring me into disgrace', as all the wealth and evidence' are on your brother's' side.
3. “However, I will undertake it on this condition; you shall enter into an tobligation to pay me one thousand guineas, if I gain the estate for you. If I lose it, I know the consequences'; and I venture with my eyes open.” Accordingly, he entered an action against the younger brother, which was to be tried at the next general assizes at Chelmsford, in Essex.
4. The lawyer, having engaged in the cause of the young man, and being #stimulated by the prospect of a thousand guineas, set his wits to work to contrive the best method to gain his end. At last, he hit upon this happy thought, that he would consult the first Judge of his age, Lord Chief Justice Hale. Accordingly, he hastened up to London, and laid open the cause, and all its circumstances. The Judge', who was a great lover of justice', heard the case attentively, and promised him all the assistance in his power'.
5. The lawyer having taken leave, the Judge contrived matters so as to finish all his business at the King's Bench, before the assizes began at Chelmsford. When within a short distance of the place, he dismissed his man and horses, and sought a single house. He found one occupied by a miller. After some conversation', and making himself quite agreeable', he proposed to the miller to change clothes with him. As the Judge had a very good' suit on,
the man had no reason to object'.
6. Accordingly, the Judge shifted from top to toe, and put on a complete suit of the miller's best. Armed with a miller's hat, and shoes, and stick, he walked to Chelmsford, and +procured good lodging, suitable for the assizes, that should come on next day. When the trials came on, he walked like an ignorant country fellow, backward and forward along the county hall. He observed narrowly what passed around' him; and when the court began to fill', he found out the poor fellow who was the plaintiff.
7. As soon as he came into the hall, the miller drew up to him. “Honest friend,” said he, “how is your cause like to go today?" Why,
, my cause is in a very precarious situation', and, if I lose it, I am ruined for life'." “Well, honest friend'," replied the miller,
take my advice'? I will let you into a secret', which perhaps you do not know'; every Englishman has the right and
66 What do you
privilege to except against any one juryman out of the whole twelve; now do you insist upon your privilege, without giving a reason why, and, if possible, get me chosen in his room, and I will do you
all the service in my power.” 8. Accordingly, when the clerk had called over the names of the jurymen, the plaintiff excepted to one of them. The judge on the bench was highly offended with this liberty. mean,” said he, “by excepting against that' gentleman ?” “I mean, my lord, to assert my privilege as an Englishman, without giving a reason why.”
9. The judge, who had been highly bribed, in order to conceal it by a show of candor, and having a confidence in the superiority of his party, said, “Well, sir', as you claim your privilege in one' instance, I will grant' it. Whom would you wish to have in the room of that man excepted?” After a short time, taken in #consideration, “ My lord',” says he, “I wish to have an honest man' chosen in ;” and looking round the court my lord', there is that miller in the court; we will have him', if you please. Accordingly, the
' miller was chosen in.
10. As soon as the clerk of the court had given them all their oaths, a little dextrous fellow came into the apartment, and slipped ten golden guineas into the hands of eleven jurymen, and gave the miller but five. He observed that they were all bribed as well as himself, and said to his next neighbor, in a soft whisper, “How much have you' got?” “Ten pieces'," said he. But he concealed what he had got himself. The cause was opened by the plaintiff's counsel'; and all the scraps of evidence they could pick up', were tadduced in his favor'.
11. The younger brother was provided with a great number of witnesses and pleaders, all plentifully bribed, as well as the judge. The witnesses deposed, that they were in the self-same country when the brother died, and saw him buried. The counselors pleaded
upon this taccumulated evidence; and every thing went with a full tide in favor of the younger brother. The judge summed up the evidence with great gravity and deliberation'; "and now, gentlemen of the jury'," said he," lay your heads together, and bring in your
verdict' as you shall deem most just'.” 12. They waited but for a few minutes, before they determined in favor of the younger brother. The judge said, “Gentlemen', are you agreed'? and who shall speak' for you?”. “We are all agreed , my lord',” replied one, “and our foreman'shall speak for us. “ Hold', my lord',” replied the miller; we are not all agreed."
Why?” said the judge, in a very surly manner, “what's the matter with you? What reasons have you' for disagreeing ?”
13. “I have several reasons, my lord,” replied the miller : “ the first is, they have given to all these gentlemen of the jury, ten'
broad pieces of gold, and to me but five'; which, you know, is not fair. Besides, I have many objections to make to the false reasonings of the pleaders, and the contradictory evidence of the witnesses.” Upon this, the miller began a discourse, which discovered such a vast penetration of judgment, such extensive knowledge of law, and was expressed with such manly and energetic eloquence, that it astonished the judge and the whole court.
14. As he was going on with his powerful demonstrations, the judge, in great surprise, stopped him.“ Where did you come from, and who are you?” “I came from Westminster Hall,” replied the miller; “my name is Mathew Hale; I am Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench. I have observed the tiniquity of your proceedings this day; therefore, come down from a seat which you are nowise worthy to hold. You are one of the corrupt parties in this iniquitous business. I will come up this moment and try the cause all over again.”
15. Accordingly', Sir Matthew went up, with his miller's dress and hat on, began the trial from its very commencement, and searched every circumstance of truth and falsehood'. He evinced the elder brother's title to the estate, from the contradictory evidence of the witnesses, and the false reasoning of the pleaders; *unraveled all the sophistry to the very bottom, and gained a complete victory in favor of truth and justice.
QUESTIONS. - What were the circumstances, under which the younger brother took possession of his father's estate? How did he treat his elder brother upon his return ? What did the elder brother do? What plan did Chief Justice Hale pursue ? What influenced him to take all this trouble ?
What are the rules for the inflections in the last sentence of the first paragraph ? (Rules I and IV.) What, for those in the last sentence of the 2d paragraph ? What, for those marked in the 7th paragraph. (Rules I, II, III, IV, and V.) Give the rules for the inflections marked in the 12th paragraph. (Rules I, II, III, IV, and V.) Why do the words “ten” and “ five," in the 13th paragraph, receive different inflections ? (Rule VI.Contrast.)
There are thirteen nouns in the last sentence of the lesson: which are they? What is the singular number of each of them ? The plural number ? What does the word noun mean? See Pinneo's Analytical Grammar.
Der To TEACHERS. Grammatical questions are introduced somewhat extensively into this volume, and will be found profitable and interesting to the pupil. The teacher may increase and vary them, with advantage, and without interfering, at all, with the more direct objects of a reading lesson. This union of grammatical study with the daily reading exercise, will give additional interest and value to both, and should not be neglected by the teacher.
ARTICULATION. Earth, heart, holds, attempts, hold, hands, &c. ARTICULATE distinctly the difficult sounds. Earth that entomo'st all my heart holds dear. His attempts were faithless. Hold of your hands, gentlemen. The sounds of horses' hoofs were heard. What wanť st thou here? It was wrenched by the hand of violence. Their singed tops, though bare, will stand. The strength of his nostrils is terrible. A gentle current rippled by. He barb'd the dart. How do you like herbs in your broth? Thou barbs't the dart that wounds thee. Thou barb d'st the dart.
LESSON III. PRONOUNCE correctly the following words found in this lesson : Fig-ure (pro. fig-yur), not fig-ger: sor-row, not sor-rer: mel-an-chol-y, not mel-un-chul-y: fi-nance', not fil-nance : def'-i-cit, not de-fi'-cit: miscal-cu-la-tion, not mis-cal-ky-la-tion.
1. Ex-te'-ri-or, n. outward appearance. 5. Def'-i-cit, n. a deficiency, want.
De-pict'-ed, p. painted, represented. 6. De-fault'-er, n. one who fails to ac4. Rev'-e-nues, n, annual income from count for public money entrusted to taxes, public rents, &c., belonging to
his care. the public.
9. Ex-per-i-ment'-al, a. derived from As-sid'-u-ous, a.very attentive.[state. experience. Fi-nance', n. income of the king or In-junc'-tion, n. a command.
THE MANIAC. 1. A GENTLEMAN who had traveled in Europe, relates that he one day visited the hospital of Berlin, where he saw a man whose exterior was very striking. His figure, tall and commanding, was bending with
age, but more with sorrow; the few scattered hairs which remained on his temples were white, almost as the driven snow, and the deepest *melancholy was depicted in his countenance.
2. On inquiring who he was, and what brought him there, he started, as if from sleep, and after looking around him, began with slow and measured steps to stride the hall, repeating in a low but taudible voice, “Once one is two; once one is two.”
3. Now and then he would stop and remain with his arms folded on his breast, as if in contemplation, for some minutes; then again resuming' his walk, he continued to repeat', “Once one is two'; once one is two'.” His story', as our traveler understood it, was as follows'.