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through the pressure of the times'
. A number of us have given a trifle every week toward maintaining his young family since he has been in prison; but we think we shall do much more service to Saunders, and indeed, in the end, lighten our own expense, by paying down, at once, a little sum, to release him, and put him in the way of maintaining his family again. We have made up all the money except five dollars. I am already promised four, and you have nothing to do but to give me the fifth. And so, for a single dollar, without any of the trouble we have had in arranging the matter, you will, at once, have the pleasure of helping to save a worthy family from starving, of redeeming an old friend from jail, and of putting a little of your boasted benevolence into action. +Realize ! Mr. Fantom : there is nothing like realizing.
Mr. F. Why, hark', Mr. Goodman', do not think I value a dollar; no sir, I despise' money; it is trash', it is dirt', and beneath the regard of a wise man'. It is one of the unfeeling inventions of tartificial society. Sir', I could talk to you half a day on the abuse of riches', and my own contempt of money':
Mr. G. O pray do not give yourself that trouble'. It will be a much easier way of proving your +sincerity', just to put your hand in your pocket', and give me a dollar without saying a word about' it: and then to you', who value time so much', and money' so little', it will cut the matter short. But come now, (for I see you will give nothing), I should be mighty glad to know what is the sort of good you do yourselves, since you always object to what is done by others.
Mr. F. Sir, the object of a true philosopher is, to diffuse light and knowledge. I wish to see the whole world tenlightened.
Mr. G. Well, Mr. Fantom, you are a wonderful man, to keep up such a stock of benevolence', at so small an expense'; to love mankind so dearly, and yet avoid all opportunities of doing them good; to have such a noble zeal for the millions', and to feel so sittle compassion for the units'; to long to free empires' and enlighten kingdoms', and deny instruction to your own village' and comfort to your own family. Surely, none but a philosopher' could indulge so much philanthropy and so much +frugality' at the same time'. But come', do assist me in a partition I am making in our poorhouse, between the old', whom I want to have better fed', and the young', whom I want to have more worked'.
Mr. F. Sir, my mind is so engrossed with the partition of Poland, that I can not bring it down to an object of such +insignificance. I despise the man, whose benevolence is swallowed up in the narrow concerns of his own family, or village, or country.
Mr. G. Well, now I have a notion, that it is as well to do one's own' duty, as the duty of another man; and that to do good at home', is as well as to do good abroad. For my part, I had as lief help Tom Saunders' to freedom, as a Pole' or a South American', though I should be very glad to help them too. But one must begin to love somewhere, and to do good somewhere; and I think it is as natural to love one's own family, and to do good in one's own neighborhood, as to any body else. And if every man in every family, village, and county, did the same, why then all the +schemes would meet, and the end of one village or town where I was doing good, would be the beginning of another village where somebody else was doing good; so my schemes would jut into my neighbor's; his projects would unite with those of some other +local treformer; and all would fit with a sort of +dovetail texactness.
Mr. F. Sir, a man of large views will be on the watch for great toccasions to prove his benevolence.
Mr. G. Yes, sir; but if they are so distant that he can not reach them, or so vast that he can not #grasp them, he may let a thousand little, snug, kind, good #actions slip through his fingers in the meanwhile : and so, between the great things that he can not' do, and the little ones that he will not do, life passes,
and nothing will be done.
QUESTIONS.—If we wish to be useful, where must we begin? If every one acted upon this principle, what would be the consequence? Are those, who make great professions of enlarged philanthropy, always sincere? How did Mr. Fantom prove his insincerity? How do such persons generally pass through life?
What is the rule for the different inflections upon the contrasted words “millions” and “units; kingdom,” and “village,” and “ “family;" "philanthropy” and “frugality?” What kind of emphasis is that called, which is here applied? What is the rule for the rising inflection upon the negative sentence ending with “dollar ?” (Rule VI, 29, Note.) Point out those words in this lesson, to which Rule VI.for inflections, applies. What examples of relative emphasis are there on the first page of this lesson?
N. B. A number of words used antithetically in this lesson, and marked with the rising and falling inflections, may, with equal propriety, be read with the circumflex, such as, “units and millions," own and another," “ home and abroad,” &c.
For what does “they” in the last paragraph stand? Which are the adjectives in that paragraph? Compare each of them. Which are the nouns in the same paragraph? Will you spell the possessive plural of
each of them ? How is the possessive case, plural number of nouns generally formed?
THE TEACHER is reminded, that, in defining words, that meaning is given which is appropriate in the connection in which they aro used. He is advised, also, to adopt the same rule in defining the words marked + in each lesson.
The grammatical questions are adapted to PINNEO'S ANALYTICAL GRAMMAR.
Range, first, sent, pens, flinch, from, &c. The range of the valleys is his. He was the first embassador sent. Swords and pens are both employed. I do not flinch from argument. He never winced, for it hurt him not. Do not singe your gown. Pluck'd from its native tree. Nipt in the bud. Thou found'st me poor, and keep’st me so.
PRONOUNCE correctly and ARTICULATE distinctly.—Nat-u-ral-ly, not nat-er-rul-ly, nor naťr'l-ly: cult-ure, (pro. cult-yur), not cul-ter, nor cul-tshur: es-pe-cial-ly, not 'spe-cial-ly: de-rang’d, not de-rång'd: defer-ence, not def-runce: gov-erns, not gov-uns: win-dow-blind, not winder-bline: u-su-al, not u-shul.
Con-trol', v. subdue, restrain, govern. 6. Su-per-an'-nu-a-ted, a, impaired by 1. Cult'-ure, n. cultivation, improve- old age and infirmity. ment by effort.
7. Rep'-ri-mand, v. to reprove for a fault. 3. Dof'-er-ence, n. regard, respect. 8. A-chiev'-ed, p.(pro. a-cheevd')gained.
CONTROL YOUR TEMPER. 1. No one has a temper naturally so good', that it does not need
2 attention and cultivation'; and no one has a temper so bad', but that, by proper culture, it may become pleasant! One of the best disciplined tempers ever seen, was that of a gentleman who was, naturally, quick, irritable, rash, and violent'; but, by having the
care of the sick, and especially of + deranged people, he so completely mastered' himself, that he was never known to be thrown off his guard'.
2. The difference in the happiness which is received or bestowed by the man who governs his temper, and that by the man who does not, is immense. There is no misery so constant, so distressing, and so + intolerable to others', as that of having a disposition which is your master', and which is continually fretting itself. There are corners enough, at every turn in life, against which we may run, and at which we may break out in timpatience, if we choose.
3. Look at Roger Sherman', who rose, from a humble occupa tion', to a seat in the first Congress of the United States', and whose judgment was received with great deference' by that body of distinguished men'. He made himself master of his temper', and +cultivated it as a great business in life'. There are one or two instances which show this part of his character in a light that is beautiful.
4. One day, after having received his highest honors, he was sitting and reading in his parlor. A roguish student, in a room close by, held a looking-glass in such a position, as to pour the reflected rays of the sun directly in Mr. Sherman's face. He moved his chair, and the thing was repeated. A third time the chair was moved, but the looking-glass still * reflected the sun in his eyes. He laid aside his book', went to the window', and many witnesses of the timpudence expected to hear the ungentlemanly student severely reprimanded. He raised the window gently, and then'shut the window-blind !
5. I can not forbear + adducing another instance of the power he had +acquired over himself. He was naturally possessed of strong passions; but over these he at length obtained an extraordinary control. He became habitually calm', *sedate', and selfpossessed'. Mr. Sherman was one of those men who are not ashamed to maintain the forms of religion in their families. Ono morning he called them all together, as usual, to lead them in prayer to God'; the “old family Bible” was brought out, and laid on the table.
6. Mr. Sherman took his seat, and placed beside him one of his children, a child of his old age'; the rest of the family were seated around the room'; several of these were now grown up'. Besides these', some of the tutors of the college were boarders in the family, and were present at the time alluded to. His aged and superannuated mother occupied a corner of the room', opposite the place where the + distinguished Judge' sat.
7. At length, he opened the Bible, and began to read. The child who was seated beside him, made some little + disturbance, upon which Mr. Sherman paused, and told it to be still. Again he proceeded'; but again he paused, to reprimand the little offender', whose playful disposition would scarcely permit to be still'. At this time, he gently tapped its ear. The blow, if blow it might be called, caught the attention of his aged 'mother, who now, with some effort, rose from the seat, and tottered across the
At length, she reached the chair of Mr. Sherman, and, in a moment, most unexpectedly to him, she gave him a blow on the ear with all the force she could + summon. “ There'," said she', "you strike your child, and I will strike mine!"
8. For a moment, the blood was seen mounting to the face of Mr. Sherman; but it was only for a moment, when all was calm and mild as usual. He paused'; he raised his spectacles'; he cast his eye upon his mother'; again it fell upon the book' from which he had been reading! Not a word escaped him; but again he calmly pursued the service, and soon after, sought, in prayer, an * ability to set an example before his household, which should be worthy of their † imitation. Such a victory was worth more than the proudest one ever achieved on the field of battle.
.-Has any one a temper perfectly good ? Has any one a temper so bad that it can not be governed and made pleasant? How is this done? To whom does a bad temper give most pain? Is it a duty to control it ? Repeat the two anecdotes related of Judge Sherman.
Give the rules for the inflections marked in this lesson. (Rules I, II, IV, VI.)
Arc, problem, surf, arm, return, lovely, &c. We constructed an arc, and began the problem. The surf beat heavily. Arm! warriors, arm! Return to thy dwelling, all lonely return. Weave the warp, and weave the woof. Send me Smith's Thucydides. Thou tear'st my heart asunder. I give my hand and heart too to this vote.
THE TEACIER is reminded that the pupil should not neglect, before reading the sentences, to utter each difficult word by its elements, uttering two or moro consonants which come together as a single sound. A few of the difficult words aro placed at the head of each exercise.