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QUESTION 8.-In what manner does the spider take the fly? What moral is to be drawn from the fable ?
Why has “fly” in the first line, the falling inflection? (Rule I.) Why has “fly" in the first line of the 3d stanza, the rising inflection? (Rule IV.)
N. B. When a phrase like that referred to in the above questions, introduces the quotation, it should have the rising inflection, according to Rule IV; when it comes after the quotation, it requires the falling inflection, according to Rule I, and when it is included between the different parts of the quotation, it may have either inflection, according to the connection.
ARTICULATION. Tinkl', truckl', chuckl'dst, barb’d, bulb'd, delft. The bell tinkles. The man truckles to power. Thou chuckl’dst over thy gains too soon: It was barb’d and bulb'd. The bulbs are sprouting. The pert fairies and the dapper elves. Is this delft-ware, or delfware? The costliest silks are there. Overwhelm'd with whirlwinds and tempestuous fire.
LESSON XI. PRONO'Unce correctly. Nar-row, not nar-rer: pen-e-trate, not pen-it-rate: se-crets, not se-crits : na-ture, not na-ter, nor na-tshure: beyond, not be-yend: cal-cu-late, not cal-ky-late: an-a-lyz'd, not an-erlyz'd: nat-u-ral-ist, not nat-shu-ral-ist: spec-u-late, not spec-ky-late: flu-en-cy, not flune-cy: pi-an-o, not pi-an-ner: par-tic-u-lar-ly, not pertic-er-lul-ly.
Con-trast'-ed, a. set in opposition. Vi-tal'-i-ty, n. principle of life.
So-lill-o-quies, n.talking to one's self. En-ami'-el,r, to form a glossy surface. 2. Pe-ri-od'-ic-al, a. performed regular- 6. Ap-prox-i-ma'-tion, n. approach. ly in a certain time.
Cog-i-ta’-tions, n. thoughits, Rev-o-lu'-tion, n. circular motion of Ev-o-lu'-tions, n, flying backward a body on its axis,
[country. 3. An'-a-ly-zed, v. separated into the Rus'-tic, n. one who lives in the parts which compose it.
7. Met-a-phys'-ic-al, a, relating to the 4. Grav-i-ta'-tion, n, the force by which science of mind, [determining bodies are drawn to the center.
Vo-li'-tion, n, the act of willing or 5. Nat'-u-ral-ist, n. one that studies 8. Im'-po-tence, n, want of power,
natural history; as, the history of 13. Ac.com'-plish-ed, a. having a finplants, animals, &c.
CONTRASTED SOLILOQUIES. 1. “ Alas'!” exclaimed a silver-headed sage', “how narrow is the utmost extent of human science'! how + circumscribed the
sphere of intellectual exertion! I have spent my life in acquiring knowledge; but how little do I know! The further I attempt to penetrate the secrets of nature', the more I am bewildered and benighted'. Beyond a certain limit', all is but confusion or + conjecture'; so that the advantage of the learned over the ignorant', consists greatly in having +ascertained how little is to be known.
2. “It is true that I can measure the sun', and compute the distances of the planets'; I can calculate their periodical movements', and even ascertain the laws by which they perform their sublime revolutions'; but with regard to their +construction', and the beings which inhabit' them, what do I know more than the clown'?
3. “Delighting to examine the economy of nature in our own' world, I have analyzed the elements'; and have given names to their component parts'. And yet, should I not be as much at a loss to explain the burning of fire, or to account for the liquid quality of water, as the vulgar, who use and enjoy them without thought or examination'?
4. “I remark that all bodies, unsupported, fall to the ground'; and I am taught to account for this by the law of gravitation. But what have I gained here more than a term'? Does it convey to my mind any idea of the nature of that mysterious and invisible chain which draws all things to a common center? I observe the effect', I give a name to the cause'; but can I explain or comprehend' it?
5. “Pursuing the track of the naturalist, I have learned to distinguish the animal, *vegetable, and + mineral kingdoms; and to divide these into their distinct tribes and families; but can I tell, after all this toil, whence a single blade of grass derives its vitality? Could the most minute researches enable me to discover the +exquisite pencil, that paints and fringes the flower of the field'? Have I ever detected the secret, that gives their brilliant dye to the ruby and the emerald, or the art that enamels the delicate shell'?
6. "I observe the +sagacity of animals'; I call it + instinct', and speculate upon its various degrees of approximation to the reason of man. But, after all, I know as little of the cogitations of the brute, as he does of mine. When I see a flight of birds' overhead, performing their evolutions', or steering their course to some distant settlement', their signals and cries are as +unintelligible to me, as are the learned languages to the unlettered rustic: I understand as little of their policy and laws, as they do of Blackstone's Commentaries.
7. “But, leaving the material creation, my thoughts have often ascended to loftier subjects, and indulged in metaphysical speculation.
And here, while I easily perceive in myself the two distinct qualities of matter and mind, I am baffled in every attempt to comprehend their mutual dependence and + mysterious connection. When
my hand moves in obedience to my will, have I the most distant conception of the manner in which the volition is either + communicated or understood ? Thus, in the exercise of one of the most simple and ordinary actions, I am perplexed and confounded, if I attempt to account for it.
8. Again, how many years of my life were devoted to the + + acquisition of those languages, by the means of which I might explore the + records of remote ages, and become familiar with the learning and literature of other times! And what have I gathered from these, but the + mortifying fact, that man has ever been struggling with his own impotence, and vainly endeavoring to overleap the bounds which limit his anxious inquiries !
9. “ Alas! then, what have I gained by my laborious researches, but a humbling conviction of my weakness and ignorance ! How little has man, at his best estate, of which to boast! What folly in him to glory in his contracted power, or to value himself upon his imperfect acquisitions !”
10. “Well',” exclaimed a young lady, just returned from school, “my education is at last finished'! Indeed, it would be strange, if, after five years' hard +application', any thing were left incomplete'. Happily, that is all over now; and I have nothing to do, but to +exercise my various accomplishments'.
11. “Let me see'! As to French', I am complete mistress of that, and speak it, if possible, with more +fluency than English'. Italian' I can read with ease, and pronounce very well'; as well, at least, as any of my friends; and that is all one need wish for in Italian. Music' I have learned till I am perfectly sick' of it. But, now that we have a grand piano, it will be delightful to play when we have company; I must still continue to practice a little; the only thing, I think, that I need now to improve myself in. And then there are my Italian songs'! which every body allows I sing with taste; and as it is what so few people can pretend to, I am particularly glad that I can.
12. “My drawings are universally admired; especially the shells and flowers, which are beautiful, certainly: besides this, I have a decided taste in all kinds of fancy ornaments. And then my dancing' and + waltzing',-in which our master himself owned that he could take me no further,—just the figure' for it, certainly'; it would be unpardonable if I did not +excel.
13. “As to common things, geógraphy and history, and poetry and philosophy; thank my stars, I have got through them all! so that I may consider myself not only perfectly + accomplished, but also thoroughly well informed. Well', to be sure', how much I have + fagged through! The only wonder' is, that one head can contain' it all!"
QUESTIONS.-What is the substance of the old man’s soliloquy ? What is the substance of the young lady's ? Which reasons most correctly ? What feeling is manifested by the old man in view of his attainments ? What, by the young lady? Will those who are really learned and wise, generally be vain ?
What inflection is that marked at the words " common," "geography," &c. in the 13th paragraph ? What does it indicate here? (See page 23.) With what are these words contrasted ?
In the 12th paragraph which are the nouns ? What is the singular number of each ? What is the possessive case plural number of each ? How are the words “dancing” and “waltzing” parsed ? See Analytical Grammar, Rule 5.
ARTICULATION. Arks, bark’d, howl’d, culprit, hurl’d, words. Many arks were seen. They bark'd and howld. The culprit was hurl'd from the rock. Words, words, words, my lord. Are the goods wharf'd? It was strongly urg'd upon him. Remark’dst thou that? He snarls, but dares not bite. Arm’d, say ye? Yes, arm'd, my lord.
PRONOUNCE correctly. — None, pro. none, or nun: soft-en, pro. sof'n; (see McGuffey's newly revised Eclectic Spelling Book, page 49): per-son-age, not per-son-ij: sub-du’d, not sub-ju'd: toʻ-ward, not to-ward': for-get, not for-git: yet, not yit.
1. Tin'-y, a. very small, little, puny. 3. Sa-lute', n. greeting.
Mun'-dane, a. belonging to the world. 4. Re-tort', n. the return of an incivility.
15. Peer'-ing, a. júst coming up.
THE PEBBLE AND THE ACORN. 1. “I AM a Pebble'! and yield to none'!”
Were the swelling words of a tiny stone';
« Nor time nor seasons can alter me;
Or touch my heart'; but it was not felt'.
For I'm as old as the big, round earth.
foot on me has trod',
Rattling along from the restless bough'?” 3. The Acorn was shocked at this rude salute,
And lay for a moment, abashed and mute;
How to answer a thing so coarse and low. 4. But to give reproof of a nobler sort'
Than the angry look', or keen retort',
From the comfortless spot where the Pebble lay. 5. But it was not long ere the soil was broke'
By the peering head of an infant oak'!