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Birmese at that place. A few loaded iron until six in the evening, when the barba. guns, a pair of colours, and a dead body, rians fell back in disorder, having sus. dreadfully mutilated, were found in the tained a very heavy loss. Our black place. The Birmese, it was said, had, auxiliaries fought with great bravery, the day before their retreat, blown four though it was necessary to drive them to teen Assamese chiefs from the cannon's their post at the point of the bayonet. mouth. The British expedition directed The battle was fought within three quar. against Rangoon, the principal sea-port ters of a mile from the shore On the of the Birmese, succeeded in its object, 12th and 13th some skirmishes took place and took possession of the place after no with detachments of the enemy, in which great resistance from the forts and bat. they were again defeated with loss. One teries ; but the Birmese continued to of the first results of our success was, the make a resistance in the neighbourhood release of Mr Williams, who had so long in small detached parties. On the other been detained a prisoner by the Ashantees hand, the Birmese had gained some suc After the defeat the Ashantee army broke cesses on the side of Chittagong, where up, and dispersed in every direction. The there was a very small Company's force King revenged himself for his discomfi. to oppose them; and two large ships be. ture by beheading four of the Chiefs, longing to Bombay had been ordered to whom he had retaken after they had de proceed from Madras to Chittagong, with serted from him. The British loss is troops to meet the enemy in that quarter. very trilling. One officer only is killed, The opinion prevails at Bombay that, Lieutenant Swanzy, of the Royal African from the plan of resistance adopted by corps, and seven rank and file are wound. the Birmese, although the issue of the ed. The unorganised force of negroes in contest could hardly be doubtful, its du our service lost a total of 102 rank and ration would be much greater than had file killed, and 440 rank and ble wounded. been at first anticipated.
Lieut.-Col. Sutherland, who commanded the British forces on the day of the vic.
tory, caine home with the dispatches in AFRICA.
the Thetis frigate. The charge had thers. CAPE COAST.-Dispatches have been fore devolved on Colonei Grant. received froin Cape Coast Castle, dated the 13th and 18th of July, announcing
AMERICA. the highly gratifying intelligence that the Ashantees were signally defeated in a ge
MEXICO.--The rash enterprise of Auneral action on the Ilth of July. It ap. gustin Iturbide, the discarded Emperor pears that their temporary success had of Mexico, to disturb the existing Goraised their hopes of conquest to the high vernment of that country, has terminated est pitch. The barbarian Sovereign, Assai in his capture and death. It appears that Tootoo Quamina, with whom Mr Du. he landed with a few followers, at Soto puis negociated, is dead. His brother, la Marina, on the 15th of July last; and who succeeded him at the moment of the official Gazette of Mexico gives an victory over the late Sir Charles M'Car. account of his apprehension on the 19th, thy, resolved to march down to the coast which was immediately followed by his immediately, with an overwhelming force, execution the same evening, at six o'clock, and drive the English into the scu. He at the city of Padilla, without any other caire accordingly with an army of 18.000 ceremony than that of reading to him a men ; but before he made his aita, in decree of Congress of the 28th April, puifullconfidence of his approaching triumph, ting him without the pale of the law, and he sent a taunting message to the Castle, providing for his instant deatb, stou be telling them, that though they might ever be found within the Mexican terti. raise their walls, and strergthen their tory. What he had expected or cunfortifications, nothing should prevent him templated only appears from a prociama. from overthrowing and desiroying them. tion issued on his landing, in which he With savages like himself these menaces says, he does not return as Emperor, bat might have produced some effect in the as a soldier and a Mexican, in order to way of intimidation, but on the English contribute, by his counsel and his sword, garrison they were of course wasted. Vi. to the preservation of the liberty and gorous preparations were made for resis. independence of the state, against the de. tance, and, when the enemy appeared in signs of the mothe-country and the Holy force under the walls, all was ready for Alliance. The Mexican Congress, how. his reception. After some days, during ever, had cvident!, given him no credit which his purpose seems to have varied, for his professions, and he seems to have a general attack was cominenced at two made no sort of provision to proceed in o'clock in the afternoon, and continued defiance to opposition, but to have run
blindly on his fate. He does not appear cause, to adopt that of the Independents, to have mustered any adherents; but to which had been previously reported in this have been quietly taken and shot, almost country from various quarters. as soon as he landed. The sudden ex pears that Caratalla, whom he had pretinction of this enterprise by the Ameri. viously defeated, and made prisoner, was can rulers displays an energy and vigi a Spanish General, sent against him by lance which will greatly commend them the Viceroy, La Serna. The junction of to foreign powers, and will pave the way Valdez with the Viceroy, which the suc. for the recognition of their independent cess of Olaneta had rendered necessary, authority.
would lay Lima open to the advance of The Mexican Government, to shew Bolivar. The second dispatch expressed their moderation, have brought forward a confident expectation, that, after having a proposition in Congress for settling a been joined by the reinforcements on their pension of 8000 dollars on his widow, way, Bolivar would be able to put an end who, with two of his children, was the to the campaign before the close of the sharer of his calamitous expedition, and month. His force, at the above date, is almost the spectatress of his death. stated in the private letters from Cartha
PERU. If the Royalists in Peru had gena at 14,000 men ; and it was supposed continued united, they might have pro that in a few days after he would be joined longed the struggle; their dissensions, by considerable reinforcements from Pa. however, have put the cause which they
About 4000 more troops, under support in a fair way to be speedily alto. the command of General Valisco, were to gether ruined. Intelligence concerning sail from Carthagena on the 4th ult. for the affairs of that country that can be de- Chagres, and thence to proceed by way pended upon, has been brought by the of Panama lo Peru. One of the letters Lion schoonet, which sailed from Cartha. by the Lion, dated Bogota, July 19, states gena on the 2d of August, bringing letters that the President Bolivar, resolved to set and papers from Santa Fe de Bogota to an example of devotion to the national the 20th of July. These papers contain cause, had sent to Congress an offer to two dispatches from Bolivar, one dated surrender up to the use of the Republic Huanchas, the 12th of May, and the the income of 30,000 dollars which had other the middle of the same month. The been assigned to him by an act of Con. first fully confirms the defection of 0. gress. kaneta and his army from the Spanish
HOUSE OF LORDS.—June 10.-The Ireland (the only part with which he Bishop of Raphoe presented a petition was acquainted) enjoyed an income of from the parish of Rilmore, and signed £.5,000 a year, while the average of their by all the inhabitant householders, pray emoluments was below £.3,000. He deing for a law to enable them to provide nied any knowledge of the existence of for their poor by a voluntary assess. one non-resident clergyman, possessed of ment. This is, we believe, the first step a living in the arch-diocese of Cashel ; that has been taken towards a legal pro- pointed out the fallacious appearance of vision for the Irish poor.
pluralities, of which so much had been The Irish Insurrection Act was read a said, by showing that, in one case, the third time ; Earl Darnley and the Mar. pluralist incumbent of an union of six quis of Lansdown admitting its necessity, parishes derived but l£.260 a-year from while they lamented and deprecated the them all. He then proceeded to contrast policy which rendered such a measure the advantage which the country derived necessary. Lord Holland opposed the from the residence and expenditure of the measure altogether, but did not divide Clergy, with the evils produced by the the House.
almost universal absence of the Lay ProThe Earl of Liverpool moved the se prietors. Lord King ridiculed the Right cond reading of the Irish Tithes Bill. Rev. Prelate's defence of the Irish Church, The Earl of Kingston opposed it, as un. as by much too complete. Bill read. daly favourable to the Clergy. The 15_The Scotch Judicature Bill was Bishop of Limerick vindicated the Irish passed. Church in a long and very able speech. The order for hearing counsel against He exposed the exaggeration of its wealth the Equitable Loan Bill was discharged, which had been put forth, advisedly as. upon a division, by a majority of 26 to 17. serting, that no Bishop in the South of The Bill was then ordered to be read a VOL. XV.
second time, by a majority of 17 to 14. cruel violation of their natural ties. The In the twofold discussion which led to Earl of Rosslyn supported the amende these divisions, the Lord Chancellor, Lord ment. The Marquis of Lansdown de. Redesdale, and the Earl of Lauderdale, clared that he looked upon the clause in warmly opposed the measure, the Earl of question as the great recomniendation of Hardwick alone speaking in its favour. the Bill. The amendment was negatived, The Earl of Liverpool professed to ap- and the Bill read a third time and passed. prove of the principle of the measure, On the motion of Lord Bexley, the but declared that he saw many objections Marine Insurance Bill was read a third to the details.
time and passed. The Bankrupt Laws Amendment Bill 24.-- The Marquis of Lansdown ex. was read a third time.
pressed some surprise, that, notwithstand. The Lord Chancellor alluded to the ing the intimation of an intention to redifficulty of the subject, and adverted to cognize the Independent Government of the new clauses which had been added; South America, given by Ministers at the most important is the one empower. the commencement of the Session, Par. ing the commissioners to sign a bank. liament was to be permitted to separate rupt certificate, notwithstanding the dis. without any thing having been done in sent of perverse creditors.
the matter. The Earl of Liverpool er. Lord Holland brought in a bill to en. plained, that Ministers were merely wait. able the Duke of Norfolk and his Deputying the arrival of proper information from to execute the offices of Earl Marshal and the Commissioners who had been sent to Deputy Earl Marshal of England, without South America. taking the oath of supremacy. The Bill Lord Holland then brought under the was read a first time.
notice of the House the protest of the The Irish Clergy Residence Bill was Duke of Newcastle and the Earl of Ab. read a third time, Lord King having un. ingdon, to consider of which he bad had successfully attempted to superadd a the House summoned. He spoke at clause disqualifying all incumbents, non- great length, to show that that part of the resident during six weeks, from suing for Protest which ascribed the passing of the tithes.
Earl Marshal's Qualification Bill to a Upon the committal of the Marine In. surprise, was unfounded, and succeeded surance Bill, the Lord Chancellor gave no. in proving that the measure was not an. tice, that he should propose, either in the expected, that it was not introduced unshape of additional clauses or of a sup- til some time after five o'clock, and that plementary measure, certain protections the attendance of inembers, when it pass. for the creditors of the new joint compa. ed, was considerably greater than it was nies. The principal of these he explained afterwards, when a penal law of great to be, the enrollment of the names of the severity was agreed to. In conclusion, proprietors, the continued liability of the he moved a resolution declaratory of the personis originally enrolled, and the power foregoing facts. The Duke of Newcastle reserved to the creditor to sue any two and the Earl of Abingdon defended their proprietors whom he might think proper conduct ; the latter, however, explained to select for that purpose. Their lordthat he was not disposed to adopt that ships had a conference with the Commons part of the protest which ascribed the in the Painted Chamber upon the Va. passing of the Earl Marshal's Bill to a grant Act, which was agreed to, the surprise. The Lord Chancellor obserclauses objected to by the Lower House ved, that though the passing of the Bill being given up.
might have been moved after five o'clock, 21.-The Earl Marshal's Qualification its being taken out of its proper place Bill was read a third time and passed, among the orders of the day would bare sub silentio.
the effect of a surprise. His Lordship Earl Bathurst moved the third read proposed some amendments explanatory ing of the Slave Laws Consolidation Bill of this circumstance, which, with the Re. The Earl of Westmorland objected strong. solution proposed by Lord Holland, were ly to a clause, which proposed to forbid agreed to. the transmission of slaves from island to HOUSE OF COMMONS.- May 18island ; a clause which, he said, might Mr Calcraft moved the repeal of the prejudice the slaves as much as their leather-tax, which he designated as an owners, by confining within inconvenient impolitic and unproductive tax, only limits an overgrown population. He producing £.300,000.-The Chancellor moved that the Bill should be recommit of the Exchequer opposed the motion, ed, to get rid of this clause. Earl Ba. not because he did not admit the force thurst defended the clause as indispen. of the objections that had been urged, sable to protect the slaves from the most but because he thought that, if there were
£.300,000 to spare, there were many 21.- Numerous petitions against the taxes much more objectionable than the Beer Duties' Bill continuing to load the leather-tax. Lord Althorp, Sir J. New. table of the House of Commons, the port, Mr L. Maberly, Sir N. Colthurst, Chancellor of the Exchequer this evening and Mr Maberly, severally supported the stated, that, although he was quite sa. motion. The motion was eventually lost tisfied that the scale of duties was found. by the small majority of 71 to 55. ed on a just principle, still, as it met
Scots Parochial Stipends' Act.--The with much opposition in the House, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, in moving in consequence of the feeling against it, that the House should resolve itself into he should propose that it be excluded, a Committee on the above Act, took oc but as to the other portion of the Bill casion to observe, that, a few years ago, which concerned the retail of Beer, he the Legislature passed a bill for raising should feel it his duty to retain it. the stipends of the Scottish inferior cler. Mr Hume presented the Report of gy to the sum of £.150 per annum. the Committee on the Combination Laws, There was, however, in the Act which Artisans, &c. founded on the great body had been passed to ameliorate their sie of evidence collected by them. It di. tuation, a provision that had a very bad rects the Chairman, Mr Hume, to move effect. The law which provided for the for leave to bring in various Bills, which amount of the salary, provided also that that Hon. Member gave notice he should a portion of it should be levied according so last night. to the price of grain. The Act was pass. The House was afterwards occupied ed in the year 1809-10, when, as every with the Committee on the Bill for the body knew, the price of grain was very importation and exportation of wool. Mr high. The average value of every living S. Wortley divided the House upon the was fixed on the price of grain at the export clause, which was, however, car. period when the demand was made, and ried by a majority of 180 to 20 ; an a. no other. The consequence was, that mendment proposed by Sir E. Knatch. grain being then high, the value was bull, reducing the duty from 2d. to Id. raised to a considerable amount ; but per pound, was carried on a division. when that article fell in price, as it had 25.- Mr Lambton presented a long since done, the value became proportion, petition from Mr Buckingham, Editor ably less; and there was no provision and Proprietor of the Calcutta Journal. whatever in the Act authorising a re The petition stated, that the Marquis of newed valuation. Therefore the money Hastings had found a censorship in In-' collected was at present very inadequate dia, and abolished it. He, however, was to raise the revenue of several small lie frequently offended by Mr Buckingham's vings to £.150 per annum. To remedy political criticism in the Calcutta Journal, this defect, it would be provided by the and as frequently admonished him to bill which he meant to introduce, that be more careful, under pain of being the amount of stipend should be regula. sent out of India. Mr Adam, the tem. ted by the average price of corn every porary Governor, soon after the Noble seven years. There was another point Marquis had left India, executed the dealso to which the new measure would portation of Mr Buckingham. This was have reference. The sum granted by the main point of complaint. Mr Wynn, the former Act, to keep up those sti. the President of the Board of Control, pends, was £.10,000 a-year. That suin
contented himself with saying, that Mr was not quite adequate to effect the pro- Buckingham had, in January last, composed object. He should therefore call menced proceedings, in order to bring for £.2000 per annum additional. That the subject to a judicial issue, and that this sum should not be an expense to therefore Parliament ought not to interthe public, he meant to move for the re. fere. Mr Hume gave an account of a peal of part of another Act, which grant. proposition made by twenty-three out of ed the sum of £.10,000 a.year for the twenty-four Directors to Mr Canning, purpose of building manses. That Act when President of the Board of Control, had been in force for three years, but it to rescind the Marquis of Hastings' Act, was never found practicable to apply the and restore the censorship, which Mr money thus voted. Therefore this sum Canning kept locked up until he left of. of £.30,000, which had been granted for fice. He thought it a misfortune for three years, would meet the additional India that Mr Canning did not go lo £.2000 a year which it was necessary to that country as Governor General. Mr call for. The Right Hon. Gentleman Canning admitted the locking up of the concluded by moving a series of resolu. proposal of the Directors, and withholdtions conformably with the above state. ing the assent of the Crown; contrasted ment, which were agreed to.
the regulations of the Marquisses of Wel
lesley and Hastings, and highly eulogized tricts, a disparity which could only be Lord Amherst. He said he should as explained by the hypothesis, that, in the soon believe that Lord Amherst had be. places where the proportion of convictions come a tiger, as that he had turned a to committals was least, Magistrates were tyrant. It would be the most extraordi. somewhat careless of the grounds upon nary physical phenomenon he had ever which they committed. Mr Peel oppos. heard of. Mr Denman maintained that ed the motion as invidious, and tending an amiable private man might become an to lower the Magistracy in the opinion of oppressor when he got into power. Mr the public. He vindicated the general Adam had been his schoolfellow, and a honour and justice of the unpaid Magis. most gentle and amiable youth he had tracy, and made a specific defence for been, yet the act here charged against some of the stipendiary Magistrates, him, and made out by his own defence, whom Mr Hume had attacked on a for. was utterly unjustifiable. Mr Bucking. mer evening. Mr Denman supported ham had taken his advice professionally. Mr Hume's motion. He ridiculed the His advice had been, not to attempt ju. practice of complimenting the Magis. dicial proceedings, and Mr Buckinghain trates wheneyer any allusion was made to had now abandoned all idea of bringing them. Sir E. Knatchbull, Mr H. Sum. the case into a Court of Justice. Mr ner, Mr Curwen, Lord Stanley, Sir C. Astell, Sir C. Forbes, and Sir Francis Burrell, Mr Dickenson, and Mr Lockhart, Burdett, had spoken at length before Mr opposed the motion. Mr Hume proposed Canning had risen. Sir Francis recom. to withdraw it for the present, but Mr mended a distinct inquiry into this sub- Peel refused to listen to any term of com. ject, besides the more general inquiry promise ; and cn a division, the motion into the state of the press in India, which was rejected by a majority of 81 to 8. Mr Lambton had given notice of his in. 28.--Counsel were heard against the tention to move early in the next Session. Marine Insurance Bill, and after some Mr Lambton declined moving for an in- discussion, the second reading of the Bill quiry. His object was publicity. There was carried by a majority of 51 to 33. was no division, after the discussion, up- On the third reading of the Irish Cler. on the presentation of Mr Buckingham's gy Residence Bill, Mr Hume proposed a petition.
clause, disabling every beneficed clergy. 27.-Several petitions were presented ; man from the recovery, by action or other. among them was one from a Mr Blount, wise, of tithe for any year during nine of Staffordshire, a Roman Catholic gen. months of which he had not resided uptleman, complaining of the circulation, on his benefice. Sir J. New port secondin his neighbourhood, by a Doctor Bell, ed the motion. Mr Goulburn opposed it, of a theological work called “ The Pro. as imposing a pecuniary penal restriction testant's Catechism,” in which were con. upon a body of men who were entitled tained many unjust impulations upon to admiration and support. The motion Roman Catholics. The petition added, was rejected without a division, and the that this work had at first been drawn up Bill passed. for the Protestant Charter Schools in Ire- 31.- Mr Plunket presented the petiland, but it was quickly suppressed, on tion of the Catholic Association, and account of its illiberal testimony ; and it spoke at some length in its recommenda. was now circulated under the sanction of tion ; to one passage only-a passage rethe Society for Promoting Christian flecting in the grossest manner upon the Knowledge. Mr Peel expressed regret hierarchy of the Established Church-he that any thing caculated to wound the objected; but his objection only went to feelings of the Catholics had been dissemi. the impolicy of introducing polemics innated ; and admitted the correctness of to a political petition. the statement, that “the Protestant's Ca. Mr Brownlow then presented a peti. techism” had, on account of its offensive tion, signed by a number of freemen and tendency, been discontinued in the Irish freeholders of Dublin, complaining of the schools.
seditious and inflammatory conduct of Mr Hume then moved for returns of “the Catholic Association” (the body all the persons committed on criminal whose petition Mr Plunkett had just precharges to the different gaols of England sented.) The Honourable Member then and Wales, during the year 1823, with entered into a detail of the proceedings by the names of the committing Magistrates. which this body had laboured to exaspeHe stated that his object was to warn rate the Catholics of Ireland against their Magistrates against rash committals; and Protestant fellow-subjects, against the entered into a long calculation, to show Church, the Magistracy, and even the the disparity between the proportion of heir to the throne, and alluded somewhat convictions to committals in different dise pointedly to a very prevalent opinion