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Mohammed Ali Pasha is a Turk, a the arsenal, he certainly asked questions very Turk, &c. So far from improving that surprised him, in a Turk. A man as far as we could hear and see, he is in power, of common intelligence, soon ruining and impoverishing his country. learns, by some means or another, to ask He has got rid of his Turks and Alba a few questions when he visits an estab. nians, and flatters himself his new levy is lishment. His merit, if any, is, in 'de. a master-stroke of policy. He does not fiance of prejudices, receiving men with pay, and will never attach them; and if heads to contrive, and hands to execute they do not (which I think probable) de. what himself, his three-tailed sons, and sert with their arms, and disturb his con his people cannot. quests and possessions above the cataracts, they will die away as a body, and fall to These particulars are certainly at pieces in a very short period of time. direct variance with all the accounts

The protection which he affords to the of the Pasha we have hitherto seen. European traveller is to be acknowledged, Mr Rae Wilson, one of the latest wribut not at the expense of truth. He ters on Egypt, whom we know to be knows if his country was not safe, the a most credible and trust-worthy reEuropean would not come there : he en.

porter of all that fell under his obcourages the intercourse, because he avows

servation, characterises him as a man his wish to receive and employ Franks ;

possessed of the most liberal senti. and it is necessary, therefore, to let them sce and know that protection is afforded fare of his people by every honourable

ments, anxious to promote the wel. to them, and to accustom his subjects to their presence. As far as Pasha can be means, diligent in encouraging learnindependent of the Porte, he is, and he ing, and even the arts, and shrewd knows it is only by cultivating his Eu. in adapting his policy to these laudropean relations that he can effectually able purposes. Belzoni also speaks of continue so to the end. They might now him in language equally commenda. send him the bowstring in vain ; they tell tory; and from these and other conyou that he is not sanguinary ; men grow curring testimonies in the Pasha's tired of shedding blood, as well as of other favour, many an enlightened politipleasures ; but if the cutting off a head cian has been led to look towards would drop gold into his coffers, he would him as the very Viceroy of Egypt not be slow to give the signal". His laugh who is most likely to raise that deephas nothing in it of nature ; how can it ly-degraded country a few degrees have ? I can hear it now,—a hard sharp up in the scale of political importance laugh, such as that with which strong among the nations of the world. We from the feeble. I leave him to his ad. do not, however, presume to contra

dict our author's statements respecte mirers. At one thing I heartily rejoice; it is said that our consul-general has great ing the character of the Pasha, for influence with him, and it is known that

a wily Turk is a being about whom that is always exerted freely and amicably very opposite opinions may be confor Franks of all nations in distress or scientiously entertained by different difficulty, and often for natives also. individuals; only we think he has

We went to the castle and visited the shewn no extraordinary degree of chaarsenal ; a clear-eyed, intelligent, ly. rity, in insinuating that a set of spoken Englishman was in temporary foreign adventurers put notions into charge of it, and hoped to be confirmed his (the Pasha's) head, and words in the situation. He was a good specie into his mouth, which pass for, and, men of what our countrymen are in such in truth, become his own;" leaving us charges. Not a great deal of work is done

to infer from this that other travellers here ; there are plenty of good workmen,

had been entirely deceived in thinkFranks, and some English, who were

ing that his seeming wisdom was any disappointed with their employer, and about to return : they only cast four

thing more than dogmas, learnt off pounders. It was in a room here, over

by rote, the mere pretty-pollisms of a a machine for boring cannon, that some

parrot. We request the reader to obFrenchman formerly in charge bad paint. serve how M. A. B. tries to lessen our ed in large characters—" Vive Mahomed opinion of the Pasha's shrewdness in Ali, Protecteur des Arts !

The Eng

the sentence immediately following lishman said, that when the Pasha visited that which is printed in italics in

* We do not like the apparently illiberal spirit in which these remarks are given.-ED.

the foregoing extract, and in which travellers. Perhaps this ought not, he attempts to neutralize the effect of in his case, to be accounted a fault, the little credit he had reluctantly for, after what has come from the and very quaintly given to him. In pens of the numerous sçavans of all short, we think M. A. B. has com- nations, who have visited and depletely mistaken the Viceroy's cha- scribed the antiquities and'curiosities racter, and we are still willing to of the country, little new light could believe all that has been said of him have been expected to be thrown by the two travellers before mention- upon them by so cursory an observer ed. We would fain hope, indeed, as our author. The epigrammatic that we are correct in this notion of sketches of the manners of modern the Pasha's character, because we Egyptians, however, are interesting, cannot help cherishing an expecta- though far too hasty and superficial tion, that if he lives to witness a little to satisfy a shrewd, censorious reamore of the success of the Greeks, he der. may be encouraged to bestir him. We intended to follow our author self to exertion in the saine cause. in his excursion to Italy also, but we It is a fact well known, that he has find our room is already occupied. gone as far as he could well go in free. We regret this the more, as the part ing himself from the dominancy of of the volume which is devoted to his the Porte, and indeed he is now al. travels in that country is perhaps most independent of it, bis subjection the most amusing and valuable: the to its authority being little more than shortness of his stay at the different what a nominal vassalage would be places he visited did not permit him in a feudal country. His means, too, to describe them with à travellerare considerable, viewing the con like minuteness and accuracy, but dition in which Egypt remained un his advertisements of what he saw at der the rude policy of his immediate Malta, Syracuse, Mount Ætna, and predecessors; or, rather, they are con- Naples, are all written with spirit, siderable, when contrasted with the and occasionally with force. We now enervated state of the Ottoman

were a little struck with the followGovernment. Joined with the ef- ing awkwardly-expressed, though fective forces which the Greeks can

impressive reflections on Rome : send into the field, therefore, an army of Egyptian Arabs would prove a

Ascend the tower of the Capitol, and most formidable obstacle in the way

look around over the stately columns,

and the pointing obelisks, the temples, of any attempt on the part of the Porte to re-subjugate the land of porticoes, the arches of triumph! What Socrates and Plato; and in estima

ages flit, with their crowding shadows,

past you! What voices sound, sober and ting the united strength of the Gre

sad, of those who thought and wrote like cian and Egyptian armies, there is

men worthy the name-men, an undis. no occasion to view them as thorough- covered scroll of whose true thoughts ly organized, for though numerous

would be prized as a nobler relic ihan enough, they are, it must be confessed, these grand, though ruined shrines of defective in point of military discip- gods and victors, about whom we are line and skill. The Turks, however, now disenchanted. are not, in this respect, a whit their The greatest pleasure derived from superiors, nor are they more amply wandering among these noble remains, işı, provided with financial means; and

a consideration of the surprising power it is to be at least presumed, that of man. Beneath such a magnificent they do not surpass either Arabs or

ruin as the forum of Nerva, under the Greeks in military enthusiasm. In

columns of a Trajan and an Antoninus, short, we believe that Greece and

before that stupendous block the obelisk, Egypt could, hand in hand, crush the brought from Heliopolis

, and, above all, in

that glorious temple the Pantheon, which feeble power of the Turks. But we

has been the model for all after-time, are forgetting what is more particu- you feel, if you are a common man, one larly our present business.

without the bright attainments of that In speaking of other Egyptian scientific knowledge, which is true power, matters, M. A.B. does not shew much

without even the strength or skill to raise of the characteristic erudition and the stone, or shape the common brick; you research of the generality of British feel all the advantages and blessings of



society doubly; you shrink to think of on the large scale, but have astonishingly the littleness and helplessness of solitary fine profiles, and eyes of the brightest man ; you startle at his power and da- lustre. They still call these festivals Bacring, where minds and bodies aid each chanalian, and crowd to them, if the other, and fill the world with wonders of weather is fine, in great numbers. a creation within, and from its fair self, which, to the eye of the untutored savage, occupied with cursory descriptions of

The remainder of the volume is would all be miracles. I like the black and monumental cy

the principal cities through which presses, which on the hills round this he passed in his rout home, particu. city seem to grow as mourners, and dark. larly Florence, Bologna, Padua, Ve. ly wave their spiral tops above this spot, nice, Verona, and Milan, from which this grave of glory and of empire. How one ignorant of the state and cha. strange mirth seems in Rome ! yet here racter of these places would certainit is loud, healthy, happy. Beneath a ly derive some useful information, lofty mound of broken sherds and an. but to those already familiar with cient pottery, without the city, there are their history, local curiosities, and some rustic taverns, and there are trees the manners of their inhabitants, we near, and grass grows round them : here fear these descriptions would add but you may see the people. The women in little to their stock of knowledge. their black hats, with flowers in them,

It must be allowed, however, that and bouquets in their hands and bosoms, and the laced corset, and the velvet jac- observer of men and manners; and

our author is an accurate and shrewd ket, nine crowded in one open carriage, all smiles and glowing with rude health, it is obvious, from the general chaarrive and sit down with men of their racter of his writings, that he posown class, at open tables, and feast and sesses a heart fitted to sympathise dance to the lute and tambourine, and with their feelings and fortunes, and spend the long holiday in merriment. a head capable of communicating to The forms and features of the Roman others what he has felt and seen. women are very handsome ; they are all

Co the River Leben.

Quanto il mondo ha di vaso e di gentile !-Guarini.

BEAUTIFUL stream! Where now I look

on thee, The frequent flashing of the sunbeam

tells How proudly thy deep breast of water

swells : And all thy winding course spreads forth

to me; From where, beside the castled rock, the

A dark veil of o'er-arching woods con

ceals, At parts, thy current ; breaking its

bright line, And yielding to the dazzled sight a fine And sweet repose. While there, my pleas'd

eye steals Over the various tincting that reveals

The wane of Summer-where the dark


green fades

Receives thy blended tide, to where the

lake, Bounteous of rivers, pours thee forth, to

make The green vale as paradise : I see Where, by the House of God, emblem

of Time Thou windest, and, to Him that marks

thy flood Rolling unchangedly as erst when they Who long there on thy bank have slept

did climb, Joyous, the steep of life, renew'st the

mood Of thought befitting most the stranger of

a day.

To sere or russet, through a thousand

shades, How sweet, yet sad, a joy my rapt mind

feels, Pondering how oft beneath the riche

leav'd bough I've sat, in noontide idlesse, counting

the flow'rs That mingled in the garland Spring

had flung, Studious of beauty, o'er thy placid

brow; Or, from my flute, in July's twilight

hours, Pour'd the soft melody thy Naiad's bow'rs



Mazy as Error is thy course ; yet they Else might I deem thy lovely vale to be Who dwell upon thy brink behold a Haunted at eve, when day's bright hours stream,

of joy are done. Like Chastity or Truth, whose pure depths seein

Nor is thy winding loveliness unsung. Of crystal, flowing rapidly away,

Oft, where the slanting birch its tresses Or ling'ring to bathe the daisy on its way. The pale white weed, whose flow'ry

To kiss thy limpid wave, and wild-briar cov'ring hides

sips Thy shallows, when thy shrunken cur. Nurture from thee, and woodbine wreaths rent glides

are hung A stream of Summer, laughing to the day Fantastically the dark elms among, That gilds thee, and so sweetly o'er

The praises of thy“ dimpling course" thy bed

are heard, Mosaic murmuring, becomes thee well. And yon grey column, near the village The fairest maid, that seeking, where

rear'd, reinote,

Tells, on its broken tablature, who flung The primrose, on thy bank, and violet,

His “rural pipe's" young music o'er shed

thy tide, Their odour, looks into thy silvery

A mighty name! yet, while the wild. swell

notes sank, Of waters, each sweet line of beauty there

Blent with thy murmur o'er the silent may note.


A tone imbued his soul that did abide, Such streams as thine of old Diana lov'd And oft recall'd his fancy to thy bank, To bathe in with her nymphs; but And claim'd his sweetest numbers to thy these are fled

stream and vale. From earth : the etherial baņds that nightly led

Flow on for ever in thy purity ! The dance by moonlight on the sward, And, while thy many-sweeping turns or rov'd

disclose With zephyr 'mong the closing dow'rs, or New beauties, varying as the season mov'd

throws Sleepily with the twilight wave adown Its changeful mantle o'er the scene, stil) The river flowing soothingly, or, with

be a crown

Image of stainless faith, simplicity, Wor'n of the setting sun's last beams And purity of soul, in those who dwell remov’d,

Upon thy banks: still may thy clear Just ere they melted, from the moun. stream tell, tain height,

Coming in sunshine on, the sweet felicity Sat by the glassy stream, weeping to sce That gilds their hopes, and thy bright Its brightness die away; these too are

current past

Picture their bygone days.
Or only on the dreamer's vision light, Levenside, 1821.


Shakespeare v. The Author of Waverley.

“ I can call spirits from the vasty decp."

This day came on, before the cent patrons of the bard of Avon, Lord Chief Commissioner, Time, a were present, and seemed to interest trial, in which Shakespeare was pur- themselves much in the proceedings. suer, and the Author of Waverley The jury was composed partly of the defender. As the case excited con- gentlemen of former days, and partsiderable interest in the literary ly of those of the present. Counsel world, the court was unusually for the pursuer, "Lord Chancellor crowded. On the bench, beside the Bacon, &c.; for the defender, Dr Judge, we observed Homer, Sopho- Dryasdust, Messrs Gifford, Jeffrey, cles, Æschylus, and the laughter. and the other celebrated critics of the loving Aristophanes. The Earls of day. Among the various personages Essex and Southampton, the munifi who crowded, or, we may say, liters ally crammed the court, we observed, the pursuer. He felt considerable in a corner, the Author of the Curi. diffidence, he said, considering the osities of Literature, busily engaged high merits of the subject, to appear taking notes, from whose papers the before such a learned and venerable following account of the proceedings assembly as the champion of his has been chiefly taken.

celebrated client in the present case, The points at issue were: Whether more especially, as his pursuits and was the pursuer or defender the studies might seem to have lain in a greater genius ? And whether the de- different tract. “ But I consider, fender, by his productions, had not my Lord,” he continued, " that the innovated upon the fame of the par- man who unfortunately has not a resuer?

lish for, or he who lets other occuAn objection was made to the trial pations entirely alienate his taste going forward, on the ground that from such productions, is deprived the parties did not come before the of many of the most delightful and court on an equal footing ; in respect exhilarating pleasures of a refined that the one was a writer of drama. mind. I reflect with singular comtic works, and the other of novels, placency on the many times, when, or prose tales and histories ; and that unbending my mind from severer therefore a comparison could not pro- studies, I have luxuriated on the perly be drawn between the two. vivid sallies of imagination, the But it was argued, that the two spe. touching pathos, the poignant wit, cies of composition bore a close re- and pure imorality, contained in the semblance to each other. That both volumes of my illustrious client. I depicted natural incidents and man- need scarcely enlarge on the fame of ners, and both dealt in the passions, this celebrated author; he has reand feelings, and foibles of humani- ceived the united and enthusiastic ty: That, in Shakespeare's time, the admiration of his own countrymen, spirit of the age, and the habits and and of all those of other countries tastes of the public, had, perhaps, an who are capable of approaching his effect in directing his attention to excellencies. It has been beautifully dramatic works ; that the spirit of observed by one of his admirers, chivalry, then in its height, made the that if it should so happen that the people delight in tournaments, pub- race of men became extinct, a being lic shows, and theatrical spectacles: of another species would have a sufwhereas now the sentiments of the ficient idea of what human nature public had changed, and their amuse- was, from Shakespeare's works alone. ments were diverted into other chan. Every shade of character - every nels. They still retain their taste amiable propensity, every dark, for the spirit of such works, but gloomy, and turbulent passion, is their liabits have become more doi pourtrayed with such singular truth mestic, more retired and sedentary, and minuteness and their minds less enthusiastic, stirring, and chivalrous: they now

• Each change of many-colour'd life he prefer reading in their closets such

drew, works as the novels in question, Exhausted worlds, and then imagin’d where the dialogues are so interspersed with description, as to bring

Existence saw him spurn her bounded the scene in a pleasing manner bea

reign, fore the fancyto witnessing all the

And panting Time toil'd after him in

vain !' pomp and circumstance, and the action and expression of a mimic re- Thus has his name floated down the presentation. That, under these cir- stream of public opinion, emblazoncumstances, the Author of Waverley ed by the applauding voice of suchad but adapted his productions to cessive ages,—without a rival, or even the prevailing taste; and that it is an approach of a competitor ; till at probable, had he written in Shake- last one has arisen, who, similarly speare's time, his pieces would have gifted in many respects, treads close assumed a similar form to his. in his path, and in the eyes of many

The objection was over-ruled, and seems to proceed with equal footLord Bacon rose to open the case for steps.. Far be it from me to at

new :

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