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risking more, has achieved more, but has that he had suffered, and remained committed errours: while the other, who insensible to the marks of respect has also done much, has createdl no source by which, on many occasions, the of self reproach, and has known no re. verses but those of his brother, which he king confessed and endeavoured to did not happen to share with him and to

atone for his former injustice. Yet repair. If we look for their models among the brothers never suffered any disthe celebrated generals who preceded content to interrupt their regular them, we may compare Frederick to the correspondence, which turned prin great Condé, and Henry to Turenne. Like cipally on political and philosophical those two great men, they presented to the subjects; and at the death of Fredebrilliant; and it was even this difference of rick II. five hundred and eighty their qualities which produced consequen. seven letters, forming his share of ces equally glorious to themselves and for that correspondence, were delivered tunate for their country. The methodical into the hands of prince Henry.marck of Henry would not perhaps alone Where they have since been depositliave saved the Prussian monarchy, in the ed, we are not informed. crisis in which she was placed by the war

After the conclusion of peace in of seven years. while the bold and often rash steps of Frederick would probably 1763, the subject of these memoirs have ruined it, if he had been unsupported retired to Rheinsberg, tired of the by the wisdom and the prudence of his war, and as firmly convinced as the brother.”

king is well known to have been, Princes have often been reproach- that Prussia must seek her safety in cd with want of gratitude: but per- the gradual but sure acquisition of haps that virtue is as common among strength through peace; and he only them as among persons of far infe- left his retirement to take an openly riour rank and station. The disap- active part in publick concerns, pointed assign the natural conse when a direct request of the king or quences of their own indiscreet de- the extraordinary situation of his mands, or unreasonable expectations, country imposed on him that conduct to the charge of their superiours; and as a duty. His biographer gives this princes are more frequently called description of the prince's residence: ungrateful than others, because the imaginary or real claims on their “The castle of Rheinsberg, situated

twelve German miles from Berlin, on the gratitude bear a greater dispropor

confines of Mecklenburg, is built in a tion to their means of satisfying them.

square form on the borders of a lake seve Prince Henry's complaints of the ral leagues in circumference. After having king, however, were certainly not traversed immense forests of firs, or plains unfounded. The haughty and hasty of the most arid sand, the traveller is ascharacter of Frederick often rendere tonished at meeting with so pleasing a spot, ed him unjust, and not seldom even

and enjoys it with double relish. He is not cruel, to his most useful servants; garden which border this fine lake, and

less agreeably surprised on rambling in the and the prince frequently found his the forest which terminates the perspecmerits not acknowledged, or depre- tive; in which, notwithstanding the Gerciated, and laurels snatched from his man taste of some of the decorations with brow by him who ought to have been which they are overloaded, art has made the readiest to bestow them: but he very happy efforts to overcome the savage

character which nature here assumes. might probably also raise his expec- Every where are recognised traces of the tations too high. The duration of the

two great men who successively made this impression which this treatment residence illustrious; and now that they made on him, and the manner in have both disappeared, and as it were which he gave vent to his feelings, Prussia itself along with them, one cannot prove, at least, like many

other traits

walk through these grounds without feelin. his life, that ambition was the ing a sensation of pious recollection.

Frederick inliabited them after the lamenruling passion of his mind. He never

table catastrophe of his youth; and bere forgave the neglect which he felt he waited, while cultivating science and

literature, which had already rendered him ness. It appears, indeed, that even celebrated, for the moment in which he the tutors of the princes of Prussia might acquire still higher renown. Over have found the lessons of prudent the first gate of the castle, is still to be seen this inscription, which he caused to be

economy the most difficult to imengraven on it: Frederico tranquillitatem press: but those which inculcated colenti.—Prince Henry, in succeeding him, the importance of a proper attention conferred on this place additional embel. to religion and religious rites have lishments as well as new interest; and he often beèn not much more successwas desirous of making it, not only the re ful. Prince Henry, like his royal treat of the sage, but even the residence of a distinguished noble. Less austere and al. brother, never conformed to any ceso less engaged than Frederick, he re

remonials of religion, and professed quired the enjoyment of the greatest com contempt for the doctrines of Chris. forts of human life, the charms of society; tianity, which he had probably never rarely tasted by the great, because they taken the trouble of justly compreare reserved only for those who, like him, hending. A passage of his epitaph, therefore, to encircle himself with a small written by himself, shows, however, number of friends, in the midst of whom that he had not so mean an idea of he could safely consult his inclinations and the nature and prospects of man as follow his taste; and who would divide his the king entertained. It is said also heart and his mind with the pursuits of that he often expressed his disapprostudy and acts of beneficence.”

bation of the open contempt with

which the latter treated religion, These enjoyments were disturbed

and acknowledged the dangerous efby an event over which the author

fects of such a conduct in a sovedraws a veil. A separation took place between the prince and his consort; reign:-but could it escape him that

he thus condemned his own levity; the work, as we are told, of a treacherous favourite, who imposed on

and that a conduct, which forms a the credulity of his patron.

dangerous example in a king, beThe little court of Rheinsberg was

comes mischievous in a prince, in distinguished by a French theatre; proportion to the eminence of his

station ? the representations of which the

The death of Frederick II. (Au: prince himself directed, and sometimes supplied by his own composi- gust 17, 1786] opened new and bright tions; and the expense of which he

prospects to prince Henry's ambiendeavoured to lessen by an expe

tion. On the authority which was

due to his age, experience, and redient before mentioned:

lationship, he founded an expectation “ He turned to profit the innate disposi- of attracting veneration from the tion of the Germans for musick; and from new king, his nephew; and the well among the servants of his household he

known inferiority of Frederick Wilcomposed an orchestra, of which the num liam's abilities excited the hope of a bers and the talents enabled him to repre decided influence over him, and over sent the grandest operas, with an appear.

the measures of his government. ance, and an effect to which costume and decoration equally lent their aids." The veteran warriour, however, had

still to learn, that weak minds are When we read soon afterward that most jealous of their rights, and most the finances of the prince were so tenacious of the appearance of indelow as to expose him to a disgraceful Dendence. In proportion, therefore, dependence, and to excite the com to the contempt which he felt for passion of the king of France, we his nephew, was the pain of his discannot be induced, by the measure appointment when he saw himself of economy just mentioned, to think neglected by such a man. Count that the establishment of a French Hertzberg (in whom the author of theatre at Rheinsberg was an inno- these memoirs can no more forgive cent whim, or an excusable weak- his hostility to the subject of them,

VOL. III.

than his want of partiality to the phies which he had acquired in the French nation) bears, in this volume, vigour of his life. the whole blame of the rejection of the prince's offered services. The “ It was thus that prince Henry passed latter now began to think seriously the first five years of the new reign, divi. of leaving his

country, and spending ding his time between study and the soci. the remainder of his days in France. ety of a few friends, surrounded by the

beauties of nature, which consoled the With the intention of making the illusions of age and of the passions, and necessary arrangements, he visited encompassed by the still more soothing that kingdom in 1788; but the state spectacle of the good which he conferred of publick affairs created a new dis, on all around him. In the midst of these appointment, and compelled him to peaceful pleasures, and of that tranquillity

by which he prepared himself for the re. return to Rheinsberg, with the reso

pose of eternity, the hand of death arrest. lution of there closing his mortaled him. He met the stroke with that phicareer. His views of the events, of losophy which he had professed throughout which he was a distant, though not life; and which, it was now evident, had an indifferent spectator, appear from not been with him, as with so many prea passage of the above mentioned tended free-thinkers, an empty and osten. unprinted correspondence; and they moderation. He had seen himself grow old

tatious boast. He had enjoyed life with show that, while he erred with in- without regret; and he felt himself dying numerable others, in regard to the without pusillanimity.” probable issue of an attempt to force a nation into submission to a go This last event took place on the vernment which it disliked, he high- Ist of August, 1802. His remains ly disapproved the attempt itself. were deposited, at his desire, in a This disapprobation drew on him vault under a pyramid consecrated the opprobrious appellation of de. by him to the memory of his former mocrat! But he had the melancholy companions in arms, in the gardens satisfaction of seeing his predictions, of Rheinsberg; on which an epitaph with regard to his own country, ve of his own composition reminds the rified, and of being requested by the stranger of the vanity of earthly king, to give his assistance in greatness, and expresses with cansnatching the state from the abyss, dour and modesty the estimation to the brink of which it was then ap- which experience and reflection had proaching. He listened to the voice taught him to form of himself. of patriotism, and became the prin In the length to which we have excipal mediator of a peace.

tended this article, we would be conOn the accession of Frederick sidered as offering a tribute of respect, William III. the present king, prince which, in common with the writer Henry did not quit his retirement; of the memoirs, we have been early which he continued to embellish ac taught to entertain for a prince, who, cording to his own taste, and which with many failings and strong proofs was endeared to him by the recol- of human weakness, yet united, in an lections which he, as it were, embo. uncommon degree, the qualities died every where around him by tes which adorn a throne, with those timonies, busts, and inscriptions. which embellish and promote the Indeed, he never appears more truly happiness of private life; and who great and amiable than in the repose contributed much to raise and supof his old age. When, after the fire port the structure which, it has of ambition had subsided, the gentler since appeared, was deprived of all qualities of his character obtained strength when the wisdon and valour an ascendency, and placed testimo- of its founders were withdrawn. If nies of gratitude, friendship, and the advice and the warnings of hisphilanthropy, by the side of the tro- tory were less commonly despised

than they are, posterity would derive would teach them that, if they wish many advantages from the records that allowance should be made for of the life and fate of such men; faults on account of their station in and if princes would look with at- society, they ought also to fulfil the tention into the mirror which is just expectations which their rank thus placed before their eyes, the excites in the world. contemplation of such examples

FROM THE BRITISH CRITICK. The Jew of Magadore, a Comick Opera, in Three Acts. By Richard Cumberland, Esq.

8vo. pp. 76. 28. 6d. 1808. That so copious and so various a hardly fail to please in the represenwriter as Mr. Cumberland should tation. We will give a specimen of write with unvaried excellence, one of the songs, as no part of the would be a singular phenomenon in dialogue would, in our opinion, apthe world of literature. The author pear to advantage when detached of the West Indian, the Wheel of from the rest. Fortune, and so many other distinguished dramas of the higher order, Zelma. "To sigh when sorrow loads the

breast, may slumber now and then over a

Is nature's kind relief; comick opera, without provoking in To weep is almost to be blest dignation, or exciting any contempt.

Amid the burst of grief." In the performance before us we have, as in the comedy of The

Brig. “Sigh then sweet maid if sighs

can cheer Jew (by the same writer) a bene.

A heart so sad as thine; volent Israelite; who, though he Weep and I'll double every tear, grudges the least indulgence to him.

For all thy griefs are mine. self, readily bestows his wealth for the benefit of his fellow creatures;

Duet. “If sighs can ease the loaded and, living at a seaport in the

breast, Moorish territory, purchases many

And tears afford relief,

We'll sigh till nature sinks to rest, of the christian captives, in order to

And tears exhaust our grief.redeem them from slavery. A more interesting story might, we think, There are other songs written with have been raised upon this foundation. tenderness and elegance; but it is But this drama, upon the whole, is apparent that the author has not put such as, with the aid of song, could forth his strength in this work.

p. 47.

FROM THE MONTHLY REVIEW. Clelia in Search of a Husband. By a Modern Antique. 8vo. 2 vols. 128. 1809. “I would not attempt," says this writer, as well as personal charms of no ordinary to portray a Calebs; neither my vanity, occurrence, is not absolutely out of nature. nor my own experience in la belle passion, She acts up to the principles of religion, could draw such a portrait. I would without any of the modern cant; with a rather use my pen to trace a natural mind perfectly feminine, she is bold enough character. I believe the cause of morality to let reason take the lead: and, in a world to be more faithfully served in offering a of levity, she sets an example which the possible point for our emulation, than in young of her sex in the present day would any ideal perfections that fancy, however do well to imitate. To ladies and gentle. sublime, could imagine.” The whole of men, this Modern Antique (as the lady the novel before us is conducted on this calls herself, if a lady it be who is the au. principle. Cælia though displaying moral thor) reads a very instructive lecture. All

the fashionable absurdities of the day are with the various characters which neatly satirized, and the modern London- fill the splendid drawing rooms at the fine-world is here drawn with exactness,

west end of the town; and shows her and exhibited, as it ought to be, not as an object of envy, but of disgust;' for life in good sense as well in the offers which London is, indeed, wasted, not used. Yet she rejects, as in the choice which it is the wish of all females, educated on she ultiinately adopts. Our noblementhe present plan, to shine in this atmos- coachmen, and our naked, pocketless, phere of folly, and to display their naked shoe-making* ladies may not be pleasness (a new term for dress)" at midnight ed with the ridicule which is here dances and the publick show."

lavished on them: but they richly de

serve it; and if our modern fashionCælia is introduced to the circles ables were not ashamed of being conof fashion only to despise them. Mo- sidered as moral, the exhibition in rality and religion are made her rules, these pages would lead to some renot the usage of society, nor the cus formation. Cælebs attempted too tom of the world. She distinguishes much by endeavouring to make our between innocent and degrading con fine people as religious as nuns and formity, and never suffers fashion to friars; and perhaps the efforts of obliterate principle. She exhibits the Cælia to infuse into them a little effects of an education truly moral

common sense may equally be thrown and sensible, in the course of a visit away. Can a luxurious capital be reto her sister, lady Townley; appears formed by sermons, poems, or noto great advantage when contrasted vels?

FROM THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE. POEMS, BY SIR JOHN CARR. 1 vol. 8vo. pp. 228. price 10s. 6d. WITH the proudest conscious- John Carr may have gleams of sense ness of our own merits, we demand that occasionally illumine the vast the approbation of our readers when expanse of dullness that dwells upon we inform them, that we have, in his mind; but we have never found spite of yawning, laughing, rubbing them. These are things of mere our eyes, wriggling in our chair, and possibility, and too much faith is not stretching, absolutely gone through to be reposed in what is simply posthe present volume. This is no mean sible. We hope we are not without praise. It is a conspicuous proof of that candour which would have sufour patience and our benevolence, fered us to rejoice in a discovery, Lirtues of rare growth in a critick. yet unmade, of sir John's talents. We Ofthe first of these virtues no sub- did not, indeed, look for them; for sequent act of our own can rob us: who looks for roses on a rock? to the last we shall perhaps forfeit To this volume of poems we have the claim before we dismiss sir John every objection to make that can Carr from our notice.

possibly be made to a book. It is It is perfectly fair to remark, that printed with a shameful diffusion of we took up the present volume with paper and type, in order to enhance strong prejudices against its author. its price, and in doing which we These prejudices we could no more commend the knight's policy more help than a man can his antipathy to than his honesty. “ If my volume a well known swindler, if he happens sells for half a guinea," says he (we to be in his company. The swindler make sir John the interlocutor, bemay have some virtues, but we should

cause we really do not think that be slow to believe them; and sir any bookseller would be simple

Our country readers may require to be apprized, that it has lately become the ton For young ladies to be employed in making their own shoes.

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