Imágenes de páginas



insensible. They have already at

cut off from their old tempted to establish themselves sources of trade, and it is our own upon the island of Camaram; the fault if English and Indian goods do very spot which three centuries ago not find their way to the heart of was occupied by the Turks, for the that continent through Abyssinia. purpose of securing the Red Sea Ivory and gold are the only articles against the Portuguese. Its harbour of value which Abyssinia at present is excellent; and they conceive that produces. Others would doubtless were they once to fortify themselves soon be found; but of these the there, they would command the quantity is sufficient to pay for the passage, and, by the cooperation of manufactures at present imported, their allies, render a continuance in and gold would increase in proporthat sea impracticable to any feet tion as trade extended eastward into except their own, by cutting off all those countries where it is found. the necessary supplies. These ex- Impressed by these views, lord Vapectations lord Valentia thinks are lentia on his return to England, laid completely annihilated by what he a memorial before the Court of Dicalls the discovery of Dhalac, Va rectors. Upon them it had no effect; lentia, and the other islands, and but some private merchants were by the connexion with Abyssinia, convinced by his statements, and whence the whole British navy obtained a license from the Compamight be supplied with provisions. ny to trade direct to Abyssinia. The speediest way of preventing They have accordingly sent off a danger is by taking the Isles of vessel upon this speculation, and we France and Bourbon. Shut out as rejoice to say that Mr.Salt is gone our enemy is from the Cape by our in her, charged with a letter and arms, and from South America by presents from the king to the Nethe effect of his own crimes, he guz of Abyssinia. Two pieces of would then have no port upon the curricle artillery, with all the necesway.

sary accompaniments are part of It was from Egypt that the Por- this present. A cannon has not been tuguese in India were attacked by seen in the country since the time the Turks; from Egypt we have of the Portuguese. If our friend the been threatened. France will assu Ras be living this will ensure him fredly never lose sight of that coun the superiority over his enemies, try, and sooner or later will obtain and it may even be hoped that with possession of it, unless we secure it these means, and the presence of a for ourselves. It is therefore doubly few Englishmen, the government of importance, that should may recover strength and stability, strengthen ourselves in the Red and the civilisation of Africa proSea, both for security against the ceed as rapidly on this side, as enemy if we suffer them to obtain so there is reason to expect it will on valuable a country, and for our own that of Sierra Leona, under the aus! advantage if the boldest policy be pices of the African Society. pursued, which is always the best. Before his lordship departed from And were there no further political the coast, some unlucky hostilities views in opening an intercourse with took place with the people of ArkeAbyssinia, its trade alone is an ob- ko, which, owing to a succession of ject of sufficient importance. The bad weather, could not be properly pilgrimage to Mecca is at an end; terminated. This, however, is of litthe conquests of the Wahabee have tle consequence, for, before any reput a stop to it. This pilgrimage gular trade can be established there, was not only the keystone of Islam- those “ gates of Abyssinia” must ism, but it was the main spring of be thrown open. From thence the Arabian commerce. The Africans Panther, narrowly escaping ship


wreck, proceeded to Jedda and andria, and thence to England. The Suez, where lord Valentia and his length to which our remarks have companions took leave of their ex- extended, prevents us from followcellent and able friend, captain ing them over this more beaten Court, and made their way to Alex- ground.


Transactions of the Missionary Society in the South Sea Islands. AFTER the publication of bread fruit tree, offered to take Cook's Voyages, the South Sea them out gratuitously, and the lords Islands, or to use the received lan- of the admiralty gave their consent: guage of the best geographers, that but when it came to the point, they portion of the world which is denomi. who had offered themselves to the nated Polynesia, soon ceased to at- work, and been a year under tuition tract the attention of the publick. for the purpose, shrunk back. In The age of conquest seemed then 1794, the project was renewed in to be past, and that of colonization the Evangelical Magazine; meet was not yet come. The islanders ings for prayer and consultation could not buy of us, because they were held every fortnight during had nothing to sell; sufficient speci- six months; a society was formed; a mens of their weapons and apparel general meeting convoked in Lonhad been brought home for publick don; great was the company of the and private collections; beautiful preachers, ministers and Christians prints had made us familiar with of all denominations assembled; and their scenery and external habits; a so strongly and entirely did they cruel disease had been left among sympathize in their zeal, that, in them; and having dispensed to them their own language, “they were this new curse, and taught them constrained to say, this is a new new wants which nothing but a com Pentecost." Subscriptions poured in, merce with civilized nations could and candidates in abundance pregratify, the Europeans left them to sented themselves, from whom thirty themselves. Protestantism, however, were selected, six being married had reached its age of missions, and men. Every possible precaution was those great and rapidly increasing taken to secure success, as far as sects, which Wesley and Whitefield the foresight of the directors could had founded, had now wealth as secure it. The ship was manned well as zeal enough for any attempt with Methodists, and captain Wil which might be suggested to spread son, who left his retirement, to tako the gospel, according to their man the command, was a man especially ner of belief. A mission to these qualified for the charge by temper islands was proposed; adventurers and opinions as well as professional volunteered for the service; the no skill. On the 20th of August, 1796, torious captain Bligh, who was then they weighed anchor, and hoisted about to return to Taheite* for the the missionaryt fag; three doves

So the missionaries now write the word. It appears, therefore, that Bougainvilla's ear was more accurate than that of our navigators; for he wrote Taite, and Forster, his translator, altered it to Otaheite.

# It is remarkable, that the expedition in which Taheite was first discovered, sailed under not less curious colours; two crucifixes in a field gules, supported by our Lady of Loretto and St. Peter. Torquemada, 1. 5. c. 64. This is said supposing Taheite to be the Sagittaria of Quiros, which the tradition related by Tupia, and the authority of cap tain Burney, seem sufficiently to establish.


argent in a purple field, bearing Tongataboo, and two for St. Chris. olive branches in their bills. These tina. On the 5th of March, 1797, colours did not excite more surprise they anchored at the former island. in the navy, than the remarkable The natives flocked joyfully to deportment of all on board. Not an the ship, carrying as usual, pigs, oath was heard among them; and fowls, and fruit, to market. It was the sailors who were at Spithead Sunday, “ the day of the Eatooa,” or when the Duff finally departed, talk Deity, on which the new to this day of the Ten Command “ durst not trade.” Greatly as this ments, as they called her, in which, surprised the islanders, the repulse when she set sail, the captain, the which their women received, astoncrew, and the cargo, were all sing- ished them still more. The transports ing psalms.

of their joy subsided, and the greatThe kings of Spain and Portugal, er number returned to shore, and never, in the plenitude of their zeal, about forty only remained to hear a sent forth a mission so abundantly serion. There were two Swedes on stored as this. There were men of the island, who spoke English. These all useful trades among the mis. men served as interpreters, and the sionaries. Only four among

the num

news that people from Pretane were ber were ordained ministers, and come to settle there, occasioned geone had attended the hospitals, and neral exultation. A large house was understood printing. All possible allotted them which had been built means were provided for making for captain Bligh, who the natives them well acquainted with the said, had told them he should come countries to which they were bound, back and reside there; and shortly and even while the Dufflay at afterwards, the district of Matavai, Portsmouth, a manuscript vocabula, in which it stood, was formally cery of the language of Taheite, which ded to the missionaries. They took had been made by some of the poor possession of their new dwelling, Bounty mutineers, was procured for and received a due proportion of them. It had been determined to the stores with which the mission station them at Taheite, the Friendly had been not less profusely than inIslands, the Marquesas, the Sand judiciously provided. According to wich, and the Pelew Islands; but as the plan of the voyage, the Duff was the practicability of this distribution to visit Tongataboo and the depended upon circumstances which Marquesas, and then return to Tacould not be foreseen, a discretion: heite; but before she departed, the ary power was vested in a commit- missionaries on shore, alarmed by tee of the missionaries, subject to what they heard from the Swedes the approbation of captain Wilson; and what they saw of the natives, and if any difference of opinion proposed, that the

whole body should arise, the directors recom: should settle there as a necessary mended their « appealing to the de measure of security. The brethren, cision of Divine Providence, by a on board, unhappily for some of solemn and religious use of the an: them, çould not be persuaded, neicient instituțion of drawing lots.” As ther did captain Wilson perceive they approached the scenes of their any such necessity as was alleged; destination, the

the ' brethren, who, and having remained a fortnight, during a seven months' voyage, had the vessel sailed. had leisure and opportunity to be. When the Duff reached Tongatacome acquainted with each other's boo, an Englishman and an Irishtemper, were desired to choose the man, by name Ambler and Connelly, place where each would be left. çame on board; two fellows who Eighteen, including all the married bore such evident qualifications for înen, declared for Taheite, ten for the gallows in their countenances,


that they were rightly suspected of ed him so much regret as leaving having made their escape from it by such beautiful creatures to be lost way of Botany Bay. Bad, however, by their idolatry. The missionaries as they seemed, and indeed, proved had been disappointed in their exto be, they gave a sensible and hoc pectations of Taheitean beauty. nest opinion when their advice was They were not so here, and they asked. The natives, they said, would say of the women that, as models receive the missionaries gladly, and for the statuary and the painter, treat them kindly, but property their equals can seldom be found. would not be safe; and if they were But their condition was worse than encumbered with iron tools, and that of the other islanders. Food should endeavour to defend them, seemed to be scarce among them, selves from robbers, their lives and if any were given to the women would certainly be in danger. This it was taken from them unless they advice so far impressed them, that could conceal it. The men all apthey resolved to take no more pro- peared to have a thoughtful cast of perty than, according to their no countenance, such it is well extion, was absolutely indispensable. pressed, “as men acquire who are Many chiefs offered to receive some struggling for subsistence, and can of them, but they would not separate, hardly get it;” but they had their and were left under the protection mad fits of laughter and loquacity. of Toogahowe, who, by Ambler's Tenae, their chief, the eldest son of account, was the greatest warriour, the Royalet who reigned in Cook's and most powerful man in the isl. time, gladly consented to receive and. Ambler himself promised to the missionaries, promising to give instruct them in the language. them a house, and a share of all that

The two remaining adventurers he had; and he led them to one of were now to be landed at St. Chris. his best houses, telling them they tina, or Ohittahoo, according to its might occupy it as soon as they native name. Harris, the one who pleased. It was built of bamboos, had been ordained in the Methodist about half an inch apart from each church, was nearly forty years of other; within which, long blinds or age. He was the only man who had curtains made of leaves were hung. fixed upon

this station when the The length was twenty five feet, the brethren made their choice, and he width only six. The back part was had persuaded Crook to be his com ten feet high, the front only four. It panion. Crook was a young man of was thatched or rather roofed with two and twenty, who had been a hard leaves, so well laid on as to gentleman's servant. The first visi. keep it perfectly dry. A floor mat ters who came off to them were se. which reached from end to end, and ven beautiful young women. They some large calabashes were all the

to the ship perfectly naked, household furniture. When they reexcept that a few green leaves were turned on board the two brethren fastened round the waist; and no were asked their opinion of the sooner had they got on board, than place, and whether they were still the hungry goats attacked them, in the same mind to settle there. and eat up their Eve aprons. These Crook replied, that all which he had are the islanders whom Cook thought seen tended to encourage him. superiour in beauty, both of form There was not, indeed, the same and features, to all the other Poly- plenty here as at the other islands, nesians, and whom the Spaniards, but comfort was not what he wanted when Mendana discovered them, when he devoted himself to the misbeheld with such admiration, that sion. Harris, on the contrary, disapthe chief pilot of the expedition de- proved of every thing; “ he judged clared nothing in his life ever caus the scene before him a solemn one;"


and seemed to have lost all his firm- fear at being so awakened, and his ness as well as his ardour. It was horrour at the thought of remaining agreed that they should go on shore among a people so “ given up to the next day, take their beds with wickedness" then completely overthem, and make a trial.

came him. He got down to the The next day came. Harris de beach with his chest, at evening. clined going, that he might remain None of the crew were ashore, and on board to pack up their things in the ship lay out of hail. There he resmall parcels, for the greater facility mained sitting on the chest till of carrying them up the valley. about four in the morning, when Crook landed, took possession of his the natives drove him away, and new abode, commended himself to stole his clothes. A fisherman had the protection of that God to whose compassion enough to swim off to service he had devoted himself, and the vessel, and tell the captain of in that faith lay down and slept in his situation. The boat was sent for peace. He had already studied the him, and he was found in a pitiable language with such attention, that condition, like one out of his senses. he could understand almost every Crook, however, was not shaken by thing that was said; and he began to this desertion. « It would,” he said, eat their sour mahié, in spite of the “greatly have increased his happiuncleanliness of the preparation; and ness, to have had a friend and assistto attach himself to the place as that ant, who might have comforted him which he had chosen, and where he in the time of trouble; but since the was to remain. Harris, meantime, Lord had ordered things otherwise, could not be persuaded to leave the he thought that it better suited his ship till the weather rendered it character and profession, to resign probable that she might be driven himself to God's fatherly care, and off the island, and then he was set rest in his promises, than to quit a ashore. The ship, however, returned station where a door of usefulness to her former anchorage, and, after was so evidently opened; and should six days, the two missionaries came his blessed Saviour make him the on board to deliver their opinions. honoured instrument of preparing Harris complained of the poverty of the way for some of his more able the island, and that he could not eat servants, he should at least have the the mahié; his companion declared happiness to reflect, that his life his resolution of remaining, even was not spent in vain.” Various sorts though the other should not; how- of garden seeds were left him, with ever, they both went on shore again tools, medicines, an Encyclopedia, for farther trial. Three days after and other useful works. He came on this, Tenae invited them to go with board the evening before the ship him to another valley. Crook readiiy departed, to take his leave. Then inagreed. Harris, probably afraid that deed, tears glistened in his eyes, the ship might leave him, would not but none fell; nor did he discover go, and the chief to accommodate the least sign of fear or unwillinghim in the most obliging manner he ness, to enter upon his work alone. could, left him his wife to be treat This interesting man, thus left ed as if she were his own, till he alone among the natives, suffered came back. It was in vain, that poor much from hunger, during the first. Harris protested, he did not want six months; but he was kindly treatthe woman! she was left with him; ed, and the chiefs always gave him and finding herself neglected, called part of their scanty portion. After he some of her female friends to satisfy had been about a year on the island, themselves concerning his ses while, an American vessel entered the bay; he was asleep. This inquest was not and he went on board to learn made without awakening lim. His whence she came, and to write

« AnteriorContinuar »