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fact is certain, and the reason will then proceed to sell these certifibe evident to those who know that cates to such persons, as, although confessors hold the keys of heaven immoral in their conduct, are not and of hell.

sufficiently impious to attend this When Charles IV. succeeded to sacred ordinance. Is it possible to the throne, in the very commence conceive a more horrid profanation ment of his reign, by the advice of than such a sacramental test? his favourite, he issued a decree Should the present struggle beseparating for ever the employments tween France and Spain, terminate of inquisitor and confessor to the in the restoration of the constitution crown: and he took for his confes- to its original integrity, there can

an ecclesiastick, named Cama- be no doubt that the Cortes will cho, a person universally esteemed find it expedient to abolish the infor his moderation and his prudence. quisition, and to invite foreigners,

This was a good beginning, and of all religious persuasions, to settle had the times been favourable, I have in the country. no doubt that he would have proceed As a friend to Spain, and a warm ed to restrain the power of that tri. wisher for her prosperity, I please bunal, or would have abolished it. myself in the anticipation of her fuAs long as the inquisition shall re ture felicity, when good government main, neither arts, manufactures, shall give security to person and to commerce, religion, nor morality, property; and, by establishing pubcan prosper. The Moors in Spain lick credit, promote agricultural imwere the principal agriculturalists, provements through every part of and the only manufacturers. The the peninsula. Happy will it be for Jews were merchants. These were her, if, in the wisdom of her counall expelled or burnt by that perse- cils, she shall close her eyes against cuting court. The good bishop of the false glitter of distant conquest Oviedo, when he was lamenting the and dominion, cultivate the arts of immorality which universally pre- peace,gfinish her canals, give vent to vailed in Spain, comforted himself her commodities, and find true in the reflection, that his country- wealth in the industry of her inha

were wholly free from the bitants, instead of seeking imaginary charge of infidelity. I did not think wealth in the gold and silver of it expedient to remind him that, Peru. whilst the French ran riotously after With the extensive territory, vaphilosophick infidelity, other nations ried climates, and highly productive might quietly remain with all their soil, which she commands at home, faculties benumbed by the torpid should she abandon her foreign posinfidelity of ignorance, and that sessions, by which she has been, is, both species were. equally produc- and ever will be, enfeebled and tive of inmorality.

impoverished; should she 'carefully In Spain, the inquisition requires avoid offensive war, and confine all that all, who are come to years of her views and efforts to internal imdiscretion, shall receive the sacra provement, she will rapidly double ment at Easter, and every person is and quadruple her inhabitants, she obliged to deliver in a certificate of will increase in wealth, she will bethe place where the confession was come invulnerable, and will enjoy taken, and the sacrament administer- uninterrupted peace. cai to him.

In these circumstances, she will What is the consequence ? Com- be resorted to, for traffick, by all the non prostitutes, at Easter, hasten nations of the earth, and will be, in from church to church, to confess, Europe, what China has been from and to receive the sacrament, and remote antiquity in Asia.



lish, in quarto, with the numerous
Sir_The preceding pages were highly finished drawings I made in
intended as a preface to a new edi. Spain; and the addition of such ma-
tion of my Spanish travels, and will terials as I have since received from
be introduced if I should live to my Spanish friends.
publish another edition of that work.

I am, sir,
This I, probably, shall never do, Your obedient humble servant,
unless the times should be more fa-

JOSEPH TOWNSEND. vourable, in which case I shall pub

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INSTINCT OF ANIMALS. THE late John Barlow, esq. of calling off the dog; which she did, Rhodes, near Middleton, Lancashire, and so, through the courage and had a fine Newfoundland dog in his fidelity of her canine friend, she keeping, which, for many years, was escaped whatever wickedness the a domestick in the family; the guar- villains had concerted. dian of their property, and the con

The fondness and affection of this stant companion of his master. The animal for his master, was almost general hour of Mr. B's return in unparalleled. If, in Mr. B's absence, the evening, was known to T088, any of the family would say: “ Toss, who, on some occasions, was not your master is coming,” he would permitted to accompany his master; immediately abandon even a delicate yet as soon as the clock had struck bone, in hopes to meet him; and if, nine, the anxious animal would no at the time, he found himself cheatlonger be confined, nor indulge him- ed or deceived, he would growl, and self on a warm hearth, but go in show by his looks, that he was afsearch of his master, and seldom fronted. During Mr. Barlow's last failed to find, and to conduct his sickness, the faithful creature could charge back one or two miles on the not be prevailed on to quit the bedroad. On week days, nothing was so

side; and when he saw the coflin, gratifying to this sensible brute, as which contained the remains of his a walk with some of the family; par- beloved master, taken out of the ticularly with Mr. Barlow. But, on house to be put into the hearse, his Sundays, T088 knew his place, as, grief was inconsolable. This he well as the day. No artifice or temp- manifested by howling, and by every tation could then induce him to sign of real grief. After this, Tos: leave the house. His business was to could never be so far deceived, as guard the premises in the absence to be prevailed on to go and seek of the family; whether at home or his master; and when told that he abroad, by night or by day, the pro was coming, or desired to go and tection of Tos: was considered as meet him, he would gently move equal to a guard of armed men. his head, and, with a melancholy, Once, when Mrs. Barlow's maid was significant look, silently reprove his sent on an important errand, late in deceiyers. To88 never overcame this the evening, she was attacked by shock. The rest of his short and distwo brutal wretches, who might consolate life was spent in going the have accomplished their horrid pur same rounds, in the neighbourhood, poses, had not Tos8 immediately he had, in happier days, so freseized one of the ruffians, and held quently trod with his master; when, him in extreme torture, till the as it is supposed, and as I firmly other offered to desist from rifling believe) grief put an end to his px's the young woman, provided she istence. would rescue his accomplice, by


And grew so coy, and nice to please,

As women's lookes are often soe, He might not kisse, nor hand forsooth,

Unlesse I willd him soe to doe.

THE ORIGINAL BALLAD, " GENTLE HERDSMAN, TELL TO ME.” From which, it is presumed, Dr. Goldsmith

derived the Idea of his

Edwin and Angelina." GENTLE herdsman, tell to me,

Of courtesy I thee pray~ Unto the towne of Wallsingham

Which is the right and ready way:

Thus being wearyed with delayes,

To see I pityed not his greeffe, He goes him to a secrett place,

And there he dyed without releeffe.

And, for his sake these weedes I weare,

And sacrifice my tender age; And every day I'll beg my bread,

To undergoe this pilgrimage.

s« Unto the towne of Walsingham,

The way is hard for to be gone, And very crooked are those pathes

For you to find out all alone.”
Were the miles doubled thrise,

And the way never so ill,
It were not enough for mine offence;

It is so grevous, and so ill. " Thy yeares are young, thy face is faire, Thy wits are weake, thy thoughts are

greene; Time hath not given thee leave as yet

For to commit so great a sinne!

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Yes herdsman, yes, soe wou’dst thou say,

If thou knewest so much as I; My wits, and thoughtes, and all the rest,

Have well deserved for to dye.

I am not what I seeme to bee,

My clothes and sexe doe differ faire; I am a woman, woe is mee!

Born to greeffe, and irksome care. For my beloved, and well beloved,

My wayward cruelty could kill; And though my teares will nought avail,

Most dearely I bewail him still.

[By T. Chatterton.]

1. O GOD! whose thunder shakes the sky,

Whose eye this atom globe surveys; To Thee, my only rock, I fly,

Thy mercy in this justice praise. The mystick mazes of thy will,

The shadows of celestial light, Are past the power of human skill, But what th' eternal acts in right.

2. O teach me, in the trying hour,

When anguish swells the dewy tear, To still my sorrows, own thy power,

Thy goodness love, thy justice fear. If in this bosom aught but Thee

Encroaching sought a boundless sway, Omniscience could the danger see,

And mercy take the cause away.

He was the flower of noble wights,

None ever more sincere colde bee Of comelye mien and shape he was,

And tenderlye he loved mee.

When thus I sawe he loved me well,

I grew so proude his paine to see, That I, who did not know myselfe,

Thought scorne of such a youth as hee.

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Forbid the sigh, compose my mind,

Nor let the gush of misery flow.
The gloomy mantle of the night,

Which on my sinking spirits steals,
Will vanish at the morning light,

Which God, my east, my sun, reveals."

3 Then why, my soul, dost thou complain?

Why dropping seek the dark recess?
Shake off the melancholy chain,

For God created all to bless.
But, ah ! my breast is human still,

The rising sigh, the falling tear.
My languid vitals' feeble rill,
The sickness of my soul declare.

But yet with fortitude resigned,

I'll thank th' Inflictor of the blow;

Who that, recollects the dreadful fate of this astonishing boy, can feel less than an agony of sorrow, to think that these admirable sentiments did not ultimately prevail in his mind?

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