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entitled, The Gospel of Christ worthy of An Analytical abridgment of Black. all acceptation; containing a Reply to Mr. stone's Commentaries. By John Anthou, Button's Remarks, and the observations of Esq. New York. Philanthropos: by Andrew Fuller, author To republish--Walker's Dictionary of the Gospel Acceptation. In 1 neat 12mo. abridged, 3d edition. vol. $1 nearly finished. It will contain an Jacob's Law Dictionary, 6 vols. royal 8yo Address to candidates for the Sacred The Lawyer's Guide, in commencing, Ministry, selected from Smith's Lectures prosecuting and defending actions at Com. on the Sacred Office.
mon Law, and Suits in Equity; with full The Songs of the Night, written by a and correct precedents of pleadings in the Young Woman under deep affiction, near several cases which most frequently occur; ly completed.
adapted to the practice of the United Williams' Christian Preacher. The Ap- States. To which is added, the Merchant's, pendix contains a list of books recom Clerk’s and Sheriff's Magazine, containmended by the author.
ing all the necessary forms, appertaining Henry S. Keating, Baltimore, to their respective pursuits. By William To publish–The Chorister's Cabinet; a W. Hening, Esq. Virginia. collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, The Bandit of the Alps, 4 vols. in 2; a Canons, Anthems and Odes, chiefly origi- new and celebrated novel. By Miss Fran. nal. The whole to be revised and arranged ces. by gentlemen of the first musical abilities.
Travels on an inland voyage through Preparing for the press in Baltimore, the States New York, Pennsylvania, Vir. An Essay on Maritime Loans, translated ginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, and from the French of M. Balthazard-Marie through the Territories of Indiana, Louisi. Encerignon, with notes. To which is pre ana, Mississippi and New Orleans, inclufixed, a translation of the title of the ordi- ding a tour of upwards of 5000 miles, pernance of Louis XIV. concerning Maritime formed in 1807 and 1808. Loans, and also of the Titles of the Digest West and Blake, and Manning and and Code De Nautico Fænore, De Exerci.
Loring, Boston, toriâ actione, and de Lege Rhodia de To republish, by subscription-A MuJactu. By John E. Hall.
sical Grammar, in Four Parts-viz. NotaE. Sargeant, New York,
tion, Melody, Harmony, Rhythm. By Dr. Proposes to republish-Chalmers's edi. Callcott, Organist of Covent Garden tion of the British Poets.
Church. General contents of the Staff, M&W.Ward, New York,
Clef, Notes, Rests, Sharps, Flats, Graces, To publish, in 1 vol. 8vo. The Life of Characters, Marks of Expression, AbreviThomas Paine, author of Common Sense, ations, Intervals, Keys or Scales, &c. &c. By James Cheetham.
Triads, Dominant Seventh Modulation, Thomas Kirk, Brooklyn, New York, Discords, Cadences, Sequences, Licenses, To republish-An Inquiry concerning Accent, Foot, Cæsure, Phrase, Section, the Intellectual and Moral Faculties, and Period. Literature of Negroes, followed with an By W. Wells, & T. B. Waite & Co. Boston, account of the Life and Works of fifteen To republish-An Attempt towards an negroes and mulattoes, distinguished in Important Version, a Metrical ArrangeScience, Literature and the Arts. By H. ment, and an Explanation on the Twelve Gregoire, formerly Bishop of Blois, Mem Minor Prophets. By W. Newcome, D. D. ber of the Conservative Senate, of the Na. Primate of Ireland. Now enlarged and imtional Institute, of the Royal Society of proved, with Notes; and a comparison of Gortinguen, &c. &c. Translated by B. D. the chief various renderings of Dr. FlorsWarden, Secretary to the American Lega. ley on Hosea, and Dr. Blayney, on Zechation at Paris.
RECENT BRITISH PUBLICATIONS. Cases from 1799, to 1803.
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parts, reduced to the denomination of a Vol. 14, Vesey, jun's. Reports, London, first minute; and supplementary tables. or vol. 2, American new series,
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structure of Fungus Hæmatoides and Can. An Elementary Treatise on Geology, cer, with Cases and Dissections. By James determining Fundamental Points in that Wardrop, F. R. S. E. Fellow of the Royal Science, and containing an Examination of College of Surgeons, and one of the Sursome Geological Systems, particularly of geons of the Publick Dispensary of Edinthe Huttonian Theory of the Formation of burgh; 8vo. 12s. boards. few copies are the Earth. By J. A. de Luc, F. R. S. Trans- printed on royal paper, with the plates lated from the French MS. by the Rev. H. coloured. Price 11. 1s. boards de la Fite, 8vo. 128.
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The works of the pious and learned Dr. Don Sebastian, or the House of Bragari- Townsend will soon be published, in two za, a Historical Romance. By Miss Anna octavo volumes, with a Life of the author, Maria Porter, 4 vols. 12mo. 17. 18.
by Mr. Churton. A View of Spain, comprising a Descrip
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tables for Navigation and Nautical AsThe Art of improving the Breeds of tronomy, by Joseph de Mendoza Rioz, Domestick Animals, in a letter addressed Esq. will shortly be published. 'to Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. by Sir Miss Jane Porter, author of Thaddeus John Saunders Sebright, M. P. Priče 28. of Warsaw, has a romance in the press un60.
der the title of The Scottish Chief. The Island of Walcheren, on a Scale of
The Rev.James Parsons has undertaken an Inch and a Half to an English Mile: to publish the remaining Collections of from an original survey. With a General the Septuagint, prepared by the late Dr. Map of the Province of Zealand, showing Holmes.
FOR FEBRUARY, 1810.
(FOR THE SELECT REVIEWS.] An Essay on Sheep, their Varieties Account of the Merinos of Spain, France, &c.
-Reflections on the best method of treating them, and raising a flock in the United States, together with Miscellaneous Remarks on Sheep and Woollen Manufactures. By Robert R. Livingston, L. L. D. President of the Society for the promotion of Useful Arts of New York, &c. &c. &c. Printed by order of the Legislature of the State of New York. New York: T. & J. Swords. 1809-Humphreys, Philadelphia.
TO the patriotick mind, few sights self frequently called upon for infor. are more gratifying, than that of a mation, and being anxious to comman highly respectable for his municate all that his experience or learning, and for the political servi- inquiries had taught him upon the ces he has rendered to his country, subject, as well as to keep alive the devoting the latter part of his life to interest that he had happily excited the improvement of its agricultural in his fellow citizens, he believed and manufacturing interests. Such a that both might be effected, by the character, is the author of the work publication of a little volume, which now under consideration, and such should, in some sort, combine inforare the employments of his age. Mr. mation with amusement; and, taken Livingston has presented the pub- in connexion with what he had be. lick with a very valuable work, on a fore written, serve as a kind of subject but little attended to in the Shepherd's Manual; and point out United States; and we entertain no to the rich and the poor, the easiest doubt, but that a just value will be means of converting their flocks into set upon his attempt to instruct the Merinos; as well as the advantage farmer and manufacturer, how to that would accrue, both to themtreat the invaluable Merino, and to selves and their country, by the prepare his fleece for manufacture change.” ing
Mr. Livingston first gives some While Mr. Livingston was minis. account of the natural history of ter of the United States, in France, sheep, and their varieties; which, he sunt over two pair of the finest however curious and entertaining, Merinos he could find, which arrive shall be passed over, for the pured in safety in the spring of 1802. pose of dwelling longer upon the In 1806, he submitted to the Society more practical parts. Upon the Me. of Useful Arts in New York, two rino, he remarks, that the race varies essays on the subject of Merino greatly in size and beauty, in differSheep. They were received with a ent parts of Spain. It is commonly degree of attention, which exceeded rather smaller than the middle sized his hopes and the LEGISLATURE sheep of America. Castile and Leon STEPPED FORWARD and seconded the have the largest, with the finest ardour of the farmer by judicious coats. Those of Soria are small, with encouragements. Finding him- very fine wool. Those of Valencia,
which, like the last, do not travel, our publick vessels, and destined for have fine wool, but of very short him, were seized, and detained. It is staple. He explains the reason for now known too, that no Merino, driving the sheep from one part of upon any consideration, is allowed Spain to another, viz. for the pur- to leave France, without a written pose of procuring food; and gives a permission from the emperour Nashort detail of the Mesta, an abomi- poleon. The difficulty of obtaining nable association, composed of rich this amounts almost to a prohibiand powerful persons, and some tion; and this circumstance should Monks, all proprietors of flocks; teach us to prize highly, the stock which, under the authority of govern- of Merinos, which we already have ment, made laws, and decided ques. among us.—But to return. Suppotions, relative to pasturage and sing the stock to be Merino, “ewes flocks of sheep.*
three years old, carrying the shortAfter giving an account of the in- est and thickest coat, are to be setroduction of the Merino breed into lected, with the least hair on the France from Spain; the establish- hinder parts, and whose bellies are ment of the national farm at Ram- covered with wool. Next, provide a bouillet; and taken a cursory view of ram, possessing as much Merino English sheep, he notices the long blood as you can afford to purchase, woolled sheep of Mr. Custis of Vir. broad in the chine and loins, deep ginia, and the Smith's island sheep of in the carcasc, straight back, ribs the same gentleman;t and then pro- stout, so as to afford room for a large ceeds to the main subject of his belly, well covered with wool, the work, p. 66. He remarks, with great forehead broad, eyes lively, testicles justice and truth, that “the United large, and if covered with wool, it States of America, appear to possess will be an evidence of his taking advantages in the breeding of sheep, after his sire. Let him be strong, which are unequalled by those of any close knit, and active. If the wool be part of Europe which he had seen. thick, close, and greasy, full of yolk, These he enumerates, and then ob- and the breast and loins well covered serves, that the first object with the with wool, you may rely upon his farmer must be, to adapt his breed to goodness. his soil and situation. Thus, near large “Supposing the ram to be half towns, flesh is the object; on wet or blooded, with the ewes described, he marshy ground, with rich, luxuriant will give one fourth breed lambs, grass, large sheep, bearing combing who will carry at least, one fourth wool, should be preferred; but for more wool than your old stock, and every other kind of pasture, a pre- this wool will not be worth less than ference should be given to the ME- fifty six cents per pound, if that of RINO BREED. From France, he says, the ewes sold at thirty seven cents. the best stock may be more easily The quality and quantity of the obtained; but probably, by this time, wool taken together, will nearly Mr. Livingston las had occasion to double the value of your fleeces in change his opinion; for, if we have the first generation. Now let us see veen rightly informed, several Meri- at what expense this advantage is no sheep which were on board one of purchased. The ram may cost $12.
* The independent American farmer will learn with indignation, that this favoured body were authorized to compel cultivators to leave a road through their tilled lands, whatever the crop might be, of not less than ninety yards wide, for the purpose of giving a free passage to the immense Merino flocks, which traversed the country in search of food; and that proprietors of land, when they sustained damage, generally deemed it better to submit to loss, than to apply for damages; because, the expense of suit would greatly exceed any compensation they might recover.
lui un account of these the reader is referred to Mr. Custis's pamphlet.
The first year, if well kept, and not forty is the proper number. He exhausted by too many ewes, five very properly advises the farmer to pounds of wool, worth one dollar per provide shelter for his ewes in the pound, as wool now sells; charge his winter, during lambing, and disapkeeping at one dollar and fifty cents; proves of the common practice of clear profit three dollars and fifty permitting the sheep to run about gents; that is thirty three per cent. the barn door, as they will frequently on his original cost; so that instead be hurt by the cattle, and timid of paying any thing for a ram which ewes be driven from their food; shall double the value of your stock, wethers should be kept by them-, you have put only twelve dollars to selves. When hisewes appear to make a more advantageous interest than bag, he feeds them with the best hay, any other stock would have afforded. cornstalks, turnips, cabbage, or poSuppose his original stock yielded tatoes, and once or twice in a day him thirty six pounds, from which they have a handful of wet bran. must be deducted the keeping, which This gives them a fush of milk will absorb the whole, his new stock when the lambs drop, for want of being one fourth bred, will, in the which many lambs are lost. When increase and fineness of the wool, the snow lies, if not too deep, they add, at least, thirty dollars more to should be led to water, and bushes it. Thus, for twelve dollars expend. of pine, cedar, or hemlock, given ed, he receives in eighteen months, them. Once a week salt should be when his lambs come to be shorn, given to them. When two weeks thirty three additional dollars, and old, mark the lambs to show the de. two fleeces from his ram, worth nine gree of blood they possess, to predollars more, and this all clear pro- vent any mistake either in selling fit beyond the keeping of his sheep, the lambs or in breeding from them. which the old fleeces would but just “ Should any deformed or lame have paid. But he should not stop lambs be found in the fock, or any here. The above profit upon his flock killed by accident, strip off the skin after the first year, and the price of from such lamb, and cover with it his ram, which he should sell, will either a twin lamb or the lamb of a enable him to purchase a three young ewe who does not appear to fourth ram, say at twenty five dollars. be a good nurse, and shutting up the Such a ram, with his one fourth ewe that has lost her lamb, she will breed ewes, will at once give him a generally take it as her own. Should half blood flock, and that without any she refuse, she must be held for a expense; because he purchases him day or two, when she will adopt it.” with the excess beyond what his ori. Early lanıbs are to have fine hay and ginal stock would have given him.” bran, or any succulent food. In April
This is a plain statement of very or May, when the sheep refuse hay, plain facts; and Mr. Livingston asks owing to their tasting grass, potawith great reason: “ Is there any toes, rutabaga [Swedish turnip] farmer so blind to his interest as to parsnips and carrots are to be given, breed any longer the common sheep or the second growth clover which of the country, when his flock may had been left uneaten the preceding be so easily and so reasonably reno year; or, still better, they may be vated? The intelligent American turned in on rye sown for the puragriculturists will readily answer pose early with a double portion of this question.”
seed. In summer, horses and sheep Mr. Livingston has found one ram will feed together, but not horned sufficient for sixty or seventy ewes,
cattle. Sheep, he has remarked, are and he has even known one to serve fond of the daisy, as a change. Mr. a hundred; but he thinks he was in- Livingston notices the prejudice of jured by it, and concludes, that the people of Europe, except Eng.