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Origin and Genealogy of his Family. - His Birth. — His Mother.
Employments in his Boyhood. Anecdote. Character of his
Father. – Epitaph on his Father and Mother. – Fond of readirig.
- Apprenticed to his Brother to learn the Printer's Trade. -
Writes Ballads. — Intimacy with Collins. — Practises Composition.
– Adopts a vegetable Diet. — Studies the Socratic Method of
Disputation. — Concerned in publishing a Newspaper. Disa-
grees with his Brother.— Leaves Boston and takes Passage in a
Sloop for New York.
Journey to Philadelphia. - Adventure in a Boat. - Dr. Brown. —
Burlington. - His first Appearance in Philadelphia. — Quaker
Meeting. Seeks for Employment as a Printer. Commences
Work in Keimer's Office. — Forms Acquaintances. — Patronized
by Sir William Keith, Governor of Pennsylvania. - First Inter-
view with him. — Keith proposes to set him up in Business. –
Returns to Boston. His Father disapproves Keith's Plan.
Voyage to New York. Incident on the Passage from Newport.
Meets his Friend Collins in New York. - They go together to
Philadelphia. — Collins's ill Conduct causes a Separation. Keith
insists on executing his original Plan, and proposes sending him
to London to purchase Types. — Returns to the Use of animal
Food. — Anecdotes of Keimer. — His Associates, Osborne, Wate
son, Ralph. — Their Exercises in Composition. — Resolves to visit
England, as advised by Governor Keith.
Sails for London, accompanied by Ralph. — On his Arrival delivers
Letters supposed to be written by the Governor. — Discovers that
Keith had deceived him.- His Money exhausted. — Engages to
work as a Printer at Palmer's, in Bartholomew Close. – Writes
and prints a metaphysical Tract. — Frequents a Club, consisting
of Dr Mandeville and Others. — Disagreement with Ralph and
Separation. — Removes to Watts's Printing-house, near Lincoln's
Inn Fields. — Habits of the Workmen.- His Expenses of Living.
– Feats of Activity in Swimming. — Enters into Mercantile Bus-
iness with Mr. Denham. - Sir William Wyndham.
Voyage from London to Philadelphia. - His Mercantile Plans de-
feated by the Death of Mr. Denham. Accepts an Offer from
Keimer to superintend his Printing Establishment. - Description
of the Workmen in the Printing-house. Resolves to separate
from Keimer, and commence Business on his own Account. -
Engraves the Plates for Paper Money in New Jersey, and prints
the Bills. His Views of Religion. Account of his London
Pamphlet. – A New Version of the Lord's Prayer, with Explan-
atory Remarks. — Forms a Partnership with Hugh Meredith in
the Printing Business.
The Junto. — Description of its original Members. — Franklin writes
the “Busy Body." — Establishes a Newspaper. - Partnership with
Meredith dissolved. - Writes a Tract on the Necessity of a Paper
Currency.- Opens a Stationer's Shop. - His Habits of Industry
and Frugality.- Courtship. - Marriage.
Origin of the Philadelphia Library. — Mode of obtaining Subscrip-
tions. — Thrives in his Business. — Anecdote of the Silver Spoon
and China Bowl. - Religious Sentiments and Remarks on Preach-
ing. - Scheme for arriving at Moral Perfection. — Explanation of
the Scheme. - List of Virtues enumerated, and Rules for Prac-
tising them. - Division of Time, and the Occupation of each Hour.
Amusing Anecdote - The Art of Virtue. A Treatise on
that Subject proposed.
Scheme of a Society for extending the Influence of Virtue. — Belief
in one God, the Immortality of the Soul, and future Rewards and
Punishments. - Poor Richard's Almanac.-- Rules for conducting
a Newspaper. - Controversy concerning Hemphill, the Preach-
er. -Studies the French, Italian, and Spanish Languages. – Visits
Boston. — The Junto. - Chosen Clerk of the Assembly. - Ap-
pointed Postmaster of Philadelphia. - Suggests Improvements in
the City Watch.- Establishes a Fire Company.
Forms an Intimacy with Whitefield. – Building erected for Preach-
ers of all Denominations. — Character of Whitefield, his Oratory
and Writings. - Partnerships in the Printing Business. - Propos-
es a Philosophical Society. – Takes an active Part in providing
Means of Defence in the Spanish War. — Forms an Association
for that Purpose. - Sentiments of the Quakers. — James Logan.
- Anecdote of William Penn. - The Sect called Dunkers. - Re-
ligious Creeds. - New-invented Fireplace.
Proposals relating to the Education of Youth.–Subscriptions for that
Object - An Academy established. — Appointed one of the Trus-
tees for managing it. — Partnership with David Hall. Electrical
Experiments. - Chosen a Member of the Assembly. – A Com-
missioner for making a Treaty with the Indians. — Pennsylvania
Hospital. – Writes in Favor of it, and procures Subscriptions.
Advice to Gilbert Tennent. — Suggests Plans for cleaning, paving,
and lighting the Streets of Philadelphia. — Project for cleaning
the Streets of London. — Appointed Postmaster-general for Amer-
ica. — Receives the Degree of Master of Arts from Harvard and
Attends a General Convention at Albany, as a Delegate from Penn-
sylvania. — Proposes a Plan of Union for the Colonies, which is
adopted by the Convention. - Interview with Governor Shirley
at Boston.- Conversations with Governor Morris on Pennsylvania
Affairs. - Assists Mr. Quincy in procuring Aids for New Eng-
land. — Visits General Braddock's Army in Maryland. - Procures
Horses and Wagons to facilitate the March of the Army. – Ob-
tains Supplies for the Officers. — Character of Braddock. - Ac-
count of his Defeat in the Battle of tho Monongahela. — Braddock
commends his Services in Letters to the Governme it. — These
Services poorly rewarded. — Society for the Relief and Instruction
of Germans in Pennsylvania.
Appointed one of the Commissioners for appropriating the public
Money for military Defence – Proposes a Militia Bill, which pass-
es the Assembly.- Commissioned to take Charge of the Frontier,
and build a Line of Forts. - Marches at the Head of a Body of
Troops. - Account of the March. — Operations at Gnadenhutten.
- Indian Massacres. Moravians at Bethlehem. Returns to
Philadelphia. - Chosen Colonel of a Regiment. — Journey to Vir-
ginia. - Declines accepting the Governor's Proposal to lead an
Expedition against Fort Duquesne. - Account of his Electrical
Discoveries. — Chosen a Member of the Royal Society. - Receives
the Copley Medal.
Conversations with Governor Denny. - Disputes between the Gov-
ernor and Assembly. - Deputed by the Assembly to present a Pe-
tition to the King, and to act in England as Agent for Penn-
sylvania. — Meets Lord Loudoun in New York. — Anecdotes illus-
trating his Character. - Sails from New York. - Incidents of the
Voyage. - Arrives in England.
BY JARED SPARKS.
State of Affairs in Pennsylvania. - Defects of the Government. —
Legislation. - Conduct of the Proprietaries. — Object of Franklin's
· Agency in England. - Collinson, Miss Stevenson, Strahan, Gov-
ernor Shirley, Beccaria, Musschenbroek. - Franklin's Interview
with the Proprietaries. - He causes a Letter to be published re-
specting Pennsylvania. – Delays in his public Business. - He
travels in various parts of England. — Visits the Place in which
his Ancestors were born.- Forms an Acquaintance with Bas-
kerville.- Publishes the “Historical Review of Pennsylvania.”.
Authorship of that Work.
Franklin advises the Conquest of Canada. - His Scheme adopted by
the Ministry. - Journey to Scotland. -- Lord Kames, Robertson,
Hume. Parable against Persecution.” — First published by
Lord Kames.- How far Franklin claimed to be its Author.- His
Mission brought to a favorable Termination.- Lord Mansfield's
Agency in the Affair. — Franklin's Sentiments in Regard to Can-
ada, Writes a Pamphlet to show that it ought to be retained at
the Peace. — Tour to the North of England. - Receives Public
Money for Pennsylvania. - Tour in Holland. - Experiments to
prove the Electrical Properties of Tourmalin. — Cold produced
by Evaporation.-Ingenious Theory for explaining the Causes
of Northeast Storms. - Invents a Musical Instrument, called the
Armonica. — His Son appointed Governor of New Jersey. - Re-
turns to America.
Receives the Thanks of the Assembly. - Tour through the Middle
and Eastern Colonies. — Engages again in Public Affairs, — Mas-
sacre of Indians in Lancaster. - Franklin's Pamphlet on the Sub-
ject, and his Agency in pacifying the Insurgents. — Colonel Bou-
quet's Account of his Public Services. — Disputes revived between
the Governor and the Assembly. — Militia Bill defeated. — The
Governor rejects a Bill in which the Proprietary Estates are taxed.
- The Assembly resolve to petition the King for a Change of Gov-
ernment. — Petition drafted by Franklin. - Chosen Speaker of the
Assembly.- Norris, Dickinson, Galloway.-Scheme for Stamp
Duties opposed by the Assembly. — Franklin is not elected to the
Assembly. — Appointed Agent to the Court of Great Britain.
Sails for England.
Ongin of the Stamp Act. Franklin's Opposition to it. - His Re-
marks on the Passage of the Act, in a Letter to Charles Thomson.
- False Charges against him in Relation to this Subject. — Dean
Tucker.- Effects of the Stamp Act in America. — Franklin's Ex-
amination before Parliament. Stamp Act repealed. – Mr. Pitt.
Declaratory Act. — American Paper Currency.-- Franklin's An-
swer to Lord Hillsborough's Report against it. - New Scheme
for taxing the Colonies by supplying them with Paper Money. -
Franklin travels in Holland and Germany. - His Ideas of the Na-
ture of the Union between the Colonies and Great Britain. - Plan
of a Colonial Representation in Parliament. — Franklin visits Paris.
- His “ Account of the Causes of the American Discontents.” —
Change of Ministry. — Lord Hillsborough at the Head of the