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"he rejoices in them more than in all riches," Psal. cxix. Yea, nothing in the world is such a burden to him on the Sabbath as his ill heart, his little delight in the Sabbath, and shortcomings in the duties thereof; and nothing such a pleasure and recreation to him, as •when he can win above these, and get his heart lifted up in the ways of the Lord.

I am sure, it is no unpleasant work that God calls us to on the Sabbath; who, but a wicked man, will count it a wearisome thing to think on Christ, and his dying love? to hear the sweet messages of free grace, and rejoice in the soresights and foretastes of his everlasting love. You know the black character of those, who of old called Sabbath-work a burden, and said, " when will the Sabbath be gone?'' Amos viii. 5. This temper stands in opposition to gospel- holiness: Theresore I think, J. S. and every gospel minister should be so sar from indulging it, by giving way to carnal recreations and diversions, that he should do what lies in his power to reprove, discourage and remeid it. And if ministers would be at pains to preach and pray with lise and awakening seriousness, and afford their people a pleasant variety os wholesome discourse concerning Christ and eternity, it would be a far better way to cure their weariness, than to prescribe carnal recreations on the Lord's day: For this is a cure that both strengthens the disease, and is as bad as the disease.

ObjeB- VIII. "But walking in the sields on the Lord's day seems to be a harmless practice; why will you not allow of that?"

Ans. Whenever the works of piety, necessity or mercy do require it, it is allowable; but to do it idly- sor putting or! the time, or sor worldly employments or recreations, is what the word of God condemns. It is not only lawsul, but dutisul to walk abroad, if it be for attending public ordinances, visiting the sick, or other Sabbath duties; for then it is not for sinding our own pleasure, whichtis disallowed by Isa. lviii. 13. Exod. xvi. 29. And, by the same rule, f cannot condemn tender persons walking abroad, or taking the air, if their health truly require it; for the Lord loves mercy

rather rather than sacrisice. Nor do I condemn a person's going to sields this day, to have opportunity (like I sa ac-Vin the evening for secret meditation and prayer, when he wants conveniency sor it within doors; for a walk thus improved, may be a walk to heaven, and is very consistent with walking with God. Only take these two cautions;

1. If you walk abroad this day, chuse to do it alone as much as possible; for people going in troops co the sields occasions idleness, vain talking, sporting, and mispending precious Sabbath-time. The society of vain persons helpeth to embolden one another in sin and folly, and maketh"them more incapable of Spiritual exercises, than when single and apart. Yea, I am persuaded, that these companies of people, who so commonly go a walking together on the Lord's day, do not so much as pretend to be spiritually employed. Alas! they who know them best, can tell that they are most unsit for it at such occasions. Should any come and speak to them about death and eternity, Christ and their souls, or propose any serious question concerning the sermon they have been hearing, I sear he might expect to be mocked and laughed at by them for his pains.

2. Let your walking abroad, in any of the foresaid cases, be so ordered, that it may not give scandal, nor insnare others: Study to do it so privately, that others may not be hardened or encouraged in their loose recreations, on this day by your example: For even these things which are lawsul, and otherwise necessiry in themselves, are not to be done when they may prove a scandal or temptation to others to sin; for, in such cases, we ought to deny ourselves of our hwsul liberty.

ObjeB. " We sind two of Christ's disciples travelling to Emmaus and back again, on the Lord's day, and Christ met with them, and did not reprove them for it," Luke xxiv.

Ans. This was the sirst Lord's day of all, and was not then sully institute, or, at least, made known to the disciples; sor they were not then assured of Christ's re•

surrection. surrection. Again, walking abroad this day, for pro1 aioting the works of piety, for declaring God's glory, or pre ici'ing the gospel, is not unlawsul: And such was this walking of our Saviour, and his two disciples, their return to Jerusalem this day.

Now, having sully handled this point, of the negative sanctisication of the Sabbath, or the holy rest requisite upon it; I proceed to treat of the positive sanctisication. of the day, and of the holy exercises required therein.

SECTION II.

Concerning the positive sanEliscation of the Sabbath, and the holy exercises requisite upon it

THE rest of the Sabbath is not a lazy idle rest: No; it is a holy active fort of rest that is required upon it. Though we cease from works of one kind, yet we roust be diligent in works of another kind.

What I have to say on this head may be summed up in the following directions.

1. Concerning the disposition and frame of the suul, needsul for sanctifying the Sabbath.

2. Concerning the holy duties requisite upon the Sabbath.

3. Concerning the special order, method and manner, wherein these duties are to be persormed.

4. Concerning those particular sins, whereby the sanctisication of the Sabbath is hindered, or the Sabbath prosaned.

DIRECTION I.

Concerning the Frame of Spirit ft for Santlisying the Lard's Day.

THE most suitable frame and disposition of soul, which I can recommend for sanctifying the Sabbath

day, day, is that of John the divine, Rev. i. 10. " I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day." It is a mod comprehensive expression, and a noble pattern sor our imitation; wheresore I shall enquire into the meaning and import of it. It is probable it may imply something extraordinary with respect to John; he might be in some singular spiritual extasy or transport, which ordinary Christians cannot attain to: Nevertheless, the expression imports something attainable, and which ought to be endeavoured by all true Christians on the Lord's day.

To be in the Spirit, may be taken either as respecting the Spirit of God, or our own spirits, or both: For certainly both the Spirit of God, and our own spirits, are necessary, and to be much employed, in the sanctisication of the Lord's day: Wheresore, taking the expression as including both, I conceive, to be " in the Spirit on the Lord's day," imports these things:

1. A special dependence upon God's Spirit, for conduct and assistance, in order to the righe persormance of the duties of the Sabbath, and exercise of the graces therein: For, without the Spirit's aid, we can neither pray, praise, hear, read, or do any thing aright.

2. The " serving of God with our spirits," as Rom. i. 9. or " worshipping him in spirit," John Iv 24. and persorming the duties of the Sabbath with inward sincerity of heart. "The Lord desires truth in the inward parts. He saith, " My son, give me thy heart;" not, Give me thy ear, thy tongue, thy lips, thy hands, or thy knees; for these may be given without the heart: But the heart can never be bellowed without these as its attendants. This is so necessary in all our duties, and approaches to God, that God saith of it, as Joseph did of Benjamin, " Unless ye bring your hearts along with you, ye shall not sec my face." You may observe Sabbaths, hear sermons, sing psalms, put up prayers, &c. but all will be to no purpose, Isa. i. 11. God would rather have the heart without the body, than the body without the heart. Soul-prayer, when it is alone, is accepted; but wo to bodily prayer,- if it .be alone.

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. A-splemn retiring ourselves from the world, and ahstracting our thoughts from earthly things, that we . rrjfm be sitted for more immediate approaches to God, ajip iptircate converse with him on his own day, where. inlhe uses to deal more familiarly with his people than a^'pfher times. ; :-Mo Ttjm) r-^iv

'e 4-.^ A laying ourselves open to the influences aftdet operations of the Spirit of Cod, waiting sor and thanksully entertaining his motions, convictions, reproofs,; a•{4 consolations, when they are allowed to us in the: orjduj^rjces; and caresully guarding against every thing that may in the least grieve or ossend the Holy Spirit, .j tt.J more than ordinary intenseness of heart andaffections in the duties of God's worship.: Q*t Sabbaths days, especially, vie should be " servent io^ijgiiit.seriFf ing. the- Lord;" we should call in all our straying z thoughts and assections, praying with the psalmist, Psai. y ])yj$vi.;i..1. " Unite my heart to sear thy name ;" and-^ Pti-l bexx. 18. ". Quicken us, and we shall call upon--? tty. name." . This day we should put forth ourspirirg tual strength to the utmost, persorm every duty, landiq

every grace, with the greatest intenseness) we o|jght to love God with the most sublime assections,-; obey him with the purest intentions, pray to.himaw-ifbk9 the most servent importunity, and praise h^m.witb ;the;0 moil spiritual elevation- of heart: i^ay, 4?^!^ sume v suitable proportion to the greatness of that God,." with,;? whom we have to do" in so solemn a manner on the; Lord's day; for, Plal. cl. 2. we must not only;'Vipfaise*/ him for his mighty acts," but " praise him according to.his excellent greatness}" we must worthip.him-like rj himself. 'a ' , ^ 'r_ .-., -'n;-:---.- . S0j>

6. A willing and chearsul persormance of-Sabbath dutiesYWe ought to call the Sabbath " a delight, holy end honourable^and go this day with " joy to draw water out of the*wells of salvation," andhe.*' joysul in the house of prayer." Holy David was not satissied this day yiith a bare approach to the altar, but he must "go to God a6 his exceeding joy," Psal jtliii. 4. And ,* ought riot believers under tlie gospel- moreespecially to-.;; dg^his oh the Lord's day, who have God in human

nature

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