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That our Perfons might be justify'd be.
fore GOD, Rom. iv. 25. otherwise,
Rom. viji. 33, 34.
full and final subduing of all His and
: our Enemies, Ephef. 1. 20, 21. 6. That we might be afur'd, that our Bo
dies Ahall be rais'd at the last, 1 Cor. XV. 12. for all our Bodies are as fo many Members of that Body, whereof Christ is the Head; and if the Head be rais'd, be fure He will raise His
Members with Him. 7. To'aflure us, that Chrift fhall judge the
Quick and the Dead, A&t. xvii. 30, 31. Uses of this Doctrine of Christ's Refurre. dion.
1. It brings Comfort to belicving Saints, a, gainst,
3. Sin. 4. Hell.
2. Terror to prophane Sinners, S. Mat. xxi.
3. It ought to have a particular lafluente apa on our Lives. 1. To induce as steadfastly to believe in
Christ, and to be ready to give a Rea.
fon of our Hope, i S. Pet. i. 3. and 2. Excite us to live unto Him; if thou hold
eft the Christian Faith, live a Christian Life ; if thou believ'it the Creed, fec
chou practise the Commandments; to
i. 3. i Cor. xv. 58.
dion from the Grave, by our Ridag
S. LUK. xxiv. 49
Father upon you.
The Holy Ghost, A&t. ii. 33. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. concerning Whom, confider,
1. His Person.
Τών και καθ' ημάς σοφών δε μ' ενέργειαν τύτο πανεύμα urinabov, Greg. Naz. Orat. 37. Ephef. iv. 30. Rom. viii. 26, 27. S. Job. xvi. 7, 8, 9.
2. No created Person, S. Matt. xii. 32. S. Luk. 1. 35. Quomodo igitur inter creaturas audet quispiam Spiritum S. caraputare? Ambros. de Spiritu S. lib. i. cap. 3. Hence Macedonius was condemn'd in the Sýnod at Conftantinople, for saying, aveữluce xlions an. and therefore in the first Canon, among other Heresies, they condemn sfissiplagesavav, ägs aveu, uchoucxmve and add to the Nicene Creed those Words, και εις πανεύμα το άγιον, το κύριον, ζωοποιόν, το οι & παρος εκπορευόμενον, ός.
3. One of the Three Perfons in the Sacred Tripity, S. Mati, xxviii. 19. : S. Jah, v. 7. A. xix, 2, 3. this was confirm'd by the Council at Ale και andria, ένθα ο άγιον πνεύμα θεολογήσανlες τη ομοεσία terdd ouravendulávelo, Socrat.
4 Truly. GOD, of the fame Substance with the other Persons, 1 S. Fob. v. 7. A&t. v. 3, 4. Hence the ancient Synod at Rome determines the Three Persons to be usãs xoias, uiãs Osótulo, mas perpisan oto : Theodoret. lib. 24 cap. 22,
5. A Person proceeding from the Father and the Son: The first general Council thus worded it, &ς η πνεύμα το άγιον: The fecond Council at Constantinople added, si in to natpis is Topevó vkov. At Toledo, anno 653. was added, Ex Patre, Filioque ; but at Aquisgranum, now Aix-la-Chapelle in Germany, anno 809. this Addition of the Elioque, was referred to Pope Leo III. who expung'd it out of the Creed. Pope Nicolaus reinserted it, for which Photius condemn'd him ; and in a Council at Conftantinople, it was order'd to be taken out. Hence Cerularius, Theophylact, and all the Grecians, inveigh'd against it, for which the Popes of Rome condemn'd them for Hereticks, which caus'd the Schism betwixt the East and Western Churches. But that the Holy Ghost is a Person pro
ceeding from the Father and the Son,
appears, 1. From Scripture, S. Joh. xv. 26. xvi. 7. and
XX. 22. Gal. iv. 6. 2, From Reason. The Spirit proceeds not
from the Father as He is a Father, but as GOD; but the Son is the same
GOD with the Father. Si quicquid habet, de Patre habet Filius, utique de Patre habet ut ab illo procederet
Patre & Filio, Ambros. Communiter ab
of the Greeks; én 11tles's 'uropeuórefwor, xj tš azubávov, Epiph. Heref. 62.
II. His Office ; which is,
1. To di&tate the Gospel, S. Job. xiv. 26. and xvi, 13. 2 Tim. iii, 16.
2. To afast in the Propagation of it, S. Joh. xvi, 8. 3. To renew us, Tit. iii.
5. 4. To enlighten us, Ephes. i. 17. 1 Cor. ii. 10, Il, 12, 140
5. To dirc&t us, Rom. viii. 14, 26, 27.
6. To unite us to Christ, i Cor. xii. 12, 13. Ephes. iv. 1, 2, 3.
7. To assure us of our Adoption, Rom. viii. 8. To settle and ordain a Ministry in His Church, Alt. xiii. 2. and xx. 28.
9. To endow them with Variety of Gifts, 1 Cor. xii. 28. Ephef. iv. 11, 12.
10. To make the Ordinances effectual, A&t. ii. 2, 37. S. Mar. xiii. 11.
11. To comfort and support His Church under Troubles, S. Job. xiv. 16. A£t. xiv. 22.
III. When was this Promise fulfill'd? 1. Negatively
1. Not before Christ's Passion, S. Fab. xvi. 7. 2. Nor presently after His Resurrection,
and before His Ascension, S. Joh. vii.
39. 3. Nor just at His Ascension, S. Luk. xxiv:
49 Atvi. 4. 2. Positively, after His Ascension, and Sellion at the Right Hand of GOD, Alp. ii. 1, 2.
Why after His Ascension ? 1. To confirm His Exaltation by the Spirit,
as the Angels did His Ascension,