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place :c for, however the question may be determined, concerning the condition and character of the nations of the earth during the millennium, it is clear, that our Lord's description of the state of the field until the harvest, and the description which the prophets have given of the prevalent, if not absolutely universal righteousness of the millennial nations, cannot, without violence, be applied to the same period.d

c In a volume of Sermons by the late Mr. Milner, published for the benefit of the Church Missionary Society, this view of the subject is advanced, but without any attempt at argumentative support. (Pages 268—272.)

d Matt. xiii. 24—30; 36—43. Let both grow together Until the harvest. The harvest is the end of this dispensation, when the Son of Man will return with the holy angels, who are the reapers. Let both tares and wheat Grow Together, is characteristic of the whole period of the Lord's absence. Now, I ask, is this phrase, let both grow together, equally characteristic of the millennium, and of this dispensation? If it be answered, yes; 1 cannot for a moment dispute that such a millennium will precede the coming of the Lord: we have it already. The millennium predicted by the Holy Ghost, is not, however, so motley a concern as this would make it. Its characteristics are, the people shall be Ail righteousthey shall all know the Lord, from the least of them unto the greatest of them. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain. The earth shall be covered with the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea. From the rising of the sun, even unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in Every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and n Pure offering ; for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts. These, and similar predictions, manifestly describe a state of things contrasted with the present. That state is the millennium. The tares must be removed previous and preparatory to the millennium. The season of the removal of the tares is the harvest. The harvest is the period of the Lord's coming with the holy angels. Consequently, the Lord's coming must be previous and preparatory to the millennium. It may be here remarked, how every sectarian effort to get what is called a pure church, is a petty attempt to antedate the millennium by the removal of the tares. In all such attempts, the wheat also is removed, or tares are mistaken for wheat, or both, and the scheme proves abortive. A visible church, and open communion, correspond with our Lord's—let both grow together until the harvest. Then, indeed, "the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous."

I forbear from any detailed application of the subject at present; simply observing, that if this view of the dispensation be indeed scriptural—and if, instead of being in the dawn of wide-spreading improvement, making progress towards the meridian of millennial righteousness, Christendom be really on the eve of a tremendous overthrow—then nothing can be more obvious than the connexion between this view of the subject, and the watchfulness of the church of Christ: what he said to his immediate disciples, he says to us all, Watch!

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LECTURE IV.

Leviticus xxvi. 40—42.

"If they shall confess their iniquity, and tlie iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass that they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me. And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then, their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity: then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac; and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember, and I will remember the land"

We have now considered the separation and the depression of the Jewish people. Their separation fronrthe commencement of their history, including, first, the whole twelve tribes, then the kingdom of Judah as distinguished from the outcasts of Israel, and subsequent to the time of Messiah, the same kingdom of Judah considered nationally, as dis

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tinguished from the remnant of individuals converted in each succeeding age to the faith of Christ —their depression, during the times of the Gentiles, called by our Lord, in Matthew xxiv. 29, "the tribulation of those days," or as it is expressed in the parallel passage in Luke xxi. "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled."

We have further considered what we are to understand by this expression, the times of the Gentiles; and advanced some arguments in proof of the opinion that the dispensation under which we now live will end in like manner as the times of the antediluvian dispensation, and the times of the Jewish dispensation ended; being designed for the separation of an elect church from amongst the nations, which is to find its completion in the return of Christ, its head, previous to the introduction of that glorious purpose of universal mercy which Jehovah has revealed towards our fallen world.

We thus advanced in our subject to the conclusion of this present dispensation; and then, and there, we found the Christian churches apostate, and ruined; a remnant only being saved: then and there also, we found the Jews a separate people. We now repeat our question, what is then to be done with the Jews? Has God revealed his further intentions concerning them ; and if so, what are those intentions?

This leads us into the region of simple, unassisted prophecy. As long as we had history and observation for our companions, we had an occasional, and, I must be bold to add, an unanswerable appeal to them: but now, we go where no man can follow, who requires any further proof than the simple dictum of the Holy Scriptures, thus saith the Lord. We enter upon a narrow path, clearly traced, indeed, by the inspiring hand of the Holy Ghost, that glorious, ready writer, whose pens are the prophets; but not admitting of any excursive corroboration. History, however, is still of use to us; because, containing the fulfilment of some prophecies, it contains, at the same time, a guide to the interpretation of the prophetic language: and it is of use still further, so far as the prophets themselves point to it, as typical, or as containing analogical similitudes. Analogies and types, drawn from revelation itself, cannot of course be expected to have any influence upon the minds of those who deny the divine authority of that revelation; and as I have reason (from various private letters lately received) to believe that some such persons are here present, and have followed the subject with us thus far; I would now, with earnestness and much affection, entreat them, as my beloved brethren and fellow-sinners in Adam, to revert to what has been briefly said upon the fact of the separation of the Jews from all nations, unto this day; and with solemn candour to come to a

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