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THE

ACADEMICAL SPEAKER.

EXTRACT FROM A SPEECH OF PATRICK HENRY IN THE

LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA, IN FAVOUR OF PERMITTING
THE BRITISH REFUGEES TO RETURN TO THE UNITED
STATES.

MR CHAIRMAN,

The personal feelings of a politician ought not to be permitted to enter these walls. The question before us is a national one, and in deciding it, if we act wisely, nothing will be regarded but the interest of the nation. On the altar of my country's good, I, for one, am willing to sacrifice all personal resentments, all private wrongs; and I flatter myself that I am not the only man in this house, who is capable of making such a sacrifice.

We have, Sir, an extensive country, without population. What can be a more obvious policy than that this country ought to be peopled ? People form the strength and constitute the wealth of a nation. I want to see our vast forests filled up, by some process a little more speedy than the ordinary course of nature. I wish to see these states rapidly ascending to that rank which their natural advantages authorize them to hold among the nations of the earth.

Cast your eyes, Sir, over this extensive country. Observe the salubrity of your climate; the variety and fertility of your soil; and see that soil intersected, in every quarter, by bold navigable streams, flowing to the East and to the West, as if the finger of Heaven were marking out the course of your settlements, inviting you to enterprise, and pointing the way to wealth. · Sir, you are destined, at some period or other, to become a great agricultural and commercial people : the only ques

tion is, whether you choose to reach this point by slow gradations, and at some distant period—lingering on through a long and sickly minority—subjected meanwhile to the machinations, insults and oppressions of enemies foreign and domestic, without sufficient strength to resist and chastise them;-or whether you choose rather to rush at once, as it were, to the full enjoyment of those high destinies, and be able to cope, single-handed, with the proudest oppressor of the world.

If you prefer the latter course, as I trust you do,-encourage emigration-encourage the husbandmen, the mechanics, the merchants of the old world to come and settle in the land of promise.—Make it the home of the skilful, the industrious, the fortunate and the happy, as well as the asylum of the distressed. Fill up the measure of your population as speedily as you can, by the means which Heaven hath placed in your power; and I venture to prophecy there are those now living, who will see this favoured land amongst the most powerful on earth-able, Sir, to take care of herself, without resorting to that policy which is always so dangerous, though sometimes unavoidable, of calling in foreign aid.

Yes, Sir, they will see her great in arts and in arms—her golden harvests waving over fields of immeasurable extenther commerce penetrating the most distant seas, and her cannon silencing the vain boast of those, who now proudly affect to rule the waves.

CONCLUSION OF THE SAME SPEECH.

Instead of refusing permission to the refugees to return, it is your true policy to encourage emigration to this country, by every means in your power. Sir, you must have men. You cannot get along without them. Those heavy forests of timber, under which your lands are groaning, must be cleared away. Those vast riches which cover the face of your soil, as well as those which lie hid in its bosom, are to be developed and gathered only by the skill and enterprise of men. Your timber, Sir, must be worked up into ships, to transport the productions of the soil, and find the best markets for them abroad. Your great want, Sir, is the want of men; and these you must have, and will have speedily, if you are wise.

Do you ask, Sir, how you are to get them ! Open your doors, Sir, and they will come in. The population of the old world is full to overflowing. That population is ground, too, by the oppressions of the governments under which they live. Sir, they are already standing on tiptoe upon their native shores, and looking to your coasts with a wishful and longing eye. They see here, a land blessed with natural and political advantages, which are not equalled by those of any other country upon earth-a land on which a gracious Providence hath emptied the horn of abundancea land over which Peace hath now stretched forth her white wings, and where Content and Plenty lie down at every door!

Sir, they see something still more attractive than all this. They see a land in which Liberty hath taken up her abodethat Liberty whom they had considered as a fabled goddess, existing only in the fancies of the poets. They see her here, a real divinity—her altars rising on every hand, throughout these happy states-her glories chanted by three millions of tongues—and the whole region smiling under her blessed influence.

Sir, let but this our celestial goddess, Liberty, stretch forth her fair hand towards the people of the old worldtell them to come, and bid them welcome and you will see them pouring in from the North, from the South, from the East, and from the West. Your wilderness will be cleared and settled ; your deserts will smile ; your ranks will be filled; and you will soon be in a condition to defy the powers of any adversary. .

But gentlemen object to any accession from Great Britain—and particularly to the return of the British refugees. Sir, I feel no objection to the return of those deluded people. They have, to be sure, mistaken their own interests most wonderfully, and most wofully have they suffered the punishment due to their offences. But the relations which we bear to them and to their native country are now changed. Their king hath acknowledged our independence. The quarrel is over. Peace hath returned, and found us a free people.

Let us have the magnanimity, Sir, to lay aside our antipathies and prejudices, and consider the subject in a political light. They are an enterprising monied people. They will be serviceable in taking off the surplus produce of our lands, and supplying us with necessaries during the infant state of our manufactures. Even if they be inimical to us,

The End of the World k reea . . . . brring 174 The same Subject.

30

. . . . Scott 176 The Respect due to all M tras

. . . . Mrs Hemans 177 The Human Fishes

- . . . . Shakspeare 180 Marcellus to the Mob

-F1

.

Scott 181 Dialogue-Seigmar, Armi

PR . . . . . Irring 183 Speech of Arminius to his

b e i V . • Schiller 184 Defence of Madame Rolau

e n De a Bogu . . Scott 186 Character and Fate of the

. . . . . . Vr Hesaus 187 The Pilgrim Fathers

1.

. . . 188 The World purified by Jud Rolla to the Peruvians

. . Peste 11 The Homes of England Extract from a Speech of G

in om . . . . [sauer 133 The same -

. . . Extract from Mr Hayne's SI

. . Dele $ Extract from Mr Webster's

ibra 206 . Burke 198 Conclusion of the same Speec Fox on American Affairs, 17 b i r"

a b Shearsaare 201 Marco Bozzaris Bonaparte to the Army of Ita Character of Michael Angelo

Wayland 2016 Dialogue.-Puff, Dangle and

. Foung 23 National Glory

• Murphy 2009 Speech of Vindex against Ne

Bil - • 210 Salathiel to Titus - .

. Character of William Penn

. . 232 Speech of Ringan Gilhaize Manfred to the Sorceress

Eughes 215 The Sword

· Campbell 226 Speech in the National Conve

. Corrley 217

. . 233 The same continued

. Ibid 2.20 The same concluded

Willis page Pitt on American Affairs, 177 Spirit of Freedom .

Copper 225 Characteristics of Eloquence The same continued .. The same concluded Extract from Speech of Mr I What's Hallowed Ground Speech in Convention of Ma Extract from Speech of T. I Extract from Speech in Con Dialogue.-Ollapod and Sir Address to the Colombian C

· Rove 221

Burke 22 • Currah 231 • Grotten 22

· Watts 2 • Aner. 25 Madame Roland 236

. lbid 238 Dr Dreight 239 . Purpky 21

. Shee 214

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