« AnteriorContinuar »
were interred at the Canongate church-yard on the 7th, attended by the lord provost and magistrates, all the members of the university, and an immense number of sorrowing friends. He was the fourth professor of his family, in a lineal descent; and from his ancestor, David Gregory, of Kinairdy, he was the 16th descendant who had held a professorship in a British university.-- April 12. At Applegirth, sir Alexander Jardine, bart. --13. At Greenock, suddenly, the rev. Kenneth Bayne, ininister of the Gaelic chapel, in the 54th year of his age, and 29th of his ministry.—May. At Shoal-house, Anne M.Rae, 112.
Ecclesiastical Preferments.--Rev. Mark Aitkins to tho united parishes of Dyke and Moy, Morayshire.--Rev. W. Proudfoot, ininister of Shotts, to the parish of Avendale, Hamilton; patron, the duke of Hamilton.
Ordination.-Rev. David Young, called to be pastor of the associate congregation of Barrhead.
University Intelligence. The provost, magistrates, and council of Edinburgh, on a leet, presented by the faculty of advocates, unanimously appointed sir Wm. Hamilton, hart. and Wm. Fraser Tytler, esq. advocates, to be joint professors of civil history and Roman antiquities, in the university, with benefit of survivorship.-Dr. Home has been chosen to fill the chair of the practice of medicine in the university of Edinburgh, vacant by the death of Dr. Gregory.
IRELAND. Deaths.- Feb. 23. At Rockingham, in bis 88th year, hon. col. King, governor of the county of Sligo, brother of Edward, earl of Kingston, and uncle of the present earl. His charitable donations in the town of Balina alone are said to have amounted regularly to at least £ 2000. per annum.March. At Dublin, rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D. R. of Enniskillen, avd V. of Santry.—29. At Sumerville, near Cashel, Ireland, the most R. Dr. Patrick Everard, R.C. archbishop of Cashel.—April 0. At Mount Stuart, Robert, marquess of Londonderry, who is succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, viscount Castlereagh. We have great pleasure in communicatiog the following information relative to the late marquess of Londonderry: On the estates, now his son's, there are no risings, no burnings, no nightly mob, no searching for arms, no putting people at the hazard of their lives—in a word, there is no disturbance, because there are no grievances. Being informed by his factor that the tenants were unable to pay their rents, he assembled then, and inquired what they were able to pay. They made their estimates. He ordered their old leases to be cancelled-gave them all receipts in full-and desired new ones to be made out according to the fair value of corn, and under the new leases his tenantry at present occupy their lands. But his lordship did not stop here. Some of the tenants had paid above the fair value of the land, in accordance with the terms of their agreement. “ These tenants must," said the venerable nobleman,“ have deprived themselves of the comforts and even the necessaries of life. We must refund them a proportion of the rents.” A great part was accordingly refunded. One widow lady received £200. and odd, back, and with the rest has her land at present on easy terms. This is doing the thing like a pol leman, like a man of humanity. It was almost the last act of the late lord Londonderry's life.—26. At Belfast, in the 46th year of his age, rev. W. Neilson, D.D. M.R.I.A. professor of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, and head master of the classical school in the Belfast Academical Institution. He was author of the “Greek Exercises and Idioms," and of the “ English and Irish Grammars,” published under his name ; and about a year before his death gave to the world an edition of “ Moore's Greek Grammar," with large additions and improvements, an elementary work already atlo, ted as
a text book in some of the universities of Scotland, and which has met with the decided approbation of the most competent judges. His literary character, particularly as a linguist, stood so high that the university of Glasgow, in which he had been educated, conferred upon him the degree of doctor in divinity, an honour as unexpected as it was unsolicited. From 1797 to 1818, he was the Presbyterian minister of Dundalk, from which place he removed in the latter year to Belfast.
Ecclesiasticul Preferments. Rev. R. M. Mant, Mountsea V. and Killodurwan R. in the diocese of Killaloe.-Dr. Laffin to be archbishop, and the very rev. Dr. Wright to be vicar capitular of the Roman catholic archdiocese of Cashel.
SUMMARY OF MISSIONARY PROCEEDINGS.
IN resuming our Summary of Missionary Proceedings, unavoidably omitted in the last Number, we are happy, on the whole, to have abundant cause for congratulating the Christian public on the encouraging complexion of the information communicated by the various societies, within the last six months.
The Society for PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE has recently received a very large addition to its funds, in the munificent legacy of £20,000. S per cent consols, bequeathed by the rev. Edward Parkinson, late rector of Great Leigh, Essex ; and of other considerable bequests. Of its large, though not rapidly increasing revenues, £1000. has been granted to the special fund, for counteracting infidel publications, whose operations, if they have not been as effectual as could be wished, bave, at least, been most zealous. In India there are now five diocesan and district committees in connexion with this society, and they are actively engaged in the establishment of schools, in circles consisting of five native, and one central English school. The first circle in the neighbourhood of Calcutta is nearly completed: and, under the direction of the active bishop of that diocese, a Christian school, somewhat on the footing of an English parochial one, is about to be erected on a spot, liberally granted by government-from funds left by will at bis lordship's disposal, for some charitable purpose. Depots for the sale and distribution of the books and tracts of the society, have also been established in different parts of Bengal, and new ones are establishing, for the supply, amongst others, of the military hospitals, orphan schools, and other public establishments; and also of the pilot schooners, of this extensive and thickly populated commercial district. A considerable increase has lately been observed with pleasure in the demand for Bibles, a supply of which, with other religious works, has been sent to John Adams and his little interesting colony on Pitcairn's island—whence it is hoped, that some opportunity will, ere long, be found of conveying the knowledge of the Christian religion to some of the neighbouring islands, whose inhabitants never heard the name of God or of his Son. Eight hundred school books have also been placed at the disposal of the chaplain at New South Wales, who estimates the number of children of European parents there, at 5,000. To meet the increasing demands of these new fields of operation for its exertions, the society has placed a further sum of £1,000. at the disposal of the bishop of Calcutta, and also voted £5,000. towards the establishment of a missionary college in the metropolis of that see. The district committee at Bombay has lately had a considerable augmentation of its resources, in an annual grant of the governar in council, of 842 rupees, for the supply, through the committee, of a certain number of books to the English troops in hospital, and the English seamen of the company's cruisers. Co-operating most cordially with the Bombay education society, they have also engaged to supply all schools in any way connected with it, with books gratuitously, as they accordingly now do for 600 children, of whom about 200 are natives. The committee at Madras are also equally active with the two already referred to; they are carrying on the establishment of book depots with vigour, and the ancient missions of this venerable society in their district are about to be re-established and increased with every prospect of success. On their behalf, the chaplain at Palmacotta bas recently visited those in that remote district, and reports of the condition of the two stations, Nazareth and at Mothalloor, that he had seldom witnessed so much religion in a town in England, as was conspicuous there; indeed, such was the effect of the order observed in these two protestant villages in the midst of a payan land, that some of the Hinduos of the neighbourhood candidly admitted that they were very quiet and safe places. At present they are under the sole care of the native priests; one of them (Vissivarseinadur) converted since the last report of this society, a man of considerable abilities, as well as of genuine piety, the chaplain beard deliver a sermon to bis own congregation, that would have done credit to a minister of superior and more regular clerical education. Both to him and to Abraham, (the other native priest) their flock and the surrounding Christians seen to be very warmly atiached, and if properly encouraged, they may be the means of doing much good. By a religious tract society, established in this presidency, in 1818, and having now au annual revenue of about £ 140. three tracts, of 4,000 copies each, have been printed in Telogoo and Tamul, in which last language Dr. Rottler has completed a translation of the liturgy of the church of England, now about to be introduced among the Palmacotta churches.
Our Moravian brethren are still proceeding slowly, but surely, in their honourable work of at once evai gelizing and civilizing the Hottentots of Southern Africa. At their flourishing settlement of Gaudenthal, a garden in the midst of a desert, they have now 1,400 inbabitants, and 500 communicants, and are frequently cheered in their exertions by the dying testimony of these converted savages to the truth in Jesus. The whole settlement evince in their conduct, the beneficial intiuence of the instruction they have received, in changing them from worse than idle rovers, into industrious labourers, and useful members of society. In the re-established settlement of Eanon, rapid progress is making towards providing the missionaries, and their interesting protégées, 102 in number, with the necessaries, and such of the conveniencies of lite, as are to be obtained in a region where ihe tiger, the elephant, and the lion, dispute with them the possession of the soil, and the property in their flocks and herds, whilst they must live in constant jeopardy of a repetition of the marauding incursions of more cruel men, liy which ihey were recently driven from their bumble and peaceful colony in the pathless wild. Well, indeed, may it be said of thein, that they go forth to their great work with their lives in their hands, but they go forth, we rejoice to know, beneath the guardian protection of Hiin who never slumbereih, but whose eyes are always upon those who do his will, and that to bless and to protect them. By His blessing on their endeavours, the prospect is widely changed since they came bither. Corn is now growing, where, four months before, the bushes were so thick, that a dog could scarcely have made bis way through them. The Caftrees have not yet exlibited any symptoms of a wish to break the treaty of peace they have entered into, and hopes are entertained that this disposition will be Jasting. In this hope we the more willingly indulge, in that a race as wild,
seem in another part of the world to have been subdued, by the blessing of God on their exertions, to habits of peace, order, and religion. The mission to the Cherokee Indians, after nearly twenty years of patient waiting for the out-pouring of the spirit, and of hoping against hope, has recently proved a most eminently successful one. Chiefly hy a steady perseverance in educating the children of the natives, even after many of the warm friends of the mission had considered the measure hopeless, a general inquiry after the better road in which they were taught to tread has been excited in their parents, especially in their mothers, who bave here, as every where, the greatest influence over, and connexion with, the rising generation. A new station is about to he formed at Oustolochy, the capital, as it may well be termed, of the Cherokee nation, for there the national government holds its meetings in a new council-house, which, before the first talk was held there, was, at the request of the assembled chiefs, dedicated by prayer and a sermon, to the living God. With that liberality and sound policy which so eminently marks its conduet in christianizing and civilizing the savage hordes by whom its states are surrounde the American government has made this mission an annual allowance of 250 dollars, with a promise of an increased contribution, and an engagement to defray two thirds of the expences of whatever buildings may be erected by its agents. By the continued and combined exertions of those agents, and of the government resident amongst the Cherokees, this wild and savage race are daily advancing in civilization. The English is now the official language of the country, and not a few of its chiefs
have adopted it as their vernacular one, discarding with their Indian speech, the more objectionable national customs in which they have most of them been trained from their youth. Many of them have quitted the bow and the spear, for the scythe and the pruning-hook, and from mighty hunters, have been converted into peaceful husbandmen. All their chiefs, the younger ones especially, zealously espouse the cause of civilization and instruction; as the principal means of promoting which, they look with favour and with confidence to the schools and chapels of the missionaries
In the great field of its exertion, the East Indies, the Baptist MISSION is still, we hope, making progress, though, from the deep-rooted prejudice of the people, that progress must, to all human apprehension, necessarily be slow. The Scriptures and religious tracts are widely distributing, and seem to be exciting inquiries in every direction, though but one here and there seems openly to embrace the truths they inculcate. To our apprehension, however, one of the most encouraging prospects which presents itself for the general diffusion of the Gospel amongst the countless millions of Hindostan, is the rapid progress evidently made amongst the higher classes by the Vedantic or monotheistical doctrines of their own philosophers; for certainly pure Deism itself wère far better ground to work upon, than the complicated and abstruse mythology- the numerous rites and ceremónies, and purifications and casts of the followers of Brahma, and his ten thousand gods. One of the missionaries, who has travelled more than 200 miles N.W. of Delhi to the borders of the Punjab, distributed, in his way through this fruitful but benighted region, a thousand religious books and tracts, and amongst them copies of the Scriptures, in the various languages spoken by the people whom he was likely to meet with in his intended route, and who generally received them with thanks, as was especially the case with the Sikhs. At Benares, and in its neighbourhood, and indeed in many other districts, several Brahmins and Mussulmen are visiting the missionaries to get instructed in the new way of salvation of which they have låtely heard; and for the most part, receive gladly the copies of the Scriptures and
VOL. II1.-N0. 5.
tracts presented to them. At Serampore several converts have recently been added by baptism to the visible, as we hope by regeneration they are added also to the invisible, church of God, some of whom are Brahmins, one a Chinese, and another, the devotee mentioned in the last summary. An Ascetic has also been baptized, who lived for years in the Sunderbunds, among the wild beasts, wearing round his neck an amulet made of the vertebræ of serpents. At the valuable mission press there the Mahratta Bible is alınost finished, as are also the historical books in Punjabee, and the Pentateuch in Telinga, Pushtoo, and Kuokeena. Ere this we have also every reason to conclude that the New Testainent has been printed there in Goojurattee, Bikaneer, Kashmeer, and Kurnata. Five native young meu have offered themselves as missionaries in the neighbourhood ot their respective dwellings, and tender their services gratuitously. In Java no yery visible progress is making, excepting the preliminary measure of translating the New Testament into Javanese, which is already done, as far as the epistle to the Colossians. Four members constitute the whole of the church there, but its pastor is diligent in preaching and teaching, and is labouring hard at the Herculean task of reducing the Malayan language to some regular 'rules of orthography, and is translating from writings in it. At Sumatra a wider field has opened. Not long since the inhabitants of the neighbouring islands of Pulo Nias, containing a population of 100,000 souls, sent to Sir Stamford Raffles, to ask of what religion they should be, a question to which the most appropriate answer was returned, when, at the suggestion of this enlightened governor, one of the two missionaries of this society lately arrived in Sumatra, determined to commence his labours amongst them; with how fair a prospect of success Sir Stamford's letter to one of the editors of this work, published in our last number, will evince.
In Jamaica large congregations are collected, and larger still might be gathered, could accommodations be provided for the hundreds who are obliged to go away from the missionary chapels unable to get adınission there. Rules have been drawn up for the moral conduct of the negroes, and notwithstanding the opposition of some of their leaders, we are happy to hear that they are very generally observed. As many as 74 of this oppressed and long neglected race have at one time been received into the Christian church by baptism, and there is good reason to conclude, from the report of the missionaries, that due precaution is taken previous to the adıninistration of this initiatory rite. Two nights in the week, for six weeks, had they been entirely engaged in examining candidates for communion, between forty or fifty of whom were remanded on further probation, in the hope that many of them would soon be able to give more satisfactory answers to the questions propounded to them.
Of the extended exertions and encouraging prospects of the LONDON MissIONARY SOCIETY we have already given a summary account in another part of our work, and to that we have comparatively little here to add. The protecting hand of a kind Providence has again been manifested in preserving Mr. Campbell from all harm, on a journey 250 miles farther into the interior of Africa than any European had previously penetrated. The districts he visited are evidently more civilized than any of the native states of Southern Africa with which we are acquainted, and there is therefore reason to hope that the missionaries whom the chiefs of Kurruchanee have consented to receive, may be the means of doing much good more speedily than has hitherto been the case in these inhospitable regions. It is probable also, that the establishment of this new and most important mission may lead to the settlement of an English colony at Delagoa Bay, which pre