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cutta have lately taken a tour as far as Moorshedabad, preaching in their way at the Bazars, or public market-places, (in one of which, at Catna, they found two places of worship erected) and distributing tracts to the people, especially to the Pundits. In their way home, they visited Nuddah, the great seat of native learning in Bengal, and which may indeed be called its University, where the Pundits very readily received two Sanscrit tracts on the importance of divine knowledge, the necessity of a revelation to acquire it, some general recommendations of the Scriptures as that revelation, and the principal and more direct proofs of the truth of Christianity. Being composed in the classical language of the East, they were evidently understood by those who read them, and will not, we hope, be perused without effect, though, like the bread cast upon the waters, the fruit may not appear for many days. At Bacha, four men have renounced their casts, that great stumbling-block in the conversion of the Hindoos, and one of them, a teacher of the people, has become a teacher of Christianity.-To the very interesting official Memoir, on the progress of those Herculean labours in translation, in which the learned Missionaries of this highly respectable sect have so long and so honourably been engaged, given in our last Summary, we have only to add, that of the Cinghalese version of the Old Testament, the book of Psalms is printed, and that of Proverbs is now passing through the press, whilst the Pentateuch is translated to about the middle of Leviticus. The places of worship on the island, for the use of whose numerous inhabitants this translation is making, are increasingly well attended. -In Sumatra, one of the Society's Missionaries has proceeded to Padang,
where he has been hospitably received by the Dutch resident, who has given him permission to open a chapel and native schools, and affords them every encouragement, in imitation of Sir Stamford Raffles, the enlightened governor of the British possessions on the island, under whom, at Java, most of the Dutch authorities in Sumatra had the advantage of serving. At his recommendation, another Sumatran Missionary of the Society, lately took a journey into the interior of the island, with a view to select a missionary station in the country or neighbourhood of the Battas, that singular race of educated Cannibals, (for half of them at the least can read and write,) of whose manners and customs the kindness of Sir Stamford enabled us, some time since, to give an account. Tapanuly, a small island about 80 miles north of Natal, was considered the most eligible, and here Mr. Burton had determined to settle, in the neighbourhood of Mr. Prince, an English merchant, who has lived for thirty years in a country which he has loaded with benefits, composing the differences of the native chiefs, protecting the native and European in his vicinity, translating into the language of the former our Lord's sermon on the mount, with explanatory notes and some prayers. But though this gentleman had engaged to obtain the consent of the chiefs to the settlement of the Missionaries amongst them, and to prepare for the erection of their habitation on his return to Fort Marlborough, the visit of Mr. Ward to Calcutta rendered a change of plan absolutely necessary; and the Missionary to the Battas was accordingly obliged, for a while at least, to take charge of the Sumatran press and schools. The latter are increasing in number and usefulness. A new one has been opened at Dusambazar, or the great village, about four miles distant from the seat of the English Government. The chiefs and Imams or Priests give their countenance to these proceedings, which also
meet with the greatest cncouragement from the Europeans of every class. By order of Sir Stamford Raffles, a spacious school-room is erecting in the middle of cach of the six large bazars of Fort Marlborough and its immediate neighbourhood; and if his life and health should have been spared, as for the sake of the people whom he so wisely governs, in addition to personal considerations of no trifling weight, we hope, he has long ere this visited them, and examined personally into the progress of the scholars. Here, as in other parts of India, very serious objections are raised by the natives against instructing their females; and the ground of their objection is a serious one: "If,” say they, “ we teach our girls to write, they will do nothing but write letters to their lovers." How this might be, we must leave our English ladies to determine; but we are at any rate sure that they had better read and write love letters, than not be able to write and read at all. By the advice of Mr. Price, Mr. Burton has changed the spot of his settlement, and instead of venturing with his wife at once amongst the Battas, he proposes, as soon as possible after Mr. Ward's return, fixing his residence on the small isle of Nias, whose population, of about 230,000 souls, have so few religious prejudices to overcome, that they sent, some time since, to Sir Stamford Raflles, to know of what religion he could wish them to be! Happy is it for them, that they have asked the opinion of a man, who wishes nothing more earnestly than that they, and indeed the whole world, should become Christians.-In Java, but little progress is making, though the ground is, we trust, slowly breaking up, in which the good seed will ere long be sown, and take root and flourish. Some of the Chinamen have received tracts in their language gladly; and a spirit of inquiry seems to have been excited amongst the Malay priests of the false prophet of Mecca.-Turning from East to West, we have great pleasure in stating that the mission is successful in Jamaica, where eighty negroes were lately added at once to the outward and visible church, whose conduct and profession give good reason to hope that they are savingly united to its invisible Head; to a communion with whom, never to be broken, some of the converts of the Missionaries have been called by death, leaving behind them most satisfactory evidence of having departed in the faith. The owner of a considerable plantation at Montego Bay, whose negroes have derived great benefit from the instructions of a zealous and judicious black teacher, now almost past service from age and blindness, has solicited a missionary to be sent to his estate, towards whose support he offers very liberal contributions.-A new and very important station is also about to be occupied by the Society at Honduras, in the Bay of Mexico, whither a missionary is about to proceed under the protection of the commandant, and who will have opened before him a wide and promising field of labour, not only amongst the negroes employed in cutting timber in the forests, but amongst the Musquito Indians, inhabitants of a large tract of coast to the south-east of Honduras, whose chief has always been very friendly with the English, and even expressed a wish that instructors might be sent to his territories.
In addition to the pleasing particulars of the labours of the LonDON MISSIONARY Society, communicated in our last summary, morc recent intelligence enables us to state, that its South Travancore mission has occupied a new station at Quilon, where, much to the credit of their liberality, every encouragement has been afforded by
the resident and chaplain of this important post. Several schools are formed in the town, school-rooms are erecting, and very handsome contributions have been made in furtherance of this desirable object. A school has also been recently commenced at Trevanderum, the capital of the country; and others are expected to be established, in the intermediate stations between that place and Quilon and Nagurcoil, from each of which it is distant about 40 miles. At the latter station four different schools are established, one of them for girls, which, as is universally the case in India, is as yet but thinly attended. The South Travancore seminary, established in that city, will, we hope, prove the foundation of a mission college for the South of India.-At Nanaperakasam a school of industry flourishes, in which orphan children, redeemed from slavery, and the offspring of industrious parents, who wish their children to have the means of support in future life, are taught reading and writing in one part of the day, and to work in the other. In the latter they have Hindoo instructors, with whom a great object has been gained by inducing them, not without much difficulty, to instruct all descriptions of castes, even the lowest, though for doing this they will be liable to lose their own. A press is likewise established, and its operations commenced by printing some lessons for the Tamul schools. The Readers have also gone forth to their labours, their designation to which has infused new life unto the mission. Several of the elder scholars of the seminary are of the number. A large place of worship, or mission church, is building of granite, and three Bungalow chapels are about to be erected.--At Bellary, a new and more commodious chapel is also about to be built in the mission garden, and a subscription for the purpose has been successfully opened on the spot. The number of schools there is 17, containing about 800 scholars, and many applications are making to the missionaries for other native schools, which want of adequate funds alone prevents their establishing.–The new station at Belgaum, opened about a year ago, is likewise prospering, two schools having been opened, one in the town, the other at Shawpore; and regular services have been established thrice on the Sabbath, and two or three times in the week besides. The preaching of the native teacher here appears to have convinced many of the falsehood of the Hindoo scriptures, and they will, we hope, soon be led to acknowledge the truth of Christianity, whose excellency they begin to perceive.-Bangalore presents a different, and far from an encouraging scene. “A death-like coldness," to use the words of the Missionary, "prevails among the natives," not more than 60 of whom, and often not more than 30, attend the chapel.–At the press in Surat, the New Testament in Gujurattee was finished in July last, and the translation of the Old Testament is in considerable forwardness. The prospect with regard to the schools begins also to brighten there.-From Penang the Missionaries bave made a tour along the coast of Queda, distributing the Scriptures and Tracts amongst the Chinese and the few Malays who could read. At Pulo Tega, they had an interview with the Rajah, who conversed with them for some time, and gave them permission to visit Queda, where they are of opinion that a promising field of labour and usefulness presents itself.-From the Mol as pleasing intelligence has arrived. At Amboyna a printing press is established, and Mr. Kam is engaged in translating into Malay some of the volumes of Mr. Burder's excellent Village Sermons, two or
three thousand copies of which he intends to print for circulation in about a hundred places of worship in these islands, which have no preacher, and where these sermons may advantageously be used. -Though the deserts of Siberia do not yet blossom as the rose, the bud of promise is appearing there. Mr. Rahmn is labouring hard at Sarepta to acquire the very difficult language of the Calmuc Tartars, of which he has already composed a Grammar, and is far advanced in a large vocabulary. He has begun to translate some tracts, and can speak pretty fluently to these roving tribes in their own language on general subjects, and make himself tolerably understood on religious ones, although he is not yet able to preach in Calmue. He is about to take up his abode with the Dörböt Horde, and to live with them in their tents in all their wanderings from place to place. -In the South-Sea Islands, the labours of this Mission are still crowned with abundant and increasing success. In Huaheine, a second edition of the Gospel of St. John has been printed, and a translation of the prophecy of Isaiah is commenced. The inhabitants of the island, about 2000 in number, principally reside near the missionaries, and from a thousand to fourteen hundred of them are regular attendants at the chapel. Seventy-two adults and 38 children have been baptized during the past year, and upwards of 400 are now candidates for that initiatory rite. The schools are well attended, the average number of scholars being 450, whose advancement in spelling, reading, writing; and arithmetic, is encouraging. Civilization keeps pace with the spread of religious knowledge. Under the instruction of the wives of the Missionaries, a considerable number of native females at each station have been taught to make themselves neat and modest dresses; and both sexes now very generally wear hats and bonnets, made by themselves of rushes and the inner bark of trees, in the European form. A larger space of ground is cultivated; and at the last meeting of the Missionary Society of the island, the contributions of the people doubled those of the former years. A code of laws for the islands of Raiatea, Taha, Borabora, and Mâurua; the reports of the Missionary Societies in Huaheine, Taha, and Borabora; and 1700 copies of the Taheitean Hymn book, have been printed during the last year at the mission press.
The Directors of the Society in England have received a singular letter from four chiefs of the island, deacons also of the church there, wishing them to send some sacramental wine, medicines, and blankets for the sick, in exchange for two casks of oil forwarded for sale upon their account. The missionary meeting at Raiatea was also very productive of contributions of oil and arrowroot; and, what is still more encouraging, nearly twice as much oil was contributed from the island of Tahák, where no missionary as yet resides. Houses are building, and a trade, or exchange of commodities, is about to be opened amongst the islanders. The schools for chil. dren and adults are increasingly attended; and almost every native has learned, or is learning, to read. The work of translation has been commenced with the Epistles to the Ephesians and the First to the Thessalonians, and the Books of Ruth, Jonah, and Daniel, which are all either finished or in hand. About three tons of arrowroot and several tons of oil, furnished by a subscription of the adult members of the church, to an association for the support of missionaries, is now, in all probability, on its way to England, from this
altered land. A letter from Tamatoa, its king, to the Directors, informs them of his having burnt his evil spirits, and of the progress making in building their houses, and plastering them with lime. Two of the native members of the church here, have lately been dispatched to the island of Rurutu, one of whose chiefs bad for some time resided in Raiatea, and, with some of his people, been instructed there in reading, writing, and the principles of Christianity, which he professes to regard ; and as a proof that he does so, he desired that a Missionary might be sent with him home. That island has rapidly depopulated; the number of its inhabitants having been reduced from two thousand to as many hundred. The survivors are remarkably civil, and their country is as fertile, producing every necessary of life in superfluous abundance. On Taheite, civilization advances. At Burder's Point, scarcely a man or woman is now to be seen without hats or bonnets made in the English fashion: new houses, plastered and floored, are building for themselves by the natives, most of whom have gardens, in which vegetables and fruits are raised. Three hundred adults have been baptized here, after due and even scrupulous examination to prevent improper admission to that rite. Amongst these were the Queen and her sister, who are now very diligent teachers in the adult and Sunday schools. The infant Prince and daughter of the King were also baptized. Tati, a converted chief, and now one of the principal judges, takes an active part in the public worship of the people.-In Eimeo, a translation of the books of Joshua and Judges are in hand." The schools increase, and some of the natives, formerly priests or prophets of Oro, are very diligent and active catechists and teachers, and some of them sober and judicious deacons of the church of Christ. The erection of a new church, capable of holding all, or nearly all, the people of the island; and in the building of which, they are without exception to assist, is begun.-From South Africa, intelligence has been received of the safe arrival of Mr. Moffat, at New Lattakoo, whither he has removed from Griqua Town. At the Paarl there are few white or black inhabitants, who have not several times attended the public services, where from eleven to twelve hundred hearers now regularly assemble. Many of the slaves and free blacks who attend the schools, can repeat the whole Epistle to the Ephesians. The labours of Dr. Philip and Mr. Beck, at Cape Town, are singularly successful, their places of worship being overflowing.- From the West-India islands, no intelligence has recently been received, except from Berbice, where the mission and missionary schools are prospering, under the protection of the colonial government. Very liberal contributions have been made upon the island for the erection of a chapel; and to the church one and another are successively adding of those, we trust, who will be saved.
of the proceedings of the CHURCH MISSIONARY Society, there is scarcely any thing during the last quarter to report. Its attention has very laudably been directed to the Syrian clergy, who are in a most degraded state from ignorance and vice. Assistance has been afforded to the Syrian College and Grammar School at Cotym, from the funds of the Society; and ten teachers are supported by it, in such of the parishes as are either unable or unwilling to comply with the directions of the metran, or metropolitan, for supporting from the funds of the church or school in every parish. A press is also about to be established at the college, where the missionaries are actively