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And left them both, more in himself content,
Till sad the breaking of that Parlament

Broke him, as that dishonest victory
At Chæronea, fatal to liberty,

Kill'd with report that old man eloquent. Though later born than to have known the days Wherein


father florish’d, yet by you, Madam, .methinks I see him living yet; So well your words his noble virtues praise,

That all both judge you to relate them true,
And to possess them, honor’d Margaret.



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Lady Margaret Ley. She was the to visit this lady and her husband, daughter of Sir James Ley, whose and about that time we may fuffingular learning and abilities raised pose that this sonnet was comhim through all the great pofts pos'd. of the the law, till he came to be made Earl of Marlborough, and 6. as that dishoneft viliety Lord High Treasurer, and Lord &c] This victory was gaind by Presidene of the Council to King Philip of Macedon over the AtheJames I. He died in an advanc'd nians and their allies; and the age, and Milton attributes his news being brought to Athens

, death to the breaking of the par- that old man eloquent, Isocrates

, lament; and it is true that the who was near a hundred year parlament was diffolved the roth old, died within a few days, being of March 1628-9, and he died on determin'd not to survive the li. the 14th of the same month. He berties of his country. – left feveral fons and daughters και λάτα τον βιον επι Χαιρωνιδα ερ: and the Lady Margaret was mar- xov16, ongaus silleegis Usse! ried to Captain Hobson of the lle ans e Xoupureta ile xns, duan of Wight. It appears from the deorla BebiwrQS ÉXITO ET», goes accounts of Milton's life, that in un proceso, due tots eyethe year 1643 he ufed frequently θοις της πολεως συγκαταλύσει τον

XI. * On the detraction which followed upon my

writing certain treatises. book was writ of late call'd Tetrachordon, And woven close, both matter, form and stile; The subject new: it walk'd the town a while,

Numb’ring good intellects ; now seldom por’d on. Cries the stall-reader, Bless us! what a word on

5 A title page is this! and some in file Stand spelling false, while one might walk to MileEnd Green, Why is it harder Sirs than Gordon,


ļau T8 Bror. Dionysius Halicar. sonnets, which were first printed in naff

. de Isocrate Vol. 2. p. 150. the edition of 1673, and to which Edit. Hudson. Plutarch fays that we have prefixed the title that he he abftain'd from food for four himself has in the Manuscript. days, and so put a period to his life, having liv'd 98, or as some 1. A book was writ of late &c ] fay 100 years. See Plutarch's Lives In the Manuscript he had written of the ten Orators. Vol. 2. p. 837. at first, Edit. Paris. 1624.

I writ a book of late call's Te. • When Milton publish'd his trachordon, books of Divorce, he was greatly

And weav'd in close, both matcondemn'd by the Presbyterian ter, form and stile ; clergy, whose advocate and cham- It went off well about the town pion he had been before. He

a while, publish'd his Tetrachordon or Ex- Numb'ring good wits, but now

positions upon the four chief is seldom por'd on. places in Scripture, which treat of marriage or nullities in marriage, The reader will readily agree, that in 1645; and soon after we may it was alter'd for the better. fuppofe he composed these two

R 3

9. Colkitto,

Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galasp?

9 Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleek,

That would have made Quintilian stare and gafp. Thy age, like ours, O Soul of Sir John Cheek,

Hated not learning worse than toad or asp,
When thou taught'st Cambridge, and king Edward


On the same.
I did but prompt the age to quit their clogs

By the known rules of ancient liberty,
When strait a barbarous noise environs me
Of owls and cuccoos, affes, apes and dogs;


9. Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Ga- Cambridge, and was highly instru

lasp?] We may suppose that mental in bringing that language these were persons of note and into repute, and restoring the ori. eminence amongst the Scotch mi- ginal pronunciation of it, tho? nifters who were for pressing and with great opposition from the paenforcing the Covenant. Galasp trons of ignorance and popery, we know was one of the Scotch and especially from Gardiner, biministers and commissioners from thop of Winchester, and chancelthe Kirk to the Parlament. See lor of the university. He was af. the verses on the forcers of con- terwards made one of the tutors fcience.

to Edward VI. See his life by 10. Those rugged names) He had Strype, or in Biographia Britanwritten at first barbarous, and then nica. rough hewn, and then rugged. 12. Sir John Cheek) Or Chike. Milton's Manuscript it stands,

4. Of owls and cuccoos, ) In He was the first Profesior of the Greek tongue in the university of Of owls and buzzards

As when those hinds that were transform’d to frogs 5 Rail'd at Latona's twin-born

progeny, Which after held the sun and moon in fee.

But this is got by casting pearl to hogs ; That bawl for freedom in their senseless mood,

9 And still revolt when truth would set them free.

Licence they mean when they cry Liberty ; For who loves that, must first be wise and good;

But from that mark how far they rove we see
For all this waste of wealth, and loss of blood.

XIII. * To Mr. H. L AW Es on his Airs. Harry, whose tuneful and well measur’d song


5. As when those binds &c ] And hate the truth whereby they The fable of the Lycian clowns should be free. changed into frogs is related by Ovid, Met. VI. Fab. 4. and the * This sonnet was also first addpoet in saying

ed in the edition of 1673, and in Which after held the fun and Milton's Manufcript it' is dated

Febr. moon in fee,

9. 1645. and said to be wroie

to Mr. Lawes on the publishing of intimates the good hopes which he bis airs. This Mr. Henry Lawes had of himself, and his expecta- was a gentleman of his Majesty's tions of making a considerable fi. chapel, and one of his band of gure in the world.

music, and an intimate friend of 8. — by cafling pearl to hogs ; ) Milton, as appears by bis firit putMat. VII. 6. ' neither cast ye your lifhing the Malk in 1637, the airs pearl before wine.

of which he set to music, and 10. And fill revolt &c] He had probably too those of his Arcades. written at first,

He was educated under Signor


First taught our English music how to fpan
Words with just note and accent, not to scan

With Midas cars, committing short and long; Thy worth and skill exempts thee from the throng, With praise enough for envy to look wan;

6 To after age thou shalt be writ the man, That with smooth air could'ft humour best our

tongue. Thou honor'st verse, and verse '

must lend her wing To honor thee, the priest of Phæbus quire, 10


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Coperario, and introduced a softer: 5.-exempts thee from the throng] mixture of Italian airs, than had Horace Od. 1. I. 32. been practic'd before in our nation; as Mr. Fenton says in his

Secernunt populo- Richardfos, notes upon Waller, who has also honor'd him with a copy of verses of this line was the following at

6. With praise enough &c] Inflead infcrib'd To Mr. Henry Lawes who first in the Manuscript, had then newly set a song of mine in the year 1635.

And gives thee praise above the

pipe of Pan. 3. Words with just note &c ] These two lines were once thus in &c] This too in the file of Ho

thou shalt be writ the man, the Manuscript,

race, Od. I. VI. . • Words with just notes, which till then us'd to fcan

Scriberis Vario fortis, et hoftiam

Victor. - when most were us'd to fcan With Midas ears, misjoining short And in the Manuscript it was thus

at first, But committing, as Mr. Richardson thou shalt be writ e man remarks, conveys with it the idea That didž reform tby art, the cbief of offending against quantity and among harmony.


and long

• and

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