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to their nature, it does not make them fick at all. Though it be indeed with them as a kind of serpent, from whose killing looks men defend themselves, by holding a glass betwixt them and the serpent, which reflects the poison on the serpent himself, and fo kills him. Thus, Psal. vii. 16. "The wicked man's mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealings shall

his own pate.” 'But in those in whom God has a gracious work, fin is like poison in a man, contrary to his nature, and so makes him heart-fick. Thus the true broken-hearted finner is as sick of sin, as ever a man was of poison, which he had unwarily swallowed down, and would by all means be quit of it.-We now come,

return upon

II. To inquire what it is in and about fin which breaks the man's heart, who is thus evangelically broken-hearted. There is,

1. The guilt of fin, by which he is bound over to the wrath of God. "This, which cannot be taken away but by a free pardon, fickens the poor creature at the heart: Isa. xxxiii. 24. “. And the inhabitant shall not say, I am fick : the people that dwell therein 'shall be forgiven their iniquity.” This guilt is their burden, a burden on their backs, on their heads, on their fpirits,' which makes them to cry out, as in Hosea, xiv. 2. “ Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously.” They find the load, and their 'spirits are broken under it, as a burden' which they are not able to bear. There is, -- *****

2. The domineering power of fin, or its tyranny, by which they are led captives to it. This is breaking to them, that lufts are fo ftrong, and they fo weak, that they cannot get the maste

over them as they would: Rom. vii. 23. 24. “ But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me fromt he body ofthis death ?” For some time the yoke of fin fat soft on their necks, they walked willingly after its commandments; but now they are weary of its dominion, averse to submit to its rule, and their hearts are broken, under the weight of those iron fetters, from which they would now fain be delivered. There is;

3. The contrariety which is in sin to the holy nature and law of God. The commandment is come into the heart, which it is inclined to obey, and so that contrariety is breaking : Rom. vii. 13. « Was then that which is good made. death unto me? God forbid. But fin, that it might appear fin, working death in me, by that which is good; that fin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.” The love of God has so touched the heart, as to produce in him a considering fin to be bitter as death: The foul is wounded and cast down to think of its grieving the Spirit, trampling on the holy law, finning against mercies, against checks and reproofs; and accounts itself very miserable in thus requiting the Lord. There is,

4. The indwelling of fin, and its cleaving fo close to a person that he cannot shake it off : Rom. vii. 24. "O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death ?" He sees fin to be in his heart and life, and not only fo, bụt that it is interwoven into his very nature, and not to be totally extirpated till death. He has now a sincere love to holiness, an ardent desire of perfeca tion, Phil. iii. 13. 14.; an hearty hatred against


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fin, and an irreconcileable enmity to it: so that it cannot but be breaking to him, while he sees the unwelcome guest ftill within his habitation, There is,

s. Sin's mixing itself with all he does, even with his best duties : Rom. vii. 21. « I find then a law, that when I would do good, evil is prefent with me.” In the fairest line which he writes, fin leaves a blot; and on the purest and most facred of God's holy things to which he puts hand, fin drops its défilement.

This is breaking to a holy heart. When he reviews his duties, and sees what deadnefs, what want of faith and love is in his prayers, Hearing, communicating, and the like, what unwatchfulness, untenderness, and ungodliness, in his daily walk, he is lothfome in his own eyes, and sick, heart-lick of his sinful felf.

6. Frequent backslidings into fin, are very breaking in this case. The Lord complains of breaking by these : Ezek. vi. 9. “I am broken,” says he, “with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes which go a-whoring after their idols." And, on the other hand, they are most breaking to the sensible finner himself: Jer. xxxi. 18. « I have furely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus: Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unacustomed to the yoke : turn thou me, and I {hall be turned, for thou art the Lord 'my God.” O how heavy is it to a gracious heart, to be so often falling back into 'evils mourned over and refolved against! How near the heart of a sick man must it go, to be so often relapsing, after he has been in a fair way of cure. Nothing is more powerful to make one say of life, I loath it.There is,

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