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ticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of power(9); faithfully (r), making known the whole counsel of God (8); wisely (t), applying themselves to the necessities and capacities of the hearers (V); zealously (w), with fervent love to God (x) and the souls of his people (y); sincerely (2), aiming at his glory (a), and their conversion (b), edification (C), and salvation (d).
rq 1 Cor. 2. 4. And my (2) 2 Cor. 5. 13. For whether speech, and my preaching, was we be besides ourselves, it is to not with enticing words of man's God: or whether we be sober, it wisdom, but in demonstration of is for your cause. For the love of the Spirit, and of power.
Christ constraineth us. (r) Jer. 23. 28. The prophet (y) Col. 4. 12. Epaphras, who that hath a dream, let him tell a is one of you, a servant of Christ, dream; and he that hath my saluteth you, always labouring fer. word, let him speak my word vently for you in prayers, that ye faithfully : what is the chaff to the may stand perfect, and complete wheat ? saith the Lord. 1 Cor. 4. in all the will of God. 2 Cor. 12. 1, 2. Let a man so account of us, 15. And I will very gladly spend as of the ministers of Christ, and and be spent for you, though the stewards of the mysteries of God. more abundantly I love you, the Moreover, it is required in stew- less I be loved. ards, that a man be found faithful. (z) 2 Cor. 2. 17. For we are
(8) Acts 20. 27. For I have not as many, which corrupt the not shunned to declare unto you word of God: but as of sincerity, all the counsel of God.
but as of God, in the sight of God (Col. 1. 28. Whom we speak we in Christ. preach, warning every man, and (a) 1 Thess. 2. 4. But as we teaching every man in all wisdom; were allowed of God to be put in that we may present every man trust with the gospel, even so we perfect in Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. 2. speak, not as pleasing men, but 15. Study to shew thyself ap- God, which trieth our hearts. proved unto God, a workman (b) 1 Cor. 9. 19. For though that needeth not to ashamed, I be free from all men, yet have I rightly dividing the word of truth. made myself servant unto all, that
ro), 1 Cor. 3. 2. I have fed I might gain the more. you with milk, and not with meat: (c) 2 Cor. 12. 19. Again, tor hitherto ye were not able to think you that we excuse ourselves bear it, neither yet now are ye unto you? we speak before God able. Luke 12. 42. And the Lord in Christ : but we do all things, said, Who then is that faithful dearly beloved, for your edifying. and wise steward, whom his lord Eph. 4. 12. For the perfecting shall make ruler over his house of the saints, for the work of the hold, to give them their portion of ministry, for the edifying of the meat in due season ?
body of Christ. ( w) Acts 18. 25. This man (d) 1 Tim. 4. 16. Take heed was instructed in the way of the unto thyself, and unto thy doc. Lord : and being fervent in the trine; continue in them : for in spirit, he spake and taught dili- doing this, thou shalt both sare gently the things of the Lord.
thyself, and them that hear thee..
Q. 160. What is required of those that hear the word preached ? · A. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligence (e), preparation (f), and prayer (g); examine what they hear by the scriptures (h); receive the truth with faith (i), love (k), meekness (1), and readiness of mind (m), as the word of God (n); meditate (0), and confer of it (P); hide it in their hearts (9), and bring forth the fruit of it in their lives (r).
(e) Prov. 8. 34. Blessed is the (1) James 1. 21. Wherefore man that heareth me, watching lay apart all filthiness and superdaily at my gates, waiting at the fluity of naughtiness, and receive post of my doors
with 'meekness the ingrafted (f) Luke 8. 18. Take heed, word, which is able to save your therefore, how ye hear : for who souls. soever hath, to him shall be given; (m) Acts 17. 11. These were and whosoever hath not, from him more noble than those in Thessashall be taken even that which he lonica, in that they received the seemeth to have.
word with all readiness of mind, (9) Psal, 119. 18. Open thou and searched the scriptures daily, mine eyes, that I may behold whether those things were so. wondrous things out of thy law. rn) 1 Thess. 2. 13. For this Eph. 6. 18, 19. Praying always cause also thank we God without , with all prayer and supplication ceasing, because when ve receiy. in the Spirit, and watching there- ed the word of God which ye unto with all perseverance, and heard of us, ye received it not supplication for all saints; And as the word of men, but (as it is for me, that utterance may be in truth) the word of God, which given unto me, that I may open effectually worketh also in you my mouth boldly, to make known that believe. the mystery of the gospel.
ro) Luke 9. 44. Let these ch) Acts 17. 11. These were saiyngs sink down into your ears : more noble-than those in Thes- for the Son of man shall be desalonica, in that they received the livered into the hands of men.. word with all readiness of mind, Heb. 2. 1. Therefore we ought and searched the scriptures daily, to give the more earnest heed to whether those things were so. the things which we have heard.
(i) Heb. 4. 2. For unto us lest at any time we should let was the gospel preached, as well them slip. as unto them: but the word (p) Luke 24. 14. And they preached did not profit them, not talked together of all these things being mixed with faith in them which had happencd.that heard it.
a Prov. 2. 1. My son, if (k) 2 Thess. 2. 10. And with thou wilt receivc my words, and all deceivableness of unrighteous- hide my commandments with ness, in them that perish; be- thee. Psal. 119. 11. Thy word cause they received not the love have I hid in mine heart, that I of the truth, that they might be might not sin against thee. zaved.
(5) Luke 8. 15. But that on
Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?
A. The sacraments become effectual means of salyation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administered, but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ, by whom they are instituted (s).
Q. 162. What is a sacrament ?
A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ in his church (1), to signify, seal, and exhibit (v) unto those that are within the covenant of grace (w), the benefits of his mediation (x); to strengthen and increase
the good ground, are they, which ted unto them also. 1 Cor. 11. 24, in an honest and good heart, hav, 25. And when he had given ing heard the word, keep it, and thanks, he brake it, and said, bring forth fruit with patience. Take, eat; this is my body, which
(8) 1 Pet. 3. 21. The like is broken for you : this do in refigure whereunto, even baptism, membrance of me. After the doth also now save us, (not the same manner also he took the putting away of the filth of the cup when he had supped, saying, ftesh, but the answer of a good This cup is the New Testament conscience towards God) by the in my blood : this do ye, as oft as resurrection of Jesus Christ. 1 ye drink it, in remembrance of Cor. 12. 13. For by one Spirit me. are we all baptized into one body, ( W ) Rom. 15. 8. Now. I say, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, that Jesus Christ was a minister whether we be bond or free ; and of the circumcision for the truth have been all made to drink into of God, to confirm the promises one Spirit.
made unto the fathers. Êxod. 12. (t) Mat. 26. 26. 28. And as 48. And when a stranger shall they were eating, Jesus took sojourn with thee, and will keep bread, and blessed it, and brake the passover to the Lord, let all it, and gave it to the disciples, and his males be circumcised, and then said, Take, eat; this is my body. let him come near and keep it; And he took the cup, and gave and he shall be as one that is thanks, and gave it to them, say- born in the land : for no unciring, Drink ye all of it : For this cumcised person shall eat thereis my blood of the New Testament of. which is shed for many, for the rac) Acts 2. 38. Then Peter remission of sins.
said unto them, Repent, and be ro) Rom. 4. 11. And he re- baptized every one of you in the ceived the sign of circumcision, name of Jesus Christ, for the rea seal of the righteousness of the mission of sins, and ye shall refaith which he had yet being un- ceive the gift of the Holy Ghost. circumcised: that he might be the 1 Cor. 10. 16. The cup of blessfather of all them that believe, ing which we bless, is it not the though they be not circumcised; communion of the blood of that righteousness might be impus Christ? The bread whieh we
their faith, and all other graces (y): to oblige them to obedience (2); to testify and cherish their love and communion one with another (a); and to distinguish them from those that are without (b).
Q. 163. What are the parts of a sacrament ?
A. The parts of a sacrament are two; the one an outward and seasible sign, used according to Christ's own appointment; the other an inward and spiritual grace thereby signified (c).
Q. 164. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two sacraments, Baptism and the Lord's Supper (d). áreak, is it not the communion monwealth of Israel, and stranof the body of Christ?
gers from the covenants of pro(y) Romans 4. 11. (See in o mise ; having no hope, and withabove). Gal. 3. 27. For as many out God in the world. Gen. 34. of you as have been baptized into 14. And they said unto them, we Christ, have put on Christ. cannot do this thing, to give our
(z) Rom. 6. 3, 4. Know ye sister to one that is uncircumcised: not that so many of us as were for that were a reproach unto us baptized into Jesus Christ, were (c) Mat. 3. 11. I indeed bapbaptized into his death? There- tize you with water unto repentfore we are buried with him by ance, but be that cometh after me baptisın into death : that like as is mightier than I, whose shoes I Christ was raised up from the am not worthy to bear : he shall dead by the glory of the Father, baptize you with the Holy Ghost even so we also should walk in and with fire. 1 Pet. 3. 21. The newness of life. 1 Cor. 10.21, Ye like figure whereunto, even bapcannot drink the cup of the Lord tism, doth also now save us, (not and the cup of devils : ye cannot the putting away the filth of the be partakers of the Lord's table flesh, but the answer of a good and of the table of devils. conscience towards God) by the
(a) 1 Cor. 12. 13. For by one resurrection of Jesus Christ. Rom. Spirit are we all baptized into one 2. 28, 29. For he is not a Jew body, whether we be Jews or which is one outwardly ; neither Gentiles, whether we be bond or is that circumcision which is outfree : and have been all made to ward in the flesh: But he is a drink into one Spirit.
Jew who is one inwardly; and (b) Eph. 2. 11, 12. Where. circumcision is that of the heart, fore remember that ye being in in the spirit, and not in the letter, time passed Gentiles in the flesh, whose praise is not of men, but who are called uncircumcision by of God. that which is called the circumci
(d) Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, theresion in the flesh made by hands; fore, and teach all nations, bapThat at that time ye were without tizing them in the name of the Christ, being aliens from the com- Father, and of the Son, and of
Q. 165. What is Baptism? A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost (e), to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himself (f), of remission of sins by his blood (g), and regeneration by his Spirit (h); of adoption (i), and resurrection unto everlasting life (k); and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church (1), and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's (m).
Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administered ?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him (n); but infants, descending from
the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 11. 20. with the washing of water by the 23. When ye come together, word. therefore, into one place, this is (i) Gal. 3. 26, 27. For ye not to eat the Lord's supper. For are all the children of God by I have received of the Lord that faith in Christ Jesus. For as which also I delivered unto you, many of you as have been bapti. That the Lord Jesus, the same zed into Christ, have put ou night in which he was betrayed, Christ. took bread,
(k) 1 Cor. 15. 29. Else what (e) Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, there shall they do which are baptized fore, and teach all nations, bapti- for the dead, if the dead rise not zing them in the name of the Fa- at all? why are they then bapther, and of the Son, and of the tized for the dead ? Rom. 6. 5. Holy Ghost.
For if we have been planted to(1) Gal. 3. 27. For as many gether in the likeness of his death, of you as have been baptized into we shall be also in the likeness of Christ, have put on Christ. his resurrection.
rş) Mark 1. 4. John did bap- (!) 1 Cor. 12. 13. For by one tize in the wilderness, and preach Spirit are we all baptized into one the baptism of repentance, for body, whether we be Jews or the remission of sins. Rev. 1. 5. Gentiles, whether we be bond or Unto him that loved us, and wash- free; and have been all made to ed us from our sins in his own drink into one Spirit. blood.
(m), Rorn. 6. 4. Therefore Ch ) Tit. 3. 5. Not by works we are buried with him by bapof righteousness which we have tism into death : that like as dốne, but according to his mercy Christ was raised up from the he saved us, by the washing of re- dead by the glory of the Father, generation, and renewing of the even so we also should walk in Holy Ghost. Eph. 5. 26. That newness of life he might sanctify and cleanse it (1) Acts 8. 36, 37. And as