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ritual part of both is Christ and his benefits (n), both are seals of the same covenant (0), are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel, and by none other (P), and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming (9)
Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ (r), and that even to in
same night in which he was pe- (John 1. 33. And I knew trayed took bread.
him not : but he that sent me to (n) Rom. 6. 3, 4. Know ye baptize with water, the same said not that so many of us as were unto me, Upon whom thou shalt baptized into Jesus Christ, were see the Spirit descending, and rebaptized into his death? There- maining on him, the same is he fore we are buried with him by which baptizeth with the Holy baptism into death : that like as Ghost. Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, thereChrist was raised up from the fore, and teach all nations, baptidead by the glory of the Father, zing them in the name of the Faeven so we also should walk in ther, and of the Son, and of the newness of life. I Cor. 10. 16. Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 11, 23. For The cup of blessing which we I have received of the Lord that bless, is it not the communion of which also I delivered unto you, the blood of Christ? The bread That the Lord Jesus, the same which we break, is it not the com• night in which he was betrayed, munion of the body of Christ ? took bread. 1 Cor. 4. 1. Let á
.ro) Rom. 4. 11. And he re- man so account of us as of the ceived the sign of circumcision, à ministers of Christ, and stewards seal of the righteousness of the of the mysteries of God. Heb. 5. faith which he had yet being un- 4. And no man taketh this honour circumcised : that he might be unto himself, but he that is called the father of all them that believe, of God, as was Aaron, though they be uot circumcised; (9) Mat. 28. 19. Go ye, therethat righteousness might be in- fore, and teach all nations, baptiputed unto them also. Compared zing them in the name of the Fawith Col. 2. 12. Buried with him ther, and of the Son, and of the in baptism, wherein also you are Holy Ghost; verse 20. Teaching risen with him through the faith them to observe all things whatof the operation of God, who hath soever I have commanded you : raised him from the dead. Mat. 2nd lo, I am with you alway, even 26. 27. And he took the cup, and unto the end of the world. Amen. gave thanks, and gave it to them, Cr) Mat. 3. 11. I indeed bapsaying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. tize you with water unto repentFor this is my blood of the New ance, but he that cometh after me Testament, which is shed for is mightier than I, whose shoes I many for the remission of sins.
am not worthy to bear : he shall
fants (8); whereas the Lord's supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul (t), and to confirm our continuance and growth in him (v), and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves (w). Q. 178. What is prayer
? 1. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God (2), in the name of Christ (y), by the help of his Spirit (2); with confession of our sins (a), and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies (b).
baptize you with the Holy Ghost the body of Christ ? and with fire. Tit. 3. 5. Not by w ) 1 Cor. 11. 28, 29. But works of righteousness which we let a man examine himself, and eo have done, but according to his let him eat of that bread, and mercy he saved us, by the wash- drink of that cup. For he that ing of regeneration, and renewing eateth and drinketh unworthily, of the Holy Ghost. Gal. 3. 27. eateth and drinketh damnation to For as many of you as have been himself, not discerning the Lord's baptized into Christ, have put on body. Christ.
(x) Psal. 62. 8. Trust in him (8) Gen. 17. 7. And I will es- at all times ; ye people, pour out tablish my covenant between me your heart before him: God is a and thee, and thy seed after thee refuge for us. in their generations, for an ever- (y) John 16. 23. And in that lasting covenant; to be a God unto day ye shall ask me nothing : thee, and to thy seed after thee. Verily, verily, I say unto you, 1 Cor. 7. 14. For the unbelieving Whatsoever ye shall ask the Fa. husband is sanctified by the wite, ther in my name, he will give it and the unbelieving wife is sanc- you. tified by the husband ; else were (z) Rom. 8. 26. Likewise the your children unclean; but now Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: are they holy.
for we know not what we should (t)'1 Cor. 11. 23, 24. Por I pray for as we ought : but the have received of the Lord, that Spirit itself maketh intercession which also I delivered unto you, for us with groanings which can. That the Lord Jesus, the same not be uttered. night in which he was betrayed, (a) Psal. 32. 5. I acknowledgtook bread : And when he had. ed my sin unto thee, and mine given thanks, he brake it, and iniquity have I not hid : I said, I said, Take, eat; this is my body, will confess my transgressions unwhich is broken for you : this do to the Lord : and thou forgavest in remembrance of me.
the iniquity of my sin. C) 1 Cor. 10. 16. The cup (6) Phil. 4. 6. Be careful for of blessing which we bless, is it nothing: but in every thing by not the communion of the blood prayer and supplication, with of Christ? The bread which we thanksgiving, let your requests break, is it not the communion of be made known unto God.
Q. 179. Are we to pray unto God only ?
A. God only being able to search the hearts (c), hear the requests (d), pardon the sins (e), and fulfil the desires of all (f); and only to be believed in (g), and worshipped with religious worship (h); prayer, which is a special part thereof (i), is to be made by all to him alone (k), and to none other (1).
Q. 180. What is it to pray in the name of Christ ?
A. To pray in the name of Christ, is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy for his sake (m); not by bare mentioning of his name (n); but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation (o).
Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ ?
A. The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no
(c) 1 Kings 8. 39. Then hcar shalt worship the Lord thy God, thou in heaven thy dwelling-place, and him only shalt thou serve. and forgive, and do, and give to (i) 1 Cor. 1. 2. Unto the every man according to his ways, church of God which is at Corinth, wnose heart thou knowest ; for to them that are sanctified in thou, even thou only, knowest the Christ Jesus, called to be saints, hearts of all the children of men. with all that in every place call
rd) Psal. 65. 2. O thou that upon the name of Jesus Christ hearest prayer, unto thee shall all our Lord, both theirs and ours. flesh come.
(k) Psal, 50. 15.
And call (e) Mic. 7. 18. Who is a God upon me in the day of trouble; I like unto thee, that pardoneth ini- will deliver thee, and thou shalt quity, and passeth by the trans- glorify, me. gression of the remnant of his (T) Rom. 10. 14. How then heritage ? he retaineth not his shall they call on him in whom anger for ever, because he de- they have not believed ? lighteth in mercy.
(m) John 14. 13. And whatso(f) Psal. 145. 18, 19. The erer ye shall ask in my name, Lord is nigh unto all them that that will I do, that the Father call upon him, to all that call up- may be glorified in the Son. on him in truth. He will fulfil the (n) Mat. 7. 21. Not every one desire of them that fear him: he that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, will also hear their cry, and will shall enter into the kingdom of save them.
heaven : but he that doeth the will (5) Rom. 10. 14. How then of my Father which is in heaven. shall they call on him in whom ro) Heb. 4. 14. 16. Seeing, they have not believed ?
then, that we have a great High Ch) Mat. 4. 10. Then saith Priest, that is passed into the Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let Satan : for it is written, Thou is hold fast our profession. Let
access into his presence without a mediator (P); and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit. for, that glorious work but Christ alone (9); we are to pray in no other name but his only (r).
R. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray ?
Å. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in, all persons, nor at all times in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces, which are requisite for the right performance of that duty (s). Q. 183. For whom are we to pray
? A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth (t); for magistrates (v), and ministers (w); for
us therefore come boldly unto the sacrifice of praise to God contithrone of grace, that we may nually, that is, the fruit of our lips, obtain mercy, and find grace to giving thanks to his name. help in time of need.
(8) Rom. 8. 26, 27. Likewise (P) John 14. 6. Jesus saith un- the Spirit also helpeth our infirto him, I am the way, and the mities : for we know not what we truth, and the life : no man com- should pray for as we ought : but eth unto the Father, but by me. the Spirit itself maketh interces. Isa. 59. 2. But your iniquities have sion for us with groanings which separated between you and your cannot be uttered. And he that God, and your sins have hid his searcheth the hearts, knoweth face from you, that he will not what is the mind of the Spirit, behear. Eph. 3. 12. In whom we cause he maketh intercession for have boldness and access with con- the saints according to the will of fidence by the faith of him. God.
c) John 6. 27. Labour not (t) Eph. 6. 18. Praying always for the meat which perisheth, but with all prayer and supplication for that meat which endureth un- in the Spirit, and watching there. to everlasting life, which the Son unto with all perseverance, and of man shall give unto you : for supplication for all saints. Psalms him hath God the Father sealed. 28. 9. Save thy people, and bless Heb. 7. 25. Wherefore he is able thine inheritance: feed them also, also to save them to the uttermost, and lift them up for ever. that come unto God by him, see- (0) 1 Tim. 2. 1, 2. I exhort ing he ever liveth to make inter- therefore, that first of all, supplie cession for theni.
cations, prayers, intercessions, and (n) Col. 3. 17. And whatso- giving of thanks be made for all ever ye do in word or deed, do all men : For kings, and for all that in the name of the Lord Jesus, are in authority ; that we may giving thanks to God and the Fa- lead a quiet and peaceable life in ther by him. Heb. 13. 15. By all godliness and honesty. him, therefore, let us offer the pw) Col. 4. 3. Withal, praya
ourselves (a), our brethren (y), yea, our enemies (z); and for all sorts of men living (a), or that shall live hereafter (b); but not for the dead (c), nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death (d). Q. 184. For what things are we to pray
2 Å. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God (e), the welfare of the church (f), our own (8) or others' good (h): but not for any thing that is unlawful (i). Q. 185. How are we to pray
2 A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God (k), and deep sense of our own unwor
ing also for us, that God would me, that the child may live? But open unto us a door of utterance, now he is dead, wherefore should to speak the mystery of Christ, I fast ? can I bring him back again? for which I am also in bonds. I shall go to him, but he shall not
(3) Gen. 32. 11, Deliver nie, return to me. I pray thee, from the hand of
my (d) 1 John 5. 16. If any man brother, from the hand of Esau : see his brother sin a sin which is for I fear him, lest he will come not unto death, he shall ask; and and smite me, and the mother he shall give him life for them with the children.
that sin not unto death. There is (y) James 5. 16. Confess your a sin unto death : I do not say faults one to another, and pray that he shall pray for it. one for another, that ye may be (e) Mat. 6. 9. After this manhealed : The effectual fervent ner therefore pray ye: Our Faprayer of a righteous man avail- ther which art in heaven, Halloweth much.
ed be thy name. Ez) Mat. 5. 44. But I say (f) Psal. 51. 18. Do good in unto you, Love your enemies, thy good pleasure unto Zion: build bless them that curse you, do good thou the walls of Jerusalem. Psal. to them that hate you, and pray 122. 6. Pray for the peace of for them which despitefully use Jerusalem : they shall prosper you, and persecute you,
that love thee. ru) 1 Timothy 2. 1, 2. (See (g) Mat. 7. 11.
ye then, above in v.)
being evil, know how to give good (6) John 17. 20. Neither pray gifts uuto your children, how much I for these alone, but for them more shall your Father which is also which shall believe on me in heaven give good things to them through their word.
that ask him? fc) 2 Sam. 12. 21–23. Then (h) Psal. 125. 4. Do good, () said his servants unto him, What Lord, upto those that be good, and thing is this that thou hast done? to them that are upright in their thou didst fast and weep for the hearts. child while it was alive, but when (i) 1 John 5. 14. And this is the child was dead, thou didst rise the confidence that we have in and eat bread. And he said, while him, that if we ask any thing acthe child was yet alive, I fasted cording to his will, he heareth us. and wept, for I said, Who can tell (k) Eccl. 5. 1. Keep thy foot whether God will be gracious to when thou goest to the house of