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thiness (1), necessities (m), and sins (n); with penitent(0), thankful (p), and enlarged hearts (9); with understanding (r), faith (s), sincerity (t), fervency (v), love (w), and perseverance (a), waiting upon him (y) with humble submission to his will (2).

Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer ?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in


God, and be more ready to hear, then? I will pray with the spirit, than to give the sacrifice of fools : and I will pray with the underfor they consider not that they do standing also.

(s) Mark 11. 24. Therefore (1) Gen. 18. 27. And Abraham I say unto you, What things soanswered and said, Behold, now, ever ye desire when ye pray, beI have taken upon me to speak lieve that ye receive them, and ye unto the Lord, which am but dust shall have them. James 1. 6. But and ashes.

let him ask in faith, nothing wa(m) Luke 15. 17. And when vering: for he that wavereth is he came to himself, he said, How like a wave of the sea, driven with many hired servants of my father's the wind, and tossed. have bread enough and to spare, (t) Psal. 145. 18. The Lord and I perish with hunger! is nigh unto all them that call up

an) Luke 18. 13. And the on him, to all that call upon him in publican, standing afar off, would truth. Psalms 17. 1. Hear the not lift up so much as his eyes right, O Lord, attend unto my unto heaven, but smote upon his cry, give ear unto my prayer that breast, saying, God be merciful to goeth not out of feigned lips. mne a sinner,

co) James 5. 16. The effec(0) Psal. 51. 17. The sacrifi- tual fervent prayer of a righteous ces of God are a broken spirit : man availeth much. a broken and a contrite heart, O (w) 1 Tim. 2. 8. I will, there. God, thou wilt not despise. fore, that men pray every where,

() Phil. 4. 6. Be careful for lifting up holy hands, without nothing: but in every thing by wrath and doubting. prayer and supplication, with roc). Eph. 6. 18. Praying alThanksgiving, let your requests b: ways with all prayer and supplimade known unto God.

cation in the Spirit, and watching (q) 1 Sam. 1. 15. And Han- thereunto with all perseverance, nah answered and said, No, my and supplication for all saints. Lord, I am a woman of a sorrow- Cy) Micah 7.7. Therefore I ful spirit: I have drunk neither will look unto the Lord : I will wine nor strong drink, but have wait for the God of my salvation : poured out ny soul before the my God will hear me. Lord. 1 Sam. 2. 1. And Hannah rz) Mat. 26. 39.

And he, prayed, and said, My heart re- went a little further, and fell on joiceth in the Lord, mine horn is his face, and prayed, saying, O exalted in the Lord: my mouth my Father, if it be possible, let is enlarged over mine enemies; this cup pass from me: neverthebecause I rejoice in thy salvation. less, not as I will, but as thou

(?) 1 Cor. 14. 15. What is it wilt.

the duty of prayer (a); but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which pur-Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called, The Lord's Prayer (b).

Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used ?

A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern according to which we are to make other prayers, but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer (c).

Q. 188. Of how znany parts doth the Lord's prayer consist ?

A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts ; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.

Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer, contained in these words, Our Father which art in Heaven (d), teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein (e); with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions (f), heavenly affections (g), and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension (h): as also, to pray with and for others (i).

(a) 1 John 5. 14. And this is but ye have received the spirit of the confidence that we have in adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, him, that if we ask any thing ac- Father. cording to his will, he heareth us. (Isa. 64. 9. Be not wroth

(6) Mat. 6. vers. 9-13. After very sore, O Lord, neither rethis manner therefore pray ye: member iniquity for ever; behold, Our Father, &c. Luke 11. vers. see, we beseech thee, we are all 2, 3, 4. And he said unto them, thy people. When ye pray, say, Our Father, (8) Psal. 123. 1. Unto thee &c.

lift I up mine eyes, 0 thou that (c) Mat. 6. 9. Compared with dwellest in the heavens. Lam. 3. Luke 11, 2. (See above, in letter 41. Let us lift up our heart with

our hands unto God in the (d) Matthew 6.9.

heavens. re) Luke 11. 13. If ye then, (h) Isa. 63. 15, 16. Look down being evil, know how to give good from heaven, and behold from gifts unto your children ; how the habitation of thy holiness and much more shall your heavenly of thy glory : where is thy zeal Father give the holy Spirit to and thy strength, the sounding of them that ask him ? Rom. 8. 15. thy bowels, and of thy mercies toFor have not received the wards me? are they restrained ? spirit of bondage again to fear: Doubtless thou art our Father,



Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition ?

A. In the first petition, (which is, Hallowed be thy name (k), acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright (1), we pray that God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem him (m), his titles (n), attributes (0), ordinances, word (P), works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by (9); and to glorify him in thought, word (r), and deed (s): that he would prevent and remove Atheism (t), ignorance (v), idols atry (w), profaneness (x), and whatsoever is dishonour

though Abraham be ignorant of will extol thee, my God, O King, us, and Israel acknowledge us &c. Psal. 8, throughout. O Lord, not: thou, O Lord, art our Fa- our Lord, how excellent is thy ther, our Redeemer; thy name is name in all the earth ! &c. from everlasting

(r) Psal. 103. 1. Bless the (i) Acts 12. 5. Peter there. Lord, O my soul : and all that is fore was kept in prison : but pray within me, bless his holy name. tr was made, without ceasing, of rs ) Phil. 1. 9. 11. And this I the church unto God for him. pray, that your love may abound (k) Matthew 6. 9.

yet more and more in knowledge,

and in all judgment; Being filled are sufficient of ourselves to think with the fruits of righteousness, any thing as of ourselves : but our which are by Jesus Christ unto sufficiency is of God.

the glory and praise of God. (m) Psal. 67. 2, 3. That thy (1) Psalms 67. 1, 2. God be way may be known upon earth, merciful unto us, and bless us ; thy saving health among all na- and cause his face to shine upon tions. Let the people praise thee, 118. That thy way may be known O God ; let all the people praise upon earth, thị saving health thee.

Among all nations. (n) Psal. 83. 18. That men (0) Eph. 1. 17, 18, That the may know, that thou, whose name God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the alone is Jéhovah, art the Most Father of Glory, may give unto High over all the earth.

you the Spirit of wisdom and re. (O) Psal. 86. 10. For thou art velation in the knowledge of him : great, and dost wondrous things: The eyes of your understanding thou art God alone.

being enlightened ; that ye may (p) 2 Thess. 3. 1. Finally, know what is the hope of his cal. brethren, pray for us, that the ling, and what the riches of the word of the Lord may have free glory of his inheritance in the course, and be glorified even as it saints. is with you. Psal. 147. 19. He (w) Psal. 97. 7. Confounded sheweth his word unto Jacob, his be all they that serve graven statutes and his judgments unto images, that boast themselves of Israel.

idols : worship him, all ye gods. (9) Psal. 145, throughout. I (x) Psal. 74. 18. Remember able to him (y), and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory (2).

Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition ?

A. In the second petition, which is, Thy kingdom come (a), acknowledging ourselves, and all mankind, to be by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan (b), we pray, that the kingdom of sin and Satan may be destroyed (c), the gospel propagated throughout the world(d), the Jews called (e), the fulness of the Gentiles brought in (f); the church furnished with all gospel-officers and ordinances (g), purged from corruption (h),

this, that the enemy hath re- tivity captive : thou hast received proached, O Lord, and that the gifts for men; yea, for the rebelfoolish people have blasphemed lious also, that the Lord God thy name.

might dwell among them. Cy) 2 Kings 19. 15, 16. And (d) 2 Thess. 3. 1. Finally, Hezekiah prayed before the Lord, brethren, pray for us, that the and said, O Lord God Israel, word of the Lord may have free which dwellest between the che- course, and be glorified even as it rubims, thou art the God, even is with you. thou alone, of all the kingdoms re) Rom. 10. 1. Brethren, of the earth, thou hast made hea- my heart's desire and prayer to ven and earth. Lord, bow down God for Israel is, that they might thine ear, and hear : open, Lord, be saved. thine eyes, and see ; and hear the (S) John 17. 9. 20.

pray words of Sennacherib, which hath for them: I pray not for the sent him to reproach the living world, but for them which thou God.

hast given me ; for they are thine. (3) 2 Chron. 20. 6. And (Je. Neither pray I for these alone, hoshaphat) said, O Lord God of but for them also which shall be our fathers, art not thou God in lieve on me through their word. Jieaven? and rulest not thou over () Matthew 9. 38. Pray ye, all the kingdoms of the heathen ? therefore, the Lord of the barvest and in thine hand is there not that he will send forth labourers power and might, so that rone is into his harvest. 2 Thess. 3. 1. able to withstand thee?

Finally, brethren, pray for us, (a) Matthew 6. 10.

that the word of the Lord may (6) Epl. 2. 2. Wherein, in have free course, and be glorified time past, ye walked according to even as it is with you. the course of this world, according ..(h) Mal. 1. 11. For from the to the prince of the power of the rising of the sun even unto the air, the spirit that now worketh going down of the same, my name in the children of disobedience. shall be great among the Gentiles,

.c) Psal. 68. 1. 18. Let God and in every place incense shall arise, let his enemies be scatter- be offered unto my name, and a ed : let them also that hate hir pure offering ; for my name shall Aee before him. Thou hast as. be great among the heathen, saitba cended on high, thou hast led cape the Lord of liosts.

countenanced and maintained by the civil magistrate (i); that the ordinances of Christ may be purely dispensed and made effectual to the converting of those that are yet in their sins, and the confirming, comforting, and building up of those that are already converted (k): that Christ would rule in our hearts here (1), and hasten the time of his second coming, and our reigning with him for ever (m): and that he would be pleased so to exercise the kingdom of his power in all the world, as may best conduce to these ends (n).

Q. 192. What do we pray for in the third petition?

A. In the third petition, which is, Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven (0), acknowledging that by nature we and all men are not only utterly unable and unwilling to know and do the will of God (p), but prone to rebel against his word (9), to repine and murmur against his proidence (r), and wholly inclined to do the will of the

(i) 1 Tim. 2. 1. I exhort, Spirit in the inner man. therefore, that first of all, suppli- cm) Rev. 22. 20. He which cations, prayers, intercessions, testifieth these things saith, Sure. and giving of thanks, be made for ly I come quickly. Amen. Even ali men: v. 2. For kings, and for so, come Lord Jesus. all that are in authority; that we (m) Isaiah 64. 1, 2. Oh that may lead a quiet and peaceable life thou wouldest rend the heavens, in all godliness and honesty.

that thou wouldest come down. (k) 2 Thes. 1. 11. Where that the mountains might fove fore also we pray always for your, down at thy presence: As when that our God would count you the melting fire burneth, the fire worthy of his calling, and fulfil all causeth the waters to boil, to the good pleasure of his goodness, make thy name known to thine and the work of faith with power. adversaries; that the nations may 2 Thes. 2. 16, 17. Now our Lord tremble at thy presence. Jesus Christ himself, and God ro) Matthew 6. 10. even our Father, which hath lov

Rom.7. 18. For I know, ed us, and hath given us everlast- that in me, (that is, in my fesh) ing consolation, and good hope dwelleth no good thing: for to through grace, Comfort your will is present with me, but how

stablish you in every to perform that which is good, I good word and work.

find not. (1) Eph. 3. 14-16. For this C9 Rom. 8. 7. Because the cause I bow my knees unto the carnal mind is enmity against God; Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, for it is not subject to the law of Of whoin the whole family in God, neither indeed can be. heaven and earth is named, That (r) Exod. 17. 7. And he call. he would grant you, according to ed the name of the place Massah, the riches of his glory, to be and Meribah, because of the chi strengthened with might by his ding of the children of Israel, and

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