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of his Son given to them (y), are, under his fatherly care and dispensation (2), admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory (a)
Q. 75. What is sanctification ?
Ă. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath, before the foundation of the world, chosen to be holy, are in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit (b), applying the death and resurrection of Christ unto them (c), renewed in their whole man after the image of God (d); having the seeds of repentance unto life, and of all other saving graces, put into their hearts (e); and those graces so stirred up, increased, and strengthened (f), as that they more and more die unto sin, and rise unto newness of life (8).
Q. 76. What is repentance unto life ?
be my sons and my daughters, we also should walk in newness saith the Lord Almighty.
of life. ry) Gal. 4. 6. And because (d) Eph. 4. 24. And that ye ye are sons, God hath sent forth put on the new man, which after the Spirit of his Son into your God is created in righteousness hearts, crying, Abba, Father. and true holiness.
(z) Psalm 103. 13. Like as re) Acts 11. 18. When they a father pitieth his children; so heard these things, they held the Lord pitieth them that fear their peace, and glorified God, him.
saying, Then hath God also to the (a) Heb. 6. 12. That ye be Gentiles granted repentance unto not slothful, but followers of them life. 1 John 3.9. Whosoever is who, through faith and patience, born of God, doth not commit inherit the promises. Rom. 8. 17. sin : for his seed remaineth in And, if children, then heirs ; him : and he cannot sin, because heirs of God, and joint-heirs with he is born of God. Christ: if so be, that we suffer () Eph. 3. 16. That he with him, that we may be also would grant you according to the glorified together.
riches of his glory, to be strength(b) Eph. 1. 4. According as ened with might by his Spirit in he hath chosen us in him, before the inner-man. the foundation of the world, that (5) Rom. 6. 4.. Therefore we we should be holy, and without are buried with him by baptism blame before him in love.
into death : that like as Christ (c) Rom. 6. 4. Therefore we was raised up from the dead by are buried with him by baptism the glory of the Father, even so into death : that like as Christ we also should walk in newness was raised up from the dead by of life. the glory of the Father, even so Ch) 2 Tim. 2. 25. In meek
in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit (i) and word of God (k), whereby out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger (1), but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins (m), and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in Christ to such as are penitent (n), he so grieves for (0), and hates his sins (p), as that he turns from them all to God (9), purposing and endeavouring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience (r).
Q. 77. Wherein do justification and sanctification differ? A. Although sanctification be inseparably joined with
ness instructing those that oppose your God : for he is gracious and themselves; if God peradventure merciful, slow to anger, and of will give them repentance to the great kindness, and repenteth acknowledging of the truth. him of the evil.
(i) Zech. 12. 10. And I will (0) Jer. 31. 18, 19. I have pour upon the house of David, surely heard Ephraim bemoaning and upon the inhabitants of Jeru- himself thus, Thou hast chastised salem, the Spirit of grace and of me, and I was chastised, as a bulsupplications ; and they shall look lock unaccustomed to the yoke : upon me whom they have pierc- turn thou me, and I shall be turned, and they shall mourn for him, ed : for thou art the Lord my as one mourneth for his only son, God. Surely after that I was and shall be in bitterness for him, turned, I repented : and after as one that is in bitterness for his that I was instructed, I smote upfirst-born.
on my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, ( k ) Acts 11. 18. When they even confounded, because I did heard these things, they held bear the reproach of my youth. their peace, and glorified God, (v) 2 Cor. 7. 11. For behold, saying, Then hath God also to the this self-same thing that ye sorGentiles granted repentance unto rowed after a godly sort, what life.
carefulness it wrought in you, (1) Ezek. 18.28. Because he yea, what clearing of yourselves, considereth, and turneth away yea, what indignation, yea, what from all his transgressions that he fear, yea, what vehement desire, hath committed, he shall surely yea, what zeal, yea, what relive, he shall not die.
venge! in all things ye have ap(m) Ezek. 36. 31. Then shall proved yourselves to be clear in ye remember your own evil ways, this matter. and your doings that were not (9) Acts 26. 18. To open good, and shall loathe yourselves their eyes, and to turn them from in your own sight, for your iniqui- darkness to light, and from the ties, and for your abominations. power of Satan unto God, that
(n) Joel 2. 12, 13. Therefore they may receive forgiveness of also now, saith the Lord, Turn sins, and inheritance among them ye even to me with all your heart, which are sunctified by fpith that and with fasting, and with weep- is in me, ing, and with mourning. And (r) Psal. 119. 6. Then I shall rend your heart, and not your not be ashamed, when I have regarments, and turn unto the Lord spect unto all thy commandments.
justification (8), yet they differ, in that God in justification imputeth the righteousness of Christ (t); in sanctification his Spirit infuseth grace, and enableth to the exercise thereof (v); in the former, sin is pardoned (n); in the other, it is subdued (w): the one doth equally free all believers from the revenging wrath of God, and that perfectly in this life, that they never fall into condemnation (y); the other is neither equal in all (2), nor in this life perfect in any (a), but growing up to perfection (b).
Q.78. Whence ariseth the imperfection of sanctification in believers ?
A. The imperfection of sanctification in believers, ariseth from the remnants of sin abiding in every part of them, and the perpetual lustings of the flesh against the spirit; whereby they are often foiled with temptations, and fall into many sins (c), are hindered in all their spi
rs 1 Cor. 1. 30. But of him (y) Kom. 8. 33. Who shall lay are ye in Christ Jesus, who of any thing to the charge of God's God is made unto us wisdom, and elect? It is God that justifieth. righteousness," and sanctification, (z) Heb. 5. 13, 14. For every and redemption.
one that useth milk, is unskilful (t) Rom. 4. 6, 8. Even as in the word of righteousness : for David also describeth the blessed- he is a babe. But strong meat ness of the man unto whom God belongeth to them that are of full imputeth righteousness without age, even those who, by reason of works. Blessed is the man to use, have their senses exercised whom the Lord will not impute to discern both good and evil. sin.
(a) 1 John 1. 8.
And if we (0) Ezek. 36. 27. And I say that we have no sin, we dewill put my Spirit within you, and ceive ourselves, and the truth is cause you to walk in my statutes, not in us. v. 10. If we say, that and ye shall keep my judgments we have not sinned, we make him and do them.
a liar, and his word is not in us. (w) Rom. 3. 24, 25. Being jus- (6) 2 Cor. 7. 1. Having there. tified freely by his grace, through fore these promises, dearly belorthe redemption that is in Christ ed, let us cleanse ourselves from Jesus : Whom God hath set forth all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, to be a propitiation through faith perfecting holiness in the fear of in his blood, to declare his righte. God. ousness for the remission of sins (c) Rom. 7. 18, 23. For I that are past, through the for- know that in me (that is, in my bearance of God.
fleslı) dwelleth no good thing : for (v) Rom. 6. 6. Knowing this, to will is present with me, but that our old man is crucified with how to perform that which is him, that the body of sin night good, I find not. But I see ana be destroyed, that henceforth we other law in my members, warshould not serve sin.
ring against the law of my mind,
ritual services (d), and their best works are imperfect and defiled in the sight of God (e).
Q. 79. May not true believers, by reason of their imperfections, and ihe many temptations and sins they are overtaken with, fall away from the state of grace ?
A. True believers, by reason of the unchangeable love of God (f), and his decree and covenant to give them perseverance (g), their inseparable union with Christ (h), his continual intercession for them (i), and the Spirit and seed of God abiding in them (k), can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace (1), but are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation (m).
Q. 80. Can true believers be infallibly assured that they are in the estate of grace, and that they shall persevere therein unto salvation ?
A. Such as truly believe in Christ, and endeavour to walk in all good conscience before him (n), may, without and bringing me into captivity to (h) 1 Cor. 1. 8. 9. Who shall the law of sin, which is in my also confirm you unto the end, members.
that ye may be blameless in the d) Heb. 12. 1. Wherefore, day of our Lord Jesus Christ. seeing we also are compassed God is faithful, by whom ye were about with so great a cloud of called upto the fellowship of his witnesses, let us lay aside every Son Jesus Christ our Lord. weight, and the sin which doth so (i) Heb. 7. 25. Wherefore he easily beset us, and let us run is able also to save them to the utwith patience the race that is set termost, that come unto God by
him, seeing he ever liveth to re) Isa. 64. 6. But we are make intercession for them. all as an unclean thing, and all our rk ) 1 John 3. 9. Whosoever righteousness are as filthy rags, is born of God, doth not commit and we all do fade as a leaf, and sin, for his seed remaineth in him, onr inquities, like the wind, have and he cannot sin, because he is taken us away.
born of God. (f) Jer. 31. 3. The Lord (1) Jer. 32. 40. And I will Lath appeared of old unto me, make an everlasting covenant with saying, Yea, I have loved thee them, that I will not turn away with an everlasting love: there from them, to do them good : but fore with loving kindness have I I will put my fear in their hearts, drawn thee.
that they shall not depart from me. rg) 2 Tim. 2. 19. Neverthe- ( m ) 1 Pet. 1. 5. Who are less, the foundation of God stand- kept by the power of God, eth sure, having this seal, The through faith, unto salvation ready Lord knoweth them that are his. to be revealed in the last time. And, Let eyery one that nameth (n) John 2. 3. hereby the name of Christ depart from we do know that we know him, iniquity.
if we keep his commandments:
extraordinary revelation, by faith grounded upon the truth of God's promises, and by the Spirit enabling them to discern in themselves those graces to which the promises of life are made (0), and bearing witness with their spirits that they are the children of God(p), be infallibly assured, that they are in the estate of grace, and shall persevere therein unto salvation (9).
Q. 81. Are all true believers at all times assured of their present being in the estate of grace, and that they shall be saved ?
A. Assurance of grace and salvation not being of the essence of faith (r), true believers may wait long before they obtain it(s); and, after the enjoyment thereof, may have it weakened and intermitted, through manifold distempers, sins, temptations, and desertions (t); yet are they never left without such a presence and support of the Spirit of God, as keeps them from sinking into utter despair (v).
Q. 82. What is the communion in glory which the members of the invisible church have with Christ?
A. The communion in glory, which the members of
co) 1 Cor. 2. 12. Now we sealed with that holy Spirit of have received, not the spirit of promise, the world, but the Spirit which is (8) Isa. 50. 10. Who is among of God; that we might know the you that feareth the Lord, that things that are freely given to us obeyeth the voice of his servant, of God. 1 John 3. 14. We know that walketh in darkness, and that we have passed from death hath no light ? let him trust in unto life, because we love the the name of the Lord, and stay brethren : he that loveth not his upon his
God. brother, abideth in death.
(t) Psalm 31. 22. For I said (P)Rom. 8. 16. The Spirit in my haste, I am cut off from itself beareth witness with our before thine eyes; nevertheless spirit that we are the children of thou heardest the voice of my supGod.
plications, when I cried unto thee. (9) 1 John 5. 13. These things Psalm 22. 1. My God, My God, have I written unto you that be- why hast thou forsaken me? why lieve on the name of the Son of art thou so far from helping me, God, that ye may know that ye and from the words of my roar. have eternal life, and that ye may ing? believe on the name of the Son of ru) 1 John 3. 9. Whosoever God.
is born of God, doth not commit (r) Eph. 1. 13. In whom ye sin, for his seed remaineth in also trusted after that ye heard him: and he cannot sin, because the word of truth, the gospel of he is born of God. Job 13. 15. your salvation; in whom also, af- Though he slay me, yet will I ter that ye believed, ye were trust in him ; but I will maintain