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contrary duty is commanded(s); so, where a promise is. annexed, the contrary threatening is included (1); and, where a threatening is annexed, the contrary promise is included (v).
5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done (no); what he commands, is always our duty (x); and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times (y).
6. That under one sin or duty, all of the same kind are forbidden or commanded, together with all the causes, means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provoc&tions thereunto (2).
7. That what is forbidden or commanded to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places (a).
(s) Eph. 4. 28. Let him that may come? whose damnation is stole, steal no more ; but rather just. let him labour, working with his (*) Deut. 4. 8, 9. And what hands the thing which is good, nation is there so great, that hatla that he may have to give to him statutes and judgments so rightethat needeth.
ous as all this law which I set be(t). Exod. 20. 12.. Honour fore you this day ? Only take hced thy father and thy mother; that to thyself, and keep thy soul dilithy days may be long upon the gently, lest thou forget the things land which the Lord thy God giv- which thine eyes have seen, and eth thee. Compared with Prov. lest they depart from thy heart 30. 17. The eye that mocketh at all the days of thy life : but teach his father, and despiseth to obey them thy sons, and thy sons' sons. his mother, the ravens of the val- (y) Mat. 12. 7. But if ye had ley shall pick it out, and the young known what this meaneth, I will eagles shall eat it.
have mercy and not sacrifice, ye ro) Jer. 18. 7, 8. At what iu- would not have condemned the stant I shall speak concerning a guiltless. nation, and concerning a kingdom, (z) Heb. 10. 24, 25. And let to pluck up, and to pull down, us consider one another, to proand to destroy it: If that nation, voke unto love and to good works: against whom I have pronounced, Not forsaking the assembling of turn from their evil, I will repent bourselves together, as the manner of the evil that I thought to do of some is ; but exhorting one unto them.
another : and so much the more, (w) Job 13. 7, 8. Will you as ye see the day approaching. i speak wickedly for God? and talk Thess. 5. 22. Abstain from all deceitfully for him? Will ye ac- appearance of evil. Jude 23. And oept his person? Will ye contend others save with fear, pulling for God? Rom. 3. 8. And not them out of the fire; hating even rather, (as we be slanderously re- the garment spotted by the flesh. Juorted, and as some affirm that ra) Exod. 20., 10. But the we say), Let us do evil, that good seventh day is the sabbath of the
8. That, in what is commanded to others, we are bound, according to our places and callings, to be helpful to them (b); and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbidden them (c).
Q. 100. What special things are we to consider in the ten commandments ?
A. We are to consider in the ten commandments, the preface, the substance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to some of them the more to enforce them.
Q. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandments ?
1. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage (d). Wherein God manifesteth his sovereignty, as being JEHOVAH, the eternal, immutabte, and almighty God (e); having his being in and of himself (f), and giving being to all his words (g), and works (h): and that he is a God in covenant, as with Israel of old, so with all his people (i); who, as he brought them out of Lord thy God : in it thou shalt beside me there is no God. not do any work, thou nor thy (fExodus 3. 14. And God son, nor thy daughter, nor thy said unto Moses, I AM THAT I man-servant, nor thy maid-ser- AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou yant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stran- say unto the children of Israel, I ger that is within thy gates. Lev. AM hath sent me unto you. 19. 17. Thou shalt not hate thy (9) Exod, 6. 3. And I appeared brother in thine heart : thou shalt unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, unto Jacob, by the name of God and not suffer sin upon him. Almighty, but by my name JE
(b) 2 Cor. 1.24. Not for that HOVAH was I not known to them. we have dominion over your faith, (h) Acts 17. 24. God that but are helpers of your joy; for made the world and all things by faith ye stand.
therein, seeing that he is Lord of rc i Tim. 5. 22. Lay hands heaven and earth, dwelleth not suddenly on no man, neither be in temples made with hands. partaker of other men's sins : (i) Gen. 17. 7. And I will es. keep thyself pure. Eph. 5. 11. tablish my covenant between me And have no fellowship with the and thee, and thy seed after thee unfruitful works of darkness, but in their generations, for an everrather reprove them.
lasting covenant; to be a God unto (d) Exodus 20. 2.
thee, and to thy seed after thee. (e) Isa. 44. 6. Thus saith the Compared with Rom. 3. 29. Is he Lord the King of Israel, and his the God of the Jews only? is he redeemer the Lord of hosts, I am not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the first, and I am the last ; and the Gentiles also.
their bondage in Egypt, so he delivereth us from our spi ritual thraldrom (k); and that therefore we are bound to take him for our God alone, and to keep all his commandments (1)
Q. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which contain our duty to God?
A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind (m).
Q. 103. What is the first commandment ?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other Gods before me (n).
Q. 104. Which are the duties required in the first commandment?
A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God, to be the only true God, and our God (0); and to worship and glorify him accordingly (P), by thinking (9), meditating (r), remembering (8), highly esteeming (1), honour
rk Luke 1.74, 75. That he and to keep his statutes, and his would grant unto us, that we, commandments, and his judgbeing delivered out of the hands ments, and to hearken unto his of our enemies, might serve him voice. without fear, In holiness and (P) Psal. 95. 6. O come, let us righteousness before him, all the worship and bow down ; let us days of our life.
kneel before the Lord our Maker. (!) 1 Peter 1. 15. But as he ro) Mal. 3. 16. Then they which hath called you is holy, so that feared the Lord spake often be ye holy in all manner of con- one to another; and the Lord versation. Lev. 19. 37. There- hearkened, and heard it, and a fore shall ye observe all my sta- book of remembrance was writtutes, and all my judgments, and ten before him for them that feardo them: I am the Lord.
ed the Lord, and that thought (m) Luke 10. 27. And he upon his name. answering, said, Thou shalt love (n) Psal. 63. 6. When I re. the Lord thy God with all thy member thee upon my bed, and heart, and with all thy soul, and meditate on thee in the night with all thy strength, and with all watches. thy mind ; and thy neighbour as (8) Eccl. 12. 1. Remember thyself.
now thy Creator in the days of (n) Exodus 20. 3.
thy youth, while the evil days ) Deut. 26. 17. Thou hast come not, nor the years draw avouched the Lord this day to be nigh, when thou shalt say, I have thy God, and to walk in his ways, no pleasure in them.
ing (v), adoring (n), choosing (x), loving (y), desiring (2), fearing of him (a); believing him (b); trusting (c), hoping (d), delighting (e), rejoicing in him (f); being zealous for him (g); calling upon him; giving all praise and thanks (h), and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole man (i); being careful in all things to please him (k), and sorrowful when in any thing he is offended (1); and walking humbly with him (m).
(t) Psal 71. 19. Thy righte- the Lord forever : for in the Lord ousness also, O God, is very high, JEROVAL is everlasting strength. who hast done great things : 0 (d) Psal. 130. 7. Let Israel God, who is like unto thee? hope in the Lord : for with the
(v) Mal. 1. 6. A son hon- Lord there is mercy, and with oureth his father, and a servant him is plenteous redemption. his master; if I be a father, re) Psal. 37. 4. Delight thywhere is mine honour ? and if I self also in the Lord : and he be a master, where is my fear? shall give thee the desires of thine saith the Lord of hosts unto you, heart. O priests that despise my name. (A) Psal. 32. 11. Be glad in
i w) Isa. 14. 23. I have sworn the Lord, and rejoice, ye righte. by myself, the word is gone out ous; and shout for joy, all ye of my mouth in righteousness, that are upright in heart. and shall not return, that unto me (8) Rom. 12. 11. Not slothevery knee shall bow, every ful in business, fervent in spirit; tongue shall swear.
serving the Lord, (x) Josh. 24. 22. And Joshua (h) Phil. 4. 6. Be careful for said into the people, Ye are wit- nothing but in every thing by nesses against yourselves, that ye prayer and supplication with have chosen the Lord, to serve thanksgiving, let your requests be him. And they said, We are wit- made known unto God.
(i) James 4. 7. Submit your. (y) Deut. 6. 5. And thou selves therefore to God; resist shalt love the Lord thy God with the devil, and he will flee from all thine heart, and with all thy you. soul, and with all thy might. ( k ) 1 John 3, 22. And what
(2) Psal. 73. 25. Whom have soever we ask, we receive of him, I in heaven but thec? and there because we keep his commandis none upon carth that I desirements, and do those things that besides thee.
are pleasing in his sight. (u) Isa. 8. 13. Sanctify the ri) Jer. 31, 18. I have surely Lord of hosts himself, and let heard Ephraim bemoaning himkuim be your fear, and let him be self thus : Thou hast chastised your dread.
me, and I was chastised, as a bul(6) Exod. 14. 31. And Israel lock unaccustomed to the yoke : saw that great work which the turn thou me, and I shall be turn. Lord did upon the Egyptians: ed; for thou art the Lord my and the people feared the Lord, God. and believed the Lord, and his (m) Mic. 6. 8. He hath shew. servant Moses.
ed thee, O man, what is good; (c) Isa. 26. 4. Trust ye in and what dath the Lord require
Q. 105. What are the sins forbidden in the first cominandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the first commandment are, Atheism, in denying, or not having a God (n); Idolatry, in having or worshipping more Gods than one, or any with or instead of the true God (0); the not having and avouching him for God, and our God (p); the omission or neglect of any thing due to him, required in this commandment (9); ignorance (r), forgetfulness (s), misapprehensions (0), false opinions (v), unworthy and wicked thoughts of him (w); bold and curious searching into his secrets (2); all profaneness (y), hatred of God (2); selflove (a); self-seeking (b), and all other inordinate and
of thee, but to do justly, and to passed by, and beheld your devolove mercy, and to walk humbly tions, I found an altar with this with thy God.
inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN (n) Psalms 14. 1. The fool God. Whom therefore ye ignea hath said in his heart, There is rantly worship, him declare I unno God: they are corrupt, they to you. have done abominable works, ro) Isaiah 40.18.
To whom there is none that doeth good. then will ye liken God? or what
() Jer. 2. 28. But where are likeness will ye compare unto thy gods that thou hast made him. thce ? let them arise if they can (w) Psal. 50. 21. These things save thee in the time of thy hast thou done, and I kept silence : trouble : for according to the num. thou thoughtest that I was alto ber of thy cities are thy gods, O gether such a one as thyself : but Judah.
I will reprove thee, and set them (p) Psal. 81. 11. But my peo- in order before thine eyes. ple would not hearken unto my .( x ) Deut. 29. 29. The secret voice : and Israel would none of things belong unto the Lord our
God; but those things which are (9) Isa. 43. 22. But thou hast revealed belong unto us and to not called upon me, O Jacob, but our children forever, that we may thou hast been weary of me, o do all the words of this law. Israel.
(y) Heb. 12. 16. Lest there (n) Jer. 4. 22. For my peo- be any fornicator, or profane per, ple is foolish, they have not known son, as Esau, who, for one morsel me : they are sottish children, and of meat, sold his birthright. they have none understanding : (z) Rom. 1. 30. Backbiters, they are wise to do evil, but to do haters of God, despiteful, proud, good they have no knowledge. boasters.
(3) Jer. 2. 32. Can a maid (a) 2 Tim. 3. 2. For men forget her ornaments, or a bride shall be lovers of their own selves, her attire ? yet my people have covetous, boasters, proud, blaspheforgotten me days without num- mers, disobedient to parents, une ber.
thankful, unholy. (t) Acts 17. 23. For as I b) Phil. 2. 21. For all seek