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ing (d), and any wise approving any religious worship not instituted by God himself (e); * tolerating a false religion (f); the making any representation of God, of all, or of any of the three persons, either inwardly in our mind, or outwardly in any kind of image or likeness of any creature whatsoever (g); all worshipping of it (h); or God in it or by it (i); the making of any representation of feigned deities (k), and all worship of them, or
(d) 1 Kings 11. 33. Because her flesh, and burn her with fire. that they have forsaken me, and rg) Acts 17. 29. Forasmuch have worshipped Ashtoreth the then as we are the offspring of goddess of the Zidonians, Che- God, we ought not to think that mosh the god of the Moabites, the Godhead is like unto gold, or and Milcom the god of the chil- silver, or stone graven by art and dren of Ammon, and have not man's device. Rom. 1. 21. 25. walked in my ways to do that Because that when they knew which is right in mine eyes, and God, they glorified him not as to keep my statutes and my judg- God, neither were thankful, but ments, as did David his father. became vain in their imaginations,
re) Deut. 12. 32. What thing and their foolish heart was darksoever I command you, observe ened. Who changed the truth of to do it: thou shalt not add there. God into a lie, and worshipped to, nor diminish from it.
and served the creature more (f) Zech. 13. 3. When any than the Creator, who is blessed shall yet prophesy, then his fac for ever. Amen. ther and his mother that begat (h) Dan. 3. 18. But if not, be him shall say unto him, Thou it known unto thee, O king, that shalt not live ; for thou speakest we will not serve thy gods, nor lies in the name of the Lord. Gal. worship the golden image which 1. 8. But though we or an angel thou hast set up. Gal. 4. 8. Howfrom heaven preach any other beit,then when you knew not God, gospel unto you than that which ye did service unto them which we have preached unto you, let by nature are no gods. him be accursed. Rev. 2. 20. I (i) Exod. 32. 5. And when know thy works, and thy labour, Aaron saw it, he built an altar be. and thy patience, and how thou fore it, and Aaron made proclamacanst not bear them which are tion, and said, To-morrow is a evil. Notwithstanding I have a feast to the Lord. few things against thee, because (k) Exod. 32. 8. They have thou sufferest that woman Jeze- turned aside quickly out of the hel, which calleth herself a pro- way which I commanded them : phetess, to teach and to seduce they have made them a molten my servants. Rev. 17. 16. And calf, and have worshipped it, and the ten horns which thou sawest have_sacrificed thereunto, and upon the beast, these shall hate said, These be thy gods, O Ísrael, the whore, and shall make her which have brought thee up out desolate, and naked, and shall eat of the land of Egypt.
* This entire clause is left out in the Answer authorized by the General Assembly. It is modified by the Associate Reformed Synod so as to read authorizing for tolerating
service belonging to them (1); all superstitious deyices (m), corrupting the worship of God (n), adding to it, or taking from it (O), whether invented and taken up of ourselves (p), or received by tradition from others (9), though under the title of antiquity (r), custom (8), devotion (!), good intent, or any other pretence whatsoever (), simony (no); sacrilege (x); all neglect(y), con
and ye say,
(1) Isa. 65. 11. But ye are they as silver and gold, from your vain that forsake the Lord, that forget conversation received by tradition my holy mountain, that prepare from your fathers. a table for that troop, and that (8) Jer. 44. 17. But we will furnish the drink-offering unto certainly do whatsoever thing that number.
goeth forth out of our own mouth, (m). Acts 17. 22. Then Paul to burn incense unto the queen of stood in the midst of Mars-hill, heaven, and to pour out drinkand said, Ye men of Athens, I offerings unto her, as we have perceive that in all things ye are done, we and our fathers, our too superstitious. Col. 2. 21. kings and our princes, in the cities Touch' not, taste not, handle of Judah, and in the streets of not.
Jerusalem : for then had we plenty (n) Mal. 1. 7, 8. Ye offer of victuals, and were well, and polluted bread upon mine altar ; saw no evil.
Wherein have we pol- (t) Isa. 65.3–5. A people luted thee? in that ye say, The that provoketh me to anger contable of the Lord is contemptible. tinually to my face, that sacrificeth And if ye offer the blind for sa- in gardens, and burneth incense crifice, is it not evil ? and if ye of- upon altars of brick : Which refer the lame and sick, is it not main among the graves, and lodge evil ? offer it now unto thy gover- in the monuments, which eat nor, will he be pleased with thee, swine's flesh, and broth of abomior accept thy person ? saith the nable things is in their vessels : Lord of hosts.
Which say, stand by thyself, (O) Deut. 4.2. Ye shall not come not near to me, for I am add unto the word which I com. holier than thou: these are a mand you, neither shall ye dimi- smoke in my nose, a fire that nish ought from it, that ye may burneth all the day, keep the commandments of the (o) 1 Samuel 13. 11. And Lord your God which I command Samuel said, What hast thou you.
done? And Saul said, Because CÞPsal. 106. 39. Thus were saw that the people were scatterthey defiled with their own works, ed from me, and thou camest not and went a whoring with their within the days appointed, and own inventions.
that the Philistines gathered them( Mat. 15. 9. But in vain selves together to Michmash. they do worship me, teaching for (w) Acts 8. 18. And when doctrines the commandments of Simon saw that through laying on
of the apostles' hands, the Holy (r) 1 Peter 1. 18. Forasmuch Ghost was given, he offered them as ye know that ye were not re- money: deemed with corruptible things, ( x ) Rom. 2. 22. Thou that
tempt (2), hindering (a), and opposing the worship and ordinances which God hath appointed (b).
Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For [ the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments (c), are, beside God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us (d), his fervent zeal for his own worship (e), and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom (f), accounting the breakers of this commandment such as hate him ; and threatening to punish them unto divers generations (g); and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and abhorrest idols, dost thou conimit their own prophets, and have sacrilege? Mal. 3, s. Will a persecuted us ; and they please man rob God? yet ye bave robe not God, and are contrary to all bed me : but ye say, Wherein men: Forbidding us to speak to have we robbed thee? In tithes the Gentiles, that they might be and offerings.
saved, to sll up their sins alway; Cy) Exod. 4. 24-26. And it for the wrath is come upon them came to pass by the way in the to the uttermost. inn, that the Lord met him, and (C) Exodus 20. 5, 6. sought to kill him. Then Zipporah (d) Psal. 45. 11. So shall the took a sharp stone, and cut off the King greatly desire thy beauty : fore-skin of her son, and cast it at for he is thy Lord, and worship his feet, and said, Surely a bloody 'thou him. husband art thou to me.
(e) Exod. 34. 13, 14. But ye let him go : then sh said, A shall destroy their altars, break bloody husband thou art, because their images, and cut down their of the circumcision.
groves. For thou shalt worship no CZ) Matthew 22. 5. But they other god : for the Lord, whose made light of it, and went their name is Jealous, is a jealous God. ways, one to his farm, another to
(f) 1 Cor. 10. 20. But I say, his merchandize.
that the things which the Gentiles (a) Mat. 23.13. But wo unto sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypo- and not to God: and I would not crites ; for ye shut up the king that ye should have fellowship dom of heaven against men ; for with devils. ye neither go in yourselves, nei- ($) Hos. 2.2. Piead with your ther suffer ye them that are en- mother, plead : for she is not my tering to go in.
wife, neither am I her husband : (6) 1 Thess. 2. 15, 16. Who let her therefore put away her both killed the Lord Jesus, and whoredoms out of her sight, ani!
keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations (h).
Q. 111. Which is the third commandment ?
A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takelh his name in vain (i).
Q. 112. What is required in the third commandment ?
A. The third commandment requires, That the name of God, his titles, attributes(k), ordinances (1), the word (m), sacraments (n), prayer (0), oaths (p), vows (9), lots (r), her adulteries from between her thou hast magnified thy word breasts.
above all thy name. (h) Deut. 5. 29. O that there (11) 1 Cor. 11. 28, 29. But let were such an heart in them, that a man examine himself, and so let they would fear me, and keep all him eat of that bread, and drink my commandments always, that of that cup. For he that eateth it might be well with them, and and drinketh unworthily, eateth with their children for ever! and drinketh damnation to him. (i) Exodus 20. 7.
self, not discerning the Lord's (k) Matthew 6. 9. After this body. manner, therefore, pray ye : Our ) 1 Tim. 2. 8. I will, thereFather which art in heaven, Hal- fore, that men pray every where, lowed be thy name. Deut. 28. 58. lifting np. holy hands, without If thou wilt not observe to do all wrath and doubting. the words of this law, that are CP) Jer. 4. 2. And thou shalt written in this book, that thou swear, the Lord liveth, in truth, mayest fear this glorious and fear- in judgment, and in righteousness; ful name, The LORD thy God. and the nations shall bless themPsal. 29. 2. Give unto the Lord selves in him, and in him shall the glory due unto his name; wor- they glory. ship the Lord in the beauty of ( 9 Eccl. 5. 2. 4, 5. Be not holiness.
rash with thy mouth, and let not (1) Mal. 1. 15. But cursed be thine heart be hasty to utter any the deceiver, which hath in his thing before God; for God is in flock a male, and voweth and sa- heaven, and thou upon earth ; crificeth unto the Lord a corrupt therefore let thy words be few. thing; for I am a great King, saith When thou vowest a vow unto the Lord of hosts, and my name God, defer not to pay it : for he is dreadful among the heathen. hath no pleasure in fools; pay Eccl, 5.1. Keep thy foot when that which thou hast vowed. Bet. thou goest to the house of God, ter is it that thou shouldest not and be more ready to hear, than vow, than that thou shouldest vow to give the sacrifice of fools; for and not pay they consider not that they do (r) Acts 1. 24. 26. And they evil.
prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, (m) Psal 138. 2. I will wor- which knowest the hearts of all ship toward thy holy temple, and men, show whether of these two praise thy name, for thy loving- thou hast chosen. And they gave kindness, and for thy truth : for forth their lots; and the lot rell
his works (s), and whatsoever else there is whereby he makes himself known, be holily and reverently used in thought (t), meditation (v), word (w), and writing (c); by an holy profession (y), and answerable conversation (2), to the glory of God (a), and the good of ourselves (b), and others (c).
Q. 113. What are the sins forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the third commandment are, the not using of God's name as is required (d); and the abuse of it in an ignorant (e), vain (f), irreve
upon Matthias, and he was num- you a reason of the hope that is bered with the eleven apostles. in you, with meekness and fear.
(s) Job 36. 24. Remember (z) Phil. 1. 27. Only let your that thou magnify his work, which conversation be as it becometh men behold.
the gospel of Christ. rt) Mal. 3. 16. Then they ra) 1 Cor. 10. 31. Whether that feared the Lord, spake often therefore ye eat or drink, or one to another, and the Lord whatsoever ye do, do all to the hearkened, and heard it, and a glory of God. book of remembrance was written (b) Jer. 32. 39. And I will before him for them that feared give them one heart, and one the Lord, and that thought upon way, that they 'may fear me for his name.
ever, for the good of them, and (V) Psal. 8. 1-9. O Lord our of their children after them. Lord, how excellent is thy name (c) 1 Peter 2. 12. Having in all the earth! who hast set thy your conversation bonest among glory above the heavens. When I the Gentiles: that whereas they consider thy heavens, the work speak against you as evil-doers, of thy fingers, the moon and the they may by your good works, stars, which thou hast ordained; which they shall behold, glorify What is man, that thou art mind. God in the day of visitation. ful of him? O Lord our Lord, (d) Mal. 2. 2. If ye will not how excellent is thy name in all hear, and if ye will not lay it to the earth!
heart, to give glory unto my (w) Col. 3. 17. And whatso- name, saith the Lord of hosts, I ever ye do in word or deed, do all will even send a curse upon you, in the name of the Lord Jesus, and I will curse your blessings : giving thanks to God and the Fa- yea, I have cursed them already, ther by him.
because ye do not lay it to heart. (x) Psal. 102. 18. This shall re) Acts 17. 23. For as I be written for the generation to passed by, and beheld your devocome: and the people which shall tious, I found an altar with this be created, shall praise the Lord. inscription, To THE
(y) 1 Peter 3. 15. But sanc- God. Whom therefore ye igno. tify the Lord God in your hearts, rantly worship, him declare I un. and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh rf Prov. 30. 9. Lest I be full