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vens, the name of Deity; and the attributes of power, majesty, and immutability. But where is the record of pardon? It is neither written by the sun-beam; nor wafted on the breeze. Where is the record of immortality? It is not inscribed on the face of the heavens; nor revealed by the operations of nature. “The depth “ saith, “It is not in me!’ and the sea saith, “‘It is not in me !” Look abroad into creation. “Canst thou by searching find out God? “Canst thou find out the Almighty unto per“fection? It is high as heaven, what canst thou “ do? deeper than hell, what canst thou know? “The measure thereof is longer than the earth; “ it is broader than the sea!” From what has been advanced, we conclude, that the state of man, considered as destitute of a revelation of the mind and will of God, is truly deplorable. So convinced was Socrates of this, that, from the uncertain decisions of reason on the most important subjects, he not only concluded that such a divine revelation was necessary; but expressed his persuasion, that such a communication would be made.” If you admit the existence of a God, you must grant, that it is possible for him to give such a revelation. When it is so essential to

* See note 4, at the end of this Lecture.

the happiness of man, can we believe that a Being so infinitely gracious as the Deity, would suffer us to remain without this source of consolation? If a revelation be necessary, it is probable: and if it be probable, where are we to expect it? In the mythology of the heathens? In the Koran? In the “Age of Reason?” or in the Bible? Has there ever been a book produced, that has any pretensions to inspiration, this volume excepted 2 And are not it's claims arising from external and internal evidences, irresistible? “We speak as to wise men, judge ye “what we say!”


* *

Nore 1.--It would not be difficult to enlarge the catalogue of idols, enumerated in page 14 and 15, of the preceding Lecture, and to assign the different causes of their deification: but to unfold their character, which in that case it would be necessary to do, would be an ungracious task to the writer, and would afford no pleasure to the reader. Our immortal poet has given an ample list of the objects of heathen adoration, under their scriptural names; which will be more familiar to the Bible reader; and while he has veiled their actions in modest language, he has adorned the sad catalogue, so far as it is possible to ornament a barren list with the nervous eloquence of his majestic versification. An abbreviation of his recital is extracted.

“Say, Muse, their names then known, who first, who last
“Rous’d from the slumber, on that fiery couch,
“At their great emperor's call, as next in worth
“Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, - -
While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof.”

“First MoLoch”, horrid king, besmear'd with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears;
“Though for the noise of drums and timbrels loud,
“Their children's cries unheard, that pass'd through fire
“To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite
“Worshipp'd in Rabba and her watery plain,
In Argob and in Basan, to the stream
“Of utmost Arnon.”

* It is not easy to determine to which of the heathen deities these Hebrew names apply. Saturn, probably: for his rites are nearly the same.

“ These Feminine.”

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“With these came they who from the bordering flood * Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts “ Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names “Of BAALIM and Asht ARoth; those male,

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“With these in troop “Came Astoreth, whom the Phenicians call'd “Ast ARTE", queen of heaven, with crescent horns; “To whose bright image nightly, by the moon, “Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs.”

“THAMMUzt came next behind, “Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd “The Syrian damsels to lament his fate “In amorous ditties all a summer's day.”

“Next came one “Who mourn'd in earnest, when the captive ark

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DAGoN his name, sea-monster, upward man
“And downward fish:-

“ — dreaded through the coast
“ Of Palestine.”
“Him follow'd RIM Mon, whose delightful seat
“Was fair Damascus.” -


“After these, appear'd

* Called also Luna, Diana, Hecate, t Adonis. : Probably Neptune.

* A crew, who, under names of old renown,
“ OsrRIs, Isis, OR Us, and their train,
“With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus'd
“Fanatic Egypt and her priests, to seek
“Their wandering Gods, disguis'd in brutish forms
“Rather than human. Nor did Israel 'scape
“Th’ infection, when their borrow'd gold compos'd
“The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king
“ Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan.”

“The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd;
“Th' Ionian gods, of Javan's issue held
“Gods, yet confess'd later than heav'n and earth,
“Their boasted parents: TITAN, heav'n's first-born,
“With his enormous brood, and birth-right, seiz'd
“By younger SATURN; he from mightier Jove,
“His own and RhEA's son, like measure found;
“So Jove usurping reign'd: these first in Crete
“And Ida known, thence on the snowy top
“Of cold Olympus rul'd the middle air,
“Their highest heaven; or on the Delphiano cliff,
“Or in Dodona,t and through all the bounds
“Of Doric land; or who with SATURN old
“ Fled over Adria to th’ Hesperian fields, -
“And o'er the Celtic roam'd the utmost Isles.”
Milton's Paradise Lost, Book I. L. 376–521.

Note 2–The custom of the Carthaginians of consuming children

in honour of Saturn.

Diodorus Siculus had been saying, that as the enemy approached

the city, the Carthaginians imagined that they had offended Saturn by restraining their human sacrifices: he adds, 3.26%zaasa,

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errors without delay, they immolated in public sacrifice two hundred

* The Oracle of Apollo. * The oracle of Jupiter,

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