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vens, the name of Deity; and the attributes of power, majesty, and immutability. But where is the record of pardon? It is neither written by the sun-beam; nor wafted on the breeze. Where is the record of immortality? It is not inscribed on the face of the heavens; nor revealed by the operations of nature. “The depth “ saith, “It is not in me!’ and the sea saith, “‘It is not in me !” Look abroad into creation. “Canst thou by searching find out God? “Canst thou find out the Almighty unto per“fection? It is high as heaven, what canst thou “ do? deeper than hell, what canst thou know? “The measure thereof is longer than the earth; “ it is broader than the sea!” From what has been advanced, we conclude, that the state of man, considered as destitute of a revelation of the mind and will of God, is truly deplorable. So convinced was Socrates of this, that, from the uncertain decisions of reason on the most important subjects, he not only concluded that such a divine revelation was necessary; but expressed his persuasion, that such a communication would be made.” If you admit the existence of a God, you must grant, that it is possible for him to give such a revelation. When it is so essential to
* See note 4, at the end of this Lecture.
the happiness of man, can we believe that a Being so infinitely gracious as the Deity, would suffer us to remain without this source of consolation? If a revelation be necessary, it is probable: and if it be probable, where are we to expect it? In the mythology of the heathens? In the Koran? In the “Age of Reason?” or in the Bible? Has there ever been a book produced, that has any pretensions to inspiration, this volume excepted 2 And are not it's claims arising from external and internal evidences, irresistible? “We speak as to wise men, judge ye “what we say!”
Nore 1.--It would not be difficult to enlarge the catalogue of idols, enumerated in page 14 and 15, of the preceding Lecture, and to assign the different causes of their deification: but to unfold their character, which in that case it would be necessary to do, would be an ungracious task to the writer, and would afford no pleasure to the reader. Our immortal poet has given an ample list of the objects of heathen adoration, under their scriptural names; which will be more familiar to the Bible reader; and while he has veiled their actions in modest language, he has adorned the sad catalogue, so far as it is possible to ornament a barren list with the nervous eloquence of his majestic versification. An abbreviation of his recital is extracted.
“Say, Muse, their names then known, who first, who last
“First MoLoch”, horrid king, besmear'd with blood
* It is not easy to determine to which of the heathen deities these Hebrew names apply. Saturn, probably: for his rites are nearly the same.
“ These Feminine.”
“With these came they who from the bordering flood * Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts “ Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names “Of BAALIM and Asht ARoth; those male,
“With these in troop “Came Astoreth, whom the Phenicians call'd “Ast ARTE", queen of heaven, with crescent horns; “To whose bright image nightly, by the moon, “Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs.”
“THAMMUzt came next behind, “Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd “The Syrian damsels to lament his fate “In amorous ditties all a summer's day.”
“Next came one “Who mourn'd in earnest, when the captive ark
DAGoN his name, sea-monster, upward man
“ — dreaded through the coast
“After these, appear'd
* Called also Luna, Diana, Hecate, t Adonis. : Probably Neptune.
* A crew, who, under names of old renown,
“The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd;
Note 2–The custom of the Carthaginians of consuming children
in honour of Saturn.
Diodorus Siculus had been saying, that as the enemy approached
the city, the Carthaginians imagined that they had offended Saturn by restraining their human sacrifices: he adds, 3.26%zaasa,
errors without delay, they immolated in public sacrifice two hundred
* The Oracle of Apollo. * The oracle of Jupiter,