Imágenes de páginas

the speedy propagation of the christian faith, recorded in the Aas, is confirmed boyond all contradiction by innumerable partages in the Epipiles, written to the churches already planted. The doctrinal parts of the Epiftles deserve our best attention : and although mot of them were ws.t upon particular occasions, ard wich relation to the present exigencies of the churches to which they are directed; yet you may find the apnilles take occasion, from every hint tliat is offered to ihem, to explain the mytteries of the Gosp:1, to set forth the excellency of it, to persuade men to live up to the height of its precepts. They descend to give particular directions for discharging the duties relating to all states and conditions of life; those of princes and subie&is, of pallors and people, of husbands and wives, of parents and children, of mailers and servants, &c. which I have collected in the manner following.

ROMANS. This has always been effcemod one of the chiefest and most excellent portions of lirik inre; hewing that neither the Gentiles by the law of nature, or the Jews by tbe law of Moses, could ever arrain 10 justification and jalvation, but en'y by faulb in Jesus Chril: And that faith is not leparated from gord works, but productive of bin. Io the first eleven chapters, the apostle treats of jullification by faith alone, without the works of the law ; of original corruption by the fall of dam; of janttification by i be Spirit of Christ; of the culling of the Gentiles: drd in tbe 12th and following ibapters we have many useful and «xcellent exboriotions, baih 10 general and parrick'ar duties, repeliing God, our neighbour, and ourselves ; and several encouragements given us to the love and pra&tice of universal holiness.

The sins of the Gentiles, c. 1. v. 21. , Self-conceit condemned, c. 12. v. 3. Whom circumcision profiteth, c. 2. Love, Esc. required of us, c. 12. v.9. V. 25.

Revenge forbidden, c. 12. 0. 19. The Jews prerogative, c. 3. v. 1. Duty to magistrates, c. 13. v. 1. Justiħcation is by faith alone, c. 3. | See į Pet. c. 2. v. 13. v. 20. 6. 4. v. 5. Gal. c. 3. v. 6. Gluttony and drunkenness conSee James, c. 2. v. 14.

demned, c. 13. v. II. We may not live in fin, c. 6. v. 1. Of things indifferent, c. 14. v. 1. The law is holy, just, and good, c. Give no offence, c. 14. v. 13. 7. v. 12.

Read also the firji chapter at the 4th Who are free from condemnation, verse concerning our Lord's relur6. 8. v. 1.

rection; and the 20th, concerning Of God's decrees, c. 8. v. 29. 6. 9. the knowledge of God by the ligbt v. 18. 6. 11. v. 7.

of nature; and the 8th chapter Predestination, c. 9. v. 18. c. 11. concerning the influence and afV. 7.

listance of the Holy Spirit, the The difference between the law and death, resurrection, and intercesfaith, c. 10. v. I.

| fion of our Lord. The First of CORINTHIANS. CORINTH was a very large and wealthy city, but infamous for pride and luxury, for wantonness and uncleannis. The occasion of this epifile was the people's preferring one preacher before another; some crying up Paul, others Apollos, &c. Wbrein be Tharply reproves boib ibeir erroneous opinions, and vicious practices ; rebukes item for their schisms and divisions, confufion and disorder in public assemblies, for their prophanarion of the Lord's Supper, toleration of incefl, and going to law before bearbes magistrates : He afferis the miniflers maintenance, the excellence of spiritual gifts, ibe nature and neceffity of charity, and confirms the docirine of the refurreétion.

The The commendation of preaching, 1 Of preparation to the Lord's table, 6. 1. v. 18. & c. 2.

1 c. 10. V. 21. C. II. v. 20. Chrif the only foundation, c. 3. Of behaviour at church, c. 11. v. 1. V. 7.

Of spiritual gifts, c. 12. v. 1. How to esteem ministers, c. 4. v. 1. The excellency of charity, c. 13. See 1 Tim. c. 5. v. 17.

| v. 1. Of going to Law, c. 6. v. 1. . Of prophecy, 6. 14. V. Id Of marriage, c. 7. v. 1. & 35. Women forbid to preach, c. 14. r Every man must be content in his 34. See 1 Tim. c. 2. v. 11. ftation, c. 7. V. 20.

The resurrection of the dead proved, Of virginity, 6. 7. v. 25.

and the manner in which our buOf scandal, c. 8. v. 1.

dies shall be raised, c. 15. v. I. A minifter ought to live by the gor. The duty of the Lord's day, c. 16. pel, 6. 9. v. 7.

I v. 2. The Second of CORINTHIANS. In this epiftle St. Paul confounds his adversaries by a new way of arguing, namely, by boasting of his sufferings, and glorsing in them; be displays bis calamities, blazons his crosses, and rebearses the good jervices he had done, and i be great sufferings he had undergone, for tbe sake of Christ and his holy religion. A consolation in all afflictions, c. 1. c.6. v. 14.

v. 3. See James, c. 1. v. 2. An exhortation to charity, 6. 8. v. The excellency of the New above 1.6. 9. v. 6.

the Old Testament, c. 3. v. 12. Of our spiritual warfare, c. 10. v. 3. Paul's diligence and troubles, c. 4. Paul's equality with the chief av. 1.

postles, c. I. v. 5. Who is in Chrift, c. 5. v. 1. | An exhortation to repentance, c. Whose company must be ayoided, | 13. v. 5.

GAL AT LAN S. Some false apostles from Judea, baving crept in among the Galatians, ranghe the necefliy for christians 10 jubmit 10 circumcifion, and the observation of the Mofaical inAnutions : St. Paul writes ibis epijile to them, proving that he was called to be an apoflle by Christ himseif, and that his doctrine was conformable to, and the very same wiri, what was preached by the other apostles; and oben proves, thar circumcifion, and all the ceremonial rites, were abolished by the death of Christ. An account of Paul's dispute with The works of the flesh and fruits of Peter, c. 2. v. 11.

the spirit, c. 5. v. 19. Christians free from the law, c. 4. In what Chriftians ought to glory, V. I.

1 6,6. v. 14.

EPHESIAN S. EPHESUS was the metropolis or chief city in Alia; and St. Paul, being noru a prie Soner at Rome, uites bis epiftles to the churches of Christ in and about Ephesus : where in the three fist chapters be treats of the sublime principles of our election, von calien, juflification, und adoption; and in the three lait chapiers he exhorts them 10 conftancy in the faith, 10 preparation for, and patience under sufferings, and 10 love religiously in every relation, as busbands and wives, parents and children, mafters and Jervants, Of election and adoption, c. 1. v. 4. | How we should live, c. 2. v. II. C. We are made for good works, c. 2. 4. v, 18. c. 5. v. I. V. d. See James, 6. 2. v. 14.

M m 2


An exhortation to unity, &c. ch. 4. c. 2. v. 9. i Pet. c. 2. v. 18.

V. I. See Philip. ch. 2. v. 1. The defence of a Christian, ch. 6. t. The duty of wives, ch. 5. v. 22. See' 13.

i Pet. ch. 3. v. I. In the same 6th chapter you have a Of husbands, ch. 5. v. 25. relation of that whole armour which

See 1 3. v. 7. every good christian stands in need
Of children, ch. 6. v. 1. of, to resist the wiles of the devil,
Of fervants, ch. 6. v. 5. in time of temptation.
1 Tim. c. 6. v. I. See Titus,

PHILIPPIAN S. Philippe was a principal City of Macedonia, whose cbriftian inhabitants having fupplied the apofile's wants in his imprisonment at Rome, St. Paul sends this affectionate letier to them, partly to testify his thankfulness for the relief received from 7 bem, but principally 10 confirm them in ihe faith, to prevent their being offended at bis fufferings for the gojfel, to encourage them 10 waik wority of the gospel, to warn them again jeducers and judaizing teachers, and to quicker them to divers christian duries. A caution against false teachers, ch. c. 2. v. 18. c. 4. v. 1. and Jude.

3. 0.2. See Colofians, ch. 2. v. 8. An exhortation to prayer and trust See 2 Pet. ch. 2. V. 10. 1 John, | in God, ch. 4. v. 6.

COLOSSIAN S. The Colossians were the church of Christians in and about the city of Colofie is Phrygia, who being infested with judaizing doctors who thought to impose upon obes circumcifion, and the observation of the ceremonial law; or fuch perfons as were coeverted from Gentilism to Christianity, who would have obtruded upon them beir gázlofophical speculations, and some of their heathenish practices, particularly their custJhipping of angels : St. Paul writes this epifle, Shewing the former, ibat Chriftians lay under no obligation to observe circumcifion, or any part of the ceremonial law; and convincing the latter, that Christ, and not angels, was appointed the mediator betarees God and man; and that we, being reconciled to God by him, bave accefs tbrough bis only unto God in all our neceffities. We must be constant in Christ, ch. 2. / An exhortation to put off the old V. I.

man, ch. 3. v. 10. . A condemnation of false worship, To charity, ch. 3. v. 12. ch. 2. v. 18.

- To fervent prayer, ch. 4. How to seek Chrifi, sh. 3. v. 1.

ver. 1. Ari exhortation to mortification, ch. To avoid scandal, 6. 4. 9. 5. 3. v. 5.

The First of THESSALONIANS. · THESSALONICA was the chief city in Macedonia, where St. Paul laid certear's the foundation of a chriflian church, which confifting partly of Jews and partis of Gentilis, they were severely perfecuted by both. Therefore the ape/tie writes tbis pfifle; in which, firi, be informs them, that it was nobirg strange that they should abus for from rioje jews and Pagans, who had killed the Lord Jesus, and ibeir owners pirtis, and were contrary to all men; and then puts them in mind of ibe transcendent reward laid up for them, and the je vere pænisisments that were prepared for strir perjecutors. And then he entourages them, by the exampk of his own confiancy, 10 fevere in their holy profillion.


Anexhortation to godliness, c.4.0. I. c. 5. v. 1. i
Of the resurrection, and second Rules of Christian practice, c. 5. 2'.
coming of Christ, ch. 4. ver. 17.) 14.

St. Paul in this epifle congratulates their confianty in the profission ef the gospel,
and exhorts them to growth in grace. Then he rectifies a mistake concerning i be coming of
Christ to judgment, as if that day were then at hand, when it was very far off : And
commends to them divers christian duties, requiring them to admonish and censure fuch
idle persons who did not work, but lived ufon other men's labours,

• Of Antichrist, ch. 2. v. 3.

The First to TIMOTHY. Timothy is the name of the person to whom St. Paul direets this and the following epiftle: He became first the disciple and then the companion of St. Paul; was ordained by him; and, being entered very young into the work of the ministry, St. Paul thought 'fit, in his absence from him, to write two epifles to him, and to all succeeding minifters of the gospel after him, directing how to demean and behave themselves in their minifterial function. Of the right use and end of the law, ch. 5. ver. 1. See James, cb. 3. C. I. v. 5.

ver. 1. The duty of prayer, c. 2. v. I. A direction concerning widows, 6. Of the dress of women, c. 2. v. 9.

5. v. 3. The virtue of child-bearing, ch. 2. Concerning health, chap. 5. V. 15

v. 23. The qualifications of bishops, c. 3. -Concerning new teachers, V. I.

c. 6. v. 3. The qualifications of deacons, c. 3. An admonition to teachers, ch. 6, v. 8.

I v. 2. See 2 Tim. ch. 2. ver. 1. and A prophecy of heresies, c. 4. v. 1. 22. ch. 3. v. 6. ch. 4. v. 1. Titus See 2 Pet. c. 2. v. I.

ch. 1. ver. 6. 6. 3. ver. 1. Pet. Rules to be observed in reproving, c. 5. v. 1.

The Second to TIMOTHY, The design of Ibis epiftle is to forewarn Timothy against those beretics, seducers, and false teachers, which were oben arifing and creeping into the church; and to excite him to the utmost care and diligence in the faithful discharge of his office, exhorting him to prepare for Jufferings and perfecutions. The enemies of the truth, c. 3. v. 6. v. 14. See Titus, c. 1. v. 10.

| The duty of all Christians, ch. 2. v. Of Alexander the copper-smith, c. 4.1 12.

TITUS. · Titus was a Gentile converted early to christianity by St. Paul, who left bim in Crete to govern the church in that island; and in this epiflle inftruets him in all the paris of his dury, in electing church-governors, in censuring false teachers, in inftrueting the ancients and younger perfons, in prefing upon all persons obedience to magiftrates, and a care to maintain good works. How ministers of Christ should be Directions for a minister's doctrine qualified, c. 1. v. 6.

and life, ch. 2. ver. 1. and ch. 3. Of evil teachers, c. 1. V. 10.

V. I.
Mm 3


PHIL E M O N. St. Paul having converted Onesmus, who had run away from bis mafter Phile. mon, and carried off part of his matter's substance, the apottle, afier some time, beizz informed i bereof, Jends him back to bis masier, earnejtly defiring him to pardon bim, and to receive him into his favour.

HEBREW S. The persons to whom this epiftle is direkted, are styled Hebrews, that is, the believing Jews converted to Christiauity; who, though they had embraced the gospel, yet adbored to the Mosaic rites and Jewilh ceremonies, joining them with Christianity, as neccfiary to salvation

The general design of this epiftle is to inform the Hehrews, that the gospel difpenfation, under the New Testament of Jesus Christ, far surpasseth and excellets the mimftry of the Old Testament, under Moles and tbe prophets; and to prove, that Carift was greater than the angels, a greater person and law-giver tban Moles, a greater priede than Aaron, a greater prince than Melchisedec; and that the Levitical priefbod, and old covenant, were to give place to Christ our great high-priej, and to the mi crvenant, established upon better promijes. The excellency of Jesus Christ a- | How inferior to the Chriftian facribove all creatures, c. I. v. 4. c. 3. fice, c. 9. v. 11. 6. 10. v. 10. v. 2. c. 5. v. 1. c. 7. v. 2.

What faith is, 6. 11. V. i. See Why we ought to be obedient to James, c. 2. v. 14. him, c. 2. v. 1.6. 3. v. 7.

Its necessity, c. II. v. 6. Eternal happiness how attained, c. Its fruits in the ancient fathers, sh. 4. v. 1.

11. v. 7. An exhortation to stedfaltness in An exhortation to patience from faith, ch. 6. v. 1. ch. 10. V. 19. the example of our Lord: where c. 12. v. I.

the advantages of affliction, and Christ a priest, c. 7.0. I.

the necessity of peace and holiness, The Levitical priesthood, how abo- are set before you, and particularly lished, c. 8. v. 7.

call for your attention, ch. 12. The Temporal covenant, how abo- | The New Testament preferable to lithed, c. 8. v. 7.

| the Old, c. 12. v. 22. A description of the rites and sacri-Several godly admonitions, c. 13.

fices of the law, c. 9. v. 1. c. 10. v. 1. V.I.

· JAM E S. The author of this epiflle was St. James, commonly called James the Less, ou our Lord's brother, the son of Alpheus, Ayled als; James ihe Jatt, and Bishop of Jern. falem. The design of it is to establish ihe Christian Jews in a well-ordered religious course of life. to fortify them againft suffering from the unbelieving Jews, and 10 cbrrect a pernicious error about the juficiency of a naked faith; for St. James jberus es, that it is not the bare belief and profeffion of the Christian faith, but ibe power and practical improvement of it, that muji make or render it saving to Ms. An exhortation to patience, c. 1. The faith of devils, c. 2. v. 19.

V. 2. c. 5. v. 7. i Pet. c. 2. v. 13. Of the government of the tongue, How to be truly religious, c. 1, v. 26. c. 3. v. 5. We must not respect persons, c. 2. Of godly wisdom, c. 3. v. 13. V. 1.

-Contention, &c. c. 4. v. I. Our faith how to be enlivened, c. 2. -Evil-Ipeaking, c. 4. v. 11. V. 14.


« AnteriorContinuar »