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29,000 seamen being proposed, including lously and inviolably maintained.'”. No 9,000 marines, Mr. Hume moved that other Member presented himself to speak 25,000 be substituted lie did not, low upon the question, and strangers were ever, press his amendment to a division. ordered to withdraw; when Lord Nugent Mr. Goulburn proposed a bill for the re- 'made a few observations in reply, and insidence of the Irish Clergy. On the 17th, timated to the house, that if the amendMr. S. Wortley moved for leave to bring ment were carried, he should submit a rein a bill to amend the laws for the pre- · solution, upon which he neither intended servation of game." Lord Nugent moved to trouble them with any observations, for copies of the instructions of ministers por to take a division. The gallery was to Sir W. A'Court at Madrid, with a view then cleared, and the house divided for to his condact relative to the war between the amendment, 171, ágainst it, 30; msFrance and Spain. The Noble Lord en jority against the motion, 141. While tered into the general question of the line strangers were excluded, Lord Nagent of policy pursued by his Majesty's minis- moved the resolution he had mentioned in ters. He attacked the conduct of Sir W. bis speech, which was intended merely to A Court throughout the war, but chiefly record his own opinion. It was put and for advising Alava to abandon his coun negatived without a division. On the try's cause, and for having remained some 18th, Lord Althorp. obtained leave to time at Seville in the hands of the French bring in a bill for the recovery of small after the removal of Ferdinand, in conse dehts; and Mr. Courtenay rose to move a quence of which he had been offered, by bill to consolidate the laws relative to the mob and the priests, the government bankrupts. Mr. Curwen moved for some of that place, in the name of the absolute documents relative to the criminal law of King, an offer which the Noble Lord ad- the Isle of Man, which Mr. Peel opposed, mitted had been rejected with indignation, and the house divided ; when there apAnother ground of complaint was, his peared 28 for, and 26 against the motion. having retired to Gibraltar when there On the 19th, Mr. Grenfell moved for the was only a British Vice-Consul at Cadiz, return of certain Bank balances. Mr. and having remained there, “ the cold Peel gave notice of a bill to amend the non-conducting medium between the last Gaol Act, and of another to consolidate sighs of expiring Spain, and the sympa- the law relative to Juries. Mr. Grattan thics of his country." After animadvert- moved for a return of names and profesing on the injurious policy pursued by sions of certain individuals following England, the Noble Lord concluded by particular offices in Ireland, with a view moving in the terms of his motion. Mr. to know whether religious faith was a Canning did not rise to go into the speech ground for exclusion from office : of the Noble Lord. He should confine which the house divided for the motion himself to that part which related to Sir 11, against it 27. On the 20th, sereral W. A'Court's conduct after the departure petitions were presented ; one, relative to of the government from Seville. The No- the repeal of the duty on foreign woul, ble Lord asked whether Sir W. A'Court occasioned some debate. Lord Palmer. then acted upon his own discretion, or ston, the house baving resolved itself upon the instructions of Government ? into a Committee of Supply, moved the His answer was-partly on both. The army estimates, and an additional sum Government had endeavoured to foresee for 4,560 officers and men in augmentaall the cases that could arise, and to find tion. Mr. Hume moved a reduction of measures to meet them. If any blame the military force from 73,000 10 63,000 attached to Sir W. A'Court's going to men, which was negatived, and the oriGibraltar instead of Cadiz, it belonged to ginal sums voted, there being for Mr. himself and his colleagues, and he was Hume's amendment 10, against it 102. perfectly ready to justify their conduct. Sir G. Clarke then moved the different Mr. S. Bourne opposed the motion, and items of the navy estimates, and the reconcluded by moving as an amendment, port was ordered to be printed. “That all the words after the word The following was his Majesty's reply * that' be left out, for the purpose of in- to the Address on the opening of Par serting the following:- That this house liament. is duly sensible of the
advantages derived “ I thank you for this dutiful and affectionate by this country from that neutrality in the war between France and Spain which his “ Nothing can be so gratifying to me as the Majesty, at its commencement, declared expression of your cordial participation in my his determination to observe: and which sentiments; and there is nothing so ncar to my
heart as to maintain the greatness of the British appears to this house, under circumstances of peeuliar difficulty, to have been scrupu
name, and to promote the welfare and prosperity of my people."
The receipt of revenue for the past year ol demaation of the mesuely, if captured Hat 1923, amounted to 57,672,99948s. Mfd, any time during that voyage.nl the sum issued from the Exchequer for the u. The plantershand merchants interesteds expenditure was 50,962,0146. 17s. 11tdrio in the slave trade, keld a meeting in the The surplus paid in being 6,710,984lar City of London last month, to draw upan 10s. 51d.
WILDU ut bol tuis petition to government on the state of the, There have been no disturbances sådır slave-colonies. Mr. Ellis said that the Ireland of any momenti since qours last na state of the negrves was misrepresented, but among the other extraordinary things and their inasters calumniated. A Major, from that country, we learn that fourteen - Dalby, who attempted to pass some resoroi policemen are to take thinin trial at the lutions on the subject of the slaves, was next-assizes for murder and other unjus: hooted at as a friend of Mr. Wilberforce : tifiable aets. Such are the occurrences and a petition of considerable length, as, in a couótry where faction rules and the" serting the rights of the planters to their reign of law is wholly a reign of terror. ). , slaves and issue, noticing the sanction of
By the additional articles to the con the government formerly to the system, rention concluded between England and and stating that a fair compensation for Portugal for the soppression of the slave, the value of the slaves is the due of the irade, it is settled, that if there shall be planters, and praying that no acts mayı clear proof that a single slave has been be sanctioned that may tend to impair in put on board any vessel for the purpose value their property, was carried by a mass, of illegal traffic, it shall justify the con- jority of the persons present. of fx 10
COLONIES. There are no fresh accounts from De- slavery in the British colonies ; and your Comi cerara. Smith the missionary, who had mittee have also learnt from the agent, that ini beea sentenced to death by the court- bis conferences with Ministers, it has been' TEA inartial, but recommended to mercy, is
fused to acknowledge our claim to compensation pardoned, but is to leare the colony and for the injuries the colonies must sustain in the enter into recognizances not to reside
mere endeavour to carry the scheme of emauci, i
pation into effect; by which refusal the Ministers within any part of his Majesty's colonial
have shewn an inclination, not only to dispose of possessions in the West Indies.
our property without our consent, but even to The commission of three officers, viz.
violate those common rules of honesty wliich Sir James Smyth (King's aide-de-camp),
ought lo govern nations as well as private Sir John Oldfield, and Major Fanshawe, persons." landed from the packet on the 26th No & The Committee cannot forbear to express vember last, at Barbadoes. On the 6th their decided opinion, that the proceedings of the December, they were about commencing House of Commons, and the conduct of this their labours, by first visiting Jamaica. Majesty's Ministers, are a direct attempt to violate i
the Constitution of this colony: and they real! They will go through the West India is
commend to the House to adopt the most firm, lands, and probably the Bahamas, and Bermuda, and return to this country attempt, and to preserve to the inhabitants of this
strong, and constitutional measures to resist such in April. The object of the commission
colony those rights which have been transmitted is, to ascertain the state of the fortresses to them froin their ancestors." and barracks; but more particularly to
The following message to the Governor) report on the various annual estimates,
was afterwards agreed to: recently laid before the Master-General
“ May it please your Grace-We are ordered of the Ordnance, for repairs and addi
by the House to wait upon your Grace to acquaine, tional barracks, for which enormous sums
you, that in compliance with their answer to the are yearly yoted by l'arliament.
speech your Grace was pleased to make at the A plot has been discovered in Jamaica opening of the present Session, they have prowhich had for its object the destruction ceeded to a deliberate and careful revision of the 1 of the white inhabitants; and seven negroes Consolidated Slave Law, and find it as cuniplete idr. have been arrested, tried, and condemned all its enactments as the nature of circumstances) to death. The House of Assembly have
will admit, to render the slave population as happy made a report on 'Lord Bathurst's letter and comfortable in every respect as the labouring on the resolution of the House of Com.
class of any part of the world. This House most mons, as follows:
solemnly assures your Grace, that they will at all,
times be ready (if left to themselves), to watch That Your Committee observe with surprise and and take advantage of every opportunity of proregret, that his Majesty's Ministers have, by the moting the religious and moral improvement of abore resolutions, sanctioned the principles laid the slaves, and to make such ameliorating enactdown by our enemies in the mother country, and ments as may be consistent with their happledged themselves to enforce such measures as piness and the general safety of the colony, shall tend ultimately to the final extinction of but' under the critical circumstances in which
the colony is now placed, by reason of the late gers. A company had been formed for proceedings in the British Parliament, tie Mouse this purpose at Hobart-town, to which think the present moment peculiarly anfavourable the sum of 2,5004 had been subscribed, for discussion, which may have a tendency to the whole amount required for the under ansettle the minds of the Negro population, which taking being 60001. The Berwick, a the House have the greatest reason to believe is
passage-vessel for Van Dieman's Land, al present perfectly quiet and contented."
had brought out a supply of merinos, the It is pleasing to turn from these colonies greater part of which arrived safe; but of to our free ones in the East, and to twenty-four head of horned cattle, shipped observe their rapid progression in pro on board the same vessel, the whole unsperity. The progress of improvement in fortunately perished. Proper protection the fine colony of Van Dieman's Land, is given to the passengers on their voyage appears to be extremely rapid ; of which, to the colony, by giving them damages in perhaps, the most striking instance is af- the law courts in cases of neglect or illforded in the projected establishment of treatment of the captain. Three actions passage-vessels, constructed after the for such conduct were brought in the inanner of the Leitli and Berwick smacks, Lieutenant Governor's Court against the to sail regularly between Hobart-town captain of the Berwick, in all of which and Sidney, for the conveyance of passen- verdicts were given for the plaintiffs.
FOREIGN STATES. The opening of the French chambers is it can only, then, be regarded as an artful fixed for the 7th of April. Madame effort to prevent tbe acknowledgmeat of Chauvet, accused of being an accomplice South American independence by Great in a plot against the government, by car. Britain. Ferdinand, amusingly enough, rying letters from a party of refugees to bas established a sinking fund of 80,000,000 their friends in Paris, has been acquitted. a year, to liquidate the national debt ; On this trial the venerable Marquis La this is the very quintessence of farce is a Fayette was examined as a witness, when nation without treasury or revenue. The he protested against being addressed by Restaurador, a paper published by the the title of Marquis, which he had re- clergy of Madrid, has been suppressed on signed at the bureau of the constituent the suggestion of the Holy Allies, as too assembly many years ago. It appears that violent even for them! Ferdinand has the French have obtained an acknowledge announced to the island of Cuba, that he ment of a debt of 34,000,000f. from Spain, bas been “restored to the plenitude of and bave secured the salt factories of his sovereign rights;" that she has anArrayon, and the customs of Miranda, as nulled every thing done in virtue of the guarantees for the payment.
constitution;" that “the first care of his Overtures had been made to Spain for paternal heart has been to destroy that the recognition of the independence of her odious system; that on re-establishing colonies, from England. In order to the wise and ancient laws of Spain, bis make it appear that he is generous, Fer- royal mind cannot rest without making dinand has given all the world liberty to the immense provinces of America partrade freely with what he calls his colo- takers of the same benefits; and that, nies; in fact, with the independent states while he meditates upon the means of of South America. This is announced doing so, he has resolved that his royal with great boasting, as if it did not exist and legitimate authority shall be immealready, and Spain had the ability to diately re-established in all bis ultraprevent it! Ferdinand gives what he marine dominions, in the same state, and does not possess, in order, perhaps, to with the same prerogatives, as before the make a' merit of the boon when the inde- month of March 1820." pendence of these states comes to be de Intelligence from the United States, by bated. This is reported to have been ef- way of Charlestown, gives as the chief fected by the influence of France, that topic of interest in Carolina and the other probably supposes, if free trade be al- southern states, the approaching election lowed (which cannot be prevented), Enge to the Presidental chair, whieb must be land will gaiu her end, and be less anxious vacated by Mr. Monroe in the year 1825. to declare herself on a question which General Jackson and Mr. Crawford are the French monarch and the fraternity of represented to be the canditates, on one the Holy Alliance look upon as sanction- of whom the choice is likely to fall; and ing an unnatural rebellion. If this be both have their partisans among the pubnot the casc, there is something yet to lic journals, which occasionally insert come to light respecting the motive of it, articles setting forth their claims to the which it is difficult to guess; at present high distinction.
ing and wellowing his instrument into the MR. BENELL haring, as we stated in general harmony; he seems to strive to be our concluding Opera report of last year, noticed. Mr. Wilman's fascinating cla: become the director, ostensibly at least, rionet, too, we could not henr. Lindley, of the establishment at the King's Theatre, Mariotti, and Dragonetti, those colossal numerous new engagements have taken and unique artists, "are with us; and place, the house has undergone some in- Signor Coccia presides. Worthily At the dispensable repairs, and the interior has pianoforte. been newly decorated,
" Zelmira" was composed for San The bills anyounge a variety of new Carlo at Naples, in 1822., We do not performers in expectation, among whom know the reception it met with there, but Madame Pasta stands prominent. This this we may safely aver, if the Neapolilady's first début on the stage in the cha tans were fascinated by the music of this racter of Cherubino in “ Figaro," at the opera, their taste must have wonderfully King's Theatre, about eight years ago, changed since our residence among them. held out hopes which have since been As for the poem-a minor consideration realized beyond the most sanguine expec- in an opera, we know-it is below criticism. tations. She has for some years been the The scene is in Lesbos the time the idol of the Parisian connoisseurs; and un- Lord knows when ; but no doubt anteriore less her engagement for London be well dell'istoria, (previous to all history,) as our secured, there is reason to fear that her Cicerone used to say when he found himadmirers aux Itatiens will not easily part self in a nonplus as to dates. "Polidoro with such a treasure. Of the rest of the (Placci), driven from his throne by the engagemeots we shall forbear speaking usurper Antenore (Curioni), is believed until the appearance of the parties gives us by the latter to have perished in the conan opportunity of so doing.
flagration of the temple of Ceres, set on Rossini himself, with his wife, Madame fire with that intent by Antenor, at the inColbran Rossini, has been brought from stigation of Zelmira, Polidoro's daughter, Italy to compose new operas ; and both (Madame Colbran). But in reventing to have already appeared before a British Antenor this supposed retreat of Polidoro, poblic.
Zelmira was the means of saving her father's Owing to an accident, the opening of the life, whom she kept concealed and cherishseason was delayed until the 24th Jan. "ed in a family tomb. In the mean while, when the opera of “ Zelmira” was, for the her husband, Ilo,(Garcia) returos from the first time, produced on our boards ; Rog- wars, and hears and believes both the suptini, the author, presiding at the piano- posed parricide of his spouse, and the reforte,
port of her secret attachment to the murThe embellishments of the interior, al- derer of her father. By some counce, though not in the best possible taste, are however, Ilo meets Polidoro near the of a light and cheerful kind; and, consider- tomb which so long had concealed him, ing time and circumstances, they do credit learns the true state of things, and deterto the spirit and liberality of the ma- mines on revenge. The usurper Antenor nagerpent.
is attacked by llo's troops, vanquished In the orchestra, M. Spagnoletti con- and dethroned, and the son-in-law is products the opera, and Mr. Lacy the ballet. claimed heir to the crown. Our high opinion of the former gentle The music of this opera, taken as a mtia in this department has been often whole, is rather remarkable for a display stated; and Mr. L.'s qualifications must of some very scientific harmonic combibe acknowledged by all who have witness- nations, than any fascinating graces of ed the precision and steadiness with which melody. It sometimes eren presents dehe marshals the numerous instrumen- centricities which one would rather have talists under his bow. We observed con- tooked for in the German School. Another siderable changes in the location and the very striking, and we will add, deplorable persrannel of the band. Mr Mackintosh, feature, is the stunning noise of the ibe bassoon, we looked for in vain : the accompaniments. Trombone, trumpets, foreign gentleman who fills his place, kettle-drums, drum, &c. are seldom at howerer famed he may be, is not an equi- rest. Mozart has been blamed for an valent. A celebrated oboe from abroad abuse of the wind instruments ; but his is also a new acquisition, and his skill ad. operas are subdued pastoral strams, in mits of no doubt; but he is not equal to comparison with « Zelmira.". In the our Griesbach ; his tones are frequently latter, moreover, the combined efforts of harsh and forced, his npper passages too the orchestra were not deemed sufficient staecato and piercing; and instead of blend- by Rossini. He has of lato shown a par
tiality to military bands on the stage, and cinating melodies, sound and well-somin "Zelmira" ihat musical auxiliary is bined harmony, will be the means of seldorn off the boards. It is almost a Rossini's success with a British public. waste of words to declaim against the ab- Both are fully within dais grasp. May his surdity of such a practice, except it were arrival on our shores form a redeeming resorted to as an expedient to make up by epoch in his biography! quantity for the want of quality to cloak As we shall have to comment upon the imperfections and defects by musical upr representation of a second opera, our liroar. lo" Zelmira” most of the cho- mits will not admit of a criticism of the russes, although sung by between thirty execution of the respective characters in and forty voices, are thus completely over “ Zelmira," excepting that of Zelmira herwhelmed. A composer, moreover, ought self, which, as bas already been stated, to consider the limited proficiency in the introduced Madame Colbran Rossini for individuals of such a regimental band, and the first time on our boards. This lady is the slight chance he has of making them past the prime of life and voice; and, whatplay in tune with the orchestra. Some of ever she may have been ten or fifteen ihein are sure to be out of pitch, and this years ago, can no longer be numbered was often the case here.
among first-rate prime donne. , Viowed This opera also, like the later works of with this admission, we found in her Rossini, is replete with reminiscences from singing inuch wherewith to be pleased. prior compositions, and full of his man- No trick, no affectation; her style is nerisms. These repetitions are the more pure, correct, and graceful; her execution palpable, after having heard so much of Auent and neat. Her compass of voice is the same anthor. The endless triplets, evidently on the wape; the upper notes, the augmenting climax upon a bass of from g, not being produced without effort. cg,cg; b g, bg-have become our daily In her acting she also gave satisfaction. bread of late. In the same manner we There was nothing to indicate strong conhave heard so constantly the progress ception or deep emotion,-no superior from the tonic (major) to the minor scenic powers; but as far as her expressions chord of the second, that nine times out of and action went, they were sufficiently apten we make sure of what is coming.
propriate and correct, and occasionallyraWe are far from offering these remarks ther impressive. Upon the whole, however, with any view to depreciate the merits of we question whether, without her conju. the favourite of the day. It is not the gal passport, her reception would have first time we have felt called upon to state
been equally favourable. our sentiments on this matter ; nor do we
On the 14th of February Rossini's “ II stand single, among our musical fellow. Barbiere di Siviglia" appeared for the first critics, in harbouring such opinions; and time these two years, for the purpose of the presence of Rossini amidst us, instead introducing Signor Benetti, a new Buffo, of silencing our pen, acts as a stronger in- in the part of Figaro. Most of the other ducement to speak with candour and im- characters were also in new hands* Garpartiality. No one can entertain a higher cia played the Count ; De' Begnis, Don opinion of the great talents and the real Bartolo; Porto, Basilio; and Madame genius of this gentleman; some of his Vestris, Rosipa. This opera' we consider writings bave excited our delight and ad- to be one of the best compositions of Rusmiration. But with all the requisites for sini'; and the poem, also, has the attracrendering his name immortal, and once tion of some excellent comic scenes, beentered upon the high road of immortality, sides the merit of clearness and simplicity, why stray into by-paths, in which he may which is not the case with its sequel,“ Le be lost sight of, and chance to lose his Nozze di Figaro." way altogether?
The part of Figaro, chosen by Signor As Rossini is to write for us in London, Benetti for his début, and we understand we trust he will spare no exertions to pro
never before performed by him, is one of duce works deserving of his name. He the most difficult on the operatic stage ; may be assured—and perhaps he may by it requires an inexbaustible fund of comic this time have convinced himself-that the sprightliness, and great vocal abilities. audiences who are to judge of his labour, are Although in neither of these respects Sigfully capable of appreciating its merits and
nor Benetti reached the beau idént of the defects. Willing to admire him where ad- character, we were 'upon the whole well miration is due, they bave heard too much satisfied with his exertions, and the im. of what is classic in music to be led away pression he made upon the
Andience seemed by the fashion of the day, and to be content to be very favourable. His countenance with mannerism, mere Italianisms, and re- presented no striking features indicative petitions ander varied forms. New and fas- of comic humour, but lie was throughout