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NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE. :
POLITICAL EVENTS.--JAN. 1, 18:24.
GREAT BRITAIN. For a long series of years, not one has more than twenty to one of the first, is commenced with less matter of immediate excluded from rights to which it has a political interest at home than the present. just claim ; inhabits a soil, the very proThe deep-read politician may see, in the ductive character of which (a novelty in calm that sleeps over our domestic affairs, the history of nations) is said to be an results that mere vnlgar eyes have not evil; and is for ever an object of dislike optics of sufficient power to discern ; but, and jealousy, if not of hostility, to the As far as can be judged by appearance, favoured few, who arrogate every thing from the present state of the Revenue, of to themselves. Thus the lower classes the Agricultural interest, and of the coun are neglected, their situation disregarded, try in general, the season has commenced the spread of knowledge prevented, the under highly gratifying auspices. Political intentions of the Government frustrated, turmoils bave been hushed in a great de- and the interests of Ireland betrayed. gree by the liberal policy which has of Until Ministers shall in real earnest treat late guided the Cabinet ; and, excepting the people of Ireland as one great family, those burdens which the war entailed and destroy the violence of party spirit, upon us in the shape of taxation, the home by countenancing no exclusive interests, effects of that long conflict are beginning and allowing all to partake alike of the to disappear rapidly. News at home is things in which they have an equal right become a drug. 'Murders and robberies, to participate, the peace of the country that would have occasioned but little sen- will continue to be broken, the education sation during the excitement produced by of the lower classes to be lost sight of, the conflict of navies and armies, and that superstition to triumph, and orangeism to have at all times been happening under insult even the representative of the Monearly similar circumstances, attract the narch himself. The disturbances of the public attention, even to their minuter peace, since our last, have not been numedetails, and feed that curiosity-that in rous. The Cork mail was, however, atsatiate desire of novelty—which distin- tacked last month, mid-way between Litguishes so remarkably the present genera- tleton and Cashel, and several shots were tion, in lieu of more extended slaughters fired at it from behind the edges. With and wider-spread devastation. To Ire some difficulty, fortunately, the coach land alone must we look for any thing like escaped the danger, and reached its desfeverishness of feeling. The unbappy tination in safety. Two shots struck the differences of party, which the royal body of the vebicle. A farmer has been wishes, and the no doubt sincere desire murdered near Tipperary, and a policeof all parties in the Cabinet, as well as man has shared a like fate at Ballyheen. among the English people, united in Two persons, named M‘Donough and hoping to see subdued, lose none of their Forbes, the first a constable, the latter a force. For ever occupied with them. half-pay officer, having shot a dog that selves and the preservation of their rushed out and attacked them, belong" ascendancy," as they style it ; unable to ing to a farm near which they were taking identify the interest of their fellow.citi- their sport, the owner of the dog, together zens with their own; bearding to its face with a relative, interfered, and demandthe Government which they affect to sup- ing the reason of their conduct, a dispute port,-one party (minute in numbers, ensued, and the latter threatening to disbut strong in position) occupies itself arm M.Donough, and advancing, it is with its own selfish objects ; while ano- said, for that purpose, he fired and ther body, numerous in a proportion of the man fell. The second, pot intimi
dated, attempting to seize him, he fired a ployed to convey him to this country. second time, and with too fatal an effect. His reception was such as his gallantry Both persons were with difficulty rescued entitles him to at the hands of the subfrom the mob and lodged in Maryborough jects of a constitutional government. gaol.
Persons of all political parties received A loan has been contracted by Austria him in the most hospitable manner. On with the houses of Rothschild and Co. and landing, the populace bore him on their Baring, the principal part of which is to shoulders to a carriage, which they drew be applied to the payment of the debt of to the inn. Mina declared it one of the Austria to this country.
happiest moments of his life, and that his Sir R. Wilson has been deprived of the welcome overpowered his feelings. At order of the Red Eagle, conferred upon the theatre, by the gallant officers of the him by Frederick of Prussia as an acknow- navy and army, and by the inhabitants ledgment, to use his own words, “ for the of Plymouth, he was treated with an hosintrepidity and firmness he had shewn in pitality worthy his talents and bravery. the great struggle for the independence On the 17th of December, he arrived at and tranquillity of Europe."
Taunton on his way to the seat of Mr. The trials of Thurtell and Hunt for the Clifton, at Hatch Court. He was drawn murder of Mr. Wear (See page 573, vol. into Taunton, as at Plymouth, by the ix.) was postponed until the 6th instant, people, the bells ringing'; and an invitain consequence of the disadvantages which tion to a public dinner was given him, the prisoners laboured under in respect to which he declined in the following comtheir defence, and the prejudice which it munication. was alleged had been raised against them.
“ General Mina has bad the honour of receiv. Orders have been issued for recruiting ing a letter from the members of the municipathe army, and adding to it the effective lity of Taunton, inviting him in their own names, force of two regiments. The recruiting and in that of all the inhabitants, to a public departments have received commands to feast, on Thursday, the 18th instant, or any other employ their staff in raising recruits ; and day he may appoint. The mental and bodily instructions have been given to receive
state of General Mina suit little with arrangemen as old as thirty, instead of twenty
ments of this nature. The ill state of his health five years, as before.
obliges him to observe a very strict diet ; and Sir W. Ingilby has been elected member
from the unfortunate circumstances which have
brought him to England, and seeing the preseut of parliament for Lincolnshire after a
lamentable and degraded state of his unhappy severe contest with Sir J. H. Thorold, who
country-having left his wife, parents, brother, had been put in nomination by the free
and friends, still there-being, as he now is, un holders without his own cousent. Sir
the soil of constitutional liberty, and considering W. Ingilby was returned by a large ma how many Spaniards have just lost it-the most jority
appropriate sentimenis in which he can indulge A Court-martial having assembled at are those of grief and mourning. These reasons Plymouth, proceeded to try Capt. Harris have decided him to refuse any public demonstraof the Hussar frigate, on charges pro
tions of kindness of which he scarcely dares to duced against him by the Lords of the fatter himself worthy. Thus impressed, GeneAdmiralty for delay in not equipping his
ral Mina hopes the above gentlemen will have the vessel for the reception of Sir E Thornton, invitation, which he appreciates as though he
goodness to dispense with his acceptance of their appointed Ambassador at the court of had been enabled to accept it; and assures them Lisbon; but Capt. M'Kenzie, one of the
that the honour they have done him, thc satis. members of the Court-martial, dying factory expression of their kindness, and the diswbile it was sitting, the Court was dis tinction shewn him to-day by the inhabitants of solved. Capt. Harris, however, refusing Taunton, will always be regarded with gratitude, to take back his sword, the Court re-as and live eternally in his memory. sembled at Portsmouth on board the
(Signed) “ ESPOZ Y MINA. Queen Charlotte, when, after a trial of “ Hatch Court, Dec. 16." two days, during which the right hon. The late events in Spain having comGeorge Canning, W. Turner, esq., of the pelled a number of foreigners to seek an Lisbon Embassy, J. W. Croker, esq. and asylum in this country, many of whom others were examined as witnesses, after were of the highest rank in their own, Captain Harris had read a clear, candid, but are now reduced to very great diffiand manly defence, the Court pronounced culties : a number of noblemen and gentlethat the charges were without any founda men have commenced a subscription to tion, and that Captain Harris should be alleviate, as much as possible, the necessimost honourably acquitted.
ties of these unhappy strangers without On the 30th of November the heroic any reference to party politics. Spaniard Mina landed at Plymouth from A meeting of the legal profession has a French vessel of war, which was em been held to consider of the propriety of
erecting a monument to the memory of such design to the French government ; the late Lord Erskiòe, as a mark of re that the French frigate Jean Bart, which spect to his memory. Mr. Scarlett was had sailed some time since from France in the chair, and the chief counsel at the to the West Indies, was on her return to bar have supported the measure.
France; and that no force was going out A new loan has been contracted for from France to the West Indies, excepting the new government of Brazil by some 500 men for relieving the garrisons of English merchants. The amount is Martinique and Guadaloupe. 2,500,0001. to bear an interest of six per His Majesty arrived in town from Windcent. The whole loan to be redeemed in sor, and transacted public business during thirty-five years.
the last week in November. On the 6th The ship owners have had an interview ult. be again left London for Brighton in with his Majesty's ministers for the pur- his travelling carriage in the most private pose of ascertaining whether it was the manner, and took up his residence at the intention of the French government to Pavilion. He continues to enjoy the best assist Spain in attempting the recapture state of health. of her colonies. They were informed The Indian army has been newly orgathat there was no reason, that government nized, and colonels have been appointed was acquainted with, why the commercial to every battalion and regiment of horse, intercourse of Great Britain should be whereas until now there was but one coloapprehensive of such a measure. As- nel to every two regiments of cavalry and surances were also given that there was two battalions of infantry; and a general not the slightest pretence for imputing any advance will thus take place in rank.
THE COLONIES. The discontent of the West India plant- Britain, let the protecting duties on West ers at what they consider the interference India produce be taken off, the existence of government in their concerns still con of which is an injustice, and let those who tinues. They are highly discontented and will not suffer the legislature to vindicate dissatisfied at the bare idea of any steps its own honour be no longer shielded at being taken towards the ultimate emanci the expense of the rest of the community. pation of the slaves under any circum- The reasons urged against the measure stances. Their determination to resist are baseless, and it is sufficient to examine any encroachment on what they deem the bitterness displayed by the slave their property as much as their horses, owners against all supposed to hold opiis unrelenting. Strong resolutions conti- nions favourable to emancipation to disnue to be entered into by the inhabitants cover that the true ground of opposition of different parishes of Jamaica on the is not fear of rebellion, a principle of selfsubject of the slaves. At Antigua they preservation, or a regard, as some of these are resolved to establish a militia to planters have pretended, for the slaves guard against “ any evil attempts on the themselves; but an obstinate resistance to peace of the country from the measures allowing interference with that which they pursuing at home :" thus by the old trick insist is their property, without regard to of apprehended mutiny and bloodshed, en the nature of that property or the mode of deavouring to stifle the question in Great its acquirement. In Barbadoes a missionBritain. At no time, we venture to pro- ary was suspected of having senthome to the nounce, will the subject of slave-emanci. Society by which he was employed, statepation be listened to by the colonists. ments injurious to the moral character of The slaves, they contend, are as much the lower classes of the white population their property as their cattle, and they of Barbadoes, whom he represented as have the same right of disposing of that bred up without any knowledge of Chrismass of muscle and blood and its progeny, tianity, and of depraved habits. They existing or to exist, in the one case as the repaired to his chapel, endeavoured to other. The supporters of emancipation force bim to leave the pulpit, and had the never contemplated doing them injustice, audacity to invite, by placards, an assembut they felt that, because the government bling of the populace, when they prohad once permitted a wrong, it was and is ceeded to demolish the meeting house, in duty bound to repair it-that right leaving not a brick standing. A reward ought to be done ultimately, If this is of 1001. has been offered for the discovery prevented by the colonists themselves, of the offenders. The Missionary has fled and the latter will not themselves even the island. At Demerara the trial of listen to the subject and arrange it ami- Smith, the missionary, had commenced cably with the government at home, as before a court-martial of officers of the a measure of common fairness to Grcat army only.
The House of Asseinbly of Dominica the invaders, an engagement was comhas had a disagreement with the governor, menced by the Mantatees. After several the Earl of Huntingdon, who, they con hours fighting, the invaders were defeat. tend, had assumed powers wbich were not ed, leaving about 400 men killed. Many within his province.
women and children were left behind, The horde of savages which was repre- who, we are concerned to state, were sented at the Cape of Good Hope as con inhumanly and indiscriminately massacred sisting partly of white persons, a report or mutilated by the Bechuanas (who without foundation, had advanced to the joined in the pursuit), notwithstanding sonthward, until they were met by the the utmost exertions on the part of Commando of the Griquas, and about Messrs. Moffatt and Melville to prevent ninety men, with musquets and horses, them.-A subsequent letter from Mr. Mel. and accompanied by Messrs. Melville and ville, of the 31st of July, states, that he Moffatt. They lelt Griqua town on the has received a report of hundreds being 21st of June. On arriving at Kuruman, at Old Lattakoo, and on the road to New they were joined by a party of Bechuanas; Lattakoo;' and that, from want of food, they then proceeded to within six miles they were living upon one another! of Old Lattakoo, where they found the Nearly 100 were rescued after the battle, enemy established, having defeated the and distributed among the Griquas, with Bechuanas under the Chief Mahoma peele. the exception of thirteen -went to GraaffAfter having in vain endeavoured to Reynet. establish a friendly communication with
FOREIGN STATES. The Duke of Angoulême arrived in quence, in the Report of our Secretary of State Paris on the 2d ult. after his Spanish Minister of War, and with the advice of our campaign. Prior to his departure, he Council of State, we have ordained and ordain as issued the following order to the army
follows ; (here follows the Ordinance in nine from Oyarzum:
articles, giving a free pardon, and full and entire
amnesty, to all subalterns and soldiers of the land " The campaign being happily terminated by forces, and all young soldiers bound to serve, who the deliverance of the King of Spain, and by the at the moment of the publication of this Ordicapture or submission of the fortresses of his
nance are in a state of desertion, either by having kingdom, I express to the Army of the Pyrenees abandoned the corps to which they belonged, or on quitting it, my lively satisfaction at the by not having joined those to which they were zeal, the ardour, and the devotedness which it
destined.) Also, an Ordinance relative to the has displayed on all occasions, as well as the distribution of certain recompenses to the Milia perfect discipline which it has constantly ob tary, according to the Budget of 1823, which served. I am happy at having been placed by orders, that the amount of the expired annuities the King at the head of an Army which is the
paid to Officers and Soldiers of the Royal Armies glory of France.
of the West, shall be employed in new favours of ** LOUIS ANTOINE, the same nature." “ Head-quarters at Oyarzum, Novi 22, 1823."
General Guilleminot was left at MaThe rejoicings usually got up on such drid to forin a treaty with the Spanish occasions were not spared on the event of Government for the military occupation the Duke's arrival. A fête was given in of Spain by French troops. Forty thouhonour of the Duke, and of the arduous sand men are to occupy Spain, and not and brilliant triumph of the French arms! only the line of fortresses along the PyThe Hotel de Ville was splendidly fitted
renees, if the rumours which have transup, and all the Royal Family, the King pired be correct, but the most important excepted, were present. The fête went
commercial towns along both the Allanoff with great éclat, amidst shouts of tic and Mediterranean coast. St. SebasVive le Roi-Vive le Duc d'Angouleme. In tian, Pampeluna, Santona, Figueras, Barthe preceding part of the day the good celona, Tarragona, will all be garrisoned people of Paris were, as usual on fête by Frenchmen; and the ports of Ferrol, occasions, amused with scrambling for Corunna, Cadiz, Malaga, Cartbagena, bread, sausages, and wine, distributed in Alicant, and Valencia, will likewise have the Champs Elysées by the Government.
French garrisons. On the 7th ult. the King issued an Or
The King of Spain has changed his dinance, the substance of which is as
ministry, and compensated the monk follows :
Saez with a bishoprick. He has apThe benefits which Divine Providence has pointed, 'principally in consequence of showered down on us and our arms during the
foreign remonstrances, as First Minister glorious campaign which our beloved nephew the
of State, the Marquis of Casa Irujo; as Duke of Angoulême has just terminated, have made us resolve to shew indulgence to those
Minister of Grace and Justice for Spain soldiers of our armies who have gone aside from
and the Indies, Don Narciso de Heredia ; their duties; and by these means to make their as Minister of War, Major-General Don families take part in the public jo. In cunse. Josef de la Cruz; and as Minister of Fi