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Considering the end of their conversa divines ; of the writings of those tion, FOLLOW THEIR FAITH. men, from whom our fathers des ZUINGLIUS. scended, whose evangelical princi.

ples they embraced, and whose To the Editors of the Panoplist.

pious spirit they breathed. The

opinion of Dr. Doddridge will deFrom the first appearance of fervedly weigh much in favour of your proposals, I considered your these pious, and many of them object seasonable, and your plan learned, authors. His lectures good; and the execution of it appear to have been designed on. thus far has exceeded my expect- ly as heads, which in the delivery ations. Among the excellent he probably clothed in different produ&ions, which have appeared language, and on which he doubt. in the various departments of less enlarged. I have made a few your work, Z, in your last num- verbal alterations from the M. S. ber, “On the neglect of the old merely to complete elliptical fenDivines," has my particular ap- tences, without, in any instance, probation. No subject could have changing the sense. been more happily chofen, none more applicable to the present LECTURE II. times. It is treated with a de.' gree of seriousness, perspicuity

e of Practical Writers, in Great and judgment, which pleases me.

Britain. I wilh the writer, who certainly

THE PURITANS. has happy talents for the purpose, 'T WOULD in gener

I WOULD in general recomwould pursue his subject, and in mend some acquaintance with nutare numbers of the Panoplist, them, too often despised. Yet bring up to view, in his engaging there was good sense and learning manner, the characters and writ. in our fathers' days as well, as in lings of the venerable fathers of ours. Our grandmothers had New England, and eminent di- beauty in their odd dresses. Vines in other parts of our coun- Bolton had been a notorious n. These luminaries, could finner reclaimed by a great work They be exalted into view, accord- of terrour ; therefore is excellent ng to their respective merits, both for conviction and consolawould lhed a benign influence on tion. His style is rather inclined me principles and morals of your to the bombastick ; yet he has ma

aders, and be especially falutary ny expressions truly great and e our youth in the forming fea. magnificent. The beauties of

. imagination especially appear in "the mean time, feeling a his Four last things ;". but his

interest in the fubject, and most useful treatises are his “ Diuing it comports with your rections for comfortably walking plan to select from “ valuable with God,” and his comforting

auctions,” already extant, I distressed consciences ; there we e extracted from the private have the trace of a foul most inti. b)" Lectures of Dr. Dod. mately acquainted with God. » to his theological pupils, Hall was the most elegant acter he gives of the old and polite writer of his age. He

son of their lives.

the character he gives

abounds rather too much with an. Lectures have never been printedy titheses and witty turns. In lome

Notre g been w

been written for the press.

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of his writings he seems to have weakens the cause. His “Golderi
imitated Austin and Seneca. Remainsand additional tracts,
His sermons are the worse for his are all to be read. None shew
compliance with the taste of the the man more than his “ Chris-
age in which he lived. His con- tian Omnipotence."
templations are incomparably val- NONCONFORMISTS OF THE LAST
uable for criticism, language and ..

devotion ; next to them are his "Owen and Goodwin, are high-
" Meditations," " Letters," and ly evangelical, but both very ob-
" Balm of Gilead."

scure, especially the latter. Ow. • REYNOLDS, is celebrated for en's style resembles St. Paul's molt elaborate, surprising simili- zeal; he displays much knowl. tudes. His style is remarkably edge of human life, especially in laconick; a world of substance his book of apostacy. That on gently touched upon, which shew's the Hebrews is his great work; an extensive acquaintance with the means of underltanding the human nature, and much labour. mind of God in the scripture is He has a judicious collection of one of his best ; but communion scriptures. .

of God and person of Christ, most. S16bs. His language is de- celebrated. His treatises on in cent and nervous, his dedications dwelling sin, spiritual mindedness, surprisingly handsome ; he is pa- and mortification, shew great im. thetick and tender, especially in provements in practical religion. The bruised Reed," and “ Soul's On the 130th pfalm he is excel. Confil."

lent. Goodwin's pieces publishWard. To be read through. ed in his life are most valuable ; His language is generally prop- he has many accurate and valua. er, elegant, and nervous ; his ble remarks on fcripture. His thoughts well digeled and happi- " Child of Light" is useful for ly illustrated. Abundance of the afflicted consciences; and he has bolder figures of speech are to be many uncommon thoughts. found in him, more than in any BAXTER. His style is inaccu. Other : English author ; especially rate, because he had no regular - apostrophies, dialogisms, and al- education, and because he wrote .legories. A mixture of fancy is continually in the views of eterto be pardoned, especially consid- . nity ; but he is judicious, nery. ering his youth, and that many of ous, fpiritual, and remarkably his sermons were not prepared for evangelical, though often charge the press, but copied from his ed to the contrary. He discov. mouth while preaching.

ers a manly eloquence, and the •Hales, of Eaton, is remarka- most evident proofs of an amazbly pithy ; has many uncommon ing genius; with respect to which, thoughts ; valt learning, and ma- he may not improperly be called ny curious passages, fit for a com- the English Demofthenes. He is mon place book, but in many exceedingly proper for convicplaces he discovers little judg. tion; see his “ Saints' Ref? ;" all ment, nó good order, little true los treatises on conversion, and efconnection. He is the great pecially his “ Call to the Ur.conscholar ; but an affectation of die verted,'' Divire Life," and vine things to the utmost is too “ Counsels to Young Men.Few apparent ; which by overdoing converted more souls.

MANTON. Plain, easy, and un- He has some fine words, but no affected. His thoughts generally cadence. He has too many well digeited, but feldom extraor- heads; his thoughts are often in dinary ; his remarks on fcripture disorder ; has no clear and disa are judicious ; his chief work is tinct ideas in many of the differ. that on the nigth Pfalm. His ences he makes. Yet he has fome many posthumous works are of valuable things, especially on the little value.

attributes, where he is very deep • BATEs. His eloquence is and sublime. His work on recharming, yet his ftyle is not per- generation has been much applaud. fectly formed, and his sentences ed, yet there are many things on too thort; admirable fimilies, un- that subject more valuable. less rather too thick ; proper to Taylor NATHANIEL, the disbe quoted by those whofe genius senting South. He has vast wit, does not lead them this way. and great strength of expression, Read his “ Harmony of Attri- yet is apt to aggravate matters. butes," " Spiritual Perfections," His language is remai kably propand · Four iaft things."

er and beautiful. He wrote but • HOW, seems to have under- little; all deferves to be read.' food the gospel as well as any (To be continued.) uninspired writer, and to have imbibed as much of its spirit. The

For the Panofilist. trueft fublime is to be found in PROOFS OF THE UNIVERSAL DELUGE.

No. 3. his writings, and some of the

(Continued from page 60 ] strongest pathos ; yet he is often As we proceed, evidence of obscure, and generally harsh ; he Noah's flood increases. It was imitated the worst part of Boyle's not merely mentioned by many Rtyle ; but has a vast variety of writers of antiquity ; but was a uncommon thoughts; and on the favourite object of their attention. whole, is one of the most valua- There were not only references to ble writers in our language and this event in the rites and tradiI believe, in the world. His belt tions of the first ages : but it for. pieces are, “ The blessedness of the nithed the principal obiects of their Righteous," Enmity and Recone sacred traditions and religious ciliation," " Redeemer's Tears," worship. The deluge was conand “ Redeemer's Dominion ;” (tantly celebrated not only in the with some funeral sermons.

annals of their historians; but in 'FLAVEL. Not deep, nor remarkthe prayers of their devotees, the ably judicious; but plain, popular, facrifices of their priests, and the tender, and proper to addreis to songs of their bards. Most of the affiliated cases, and to melt the foul da

pagan goddesses were personificain love. His “ Token for Mourn- tions of the earth, rising from the ers," inimitable. “ Fountain of billows of the flood, of the ark, of Life” useful ; most of the sub- the dove, or of the divine Wisdom jects there are proper to be preserving the ark.* preached on facrament days. Nimrod introduced the worship His allusions to pagan stories are of the heavenly bodies. This useful.

produced opposition from those, CHARNOCK, is celebrated for a

attached to the arkite idolatry, or polite writer, but chiefly by those who are not judges of politeness. * See Faber on the Cibiri.

Vol. I. No. 3.

the worshippers of the ark. By the day on which Noah embarkdegrees, however, the two great ed. * superstitions were blended. Noah We have before observed that and the sun were worshipped to- the arkite worship once prevailed gether, and often considered as the in Britain. One of the Scottish same ; fo were the moon and the ifles retains its Egyptian name, ark. Early the Chaldeans were Buto. Another, Arran, signifies famous for their astronomical ob- the ark. Mona, and Menai its servations, and they contrived so Frith, are probably variations of to marshal the stars, as to repre- Men-Ai, the land of Menu, or fent on the sphere the principal e. Noah. Probably Argyle in Scot. vents of the deluge. Some of land, received its name from Argh these we have mentioned. Others Al, the god of the ark. The Scots occur. From the brilliant con- have a wild tradition that they are stellation of Orion, Nimrod fill descended from Erc, the son of overlooks the affairs of mortals, Scota. Scota is the ark. Scuth encountering the arkite bull; that or Scudh, or, when latinized, is, making an attack on the wor- Scota, fignifies in the Celtick diafhip of Noah, to introduce that of lect, a ship. the heavenly luminaries. The The ruins of a very ancient great constellation of the Dragon temple in Ireland, have the exact was another memorial of the dele form of a galley. The name of uge, inscribed on the sphere. Ac- the temple lignifies, “ the remains cording to Aratus, the Dragon or of the only ship.” A portable serpent was Jupiter, who was shrine or ark was used by the anNoah. This was not very unlike cient, idolatrous Irish; it was de. the urbanity of more modern nominated, the ark of the covenant. days in the names of the 4 Ireland was, perhaps, called Erinlium and Georgium Sidus.

nus in honour of Aran-Nus, the The two faces and four eyes of ark of Noah. The Irish once Janus represented the double view called their principal marine deity, of Noah into the old and new Mann, and hada romantick legend world. According to the poets, of his preliding over the Ine of Venus rose from the sea. She Man. was the ark of Noah : and hence According to Tacitus, the the dove was said to be her fa. Goths were acquainted with the vourite. From her being the ark history of Noah.' They venerated personified, Venus was called Ar. Zuifto, or Adam, who, according finoe, and Baris-Noe, that is, the to their traditions, sprang from ark of Noah, and Hippodamia, the the earth; they also venerated arkite mother. *

Mannus, who had three fons. Plutarch relates that Osiris, Through Hindoitan the same perwhich is another name of Noah, fonage was revered under the was a husbandman, a legislator, name of Menu ; in Egypt he was and Zealous advocate for the called Menes, and attended by the worship of the gods. Typhon, fymbolical bull. He with seven or the sea, conspired against him, other Menies was supposed to have and compelled him to enter an succeeded “ ten lords of created ark on the seventeenth of Athyr, beings, eminent in bolinels."

* Scrab: Voss : Hesych:


These were probably the ten gen- gypt. Rhadamanthus signifies
erations in the line of Seth. The the god of the lordly ark.
ancient Germans facrificed to l. The city of Corinth derived its
fis; a fhip formed the symbolical name from the worship of Cor, the
part of their worship. The two fun. It was founded by the
fymbols, the bull and serpent were Aletes, said by Sanchoniathon to
equally familiar in the North of be the children of Chronus, the
Europe, in Greece, Italy, and E. fcriptural Noah. So the two
gypt. The Egyptians observed great Rajah families of Hindoof.
two annual festivals in honour of tan, styled themselves Surya-Bans
Ofiris; one to perpetuate the re. and Chandra-Bans, or children of
membrance of his enclosure in the the sun and moon. In Peru, the
ark; in the celebration of this, fame notion prevailed; the Yncas
they placed his statue in an ark. boasted of their descent from the
The other was a commemoration sun and moon ; or from Noah and
of bis deliverance. According to the ark, who were worshipped
Pausanius, Ofris with Semole, with the sun and moon.
was enclosed in an ark, and thrown In Armenia, according to Ni-
into the fea. Another tradition colaus Damafcenus, a tradition
represents Perseus, placing his had constantly prevailed that some
daughter with her child in an ark, ancient personage had been con-
and casting them into the sea. veyed in an ark to the summit of
Noah was worshipped under the mount Baris or Lubar.; a city.
name of Pan. Herodotus says he there bore the name of Cabira, in
was the most ancient of the eight which was a temple of the arkite
gods of Egypt. Diodorus Sicu- moon, called Pharnæum, or the
las informs us, he was the same as ark of the ocean. This supersti-
Serapis, Osiris, Dionulus, Pluto, tion flourished in the time of Stra-
Ammon, and Jupiter. By Livy bo. We have the authority of
and Macrobius, he is denominated Palephatus, that Pegasus, the
Inuus and Junus, from his con- winged horse of Bellerophon was
nexion with the dove, Juneh. By an ark or long ship. Bellero.
the Egyptians he was worshipped phon, therefore, must have been
under the name of Mendes or Noah. The Greeks designated a
Men-Deva, the divine Noah. temple and ship by the same word.
When in danger from the ocean, At Tarsusa, tradition of the del-
he is said to have assumed the form uge prevailed. It asserted that
of a monster, a goat and a fish ; the Tauric mountains were first
hence Pan was esteemed synony. visible when the waters subsided,
mous with Cetus, a sea monster, at the feet of which stood the city

The three fabulous fates, the Tarsus ; hence it was called Polis three furies, and the three judges Tersia, or the city of dryness ; af. of hell, were connected with the terward it was called Tarsus. mysteries of the ark. The furies The river Araxes in this country, were called Erinnues, a word de. received its name in honour of Arived from Aron-Nus, the ark of rach, the Ark. The island of Noah. The fates were denomi. Naxus received its name in honDated, P’ Area, the ark. The our of Nuach-Zeus, the god Noah. judges were the three sons of We have remarked that certain Noab. Minos was the Menu of cups of the ancients had an allu. Hindoltan, and the Menes of E. fion to the ark. We now add

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