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TO CORRESPONDENTS. REFLECTIONS on prayer, by Asaph, are received and approved. They shall appear in subsequent numbers. In these conmunications we recognise the hand of a respected friend, froin whom we hope frequently to hear.

We have received the remarks of Philalethes. One of his subjects would not be interesting at the present day. The other might answer a good purpose in the form of a pamphlet.

Sketches of Professor Tappan, No. 3. will appear the next month.

Christophilus should be readily gratified with the insertion of his sensible remarks, in the Panoplist, (though we cannot subscribe to the correctness of his theological sentiments,) could we be assured they would not lead on to discussions, incompatible with the design and usefulness of this publication.

Communications from Phi Bela, and from Petros shall receive due attention.

The third Letter of Constans, came too late for this number. Our readers shall be gratified with it in our next.

Zuinglius will accept our thanks for his serious and pertinent observations, inserted in this number.

Crico is requested to continue his biblical criticisms.

The Anecdotes sent by Amicus were evidently collected with a very pious design, and may, in certain circumstances, be related with good effect. They are not exactly suited to the nature of the Panoplist.

We are much obliged to the Friend, who sent us the account of a charitable institution in St. Christophers. We shall be happy to make so excellent an institution, as extensively known, as possible.

• We thank H. for his valuable communication, which shall have an early insertion.

Poetry. “ The Widow's God," and " My Jesus,” are under consideration.

THE Editors, with mech satisfaction, inform their patrons and the publick, that their list of suscribers is atualy so large and so fast incrersing, that they have determined to give forly eight pages in future numbers, instead of forty, as promised in their proposals, witásout adding to the price.

*.' DELAYS and irregularities in delivering the numbers, complained of in some cases, have been un avoidable. Care will be taken to remedy them in future.

++ SUBSCRIBERS will please lo recollect that payment is to be made for their numbers quarterly, to ASHUR ADANS, of Charlestown, Agent for the Editors. Punctuality in the payments is respectfully solicited.

ERRATUM. - Page 16, col. 2. 1. 30. for distinguishing, read disguising.

AGENTS FOR THE PANOPLIST. Rev. MIGHILL BLOOD, Buckstown ;-Mr. E. Goodale, Hallowell ;THOMAS CLARK, bookseller, Portland ;-W. & D TREADWELL, do. Ports mouth ;-Tuomas & Wupple, do. Newburyport ;-CUSHING & Appleton, do. Salem ;-Edward Cotton, do. Boston ;—Isaiah Thomas, do. Worcester ;-WitLIAM Butler, do. Northampton;-Whiting, Backus & WHITING, do. Albany ;T. & J. Swords, do. New York ;-WM. P. FARRAND, do. Philadelphia ;-WM. WILKINSON, do. Providence ;—Isaac BEERS & Co. do. New Haven ;-0. D. Coor, do. Hartford ;--Mr. BENJAMIN CUMMINGS, Windsor, Ver. ;-Mr. Les, Bath, Me

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SKETCHES OF THE LIFE AND CHAR- attachment to his people was so ACTER OF PROFESSOR TAPPAN. strong, and he esteemed his rela(Continued from page 31.]

tion to them so intimate and facred, In June, 1792, the corporation that he did not determine upon a and overseers of Harvard Univer- separation, without long and seri. fity harmoniously invited doctor ous reflection, and such advice, as Tappan to the office of Professor deserved his confidence. The of Divinity. This professorship question was finally submitted to was founded by Mr. Hollis, mer- a very respectable ecclefiaftical chant, of London, A. D. 1722. council, of which the late Lieut. In 1747, an addition was made Governor Phillips was a very to the fund for supporting the active member. The council u. Hollis Professor of Divinity, by a nanimously voted, that duty and legacy of Daniel Henchman, Esq. the general interest of religion reof Boston. The election of doc- quired his removal. On the 26th tor Tappan evidently accorded of December, 1792, he was inau, with the design of the generous gurated, as Hollis Profeffor of donors. His character was pub- Divinity in Harvard College. lickly acknowledged to be fuch, To say that he was very useful as their statutes required. He in that office would be only repeatwas a well known friend and ad. ing the common observation. But vocate of those evangelical doc. an attempt to show, in what his trines, which constituted the faith usefulness confifted, and by what of our excellent forefathers, and means it was promoted, may not have been received, as the truths be wholly uninteresting. of God, by reformed churches in When he was introduced into general. His learning, his piety, the Professor's office, the religious and his aptness to teach abundant character of the university was ly justified his appointment to uncommonly dissolute. For some that important station. To dif- time the students had received no cuss the motives, which induced regular instruction in theology. him to accept the appointment, is Books, containing the poison of deemed quite unnecessary. It is deism, were eagerly read, and the nothing unusual for a good man minds of many were corrupted. of distinguished talents to rife, in The tide of fashionable opinion obedience to the call of Provi. began to run in the channel of indence, to a more elevated sphere fidelity. Few dared to be serious of action, than that which he first advocates for the cause of chrisoccupied. But doctor Tappan's tian truth. The great object of

Vol. I. No. 4.


the pious founders of the college icism could discover nothing inelwas forgotten. The glory of the egant in the style ; the molt metgospel was neglected, or treated aphysical mind could point out with profane ridicule. The fab- nothing unfair or inconclusive in bath was generally devoted to the argument ; the warmelt piescience, to vanity, or to indolence. iy was sensible of nothing indeImmorality and disorder, in vari vout ; and the coldest philosophy ous shapes, had become prevalent, could bring no charge of weakand mocked the power of persua- ness or enthusiasm. fion and the arm of authority. · It must not be omitted, that Such was the moral and religious doctor Tappan's evangelical senstate of the university, when doc- timents and puritan morals were tor Tappan entered on the duties directly conducive to his religious of his office. The great object, influence. How opposite foever which he pursued in his publick the gospel of Christ is to the natand private lectures, was to defend ural taste of men ; it is a truth, the principles of natural and re-confirmed by fcripture and expevealed religion, and to lead the rience, that a strict adherence to students to the knowledge of their gospel do&rines and precepts will Maker and Redeemer. He uni- render a christian teacher the most formly appeared to be deeply con- respectable in the view of mancerned for the religious interests kind at large, and give him the of the university. His whole offi- greatest moral influence over their cial conduct was calculated to con- minds. The remark has been ciliate affection, to excite serious frequently made by the most enregard to religious truth, and to lightened and judicious men in impress the importance of religious the commonwealth, that, in point duty. He had a just conception of sentiment and manners, do&tor of the movements of the juvenile Tappan was that, which the inmind. Not expecting youth to over- terest of the university required. look their pleasure in their love of Now it is well known, that his improvement, he aimed, in his pub- views of the most important sublick lectures, to unite entertainment jects, such as Christ's character with information. He happily com- and atonement, God's eternal bined brevity with fulness, and an- scheme and all-directing proviimation with exactness. Hewas die dence, depravity and regenera. da&tick, yet persuasive ; profound, tion, the distinguishing nature of and yet pathetick. It was impor, religion, and future retribution, fible for young men of liberal were conformed to the views, minds to hear his publick lectures which the founders of the college with the well adapted and fervent and the fathers of New England prayers, which introduced and entertained. They were such, as followed them, without a convice are exhibited in the renowned Altion, that religious truth could be sembly's Catechism, which, for vindicated by argument, and that the sake of distinction, has been christian piety ennobled the soul generally called the orthodox or and yielded the best enjoyments. calvinistick scheme. Such a theSo singular was the assemblage of ological character in the Professor excellent qualities, which appear. was fitted to produce the best et. ed in his publick performances at fects on the moral and religious the university, that the nicest crit- state of the institution. Had the kudents, fo generally unsettled in ted their sons to its care with fattheir religious principles, discov. isfaction. The religious publick ered in him, who was seated in extensively manifested a growing the divinity chair, a laxness of attachment to that most important sentiment, and a freedom of man- literary institution, and cherished ners, which did not forbid diflipa- the pleasing hope, that the youth, tion ; how injurious would have educated there, would not only be been the effect? It is easy to con- instructed in human science, but ceive that such a character, in- guarded against irreligious opinftead of checking, would have in- ions, and initiated into the true creafed existing evils. It would principles of the oracles of God. have fill more unhinged the re- The high esteem and ardent ligious principles of the students. love, which he commanded, added It would have annihilated in their much to his falutary influence on view the importance of christian the internal state of the university. truth, and confounded the differ. So much of the father appeared in ence between religion and impie. him, and fo remarkably inoffenty. Had a Professor been intio. five was he in all his intercourse duced, bearing the stamp of mod. with the members of college, that er liberality, it would have alien- a stigma would have been fixed ated from our university the af- upon any one, who should have feétion of a great part of the cler. reproached him. To reproach gy and people of New England, him would have been a rude aland the couifidence of our molt re- fault upon that sacred affection, fpe&able and exemplary churches. with which he was cherished and Serious, promising young men, honoured at the university. seeking an education with a view It is with regret, that any cir. to the gospel ministry, would have cumstance is mentioned, which frequently, if not generally, pre- lefsened his usefulness. But the ferred fome other college, more reader must not expect to see in favourable to their ultimate ob- these pages the portrait of a man, ject. These, and other evils, so free from imperfection. earnestly deprecated by every writer to draw such a portrait, friend of the university and the even in the present case, would christian cause, were in a good not be consistent with integrity. measure prevented by the influence And for any to suppose that the of doctor Tappan. Among the cause of God would be served by Audents infidelity was gradually the suppression of truth would not confounded, profanity and diffipa- favour of wisdom. tion were awed and restrained, It was an order of Mr. Hollis, open irreligion was put to shame, whose generosity founded the proand the science of God was studi- fessorship, and who had an uned with more seriousness and de- questionable right to prescribe its light. In the course of a few duties, « That the Professor fet ayears the triumphant air of infi. part two or three hours one afterdelity disappeared, and it became noon in the week, to answer firch cultomary in all publick perform- questions of the students, who shall ances, to speak of christianity in apply to him, as refer to the lyfterms of respect and veneration. tem or controversies of religion, Christian parents, feeling confi- or cases of conscience, or the feemdence in the University, commit. ing contradi&ions in scripture." The great utility of such a prac- expected, that young men, who tice would show the wisdom of contemplate that profession, will the appointment. It would ex. readily obtain a due comprehencite attention in the students, and fion of its facred nature and valt engage them to allidụity in their importance. It is not reasonable inquiries after divine truth. It to expect, that they will sufficient. would form in them habits of free ly consider the indescribable adconversation, and of profound, vantage of method in their ftuconnected reasoning on the most dies, or be able, without allistance, important subjects. Such an ope to adopt the method, which expe. portunity, modestly and diligent- rience has proved to be the belt. ly employed, would introduce Through inattention to the nature them to some parts of knowledge, and importance of the ministry, to which they can have access in and to the proper method of Au. no other way, and furnith them dy, many have precipitately enwith some qualifications for the tered upon it withouc the moral, ministry better, than any other or without the literary and theomode of instruction. It would logical qualifications, which are lead them to that candid and thor. requisite. They who ought to ough investigation of every sub- magnify the facred office, fre. jeć, which is necessary to the full quently show by their practice, discovery of truth, and to the ex- that they judge it the meanest of posure and confusion of errour. In all professions. A long course of this way the Professor would ob- study, and much exactness and tain a clear insight into the relig- readiness are deemed necessary to jous as well, as the intellectual the professions of law and physick. ftate of the students, and thus be Nay, “every mechanical art reunder advantages to give them the quires a course of many years, bemost useful inltruction and advice. fore one can be master in it." For what reason the judicious or. But the noblest and most imporder of Mr. Hollis, abovemention- tant of all profeffions, that which ed, was disregarded during doctor comes from heaven, and leads · Tappan's professorship, we know thither again, that which is em

not. It admits no doubt, that a ployed in the sublimest exercises, divine, polselling his extensive ac. and is most highly honoured by quaintance with theological sub- God, is elteemed so low a thing jects, his readiness of conception in the eyes of many, that they and utterance, his candid judg. think they can reach it with much ment and condescending dispoli. less previous study and preparation, might in that way have con- tion, than are necessary for the tribuied exceedingly to the im- most fordid of all trades.* Even provement of the students, and they, who have time and inclina. ultimately to the edification of tion for preparatory studies, have our churches.

often made such an injudicious A Professor of his abilities and choice of books, have observed so popularity had advantages to be, little order in their ftudies, have in many respects, peculiarly useful been so fuperficial in their inquirto students in divinity. It be- ies, and to partial in their investilonged to his office to direct their gations, that their time has been ftudies, and aid their preparation for the ministry. It is not to be See Burnet's Pastoral Care, chap.

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