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tanght them to drink the poisonous were diminished very fast, some went liquor to excess, and many other to live amongst other nations, and the wicked practices.
rest were buried under the earth, “This has been the case with the consequently their villages are desdifferent tribes, who formerly inhab, olated, and they were dispossessed ited on the eastward, as well as the by the whites. tribes elsewhere, ever since white “ But the abovementioned' village people came over to this island. was the only one that has remained Some of the tribes accepted the of. to the last ; and the descendants of fers of the good white people, but the thosc, who embraced civilization and rest with contempt rejected them; the Christian religion still remain as but on the contrary, they took hold a nation. with both hands the cup of the evil “Grandfather, I will further inminded.
form you that many of the good white “Grandfather, Be it known unto people of late seem greatly stirred up, you and your tribes, that all the na- by the influence of the good Spirit, to tions, who thus rejected civilization, feel more pity for the Indians in gen. and Christian religion, and embraced eral, consequently they have embodi. the wicked practices of the white peo. ed themselves into societies, that they ple, were poor, and finally became may help those they think proper obextinct from the earth, and even their jects. Indeed I have never heard of name is forgotten.
such stirring among whites before. " But on the other hand, all the “ And further, one of such socie. Indians, who accepted the offer of ties or associations have entered into the good white people, were blessed. covenant of friendship with my ni. So far as they were faithful, they pros. tion, whose council fire is at Monopered, and the remnants of them re. kuhtaunuk, (or city of New York.) main to this day.
They are your friends and brothers as "Grandfather, I will also inform well as ours. And the great men of you, that the Christian religion was the United States are more disposed offered to my forefathers at first near to do good towards the people of our seventy years ago, in consequence of colour. which the Sachems and Counsellors, “ Grandfather, Your grandchildren who were then living, together with the Mohhukkannuk nation, have been their young men, about two hundred endeavouring to learn the arts of civ. in number, held a Council to know ilization and Christian religion, and whether it was best for the nation to by long experience they found this accept the offer or not. Previous to was the best way for us to live, and that period, many of them had learn- much easier than the ancient way. ed how to follow the example of the At the same time I don't desire you bad white people, particularly in to forsake your hunting, or any wf drinking the poisonous liquors to ex- your wholesome customs. cess, and have prejudice against the “ Then I took up a white belt of Christian religion. However, the re
wampum and said, sult of the Council was this, not to “ Grandfather, As my ancestors reject the offer before they should and yours have established a covenant try it, and let it be preached in one of friendship, which has been kept tertain village, and let every man and sacred, and never been violated, and woman go and hear it, and embrace having well known the deplorable sitit, if they think it best. And Won- uation of our colour in general, indunahkatukoke (or Housetonack) was ced my nation to come to introduce the village so chosen. At this place civilization and Christian religion to I was born, and these my compan- you and your tribes or clans. (The ions. There my nation was collect. Indians are divided into three clans, ed, such as were disposed to hear the the Turkey, the Turtle, and the Bear, gospel. At the same time there were and these have their particular chiefs.] many, as I observed before, who by “Grandfather, Now I exhort you to the influence of some wicked Dutch consider this seriously, and have compeople, and by the means of ardent passion on your young men, women Ilqaurs, would not listen to the voice and children, and let them learn this, of the preacher, and finally all such what our white brothers call A. B. C. which is the foundation of learning: cup of the evil minded, you will par. It is like as if you stand at the head ticipate with those nations, whom 1 of a living stream ; the further you have mentioned, in their miseries; followed, you will find it wider, which you will become poor, in every re. has no end ; and by following it faith- spect, and you will be scattered. fully you will find various advantages. Your villages will be desolated or Among other things you will be able possessed by a people who will culti. to open the eyes of our and your ܪ
vate your lands. grandchildren in the different tribes “ Then I ask, what you and my in this country, who always look to grandchildren, the different nations their grandfathers for advice and will think ; be assured, they will be counsel.
sorry, and you will be despised by “ Grandfather, Be assured that by many : and finally, you will be extinct following this path I and my nation from the earth. have found many advantages. Among “ Therefore, grandfathers, think of other things, our white brothers cana these things—And may the great and not so easily cheat us now with regard good Spirit help you in your delibera. to our land attairs as they have done tions." our forefathers.
A white belt of wampum, with “ Grandfather, You have heard a piece of paper sewed on one your grandchildren thus far, and as end, on which were written I am your true friend, I will speak to
A. B. C. and you further, and I will not hide any
1. 2. 3. delivered thing from you.
(To be continued.) " Having recommended civilization and Christian religion to you, I will From a report of the Trustees of tell you deeply consider the matter, the Hampshire Missionary Society, at and have compassion on your men,
their annual meeting in Northampton, women and children. I don't expect August, 1803, it appears, that the you can follow these things at once. Legislature of Massachusetts have You know very well, that many of granted three hundred dollars to assist the instruments of the white people in educating two Indian lacis, descendare found to be useful with us, the In- ants of the late Rev. Mr. Williams of dians, as well as with them. And Deerfield, who have been for several that they are not rained or poured years under the care of Deacon N. down immediately from heaven by Ely of Longmcadow. This grant, by the great and good Spirit ; but it is the trustees of the above society, has his will to use his people as instru- been entrusted to the managment of ments to manufacture these things to Rev. Dr. Joseph Lathrop, Justin Elv, be useful to mankind of all colours ; Esq. and Rev. Richard S. Storrs. Tea just so, it is his will and good plea. dolla's hare been given for the same sure, to use his good people as instru. benevolent object, by Capt. Perez ments to propagate civilization and Graves of Hatteld.. the Christian religion among the poor The trustees appropriated one thou. Indians.
sand dollars for the support of mis“ Grandfather, I must plainly tell sionaries, and two hundred and fifty you this simple truth, that if you will for the purchase of books for distribu. now as a nation accept what I ofter tion, the ensuing year, to you, and follow this plain path, the Concerning the labours of their great and good Spirit will bless you, missionaries the last year, the trustees that you will become a wise people, report, that four were employed in the and you shall increase as to numbers year 1804, viz. Rer. Theodore Hinsdale and substance ; consequently you will and Rev. Joel Hayes, eighteen weeks, be happy in this life and the life to in the new settlements in New York ;
and Rer. Vinson Gould and Rer. “ And further, you will be able to Thomas H. Wood, twenty weeks in hold your lands to the latest genera- the District of Maine. tions for this is the will of the great and good Spirit.
* The society for propagating the respei adong the “I must also tell you plainly, that if Indians and others in North America, hare for several you reject such offer, and embrace the
years past, contributed 50, and the two last years, 10
dolls, to the same purpose.
“Your missionaries (say the trus. Your missionaries have the testi. tees) in the State of New-York per- mony of the people, where they have formed their service, mainly, in the been employed, to their constancy, counties of Chenango and Onondago. skill and fidelity in the discharge of In the carly part of their mission they their ministry. In almost every set. enjoyed such health as to pursue tlement which they visited your mistheir work without interruption and sionaries found a ready disposition to with much activity, labouring abund. receive them, and cordially to welantly not only on the Lord's day, but come and attend their ministrations, on other days, with an attentive and excepting when they were prevented grateful people, whose lips uttered the from assembling for lectures by the praises of God for the rich blessing, urgent toils of harvest. And what and thanksgiving to the society for may animate your hopes for the future, their affectionate concern for the in- and enkindle your present thanksgivterests of immortal souls, who were ings to God, your missionaries assure either pining for the bread of Chris- us, that God generally gave the peo. tian ordinances, or were perishing ple an hearing ear, and in many infor lack of knowledge. But the stances they appeared to have an un. trustees, with humble submission, derstanding heart. regret the rebuke of God's provi- Besides the duties of the Sabbath, dence, that, for a number of weeks, which were often performed in three your able and faithful missionaries distinct exercises, many lectures were were much impeded in their work, preached on other days, so many, that by bodily infirmities and disease, and one could hardly suppose their bodiin consequence of the prevalence of ly strength to be equal to their lasickness, with the advice of physi. bours. These lectures were attended cians, were compelled to leave their by goodly numbers of devout hearers. service, and return home before the Your missionaries administered, as expiration of their term.
opportunities presented, the Christian Rev. Messrs. Gould and Wood sacraments of baptism and the Lord's were employed for th’enty weeks in supper. They often visited schools, the northern parts of the counties of and prayed with, and instructed the York and Cumberland, now Oxford, children. They went from house to and on the western borders of the house inculcating the important ducounty of Kennebeck. Through di- ties of personal and family religion. vine goodness ther, in general, enjoy- The care and distribution of the ed good health, and were able to pros- society's books added much to their ecute their mission through the whole other labours. of their term with an activity and per- The experience and observation of severance which manifested how missionaries, and the repeated writ. much their hearts were in their work, ten testimony of the inhabitants of and how well placed was the confi- the new settlements prove the wisdence of the trustees in their integri. m of sending pious books to be dis. ty and ability for such arduous em- tributed among the people. The nuployments.
merous books sent by the society It might gratify the inquisitive and have been received with much avidipiotis mind io follow, in our narrative, ty and joy; the recipients feel a pe. cach of our worthy missionaries, both culiar gratitude for this mode of excastward and westward, through the pressing the Christian benevolence whole progress of their zealous and of their distant brethren. The most Hell chosen labours for the good of happy and permanent effects are stat. our brethren in remote and destitute ed to arise from the instructions parts of the country. But the same. which those pious writings impart. dress of their instructions and of the Publick worship, family prayer and design of their mission, and the same- personal religion have, through the less of their desires to do good to co-operation of the Holy Spirit, been souls, will render a more general greatly encouraged and promoted by view of their labours sufficient for the the Bibles and pious writings sent by informatico of the society, and pre- this and other societies. Past suc. vent a report 100 prolix for the pres- cess, attending this method of adent occasion.
vancing Christian knowledge and Vol. I. No. 6.
practice cannot fail to encourage people they may visit, and upon a and animate the future liberalities and multitude of perishing sinners. exertions of the society in the same The books of the society for the course.
four past years have been sent for disAmple testimonies from the in- tribution nearly in an equal proportion habitants of the new settlements, into the State of New-York and the joined to the uniform opinions of your district of Maine. They comprise missionaries, lead to the conclusion, 220 Bibles, 591 other bound books That missionary labours are still great- and 6254 pamphlets and small religily rieeded ; that the necessities of the ous tracts. destitute inhabitants far exceet the Since the last'annual report, there means and exertions achich have hithers have been paid to the funds of the to been made by this and the various society, S1365, 95 cts, missionary institutions of this country The expenditures of the society the and of Europe. Urgent motives and year past have amounted to $963, arguments, from duty and compas. 28 1-2 cts. sion, continue to prompt the liberali- The state of the treasury may be ties, the labours, and the import- seen in the report of the society's unate supplications of Christ's discis committee for auditing the treasurer's ples, who, it is hoped, will persevere accounts. in contributing with a ready mind, of The trustees report to the society, their worldly substance, and will dui- and particularly to the liberal subscrily besiege the throne of grace with bers of the charitable female associtheir fervent prayers to the Lord of ation, that, by an examination of the the harvest to raise up, quality and accounts of the monies added to the send forth, still more abundantly, la funds by the contributions of that bourers into his harvest.
association, effectual aids have been The present season, six preachers afforded to the operations of the socieare employed in the service of the ty, and that the most substantial bene. society. Rev. Payson Williston and fits are to be expected in future from the Rev. Thomas H. Wood, for fil- that pious institution. teen weeks, in the counties of Che. Rev. Mr. Atwater's legacy of nango and Onondago, in the State of eighty dollars, was, by the testator, New-York; and Mr. Royal Phelps, appropriated to the purchase of books, a candidate for the ministry, is to la. and the profits arising from the sale bour for three weeks in the town of of the edition of Doddridge's Rise Adams, and for four weeks in the set- and Progress was consecrated to the tlements called Camden, lying near same purpose, and 82 dols. 70 cents, lake Ontario in the saine State. have already been applied from the
Rev. Joseph Field, Rev. John Dut- profits in the purchase of books. ton, and Mr. Samuel Sewal, are en- The trustees express their gratitude gaged in missionary labours in the to the charitable female association, counties of Oxford and Kennebeck, in and fiducially rely upon the mercy of the District of Maine. Mr. Field for God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, sixteen weeks, Mr. Dutton for twen. that in answer to the prayers and lib. ty wecks, and Mr. Sewal for cightcen eralities of the daughters of our Zion, weeks.
the long expected and blessed period The narrative of the labours of our will be hastened, when the seed of the missionaries, for the present season, woman shall bruise, effectually, the must be deferred until the next an.
serpent's head, nual report. In the mean time, the A view of the state of the society's trustees, from a confidence in the funds affords matter of encouragepiety, zeal, and capacity of your mis. ment and of ardent thanksgiving to sionaries, anticipate happy effects God, who has put it into the hearts of from their ministrations and from the his people, to take of the wealth prayers of the society, and the nume. which lie has given them and to conrous friends of our benevolent institu- secrate it to the interests of his tion; they anticipate from Christ, the kingdom. source of gracious influences, bles- Let the society and those who faslngs upon the missionaries, upon the vour its pious designs joyfully say,
* Hitherto the Lord hath helped us." and Presbyterians in the county to Let them take courage to pursue make a publick contribution to the their work with renewed ardour, and funds of the society, upon the next with a humble steadfast hope in God, annual thanksgiving or upon some that he will more and more increase Lord's day near that time, as shall be the means of sending the light of gos- found most convenient; and that this pel truth into the remote and desti. report be read in the sereral Congre. tute settlements of our country; and gations at some suitable time prethat he will open a wide door, and vious to such contribution. effectual to increase Christian know- - In ways of charity to our brethren ledge among our countrymen, and in may we not humbly hope, through the due time, among the pagan tribes merits of Christ, for the effusions of which surround our borders.
divinc grace upon ourselves and our Hopeful symptoms, it is thought, children? That of the necessary good presage the approaching conversion things of this life we shall receive of some of the savages of the wilder- such a bountiful supply, in providence, ness to Christ. It will certainly be a that we may be more and more able happy preparation for their ingath- to bestow, from year to year, abundering to our Redeemer, when the peo- antly, for the help and salvation of ple, who inhabit our frontier settle. others, who are deprived of the rich ments, shall imbibe the spirit of Je- privileges which we enjoy. And all sus, and shall be made obedient to his the praise and thanksgiving shall be gospel, and thus, by their example, ascribed to that gracious God and allure pagans to revere the name and Saviour, who hath moved us to take religion of Immanuel.
of his own and give it unto him. Every friend to Zion is entreated Amen.” to put his hand to this work of the
An account of the books distributed Lord, and cheerfully to come and de. by this active and useful Society, and of posit his offerings in the treasury of their receipts and expenditures, Fc. Christ, that so, means may be amply shall be given in our next number. provided for repairing the walls of our Jerusalem, and enlarging the Extract of a Letter, dated London, boundaries of Zion. How can men
May 31, 1805. believe, unless they hear? How can The eleventh anniversary of our they hear, without a preacher !-How London Missionary Meeting, comcan preachers be obtained by the menced on Wednesday, the 8th inst. numerous, scattered, and divided and closed on Friday, the 16th. It is settlements of our country, unless we, kept as an interesting jubilee, for it is and others, like minded, appropriate truly interesting to every person who a portion of our property, and lend wishes to see the spread of the king. our unwearied attention to this good dom of Messiah. The last general work of sending able and pious meeting has been more numerously missionaries among them, to make
attended than any one preceding. I known to them the mysteries of the suppose there were no less than three kingdom of God and the gospel of our hundred ministers present, composed şalvation ? What purpose equally of almost crery denomination. "The yaluable as that of procuring gospel preaching plan was as follows: On instructions for perishing sinners, can Wednesday morning, Dr. Williams lay claim to our worldly substance ? of Rotherbam, formerly of Oswestry,
By the gospel, we and others preached at Rowland Hill's Surry experience blessing in the Chapel. In the evening, Mr. Nichol things of this life. By the gospel of London preached at the Taberalone can we learn the way of peace nacle, late Mr. Whitefield's. Thurswith God, and obtain a blessed im- day evening, Mr. Slatterie of Chat. mortality in heaven.
ham preached at Zion's Chapel, late The trustees report to the society lady Huntington's. On Friday morntheir opinion, that it is highly expe- ing' Mr. Thomason of Cambridge, a dient that their liberalities be contin- churchman, preached at St. Bride ued and increased from time to time, church; and, in the evening, the and that it be requested of the sev- Lord's Sapper was administered to cral assemblies of Congregationalists several hundreds at Spa Fields Chap