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the Tunxis with the Connecti- occasion, and the peculiar charcut, in Windsor, which is five or acter of an auditory, are frequentsix miles above where Good ly overlooked, or not duly regard. Hope stood. This point of his- ed. But the effect of a discourse, tory can admit of no doubt ; for in no inconsiderable degree, ofwe have the Dutch records to ten depends on an attention to vouch for the fact, and these per- those circumstances, and to that fectly agree with Winthrop's ac- character. It is remarkable, that count. See Winth. p. 55–78. the discourses of him, who sprake Hist. Col. Vol. ii. 262.
as never man spake, were admiraIn page 366, Dr. Holmes says, bly accommodated to the occa" the Swedes at the Delaware sions, which gave rise to them, were extirpated by the Dutch.” and to the persons, who heard We object only to the single them. The great apostle Paul, word extirpated. Several Swed- in imitation of his divine Master, ish settlements still exist on and became all things to all men, that near the Delaware.
he might by all means save some. On the whole we have rarely. A discourse, that would be intelfound so much accuracy in a ligible and useful to a select and work composed of such a variety refined auditory, might be lost, if of facts, collected from nume- preached to the poor ; and one rous documents and authorities, that would have a melting influwhich are often obsure and some- ence at an alms-house, might times contradictory. The work produce a chilling effect at a uniis a valuable addition to the versity. stock of American Literature, These remarks, if just, may, it and we wait with impatience for is conceived, be advantageously the succeeding volume.
applied to the discourses now under review. The author ap
pears to have possessed, in no The Seaman's Preacher ; consist- teach, and to have employed that
common degree, an aptitude to ing of nine short and plain dis
talent with judgment and effect. courses on Jonah's
Living in a sea-port town, he dressed to mariners. By Rev. doubtless had much intercourse James Ryther, minister at Wape with seamen ; and from them he ping, England. Designed to be
seems to have learned every put into the hands of sailors and thing peculiar to their character persons going to sea.
With a preface by the Rev. John New- terms (if we may call them so)
and occupation. Their technical ton, Cambridge. W. Hil.
are all familiar to him ; and he liard. 1805.
uses their phraseology, as though It was wisely required by an the sea were his own element. apostle, as a qualification for a In this hazardous attempt to adbishop, or minister of the gospel, dress them in their own way, that he be apt to teach. This ial- Mr. Ryther has succeeded, ent, in whatever degree possess- where, through defect of genius ed by ministers, is oftentimes not or judgment, thousands would employed in its full extent. The have failed. We call the attempt circumstances of time, place, and hazardous, because there is per
haps no description of men, ligion, every good Christian, and whom, as a distinct class, it were every benevolent citizen, will take more difficult to address, especial. pleasure in promoting the distrily on the momentous subject of bution of this valuable work. The religion, than seamen. Their following passages furnish a habits of thought, speech, and ace specimen of the author's manner. tion, are altogether peculiar; and, Sermon I. entitled “ The Terunless they are appropriately ad- rors of the Stormy Ocean,” is on dressed, a discourse, however Jonas, i. 4, 5. After giving well composed, might be worse some account of the prophet Jo than lost upon them. To come nah, and of the city Nineveh, acdown to them, without descending companied with brief and useful below them ; to awaken their cu- observations, it proceeds: riosity, without dissipating their seriousness ; to entertain their displeasure in Jonah's punishment.
In the fourth verse we have God's imagination, without misleading But the Lord sent out a great wind into their understanding.; to adopt the sea, and there was a mighty tempest, their language, without savouring so that the ship was like to be broken.
On which of their profaneness ; to become, in a word, assimilated to them, commander of the sea.
Observe ; The Lord is the sole
The winds do without indecorous familiarity ; not rise accidentally, but they have this, this is the difficulty. For their commission from God. Though midable, however, as the task re- Jonah would not obey God's command, ally is, Mr. Ryther has perform- the winds do. Here the Lord sends
a pursuivant in a storm after a rebell. ed it with skill and ability. The jous prophet. The winds and seas are interesting story of Jonah's voy. God's servants. 0 let seamen trem. age is agreeably illustrated ; and ble at this. God can cause these his from the several incidents, at
servants to execute his will upon them tending it, the most import- of such persons, that they look no
when he pleaseth. It is the great sin. ant and practical truths are de- higher than second causes. Every duced. The duties and dan- storm when you are at sea should gers, the temptations and sins, read you a lecture of God.
Observe further; Guilt cannot flee peculiar in some degree to mariners, are strikingly delinea- it. It may be expected that guilt car.
from God; he can quickly overtake ted, and motives to virtue and pi. ried to sea will have a storm after ety are impressively exhibited. it. O tremble, poor seamen, when To all serious and candid readers, you go out, to think of carrying unwhether on land or at sea, it is pardoned guilt abroad with you.
The text contains a discovery of presumed, these discourses may the effects and consequences of this be highly useful. The class of storm which God sends after Jonah ; readers, for which they were Then the mariners were afraid. It is originally composed, and for not said the passengers, but the marwhich this impression of them is iners were afraid. They are the har
dicst and most undaunted of men , intended, may read them with being so frequently in these deaths the highest advantage. In the and dangers, they little regard them. prospect of imparting that advan- And yet these persons, who used to tage to those, who have not the encourage the poor trembling pas. ordinary means and opportuni- sengers, are now afraid. They had
probably been in many storms before. ties for becoming acquainted But there were some things extraorwith the truths and duties of re- dinary in the present case, which
caused this fear to fall upon them. fears, which a sense of danger Now their hearts fail them, and their creates, we select the following: magnanimity is daunted. This storm
. 1. you would be above fears in mudle them lower their top sails of storms, then commit the helm to him, courage and self-confidence.
as your pilot, whom the winds and seas The effect was, every one cried to his
obej. Comınit yourselves and your all god ; which argues the greatness of to him by faith; and seek his direction their fears. It may be, swearing by and protection by prayer. The poor their guds had been their practice, heathen mariners, you are told, when but now it is praying to them. Storms they were afraid, cried every one to his will change mariners' notes : will make them serious, and turn their gol; but their gods were vanity and
a lie; idols that could not hear nor swearing into praying. It is said help them. Whereas yours is the ness of their spirits, as persons in the living and true God, who has all na.
ture at his coinmand, and who is utmost distress. It has been a com
made known as a God that heareth mon saying, “ If you will teach a
prayer. Commit thy way unto the man to pray, send him to sea.” It is
Lord. In all dangers let him steer further said, They cast forth the wares
your course; in all troubles seek to that were in the ship into the sea to him for relief. . His own word is, Call lighten it, which still spoke the great
upon one in the day of trouble; I will ness of their fears.
This is one of deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. the last things you do at sea to save
It is related, that when a duke of your lives. So did they with the ship Saxony and a good bishop in Germa. Paul was in. Here you see all en
ny were at variance, the duke sent deavours are used to prevent ship- messengers to see what preparations wreck.
the bishop was making, who, on their The observation now to be dis
return, told him he had made no prep. coursed upon is this ; that storms of arations at all. The duke asked, danger cause storms of fear.
What says he then! They replied, I begin with handling this, as the “ He says that he will preach the gosfirst part of my intended work is, the pel, visit the sick, and be found in his awakening of the souls of the poor duty; and as for the war, he is re.
These mariners were poor, solved to commit the whole of it to blind heathens, as you see by their God.” “ Oh then,” said the duke, praying to their different gods. Now “if he be of that mind, let the devil if the glimmering of the light of na- wage war with him, if he will; for I ture made them afraid, lest they
So if you commit your afshould perish, well may poor sinners, fairs to God, by faith and prayer, you who have the light of the gospel, be have nothing to fear. afraid when they come into storms, 2. Would ye be above storms and and feel conviction from it in their fears at sea ? Carry not a Jonah in hearts ; knowing that if they suffer
the vessel ; carry not guilt with you. shipwreck in a storm, uninterested in
Guilt will sooner or later raise a Christ, they shall perish, body and
You see here, that the sea soul, forever. To be sinking at sea, and have no bottom for thy poor soul guilty person, was on board. It was
was never quiet, wbile Jonah, the to build its hopes upon ; to be launch.
not the lightening of the ship that ing out into that vast ocean of eterni
stilled the storm.
The sea still ty under a conviction of unpardoned wrought, and was very tempestuous, till sin, will daunt the stoutest mariner,
Jonah was cast overboard; and then and terrify the most hardened sinner
it calmed. Onc Achan troubles a in the world. The disciples in a
whole camp ; and one Jonah endanstorm earnestly cried out to their
gers the whole ship's company. Nor Master, Carest thou not that we per. ish? With how much greater reason
did the prayers of the mariners se.
cure them. It is related concerning may profane sinners in storins and
one of the wise men of Greece, when singers adopt the same cry, lest their
aboard a vessel, on hearing some souls perish!
wicked sailors in a storm, praving to Cider the head of directions, their gods, that he charged them to for preventing or allaying those be silent ; for, says he, "If the gods
know that you are there, they will and it will preserve you safe, and keep drown us all for your sakes. The your vessel stedfast amidst all the moral is easy. Guilt, and guilty per. winds and waves of this tempestuous sons, may endanger others, as well as sex. Heaven is the Cape of Good Hope ; : themselves; and the prayers of such thither let your views ever be directpersons will be of no avail. If I re- ed; there let your faith and hope be gard iniquity in my heart, says the fixed. psalmist, the Lord will not hear me. 4. If you would be above fear, in Oh, then, let every sin be cast out ; times of danger at sea, carry CHRIST and let your guilt be cast into the sea in the vessel.' Secure an interest of Christ's blood; then all will be in him ; seek a discovery of that intercalm and quiet.
est; and habitually exercise faith in 3. Would ye be abore fears in sea him, as your Saviour. When Cæsar dangers ? See then that your anchor be was once on a voyage, and a heavy rightly cast. Hope is the anchor of the storm arose, by which the sailors soul, as the apostle saith, which is sure were much intimidated, he called out and stedfast, and which entereth into that to them, “ Fear not; you carry Cæsar." within the seil, whither Jesuts, the fore. But if you have Christ with you, you ranner, is for us entered.
may say, “A greater than Cæsar is your best anchor, your sheet anchor, here." be fixed on God and Christ in heaven;
Ixtraets from the Fournal of the Rev. told me, they had not ; that their Fohn Sergeant, Missionary to the young men had sometimes proposoul New Stockbridge Indians.
to apply for a school master and
teacher ; but to this their old Chiefs jan. 1, 1804.
had objected. They informed ine, This evening a number of the Munsee Indians, who came from Up- tribes, who speak nearly the same
they were a collection of five different per Canada, by invitation, made me a visit. After supper I conversed language ; that in their town were
about sixty fighting men. I told with them upon the importance of re
them, that as soon as they could ligion, inquired of them their numi
agree to receive an instructor, they bers and the disposition of their tribe
must apply to some missionary socierespecting civilization and the Chris. tian religion.
ty, and they would undoubtedly ob.
tain one. Their answer was as follows.
On the 7th the same strangers “ Pather, we thank you much for macle me another visit with their old these good words, you have spoken to Chief. After I had addressed them us. We have also attended to the on the subject of religion, the old? instruction, we have heard in the Chicf anguered: “Father, it is by the house of worship, and so far as we goodness of the great, good Spirit, understand, we are well pleased with that we have been brought on our religion. It is true we must feel journey to this place. We feel very thankful to the great and good Spirit thankful that we have been brought for his goodness to us the year past. to your place of abode. IVe thank We present are all young men ; you for all the good words, you have are sorry our old Chief could not at. now put into our minds. We neun tend this evening. If he bad we heard any thing about religion until might have given you a more partic
We will dul consider these ular and better answer."
great things, and if we are wise and I inquired of them whether they good, we may be happy both bure had ever heard any minister. They and hereafter,"
After this I showed them the great vited me to come and see your fire Bible with the plates it contains, and place in this town, and if I should gave them a short history of mankind like it, you would take me by the from the creation of the world to the hand, and all my women and chil. time of our Saviour's death. To all dren, and lead me with all my subwhich they gave good attention, and stance to this place ; accordingly we appeared to be much pleased. came up and viewed it ; and it pleas.
Oct.7. A council was held, call. ed us well; the more so because the ed by the Delawares from New Jer gospel was preached here, and a sey, partioularly to manifest their school kept for the instruction of brotherly gratitude to the Stock children ; so that all might come to bridge Indians for admitting them the knowledge of the Saviour ; but into their tribe. The Oneidas and by reason of some difficulties we did Tuskaroras were invited to be pre not arrive till of late. Now accord. sent.
ing to your promise you have receiv. Capt. Hendrick, a Stockbridge ed us your own grandfather, and we Chief, addressed the Oneidas in the have all the privileges you enjoy following words : “Brothers, when I equal with you. Now I thank the look upon you, I see you are weeping great, good Spirit, that he has put it on account of your friends, whom you in your heart to have compassion on expect soon to leave you (meaning the your old grandfather, and receive Tuscaroras, who propose moving to him cordially to partake of all the the Seneca country] your tears are good things contained in your dish." running down your cheeks. Now I Here å belt of wampum was de stretch my hand and wipe your tears, livered. The speaker marked with that you may see clear, and unstop two persons standing and a tree be. your ears and set your hearts right as tween them, to represent the council formerly.”
fire place established by the Mahhu. Four strings of wampum were de kunnuk tribe. livered.
Nov. 27. On this day about 12 After this the Delaware speaker Christian women by invitation made adıressed the Stockbridge Indians as us a visit, as we commonly practise follows : “Grandchildren attend, I every year. They, in broken Eng. thank the great Spirit, that through lish, spent a few hours in conversation his goodness we are allowed to meet with Mrs. Sergeant and the children. this day in order to brighten our A supper was prepared for them, friendship, that subsisted between our after which an elderly woman in the forefathers and you.
Indian language addressed Mrs. Ser. “When I look upon you I see your geant in the following manner, and head is hanging down, and your tears desired me to communicate the same. running down, and your heart upset ; “ We are very thankful for the no. therefore remembering the custom of tice you have taken of us to invite us our forefathers, 1 stretch my hand, and to come and see you. You have wipe your eyes, that you may see been very kind to us poor
Indians. your grandfather clearly, and unstop We are very sensible you have been your ears, that you may hear, and set very kind to us in times of sickness your tongue and heart right that you and distress ; at all times ready to may understand right, and make your administer advice and medicine for bed good, that you may rest yourself. the relief of the sick. We rejoice I sweep clean the path before your that you have such courage to live face."
among such a poor people. It is our Six strings of wampum were then earnest prayer to God that the health delivered the Mahhukunnuk nation. and happiness of yourself and chil.
“Grandchildren attend, a few years dren may be continued for many ago I saw you at Kawaupehtutquok[an days, and at last spend a happy eter. Indian town in New Jersey] you in- nity with our cominon Redeemer."