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through Manchester and Leeds; and another from Liverpool to London, through Chester and Birmingham. These several lines would not cost, it is faid, more than £15,000; and it is fuppofed that the number of meffages fent through them, to be paid for at the rate of a guinea for eight words per hundred miles, would yield to the undertakers a profit of two or three hundred per cent. Should the advantages of this fcheme be demonftrated by private adventure, we may expect to have it taken up and applied by government, for domestick and commercial purposes, to the whole united kingdom.

It appears from papers laid before the House of Commons, that the total money raised by the Poor's Rate, and other Rate or Rates, within the year, ending Eafter, 1803, was £4,952,421. 148. 11d. Of which fum was expended in Suits at Law, Removal of Paupers, Expenses of Overfeers, &c. £187,904. 10s. 3d. Total Rates raised in Wales, in 1803, £176,424. 18s. 84d. Of which was expended in Law and Removal of Paupers, £5,919. 2s. 101d. The total expenditure in England and Wales, as made up from 13,889 returns received, is £5,128,846. 13s. 7 d.

The average fum levied for the Poor's Rate in England, is 4s. 6d. in the pound. In Wales, 7s. 3d.

The twenty fecond Report of THE SOCIETY FOR BETTERING THE CONDITION OF THE POOR, has been recently published. We shall briefly notice its

contents.

1. Extract from an Account of the Ladics Committee for promoting the Education and Employment of the Female Poor. By THOMAS BERNARD, Efq. This committee is formed from the Ladies, who fubscribe to the general purposes of the fociety. The propofed objects of its attention are, 1. The forming of fimilar committees in provincial towns and in the metropolis. 2. The promoting of the moral and religious education of the female poor, by endeavouring to increafe the utility of female fchools already established; by encouraging and allifting the establishment of them, where they are not already provided; by recommending proper books, and pointing out the best mode of teaching the children, and of managing the fchools. 3. The fupply of healthful domeftick employment for the female

poor. In order to the attainment of this important object, influence and example are to be employed to promote the ufe of thofe articles which may be manufactured by the female poor at home; and to prevent men from being employed in occupations which might be more properly conducted by females, viz. milliners, haberdashers, ĺtay makers, ladies' fhoemakers, teachers of writing, reading, musick, drawing, dancing, and languages in female boarding fchools, &c. It is alfo proposed to form a feminary for the purpose of educating the unprovided daughters of clergymen, officers, &c. for governeffes, &c. A ftill more useful object, we apprehend, would be the formation of an inftitution for the education of mistreffe for charity fchools; and we hope that it will not be overlooked by this excellent fociety.

2. Extract from an Account of a Lying-in Charity at Woolwich. By JOHN ROLLO, M. D. This charity was formed in 1794, for the relief of indigent wives of foldiers of the royal artillery; the object being to fupply them with a midwife, and with a pound of meat, a pound of bread, and a pint of porter per day for the first fortnight. In 1803 relief was given to 96 women at the expenfe of £58. 14s. 7d. The whole number relieved fince 1794 is five hundred and forty fix.

3. Extract from an Account of the Provifion made for the Poor of Wymefwould. By the Rev. R. A. INGRAM, B. D. A plan has been adopted by which most of the poor of the parish are enabled to keep COWS. The confequence has been an increase of their comforts, and a diminution of the parish rates.

4. Extract from an Account of a Charitable Bank at Tottenham, for the favings of the Poor. By Mrs. WAKEFIELD. This bank is guaranteed by fix trustees, gentlemen of fortune, most of them poffeffing confiderable landed property. It is open for receipts or payments only on the first Monday of every month. Any fum is received above one shilling; and five per cent is given for all that lies twelve months: but every person may recall his money any day the bank is open. The poor are thus enabled to make a little hoard for fickness or old age without danger or inconvenience.

5. Extract from the Parochial Returns lately made with regard to the State of Education in Ireland. By THOMAS BER

NARD, Efq. By returns from 202 parifhes it appears that above two-thirds of the poor children in Ireland are entirely without inftruction or the means of education and that in fome places thefe are entirely wanting. The impediments to the inftruction of the poor are, the want of schoolhoufes and proper fchoolmatters, the poverty of the parents, and the want of proper books. WHOLE PARISHES ARE STATED TO BE WITHOUT A BIBLE OR ANY OTHER RE

LIGIOUS BOOK; (a fact, which we hope will catch the eye of fome of the managers of the Britife and Foreign Bible Society.) It appears, that the Irith poor were never fo anxious as at the present time that their children fhould have the benefit of inftruction. So ftrong is the r with on this point, that the children of papifts attend protestant schools, and the children of proteftants, catholick schools, "whenever education, not converfion, is the object." In the latter cafe, the children are inftructed in the fcriptures, and the catechism of the church of England. The New Teftament is now read in many catholick fchools and an opinion is expreffed, even in the most ignorant and bigotted parts of Ireland, that " if proper proteftant masters were appointed, and no works of controverfy taught, the children of catho icks would attend them." This ftatement is followed by fome fuggeftions for improving the condition of the Irifh, which we earnestly hope may meet with attention from government.

:

6 Extract from an Account of a School in the Borough Road. By JOHN WALKER, Efq. Of this fchool we have already given fome account. The teach

At Copenhagen, the chamberlain and knight BERNT ANKER. His commercial connexions extended to all parts of the world.

er, Mr. Lancaster, has, at present, under his tuition, upwards of feven hundred boys, and he intends to extend his eftablishment to 1000. Two of his fifters have fet on foot a school for girls on a fimilar plan.

7. Extract from an Account of the Houfe of Refuge at Dublin. By the Rev. Dr. GUINNESS. The Houfe of Refuge was established on the 1ft of Feb. 1802, for the relief of deftitute young women under twenty years of age, who are either orphans or whofe parents can afford them no fhelter from vice and mifery. No one is admitted till the cause of her having left her laft place is afcertained, and fatisfactory proof has been obtained of her previous modefty, honesty, and fobriety. In that cafe, he is here fheltered from poverty and vice, until a fuitable place can be provided for her. The young women are daily vifited by fome of the governeles, who fuperiutend their inftruction, and take a lively pleasure in marking the progrefs of amendment in their appearance and circumstances. From the opening of the houfe thirty one young women were received; of whom fifteen were provided with refpectable p'aces, two difmiffed for bad behaviour, three taken out by friends, and eleven then remained.

Obituary.

In France, Baron HEMPESCH, formerly Grand Mafter of Malta.

In Fleet Prifon, Eng Mifs ELIZABETH FRANCES ROBINSON, a notorious (windier, who formerly ived in great splendour, and obtruded herself into the moft fashionab e circles.

The Rev. JoHN DARWIN, M. A brother to the celebrated author of "The Loves of the Plants," " Zoonomia," &c.

8. It appears from the Appendix, that a commiflion warehoufe was opened in the 4th of June, 1804, at the 1equeft of the fociety, by Mefirs. Corften and Shackle, Ludgate-hi 1, for the fale of Straw Platt, manufactured in schools, or by cottagers or others, who may not have advantageous means of difpofing

of it.

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Poetry.

MAN COMETH FORTH, LIKE A FLOW. ER, AND IS CUT DOWN. CHANGE is inscrib'd on all things here below:

We reap rejoicing, oft in tears we sow.

If Hear'n disown the seed, no shoots arise;
If Heav'n forsake the plant, it droops and dies.
Blossoms the forming fruit cannot ensure ;
Not summer's crop, nor autumn's is secure.
But, if propitious Heav'n our labour bless,
And golden harvest every fear suppress;
Yet winter comes, fair nature's charms are fled;
And nature, slumb'ring, to the eye is dead.
Mild spring returning, all her powers revive,
And blushing beauty shows her still alive.
Compassion sighs, when we life's prospect
view;

Hope much may promise, little may be true.
While lisping infancy the parent cheers,
And glimmering reason in the babe appears;
Hope paints the youth in blooming beauty drest,
Death, kindly cruel, calls the child to rest.

"

Yet say, he lives, and youthful age attains,
And all, he wishes, health and pleasure gains;
Or, early pious, acts with nobler views,
And heav'nly joys with steady course pursues;'
Hope points to manhood, faith beyond the skies,
Though angels guard his pillow, lo, he dies.
But, if at life's meridian he arrive,

And him to bless the world and virtue strive ;
Manhood declining, like the evening sun,
Old age conducts him to the cheerless tomb.
Not love nor piety can life detain,

Nor death be premature, if Christ we gain.
Lo, Harvard weeps; "the good man is” no-

more;

Her pious sons a father's loss deplore;
Learning, and friendship, and religion mourn;
Her guardian patrons bend o'er WILLARD's

urn.

He sleeps in Jesus, wipe the falling tear;
He lives in glory, strive to meet him there.
Our youth to guide, Lord, soon Elisha call!
And may Elijah's mantle on him fall!

FILIUS.

ALAS! MY JANE!

"He was delighted with the work of his own hands; he saw it beautiful. He made it good, and took it to himself."

I HAD a daughter sweetly fair With hazle eye and auburn hair; A dimple too in either cheek, And cherry lips; she could not speak She was so young; yet she could look Her meaning just as if she'd spoke. Oft in her eyes I us’d to gaze, Delighted with her infant ways, And play'd, and look'd, and play'd again; So watchful never to give pain, That she was pleas'd and seldom cry'd, Except when something was deny'd,

Which sterner duty order'd so,
And this, forsooth, would cause her woe;
But then it went so soon away,
That we did little else but play:
She just could run; I think I see
Her infant foran approaching me,

A bunch of flowers in either hand,
Like little sylph from fairy land:
She rooted was within my heart,
So that I thought I could not part
From little Jane, I lov'd her so;
But yet a journey I must go.
And leave my little child behind
To nurse's care; it griev'd my mind,
For I had fears, foreboding fears,
Which forc'd away the silver tears,
And made me tremble: yes, and sigh,
Though I could give no reason why.
Oh! ye, who know a parent's cares,
Whose every wish some darling shares,
Though absent long, and far away,
You cling to that auspicious day
When you again shall eager kiss
The sweet controller of your bliss.

And so did I; the day was come,
And I had fondly journey'd home:
Alas, my Jane! she was not dead,
She still could lift her sickly head;
And still could smile; and still would try
To run, because papa was nigh;

And when she could not, seem'd to say,
Papa be cheerful; perhaps I may ;
Then turn, and give me such a look,
As all the parent in me shook;

I saw the struggles in her heart;
For well she knew that we must part.

My little infant now is gone;
And why should I her loss bemoan?
Through glass of faith i plainly see
That she is happier far than me.
Her golden harp she tunes so sweet,
When sitting at her Saviour's feet,
That I could like to go and hear
Isometimes think; and shed a tear,
(No tear of sorrow but of joy)
The hymns that now my child employ :
Far from the wars which roar so near
She's landed safe and free from fear:
No ruffian rude shall ever stain
The innocence of little Jane ;
Angels do sit and listen round,

I make no doubt, on heavenly ground;
And every voice in chorus raise
To sing the lov'd Redeemer's praise.

AN ODE.

The sentiment from the divine Herbert. SWEET day, so cool so calm so bright, Bridal of earth and sky,

The dew shall weep thy fall to night;
For thou, alas! must die.

Sweet rose, in air whose odours wave,
And colour charms the eye,
Thy root is ever in its grave,

And thou, alas! must die.

Sweet spring, of days and roses made,
Whose charms for beauty vie,
Thy days depart, thy roses fade,
Thou too, alas! must die.
Be wise then, Christian, while you may,
For swiftly time is Яying;
The thoughtless man, that laughs today,
Tomorrow will be dying.

Bp. HORNE.

AN EPITAPH IN OLNEY CHURCH YARD.

BLAME not the monumental stone we raise, 'Tis to the Saviour's, not the sinner's praise: Sin was the whole that she could call her own Her good was all deriv'd from him alone; To sin, her conflicts, pains, and griefs she ow'd,

Her conquering faith, and patience He bestow'd,

Reader, may 'st thou obtain like precious faith!
To smile in anguish, and rejoice in death.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

Communications from Asaph, and Phi Beta are unavoidably omit ted, but shall have a place in the next number.

X has our thanks for his serious reflections.

The paraphrase of bishop Horne is interesting, and will appear in a future number.

The concise and useful criticism of Eusebius on Diamoon and Daimonian is approved, and shall have an early insertion.

We hope that Constans, Patmos, and Philo will continue to favour us with their communications.

We thank Z for his judicious observations on Mysteries, and R for his illustration of Isaiah lxviii. 9.

AGENTS FOR THE PANOPLIST.

Rev. MIGHILL BLOOD, Buckstown ;-Mr. E. GOODALE, Hallowell ;THOMAS CLARK, bookseller, Portland ;-W. & D TREADWELL, do. Portsmouth ;-THOMAS & Whipple, do. Newburyport ;—CUSHING & APPLETON, doSalem;-EDWARD COTTON, do. Boston;-ISAIAH THOMAS, do. Worcester ;-WILLIAM BUTLER, do. Northampton;-WHITING, BACKUS & WHITING, do. Albany ;T. & J. SWORDS, do. New York ;-Wm. P. FarraND, do. Philadelphia ;—Wм. WILKINSON, do. Providence ;-ISAAC BEERS & Co. do. New Haven ;-O. D. Cook, de. Hartford ;-Mr. BENJAMIN CUMMINGS, Windsor, Ver. ;-Mr. Lɛɛ, Bath, Me*

No. 5.]

OR,.

THE CHRISTIAN'S ARMORY.

OCTOBER, 1805.

[VOL. I.

Biography.

SKETCHES OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF PROFESSOR TAPPAN.
(Concluded from page 142.)

WHILE professedly giving the character of a celebrated minister of the gospel and professsor of divinity, we cannot with propriety omit an inquiry into his religious sentiments. To the most approved christian biographers, the inquiry has appeared worthy of attention. And men of different and opposite sentiments all prove, by the warmth of their feelings, and by the vigour and resolution of their efforts, that, whatever they pretend, they really esteem the question respecting religious opinion of great consequence. It is, therefore, apprehended, that the theological system, which Doctor Tappan embraced, is a subject highly interesting to every one; although, as facts are, the full developement of that system might, to some, be very ungrateful. Let it be, however, remembered, that his opinion is not adduced as proof, that the system which he received, is true. Our object is, by the faithful use of advantages in our hands, to ascertain a matter of fact. In the Doctor's own words, cited in their proper connection, we shall exVol. I. No. 5. A a

hibit his theological sentiments; hoping at the same time to administer valuable religious instruction and entertainment to readers.

That clear and distinct information may be given, quotations are introduced respecting several particular subjects.

I. The character, purposes, and ways of God.

In answer to the objection against the divine goodness from the sin and misery of man, he says; "In the view of an infinitely wise and comprehensive benevolence, a creature so formed and circumstanced, as man, might be necessary to complete the scale of universal being, and to increase the stock of general felicity. And this reasoning will be greatly strengthened by considering, that even the existence of moral and afflictive evil will probably be overruled to purposes of extensive good. For besides the private advantages of natural evil, we may suppose that the present and future sufferings annexed to human transgression, may be of eminent utility to intelligent virtuous spectators, not only of our own, but

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