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any dominant or exclusive system. They have no priests, but only orators, who while delivering their discourses stand at the altar. The service is divided into that of worship and of instruction; the object of the former being to shew the greatness of God, by directing our attention to the admirable regularity which reigns in all the productions of nature. For this purpose they assemble every Lord's day, at six or seven in the evening. The service of instruction is held every fifteenth day, when they discourse about different subjects, and particularly revealed religion. Six times in each year, they assemble to celebrate the Lord's Supper; and during the prayer and the blessing the whole congregation continues prostrate. The Dutch clergy have much to their credit, strongly opposed this society, but hitherto with little effect, and the present Dutch government favours the new sect.

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AT Cape Town Mr. Manenburg is preaching to a congregation of christians, and to heathen, who are numerous in the place. An increasing disposition to hear the word is evident, and some have hopefully experienced the efficacious grace of the gospel.

At Stellenbosch, twenty miles from Cape Town, is another missionary station. There Mr. Bekker preaches to the heathen, several of whom, he writes, have embraced the Saviour of sinners. This useful missionary has opened a school for the children of the Hottentots.

At Waggonmakers Valley, Bastian Tromp, a native of Holland, is labouring in the same cause. At first he met with opposition from nominal

christians in the vicinity. They traduced the missionary cause, and earnestly applied to Governor Dundas at the Cape, to suppress the mission. The governor general, too well acquainted with the influence of christian principles to be imposed upon, wrote to the missionary himself, encouraging him to remain at his post, and promised him his protection. He accordingly continues to labour among tle heathen of different tribes. Such as Hottentots, Boschemen, and slaves from Mozambique. In the minds of some of them appears the work of the holy Spirit.

At Graaff Reinet, a place near the limit of the colony toward Caffraria, the missionary Vanderlinger preaches the word of life to a considerable number of heathen.

Mr. Kicherer has formed a regular church at Zak River. Messrs. Anderson and Krosmer are laboring on the Great or Orange river on the western coast of the continent Lat. 29 S. Different tribes attend their instructions, as Hottentots, Corannus, Namaquas, and Briquas. They are friendly and attentive to the missionaries, numbers of them have learned to read, and spiritual impressions are evidently made on some of their minds. These people live almost entirely on animal food, and are obliged to remove very often to find subsistance for their cattle. The missionaries, when they visited them, discov ered no observances of a religious na


A native of Mozambique, who had there been purchased as a slave, and brought to the Cape, was impressed with the truth under the preaching of Mr. Voss. For several years he has adorned the gospel of God, our Sav iour, and for two years has been very desirous of communicating it to others. This young man, of strong natural powers, the London missionary society have purchased of his master, and put him under the care of the society at the Cape, to receive such an edu cation as may qualify him to accom pany some other missionaries to his native country. In the mean time he exerts himself in teaching the heathen at the Cape.

At Algoa Bay, Lat. 29 S. on the eastern coast of the colony, labours the venerable Dr. Vanderkemp. He has

there baptized five men, six women, and twelve youth and children.

It has been resolved to establish a seminary at the Cape, to instruct converted heathen, that they may be missionaries or interpreters in those regions where they understand the language.

At Stellenbosch, in the colony of the Cape, a missionary society is formed, who maintain a harmonious intercourse with the London Missionary Society, assisting them in their great and good designs.

This report concludes in strains of moving eloquence. "We have the strongest reasons," say the directors, "to believe, that many thousand heathen, in Africa, are now hearing the gospel of salvation from the lips of missionaries sent by this society. We have also reason to hope that many among them have become fellow citizens of the saints; and are now part of the household of faith. In many of the tribes is an attention to divine instruction; in many others a desire to have preachers of the gospel sent among them; they seem to be under

a sacred preparation for the gospel dispensation. Already our missionaries are instructing those tribes and nations whose memorial has scarcely reached us, and is hardly to be traced in the records of history. Till lately they never heard of the name of Jesus. Let us daily in our prayers remember those, who have enterd the missionary warfare."


A letter of Oct. 5, 1805, from Rev. John Sergeant, missionary to the New Stockbridge Indians, near Oneida, informs, that a very pleasing oc currence has lately taken place in that quarter. About a third part of the Oneida tribe of Indians have been avowed Pagans, or followers of the Prophet, as they stile themselves. These, a short time since, all united themselves to Mr. Sergeant's congre gation. A particular account of this remarkable event, is expected soon, and shall be communicated to the publick through the Panoplist.

* In 1796 this tribe consisted of 628 souls.

Literary Intelligence.


SOME valuable papers of the late Professor Robinson, of Edinburgh, will soon be brought forward under the care of his Executors.

Dr. William Magee, Professor of mathematics in the University of Dublin, is going to publish a new interpretation of the prophecy of the Weeks of Daniel; in which will be enumerated the various schemes which have been offered for its solution.

A Literary Institution has been set on foot in the city of London, on a liberal and extensive scale. Its plan comprises three distinct objects. 1. A library to contain every work of intrinsick value. 2. Reading rooms for the daily papers, periodical publications, interesting pamphlets and foreign journals. 3. A lecture room, with apparatus and conveniences for various courses of lectures and exper iments,

As the subscriptions are very liber

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pointment from the Petersburg Acad. emy of Sciences, in consequence of which he is to attend the Embassy of Count Golowkin, which is about to be dispatched from Russia to China.The whole embassy, including attendants, will amount to three thousand men. A number of learned men from different parts accompany it at the Emperor's expense, for the express purpose of rendering this embassy subservient to science and literature. It is supposed very considerable accessions of knowledge in respect to the Chinese empire, will be derived from this embassy.

LITERARY REGULATION. By a decree of the French government, issued on the 22d of March, the proprietors of works left behind them by authors, have the same right over them as the authors themselves. It is however provided that these posthumous works should not be printed along with those published by the author in his life-time.

CHINESE LITERATURE. M. Hager, at Paris, who lately published a description of the Chinese Coins, in the French Imperial Cabinet of Medals, is employed in arranging 117,000 Chinese characters, which have been collected at the Imperial press, and will afterwards with the assistance of these characters publish a Chinese Lexicon.



vigilance with which the French government watches over the principles of its allies, as well as those of its own subjects, appears from an occurrence which has lately taken place in Switzerland. Osterwald's Geography, the school-book in use throughout Switzerland, had in consequence of the new changes which have taken place in the relative situation of the states of the continent, become obsolete and imperfect. Two years ago a new edition of this work was published with such additions and alterations, as were rendered necessary by the present situation of things. In this new edition however, certain facts were mentioned, which it was apprehended would excite in the breasts of the youth such feelings, as were by no means calculated to confirm that harmony, which at present subsists between Switzerland and her great ally. This dangerous edition was therefore

prohibited by the Council of Lau


JEWS. From an Imperial Ukase in the Court Gazette of Petersburg, it appears, that the rights of citizens have been given to the Jews throughout the whole extent of the Russian dominions. After this edict, the children of Jews will be admitted like the other Russian subjects into the schools, colleges and universities. They may be received as Members of the Academy of Sciences at Petersburg, and obtain, according to their merit, the different situations in the Universities. The Jewish youth will be taught the Russian, Polish, and German languages. The Jews appointed to places under government, will wear in Poland, the Polish dress, and in the Russian governments, the German dress. The Hebrews will be divided into four classes; that of farmers, that of artificers and workmen, that of merchants, and that of citizens. The Hebrew farmers will be all free. They as well, as the artificers, may purchase lands in the governments of Lithuania, White Russia, Little Russia, Volhynia, Podolia, &c. &c, and enjoy them in full property. Those who wish to engage in agriculture, but have no fortune, are to have a cer tain portion of the crown lands in the governments above mentioned. Those who will establish manufactories, are to enjoy in their commerce all the franchises of Russian subjects. It is permitted to the Jewish workmen to exercise in the governments, where their residence is assigned them, all the trades authorised by law. They are not to be restrained by any body of tradesmen, and they may enroll themselves in any corpora tion they may think proper. In every thing the Jews are to have the same rights and the same protection as other Russian subjects, Nobody is to be allowed to trouble them by word or deed, in the exercise of their wor ship, or in their manner of life.

M. HUMBOLDT. Among the great number of interesting facts collected by the celebrated traveller Humboldt, the following, which he has communicated to the French National Institute, is one of the most singular. Sev eral volcanoes among the Andes throw up at intervals mud, fresh water, and what is extremely remarkable, a vast

number of fishes. So great a number was on one occasion thrown, as to infect the air and cause diseases. This phenomenon, however wonderful, is said not to be uncommon. Another singular circumstance is, that the fishes are very little damaged, and though their bodies are very soft, they do not appear to have been exposed to a strong heat. The Indians affirm, that they are often alive after they arrive at the foot of the mountain. These fishes are thrown out by the lateral clefts of the mountain, as well as by the mouth of the crater, but always at the height of 1200 or 1300 toises above the surrounding plains. Humboldt thinks that they live in lakes situated at that height in the interior of the crater, and what adds great probability to this is, that the same species is found in the rivulets that run at the foot of the mountains. It is the only one which exists at the height of 1400 toises in the kingdom of Quito; the species is new, and has received from M. Humboldt the name of Pimelodus Cyclopum.

DOCTOR GALL. It appears from some of the foreign journals, that the disciples of Dr. Gall are anxious to defend themselves from the calumnies that have been circulated against them. It has been thought, they say, that the theory of Dr. Gall justifies every vice, because if a man has the organ that indicates any particular disposition it is in vain for him to resist This the predominant inclination. however, they contend, is a perverted view of the theory, which was never regarded in such a light by any of Dr. Gall's disciples. A man is not vicious

because he has a certain organ in the head, more prominent than the rest, but he has such an organ because he is vicious. The more any vicious inclination is indulged, the stronger it becomes, and the corresponding organ increases in proportion. The court of Vienna, therefore, they observe, has great occasion to improve its metaphysics. Professor

DEAF AND DUMB. Kiesewetter has made a variety of observations on the Deaf and Dumb, at Berlin. The result of his experiments is expected with great anxiety on the continent. One singular fact which he is said to have discovered is, that the Deaf and Dumb have a great tendency to speak in rhyme, and what is more remarkable that the rhymes follow the sound more than the orthography. It is not as yet sufficiently authenticated to admit of conclusions being drawn from it with safety.

A work was lately published in England. with this title, "Vox occulis subjecta;" A Dissertation on the most curious and important art of imparting Speech, and the knowledge of Language to the naturally Deaf and consequently) Dumb; with a particular account of the Academy of Messrs. Braidwood of Edinburgh, and a preposal to perpetu ate and extend the benefits thereof: By a Parent (who it appears is Mr. Francis Green, of Medford.)

Since this publication has appeared, as the effect of it, we are happy to learn, that a pub lick Charitable Institution has been established in England, under the patronage of the Duke of Buckingham, and other benevolent characters. We express our hearty good wishes, that the benevolent Author of the above mentioned work, may succeed in his commendable and persevering exertions to found a like Institution in New England. Considering the number of deaf and dumb people among us, such an establishment seems highly desirable, and we wish the attention of the publick, in these prosperous times, may be turned to an object sa deserving their patronage.

List of New Publications.


THE following are among the multitude of works, lately published in London, viz.

Burgh's Sacred History. Or an attempt to adapt Sacred History to the capacities of children. By A. Burgh, M. A. late of University College, Oxford.

A View of the Old and New Way of Doctrine, Discipline, and Government, in the Churches of Christ, in

cluding remarks on Baptism, the Lord's Supper, the Plurality of Elders, their Ordination, &c. By David M'Rea, A. M. Longman, Hurst, Rees & Orme, London, 39, Paternoster row.

Also published as above; Sermons, by Sir Henry Moncrief Wellwood, Bart. D. D. & F. R. S. Ed. one of the ministers of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, and Senior Chaplain in Ordinary, in Scotland, to the Prince of Wales.

An Essay on the Spirit and Influ

ence of the Reformation of Luther. Faithully translated from the French of C. Villars, by B. Lambert, with the Life of Luther, accompanied with a fine Portrait. M. Jones, Paternoster


Another edition of this valuable work, with copious notes, by James Mill, has lately been printed for C. & R. Baldwin, New Bridge street, and R. Ogle, Great Turnstile.

Evans' Sketch of the Denominations into which the Christian World is divided. Ninth Edition, with eight Portraits; corrected and improved. B. Crosby & Co. Stationer's court.

Discourses and Dissertations, on the Scriptural Doctrines of Atonement and Sacrifice, and on the principal objections urged by the opponents of those Doctrines, as they are held by the established church; with an Appendix containing some Strictures on Mr. Belsham's Review of Mr. Wilberforce's Treatise. The second edition on an improved plan. By Wm. Magee, S. T. P. Senior Fellow of Trinity College, and Professor of Mathematics, in the University of Dublin. Cadell & Davis, Strand.

Censura Literaria; containing Ti

tles, and Abstracts, of Scarce Books, Articles of Biography, and other Literary Antiquities; partly in imitation of "Oldys' British Librarian."

The Communications of the Learned, particularly on the Literary Biography and Antiquities of England and America, will be very acceptable to the Editor.


Two Sermons on the Atrocity of Suicide; and on the causes which lead to it. Preached at Suffield, on Lord's Day, Feb. 24, 1805; on occasion of a melancholy instance of suicide, which had recently occurred in that town. By the Rev. Joseph Lathrop, D. D. of West Springfield.

Waiting on God for Rain. A Sermon preached in a time of Drought, July 24, 1805. By Joseph Lathrop, D. D. Pastor of the first Church in West Springfield.

A Sermon preached at the Ordination of the Rev. James Converse to the pastoral care of the Church in Wethersfield (Vermont) Feb. 10, 1802. By Seth Payson. A. M. Pastor of the Church in Rindge, (N. H.)

An Abridgment of two Discourses preached at Rindge, at the Annual Fast, April 1, 1805. By Seth Payson, A. M.


In England, JOSEPH WILKES, Esq. He had a peculiar mode in the formation of roads, of which thirty years experience has fully established the reputation. The principle on which it is founded is, in all poffible cafes, by laying the road in a concave form, and on an inclined plane, to concentrate the water in the middle, and thus making them as near as may be, like to washways, thefe being made cleaner and better by rain, which, in the old convex form, where there must be ruts, proves the destruction of roads. This mode is extending through a large district of country, and the roads have the advantage of not only being fafer and more pleasant to travel upon, but the fingular one of being kept in repair at fo much less expense, that where in the old form, the toll collected was inadequate to pay the interest of money borrowed upon them; by the faving of expenses in this, not only the intereft is paid, but the principal leffened.

In Europe Her Royal Highness, Ma▾ dame the Countess D' ARTO1s, con sort of the 2nd. brother of the unfortu nate Louis XVI.

In Jamaica, July 4th, on board his Britannick majefty's frigate Franchife, the Hon. JOHN MURRAY, captain of that fhip. He was fon of the Earl of Dunmore, the laft governour of Virginia, under the royal government.

In Chilmark, the Hon. MATTHEW MAYHEW, aged 86. Through a long life, he enjoyed a "found mind in a found body." As a phyfician, he was eminent; as a fenator, wife; as a magiftrate upright; as a judge of probate, the friend of the widow and orphan, and as a chriftian, exemplary. Few have lived more honoured and belov ed. As he lived the life of the righteous, fo, like him, his end was peace. He has left an excellent example to a numerous pofterity, as well as others, to follow. Nine children followed his re mains to the grave.

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