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THE DECALOGUE. constantly directed to look unto Christ as the Saviour, and to ex
No. 4. pect pardon and salvation from him, which would not be con
Fourth Commandment. sistent, were he not truly God. REFLECTIONS.
« REMEMBER the Sabbath day 1. Since Christ is a Being of to keep it holy. Six days shalt divine perfection, we may, with thou labour and do all thy work; perfect safety, commit our souls but the seventh day is the Sabto him for salvation. Were bath of the Lord thy God. In it Christ a mere creature, it would thou shalt not do any work, thou, be unsafe to commit the interests
nor thy son, nor thy daughter, of our immortal souls into his thy man servant, nor thy maid hands, and depend on him for servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy pardon, sanctification, and glory. stranger, that is within thy In a concern of so much impor- gates; for in six days the Lord tance, it would be dangerous in made heaven and earth, the seas the extreme to rest upon any fi- and all that in them is, and restnite being. But we may, with ed the seventh day ; wherefore the most unreserved confidence, the Lord blessed the Sabbath. commit our souls to the divine day, and hallowed'it." Saviour, and with perfect securi
The religious observance of ty, rest on him for eternal life. the seventh day, previously to He will keep his disciples by his
the Mosaic economy, has been own power through faith unto questioned, but without sufficient salvation.
reason. “ On the seventh day," 2. Is there not good reason to
says Moses, “ God rested from believe that they, who deny the all his works, and God blessed divine glory of Christ, cut them- the seventh day, and sanctified selves off from the hope of sal- it.”
By sanctifying the Sabvation ? By rejecting the only bath is here meant, setting it ground of hope, and the only apart to a sacred use. From way of happiness, do they not forfeit the Christian character, lowed mankind for necessary la
the beginning six days were al. and place themselves among in- bours. But the seventh was de: fidels ? “Who is a liar, but he voted immediately to religious that denieth that Jesus is the
purposes. This order was Christ? He is antichrist, that made in Paradise, while our first denieth the Father and the Son."
parents retained their innocence. Peter foretold, that there would if necessary for the innocent, be teachers in the church, who how much more for the guilty. would privily bring in damnable If deviations from duty were heresies, even denying the Lord feared in innocence without the that bought them, and bring up- aid of the Sabbath ; how much on themselves swift destruction. more must they be feared in the They, who are not with Christ
present depraved state of manare against him, and may well kind? What but entire ruin tremble for their awful situation, could now be expected. and their approaching doom.
That keeping a Sabbath day B.T. - holy was a practice of an early
date, the words of the sacred But it weighs nothing against historian sufficiently prove. As the morality of the fourth comGod claimed a peculiar property mandment. The precise day, in the seventh day, no doubt all, for the Sabbath is an alterable who feared him, devoutly ac- circumstance, altogether distinct knowledged that claim. The di- from what is essential in the rections concerning the manna, command. « Remember the which were given previously to Sabbath day to keep it holy,” is the publication of the law from the substance of the command. Sinai, show that the observation It is added ; “ The Lord blessed of the seventh day was not new. the Sabbath day, and hallowed
In this commandment there it.” Neither expression menis something of a moral, and un- tions the seventh day of the alterable obligation. It requires week. The observance of any that one day of seven be set seventh day, which God might apart immediately to sacred pur- be pleased to appoint, is what the poses. As infinite wisdom has command enjoins, and what is of thus proportioned things, no man perpetual obligation. on earth can withhold the time The week of seven days was a appropriated to God, without division of time in use before the such a manifest violation of the flood, as plainly appears from the original law, as amounts to sacri- history of Noah. The Chaldeans lege, and a daring contempt of and Syrians agreed in early ages, the divine authority.
with the family of Abraham, in The commandment is also computing time by a period of connected with something cere- seven days. Some traces of this monial and passing. Circum- original appointment are found stances attended the observance through the world. The numof the Sabbath among the Israel- ber seven has been in great esites, which arose from their pe- teem, as sacred number, culiar situation. These cannot among Jews and Gentiles. Na. now be supposed essential. One aman was directed to plunge mutable circumstance is the par- seven times in Jordan. Apuleius ticular day. The day of rest ob- speaks of dipping the head seven served by the patriarchs was the times in the sea for purification, seventh day after the creation. because Pythagoras mentioned But in this respect an alteration this number as most proper in took place at the commencement religion. Philo says, that the of the Christian era. On the seventh day, which he styles the first day of the week our Lord birth day of the world, was so rose from the dead. On this much observed through all the day, in preference to all others, nations, notwithstanding the reahe appeared to his disciples, son for doing so was lost, that it gave them his Spirit, and ascend- might well be called the universal ed into heaven. On this day festival. Josephus and Eusebius Christians assembled for wor- speak in the same way. Acship, and have from the first de. cording to Clement Alexandrivoted it, as the Lord's day, to his nus, the Greeks held the seventh peculiar service. This change day in veneration. In such senhas been generally admitted. timents and practices among
Jews and Gentiles, we trace evi- offensive to the God of order. dence of the Mosaic account, " But the seventh day is the that God created the world in six Sabbath of the Lord thy God.' days and rested on the Sabbath, Let one day of rest succeed six which gave that day and that days' labour. This the highest number such a general sanctity. authority has ordained. The The full current of evidence claim is well founded. Shall from sacred and profane history creatures question the right of opposes the system of a late emi
the Creator? Shall they say to nent and worthy, though in this him, whose will is the law of instance, mistaken writer, who heaven and earth, “what doest thinks that the institution of the thou ?" No. Let the Lord Sabbath originated with Moses, speak, and his servants will lisbeing altogether of a ceremonial ten, determined to yield connature, and that it is mentioned stant and universal obedience. in Genesis by anticipation only. On the Sabbath day “thou But this could not have been the shalt not do any work." Heads
The command, enjoining of families are addressed. Let the Sabbath, was given in Para- them restrain all their domestics dise, and afterwards repeated in from servile employments. Disthe wilderness, and is equally tinguishing one day in seven in binding upon men of all ages such a manner from all the othand nations with any command ers has a commanding influence. in the whole decalogue.
The child may be too young, Sabbath means rest. The Sab, and the stranger too perverse to bath day commemorates the enter at once into the spirit of resting of God, after he had cre- this appointment. But a steady ated the world. On this day, rein will in time bring them untherefore, let secular employ. der government, and lead them ment cease ; and let meditation from choice to comply with what and public worship raise the is here required. mind to the King eternal, im- secular care, let the mind inmortal, invisible, the only wise dulge in useful meditation. God. Let us put a difference While this day is commemoratbetween this and other days, so ed, it can never be forgotten, that that we may keep it holy, and the the world was made by God; design of its institution be an- that his providence is every swered.
where felt, and has effected sur* Six days shalt thou labour prising deliverances for his peoand do all thy work.” For secu- ple ; and that redemption from lar business this season is ap- sin is eminently the work of pointed by the Lord of all. In- God. Such are the views, which spiration directs us to perform this day opens, leading the conall our actions at a proper time siderate to correspondent mediand in a proper manner. The tation and correspondent worneglect of this rule destroys all ship. moral beauty, and introduces a Great advantages attend the perversion, which must ever be devout observance of the Sablowed it. The day of rest enjoys But a repetition of the act harhis peculiar blessing. It refresh- dens the heart. One thing and es man and beast. It eases the another is made fạn; excuse for body of oppressive labour, and the practice. By degrees the the soul of secular care. A sev- fear of God, and all sense of reli-, enth part of our time is thus gion is lost. The profanation of freed from vanity and vexation the Sabbath is an inlet to every of spirit. By properly attend species of irreligion and immoing to the works of creation, rality. On the contrary, nothing providence, and redemption, we tends more to keep men near are spiritualized, and gradually: God, and in the way of duty, than prepared for the society of the the due observance of the Sabblessed above.
bath, included in the assurance, that God blessed the day and hal
1 bath. This commandment requires Heads of families are charged that a seventh day be kept as a to enforce obedience to this comday of spiritual rest. By diso- mand upon all under their bedience men rob God of that, authority. Let them take care, to which he has an unquestiona. that their children and servants ble right ; they injure their own reverence the day of rest; that souls, and, in the appropriation no servile labour be imposed, and of their time, oppose the dictate no secular business prosecuted. of finite to the dictate of infinite Command your children and wisdom. It is sometimes said, household after you to keep the that a seventh part of our time way of the Lord; to turn away cannot be spared. Strange, that their foot from doing their pleayou can refuse him any thing, sure on God's holy day. Let from whom you have received them call the Sabbath a delight, all things ; who even spared not the holy of the Lord, honourable ; his own Son, but gave him up let them honour him, not doing for us all, that, believing in him, their own way, nor finding their we might have eternal life. Can own pleasure, nor speaking their any be in-earnest in such an ob- own words. Let them gladly go jection? Let a man's business together to the house of prayer. be ever so multiplied, it may be What a happiness would it be to accomplished in six days, if our country, were the Sabbath punctuality and order be observe universally observed. Wickeded. At any rate, it is highly Dess, the destruction of a people, criminal to engage in any busi- would be restrained, and rights ness, which requires you to en- eousness would flourish, to the croach on the day of rest. The exalting of the nation. first encroachment is always ter- When heads of families give rible. Conscience speaks plainly, the example of breaking this and is heard. When a young man command, the effect is most of pious education is put into a pernicious. Such an example counting house to do business on destroys the authority of relithe Sabbath, his compunction is gion. It tends to root out that great. He feels as a criminal. celestial plant from the earth. Perhaps the falling tear bears evi. It disseminates tares in the place dence of a tortured mind. This of wheat. If there is a God in some have afterwards confessed. heaven, the crime of such parVol. I. No. 11.
ents shall not go unpunished.gogian language, which col. The blood of their families shall Grant translated into Latin, and be required at their hands. The may be thus rendered in Engseverity of the punishment, lish. “The pure, holy image which awaits them, exceeds all of God is in these three forms; description. O'that God would gather the will of God from pity a thoughtless race, and bring them, and love him.” Is it not them, before it is too late, to attend bere declared that God exists in to things which belong to their three, "all equal in power and peace.
PHILOLOGOS. glory?" The medal is now in (To be continued.)
the royal museum at Peters. burgh. Remarking on this med
al, Mr. Maurice says, " If we diTHE DOCTRINE OF THE TRINI- rect our eyes from India northTY UNIVERSAL.
ward to the great empires of No. 2. Tangut and Tibet, and over the
vast Tartarian deserts to Siberia, (Continued from p. 397.)
we shall find the same sentiments - If we come down to more predominate. In the former modern ages, 'numerous proofs country medals stamped with the are not wanting in all the princi- figure of the Triune God, are pal nations to show, that the doc- given to the people by the Delaitrine of the Trinity is generally Lama to be suspended, as boly received. The Persians, Dr. objects around their necks, or to Hyde informs us, pay worship to be elevated in the chapels where Mithra, whom they call the Tri- the incomprehensible God is plasian or threefold Mithras. adored. This shows that the doctrine is The Hindoos, says Mr. Sonneknown in Persia. | An oracle rat, adore three principal deities, quoted by Patritius declares the Brouma, Chiven, and Vichenon, T'rinity of the Godhead in these who are still but one. This peowords. “ In the whole world ple cannot be surprised to hear shineth forth a triad or trinity, the doctrine of the Trinity from which is a perfect monad or uni- the faithful missionaries of Jesus ty." Could the language of a Christ. The doctrine must rece learned modern, more forcibly, ommend them, and give credit more perspicuously, or more ac- to their mission : for Mr. Foscurately, express the doctrine of ter, in his sketch of Hindoo phithe Trinity in unity?
losophy, says, “ One circum. • Dr. Parsons mentions a medal stance, which forcibly struck my found in Siberia, which exhibits attention, was the Hindoo belief the views which the Lamas of of a Trinity. These persons are Tibet have entertained on this by the Hindoos supposed to be important subject. On one side wholly indivisible, the one is of the medal is a representation three, and three are one." May of Deity with three heads and one it not be asked, which most ex. body. Most certainly this was plicitly declare the doctrine of designed to convey the notion of the Trinity, Hindoo philosoa Trinity in unity. On the re- phers, or Christian divines ? Acverse is an inscription in the Ma- cordingly Sir Williain Jones we