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country, and expresses a disposition & translation in Bengallee were puba to diffuse the sciences, as well as re. lished. With these the missionaries ligion. An English review, which travelled about, and found the natives discovers no partiality to the mission in general ready to accept them. in which Mr. Carey is engaged, Some copies they understood went speaks of him as “ an extraordinary to the distance of 300 miles. Three man, who unites cool prudence and years after, they began a new transpersevering talents to the zeal of lation. The missionaries separatean apostle.” The same review, in ly attended to it, “ that they might speaking of the missionaries in gen. concentrate all their light.” Messrs. eral, says that “ their zeal, sincerity Carey and Marshman revised the and talents cannot be questioned; whole, comparing each verse with the and that by translating they will Greek, altering the construction of masmooth the way for other labourers." ny passages, subjecting the work to the By living and preaching in India, opinions and animadversions of sevthese missionaries are under great eral learned natives, and getting these advantages for learning the force of to translate some passages into a colwords in the Eastern languages, and lateral language, of which they could adapting their translation to common themselves form some idea.' With apprehension. They say, that they all this caution, they resolved to print find it easy to get the assistance of only 1000 copies, as a few years might learned natives ; that they are now suggest improvements. accustomed to translate ; and that Translations in Hindostannee, they have probably the best library of Persian, and Mahratta were begun critical works on scripture, and of near the end of 1803. The translatdifferent versions, which can be found ors then hoped, that they should be in India, besides a press and foundeable to translate and print the scripry, and all conveniences for printing. tures in all the Eastern languages in
In addition to the character and cir. 15 years. In 1804 they expressed the cumstances of the translators, there hope, that the New Testament would are other circumstances to encourage be printed in the seven languages of the hope, that their translation will India, each in a year, meaning probe faithful. It appears that there are bably, one each year; so that seven other missionaries in India, who must years must elapse before all will be serve as a check upon them, if any completed. should be needed. Letters have The missionaries depend wholly on passed between the Danish and Bap- the aid of Christians.' The Society, tist missionaries. The Danes express who sent them out, express reliance great satisfaction that the translation on the religious public. The expense is proposed. The London Missiona- of printing is great in that country.' ry Society, in which there are no New types are necessary for the Baptists, have also sent out a mission characters of the different languages. to India. The translators are sur. It is only by gratuitous dispersion, rounded with Christians of all denom. that the scriptures can be circulated. inations. The present state of the Their circulation must of course be world, and the intercourse between proportioned to the contributions of India and Christian nations, render Christians. It appears, in a letter intentional corruption of scripture received from Dr. Green of Philadel. very improbable. It appears from phia, that the work has been sustheir journals, that the translators pended for want of money. It is evsend to England copies of their ver- ident that so great a work, which resions, as fast as they are printed. In quires several years for its comple, one of their letters ihey mention with tion, and which must at last be given satisfaction, that a gentleman in the away, cannot be carried on without army was about to publish, under the heavy expense. patronage of Fort William College, There is abundant reason to believe translations of the gospel in the Per- the accuracy of the information com. sian and Hindostannee ; and they municated in the foregoing letters speak as if they considered this as from Philadclphia. It appears from aiding their own design.
the journals of the missionaries, that. · At the end of 1800, 2000 copies of Capt. Wickes of Philadelphia carried some of their number to In the plan, which has been laid before dia. He is frequently mentioned by them, for translating the holy scrip. them with the greatest tender. tures into several languages of the ness and respect. His arrival at Cal. East, and for spreading them through cutta is often noticed with satisface a large portion of the heathen world. tion. They speak of his bringing They recommend the object to the money and books to them from Phila. ministers and churches of the Comdelphia. These circumstances must monwealth, and hope that contributions have enabled him to obtain the most or some other mode will be adopted correct inivrniation. Mr. Ralston, for aiding this interesting design, who is ref rred to in Capt. Wickes' That the object deserves the attenletter is an elder of Dr. Green's tion and exertions of the Christian church. As some intercourse has public, will be acknowledged, thes subsisted between Philadelphia and conceive, by all, who consider the the missionaries, and as Capt. Wickes' scriptures as the best gift of God to acquaintance with India must facili. mankind, and who possess the benertuie conmunication, it appears that olence, which the scriptures are deno objection can arise from the diffi- signed to inspire. culty of transmitting aid to the
John LATHROP, by order. t islators.
From their journals, it is very eri. Subscriptions will be opened in this dent that the translators are Calvinis, town, and the monies raised for this tic Baptists, and like all other mis- purpose will be committed to the care sionaries, they extend their peculiar of the Rev. Dr. Stillman, Rev. Dr. sentiments in connexion with the Eckley, Deacon S. Salisbury, Henry scriptures. But they act on the great Hill, Esq. and Hon. John Davis. Protestant principle, that the scrip. These gentlemen will receive and tures are the only rule of faith and transmit whatever money may be practice. They circulate the Bible raised in the country for this object. as the standard by which their own sentiments are to be tried. In their journals they appear to be so much impressed with the importance of a
I FOREIGN translation of the scriptures, and so much engaged in the work, that there The following letters are selected seems no reason to fear, that the con from a number of others sent to the tributions of the Christian public will be Religious Tract Society in London. diverted to any other purpose. Inim They afford some pleasing proofs of proving the zeal of these missionaries
the important services rendered by for the diffusion of the scriptures, we
that Society to the Redeemer's cause, shall at once impart the richest bles
and we hope will encourage others to sing, which we enjoy, and give the "go and do likewise." heathen the best means for distin. guishing between religious truth and error.
A Commander of one of his Majes. With respect to the relative im ty's ships of war having requested portance of this object, we conceive, some Tracts, for the use of his that it promises as much, at least, as ship's company, thus acknowledges any scheme with which we are ac. the receipt of a parcel of Tracts quainted for the propagation of the sent to him by the Committee. gospel amongst the heathen, and we beg leave to report on the ground. I BEG to acknowledge the receipt above stated, that we consider it wor of your Letter and the parcel of thy the recommendation of the Asso. Tracts, and return my thanks for the ciation.
same. JOHN LATIROP, by order. It has been my practice, whenever
the weather would admit, to perform The preceding report being made divine service, and read a sermon of to the Association, it was unanimous. my own, suited to the occurrences of ly accepted. The Association do ac. the week, every Sabbath : and I hate erdingly express their approbation of often regretted when particular cir
cumstances have prevented my fulfill. Persons send for miles round to get a ing this duty, that I had not in my few, and even Papists (who are nuine. possession some small religious works rous in those parts) are so highly de. which might afford instruction to a lighted with them as to send repeate well-disposed seaman. The Tracts ealy for them. now furnished me, will, I trust, answer that end, and be the means of promoting the rise of religion in the Extract of a letter from the Danish minds of those, whose consciences Secretary for spreading the gospel, are not awakened to a proper sense dated Faabourg, June 1, 1804. of their guilt. • It is a matter of no small pleasure LAST year we had many opportu. to me to know, that through divine nities of dispersing several thousand grace, some of my endeavours have Tracts of a smaller and larger size, been instrumental to the awakening and thereby of spreading the knowlseveral men who were plunged into edge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus the most depraved state of wickedness. Christ among our countrymen in And as a tribute to that excellent good Denmark and Norway. We had the man, Dr. Doddridge, I cannot for satisfaction to hear from different bear to mention, that when I was a parts concerning the good effects als lieutenant, an unfortunate seaman, ready resulting therefrom. Should under sentence of death for mutiny, the Lord be pleased to open us a door was placed near my cabin. He was of usefulness in Greenland, and more insensible to his situation, and ap- especially in Iceland, we shall not fail peared hardened in sin. Although to inform you in some future letter. he was a Catholic, I prevailed on him All accounts concur to state, that to allow me to read to him, “ The Iceland is at present in the very Rise and Progress of Religion in the greatest want of the gospel light, Soul,” and it pleased God to enlight- which deplorable situation loudly calls en his mind, that I have every reason for our help. to suppose, he died seeking for pardon and eternal life through the obedience and death of the Saviour Jesus Extract of a letter from Professor Christ.
Young of Heidelburgh, dated Nov. 19, 1804.
Extract of a letter from another Officer I HAVE the pleasure to inform you, in the Navy.
that I have succeeded in establishing
a Religious Tract Society here in Your supply of Religions Tracts Germany, similar to that of yours in has been distributed in the most fa. London. The 301. which we receive vourable channels, and they have not ed from the kindness of our well. been thrown away, for I have witness wishers in England, have been ex. ed their good effect in restraining pended in the publication of a religthe abandoned in their accustomed ious pamphlet, entitled “ The Chris. vicious habits. Many of the aged tian Philanthropist,” of which 2000 seamen read the tracts with great at- copies have already been gratuitous. tention, then put them into their bo- ly distributed throughout Germany, soms, and poured upon me a thousand and as we are informed, proved the benedictions for them.
means of much blessing of this work, the second number is in the . press, and as we have again collected
about 300 florins from our friends in Extract of a letter from Brewood, in Germany, we intend to print off and Staffordshire.
distribute as large an impression of The demand for Tracts is so great, that also. We hope, in the course of that I have nearly distributed all time, to be able to do more in this those that I brought down with me. way.
Vol. I. No. 11, Sss
Literary, Philosophical and Geographical Jn
courses and distances taken on his .We have received a Message of the passage up it, corrected by frePresident of the United States; (Feb. quent observations of longitude and 19, 1806) communicating “ Discov. latitude ; and to add to the actual sur. eries made in exploring the Missouri, vey of this portion of the river, a Red River and Washita, by Cap. general map of the country between tains Lewis and Clark, Dr. Sibley, the Missisippi and Pacific, from the and Mr. Dunbar, with a statistical 34th to the 54th degrees of latitude. account of the countries adjacent.” These additions are from information
The two letters, which follow, from collected from Indians with whom he Mr. Jefferson, and Captain Lewis, had opportunities of communicating, contain satisfactory information .con- during his journey and residence cerning the objects of this expedition, with them. Copies of this map are and a condensed account of the pro- now presented to both houses of Congress, which has already been made gress. With these I communicate toward their accomplishment. Inter also a statistical view, procured and esting extracts from this valuable forwarded by him, of the Indian na. communication will appear in future tions inhabiting the territory of Louisnumbers of the Panoplist.
iana, and the countries adjacent to
its northern and western borders; of To the Senate and House of Represen their commerce, and of other inter
tatives of the United States. esting circumstances respecting them. In pursuance of a measure propos. In order to render the statement as ed to Congress by a message of complete as may be, of the Indians January 18ih, 1803, and sanctioned inhabiting the country west of the by their appropriation for carrying it Missisippi, I add doctor Sibley's acinto execution, captain Meriwether count of those residing in and adja. Lewis, of the first regiment of infan. cent to the territory of Orleans. try, was appointed, with a party of I communicate also, from the same men, to explore the river Missouri, person, an account of the Red river, from its mouth to its source, and, according to the best information he crossing the highlands by the short had been able to collect. est portage, to seek the best water having been disappointed, after communication thence to the Pacific considerable preparation, in the puroccan; and lieutenant Clarke was pose of sending an exploring party up appointed second in command. They that river, in the summer of 1804, it were to enter into conference with was thought best to employ the allthe Indian nations on their route, tumn of that year in procuring a with a view to the establishment of knowledge of an interesting branch of cominerce with them. They entered the river called the Washita. This the Missouri May 14th, 1804, and was undertaken under the direction on the first of November took up of Mr. Dunbar, of Natchez, a citizen their winter quarters near the Man of distinguished science, who bad aid. dan towns, 1609 miles above the ed, and continues to aid us, with his mouth of the river, in latitude 47 deg. disinterested and valuable services in 21 min. 47 sec. north, and longitude 99, the prosecution of these enterprizes. deg: 24 min. 45 sec. west from Green- He ascended the river to the remarkawich. On the 8th of April, 1805, they ble hot springs near it, in latitude proceeded up the river in pursuance of 34 deg. 31 min. 4 sec, 16, longitude the objects prescribed to them. A let. 92. deg, 50 min. 45 sec. west from ter of the preceding day, April 7, from Greenwich, taking its courses and captain Lewis, is herewith communi. distances, and correcting them by frecated. During his stay among the quent celestial observations. Ex. Mandans, he had been able to lay tracts from his observations, and codown the Missouri, according to pies of his map of the river, from its
mouth to the hot springs, make part I have transmitted to the secretary of the present communications. The at war, every information relative to examination of the Red river itself, is the geography of the country which but now commencing.
we possess, together with a view of TH: JEFFERSON. the Indian nations, containing inforFebruary 19, 1806,
mation relative to them, on those points with which I conceived it
important that the government should Extract of a letter from Captain Meri- be informed. wether Lewis to the President of the By reference to the muster rolls United States, dated
forwarded to the war department, vou
will see the state of the party; in Forr MANDAN, April 17th, 1805.
addition to which we have two interDear Sir,
preters, one negro man, servant to HEREWITH enclosed you will re capt. Clarke; one Indian woman, wife ceive an invoice of certain articles, to one of the interpreters, and a which I have forwarded to you from Mandan man, whom we take with a this place. Among other articles you view to restore peace between the will observe, by reference to the in- Snake Indians, and those in this voice, 67 specimens of earths, salts neighbourhood, amounting in total and minerals, and 60 specimens of with ourselves to 33 persons. By plants; these are accompanied by means of the interpreters and Intheir respective labels, expressing the dians, we shall be enabled to converse davs on which obtained, places with all the Indians that we shal! where found, and also their virtues probably meet with on the Missouri. and properties, when known: “By I have forwarded to the secretary means of these labels, reference may at war my public accounts, rendered be made to the chart of the Missouri; up to the present day. They have forwarded to the secretary of war, on been much longer delayed than I had which the encampment of each day any idea they would have been, when has been carefully marked: thus the we departed from the Illinois ; but places at which these specimens have this delay, under the circumstances been obtained, may be easily pointed in which I was compelled to act, has out, or again found, should any of been unavoidable. The provision them prove valuable to the communi. peroque and her crew, could not ty on further investigation,
have been dismissed in time to have You will also receive herewith en. returned to St. Louis last fall, with. closed, a part of capt. Clark's private out evidently, in my opinion, hazardjournal; the other part you will find ing the fate of the enterprize in which enclosed in a separate tin box. This I am engaged; and I therefore did journal will serve to give you the dai. not hesitate to prefer the censure that ly details of our progress and transac: I may have incurred by the detention tions.
• of these papers, to that of risking in I shall dispatch a canoe with three, any degree the success of the expedi.' perhaps four persons from the ex. tion. To me the detention of these treme navigable point of the Mis. papers has formed a serious source of souri, or the portage between this ri. disquiet and anxiety; and the recol. ver and the Columbia river, as either lection of your particular charge to me may first happen. By the return of on this subject, has made it still more this canoe, I shall send you my jour. poignant. I am fully aware of the nal, and some one or two of the best inconvenience which must have a. of those kept by my men. I have · risen to the war department, from sent a journal kept by one of the ser the want of these vouchers, previous geants, to captain Stoddard, my agent to the last session of Congress, but at St. Louis, in order as much as how to avert it was out of my power possible to multiply the chances of to devise. saving something. We have on. From this place we shall send the couraged our men to keep journals, barge and crew early to-morrow and seven of thein do, to whom in this morning, with orders to proceed as respect we give every assistance in expeditiously as possible to St. Louour power.
is ; by her we send our dispatches, .