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Whate'er of mungril no one class admits, Let standard-authors, thus, like trophies borne, A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits. 90 Appear more glorious, as more hack'd and torn.
Nor absent they, no meinbers of her state, And you, my critics ! in the chequer'd shade, Who pay her homage in her sons, the great ; Admire new light through holes yourselves have Who, false to Phæbus, bow the knee to Baal;
made. Or impious, preach his word without a call,
“Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone, Patrons, who speak from living worth to dead, A page, a grave, that they can call their own; With-hold the pension, and set up the head; But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick, Or vest dull Flattery in the sacred gown;
On passive paper, or on solid brick.
130 Or give from fool to fool the laurel crown.
So by each bard, an alderman sball sit, And (last and worse) with all the cant of wit, A heavy lord shall hang at every wit, Without the soul, the Muses' hypocrite. 100 And while on Fame's triumphal car they ride, There march'd the bard and blockhead side by Soine slave of mine be pinion'd to their side.” side,
Now crowds on crowds around the goddess press, Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride. Fach eager to present the first address. Narcissus, prais'd with all a parson's power, Dunce scorning dunce beholds the next advance, Look'd a white lily sunk beneath a shower. But fop shows fup superior complaisance. There mov'd Montalto with superior air ; His stretch'd-out arm display'd a volume fair; Courtiers and patriots in two ranks divide,
Ver. 128. A page, a grave,] For what less than Through both he pass'd, and bow'd from side to But as in graceful act, with awful eye, (side;
a grave can be granted to a dead author? or what Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thrust him by : 110
less than a page can be allowed a living one! On two unequal crutches propt he carne,
Ver. 128. A page,] Pagina, not pedissequus. Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
A page of a book, not a servant, follower, or The decent knight retir'd with suber rage,
attendant: no poet having had a page since the Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page.
death of Mr. Thomas Durfey.--Scribl.
Ver. 131. So by each bard an alderman, &c.] But (happy for him as the times went then) Appear'd Apollo's mayor aud alderpien,
Vide the Tombs of the Poets, editio Westmonas
teriensis. On whom three hundred gold-capt youths await, To lug the ponderous volume off in state.
Ibid.--an alderman shall sit, ] Alluding to the
(wits! When Dulness smiling :-“ Thus revive the
monument erected for Butler by alderman Bar
ber. But murder first, and mince them all to bits; 120 As erst Medea (cruel, so to save!)
Ver. 132. A heavy lor:) shall hang at every wit.] A new edition of old .Fson gave;
How unnatural an image, and how ill-supported ! saith Aristarchus. Had it been,
A heavy wit shall hang at every lord, Ver. 114.
something might have been said, in an age so disWhat! no respect, he cried, for Shakespeare's tinguished for well-judging patrons. For lord, page?
then, read load; that is, of debts here, and of
commentaries hereafter. To this purpose, conVer. 108--bow'd from side to side:) As being of spicuous is the case of the poor author of Hudino one parts
bras, whose body, long since weighed down to the Ver. 110. bold Benson] This man endeavoured grave, by a load of debts, has lately had a more to raise hinself to fame by erecting inonuments,
uninerciful load of commentaries laid upon his striking coins, sitting up heads, and procuring spirit; wherein the editor has achieved more translations, of Milton; and afterwards by as great
than Virgil himself, when he turned critic, could a passion for Arthur Johnston, a Scotch phy- boast of, which was only, that he had picked guld sician's Version of the Psalıns, of which he printed out of another man's dung; whereas the editor many fine editions. See more of him, Bouk iii.
has pick d it out of his own.-Scribl. ver. 305.
Aristarchus thinks the common reading right : - Ver. 113. The decent knight] An eminent
and that the author himself had been struggling, person who was about to publish a very pompous
and but just shaken oli his load when he wrote the edition of a great author at
following epigram: pese.
My lord complains, that Pope, stark mad with Ver. 115. &c.] These four lines were printed in
gardens, a St parate leaf by Mr. Pope in the last edition, Has lopt three trees the value of three farthings : which he himself gave, of the Dunciad, with But he's my neighbour, cries the peer polite, directions to the printer, to put this leaf into its And if he'll visit me, I'll wave my right. place as soon as sir T. Il.'s Shakespeare should be What) on coinpulsion ? and against my will, published.
A lord's acquaintance? Let him file his bill. Ver. 119. Thus revive, &c.] The goldess ap Ver. 197, 1:38. plaudy the practice of tacking the obscure names Dance scorning dunce beholds the next advance, of persuns nut eninent in any branch of learning, But top siows fup superior complaisance.] to those of the ino it distinguished writers; either This is not to be ascribed so much to the different by printing editions of their works with inper-nanners of a court and college, as to the different tinent alterations of their text, as in the fouiner tfiets which a pretince to learning, and a pretence instances, or by setting up monuments disgrace to wit, have on blockheads. For as judgment with their own vile names and inscripcions, as in consists in finding out the differences in thin's, the latter.
and uit in finding out their likenesses, so the dunce
When lo! a spectre rose, whose index-hand Senates and courts with Greek and Latin rule,
May you, my Cam, and Isis, preach it long, And holds his breeches close with botb his hands. “ The right divine of kings to govern wrong.”. Then thus, since man from beast by words is Prompt at the call, around the goddess roll known,
Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a sable shoal: 190 Words are man's province, words we teach alone. Thick and more thick the black blockade extends, When Reason doubtful, like the Samian letter, 151 A hundred head of Aristotle's friends. Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. Nor wert thou, Isis ! wanting to the day, Plac'd at the door of Learning, youth to guide, [Though Christ-church long kept prudishly away.) We never suffer it to stand too wide.
Each staunch polemic, stubborn as a rock, To ask, to guess, to know, as they commence,
Each fierce logicjan, still expelling Locke, (thick As fancy opens the quick springs of sense,
Came whip and spur, and dash'd through thin and We ply the memory, we load the brain,
On German Crouzaz, and Dutch Burgersdyck. Bind rebel Wit, and double chain on chain, Confine the thought, to exercise the breath ; And keep them in the pale of words till death. 160 This great prince was the first who assumed the Whate'er the talents, or bowe'er design'd, title of Sacred Majesty, which his loyal clergy We hang one jingling padlock on the mind: transferred from God to him. “ The principles A poet the first day, he dips his quill;
of passive obedience and non resistance (says the And what the last ? a very poet still.
author of the Dissertation op Parties, Letter 8), Pity! the charm works only in our wall,
which before his time had skulked pernaps in some Lost, lost tou soon in yonder house or hall. old hoinily, were talked, written, and preached There truant Windham every Muse gave o'er,
into vogue in that inglorious reign." There Talbot sunk, and was a wit no more !
Ver. 194. Though Christ-church, &c.] This How sweet an Ovid, Murray was our boast ! line is doubtless spurions, and foisted in by the How many Martials were in Pulteney lost ! 170 impertinence of the editor; and accorilingly we Else sure some bard, to our eternal praise, have put it in between hooks. For I affirm this In twice ten thousand rhyming nights and days, college came as early as any other, by its proper Had reach'd the work, the all that mortal can; deputies ; nor did any college pay homage to DulAnd Sonth beheld that master-piece of man. ness in its whole body.-- Bentl.
“Oh” (cry'd the goddes)" for some pedant reign! Ver. 196. still expelling Locke,) In the year Some gentle James, to bless the land again; 1703 there was a m ring of the heads of the To stick the doctor's chair into the throne,
University of Oxford to censure Mr. Locke's Essay Give law to words, or war with words alone, on Human l'nderstanding, and to forbid the read
ing of it. See his Letters in the last Edit.
Ver. 199. On Gerinan Crouzaz, and Dutch is all discord and dissension, and constantly busied Burgers lyck ] There seems to be an improbability in reproving, examining, confuting, &c. while that the doctors and heads of houses should rivle the fop Mourishes in peace, with songs and hyınns on horseback, who of late days, being gouty or of praise, aildresses, characters, epithalamiums, unwieldy, have kept thưir coaches. But th se are &c.
horses of great strenuth, and fit to carry any Ver. 140. the dreadful wand ;) A cane usually weight, as their German and Dutch extraction borne by schoolmasters, which drives the poor Bar manifiest; and very famous we may conclude, souls about like the wand of Mercury.—Scribl. being honour'd with names, as were the horses
Ver. 151. like the Sarnian letter, The letter Y Pegasus and Buer phalus –Scribl. used by Pythagoras as an emblem of the different Though I have the greatest deference to the peneroads of virtue and vice.
tration of this cininent scholiast, and must own Et tibi quæ Samios diduxit litera ramos.--Pers.
that nothing can be more natural than his intera
pretation, or juster than that rule of criticism, Ver. 174. that master-piece of man.] Viz. an
which directs us to krep to the literal sense, when epigram. The famous Dr. South declared a per
no apparent aburdity accompanies it (and sure feet epigram to be as difficult a performance as an
there is no absurdity in supposing a logician on epic poem.
And the critics say, " An epic hors back), y't still I must needs think the hackpoein is the greatest work human nature is capable | neys here celebrated were not real hors-s, nor even
Centaurs, which, for the sake of the learned Ver. 176. Some gentle Jaites, &c.] Wilson tells Chiron, I should rather be inclined to think, if I us that this king, James the First, took upon him
were forced to find them four legs, but downright self to teach the Latin tongue to Car, earl of plain men, though logicians : and only thus ine. Somerset; and that Gondomar, the Spanish ambas-iamorphosed by a rule of rhetorie, of which canli. sador would speak false Latin to him, ou purpose to give him the pleasure of correcting Clavius, “ în esprit pesant, lourd, saus suba
nal Párron gives us an example, where he calls it, whereby he wrought himself into his good tilité, ni gentillesse, un gros cheval d'Allegraces.
As many quit the streams that murmuring fall While tow'ring o'er your alphabet like Saul,
Or chew'd by blind old scholiasts o'er and o'er, Roman and Greek grammarians! know your better: Author of something yet more great than letter;
single letters. But Aristarchus, who had found Here I profess to go opposite to the whole stream
out a double one, was the re worthy of double of coinmentators. I think the poet only aimed, honour.—Seribl. though awkwardly, at an elegant Græcism in
Ver. 217, 218. While towering o'er your this representation ; for in that language the word alphabet, like Saul, -Stands our digamma,) Allu. TTOS (horse] was often pretixed to others, to
des to the boasted restoration of the Æolic digamına, depote greatness of strength; as iftoladov, in his long projected edition of llomer. He calls ίππόγλωσσον ιππομάραθρον, and particularly Ιππο. it something more than letter, from the enorinous INSMAN, a great commoisseur, whichi comes figure it would make among the other letters, nearest to the case in hand.---Scip. Maff.
being one gamma set upon the shoulders of Ver. 199. the streams] The river Cam, running another. by the walls of these colleges, which are particu
Ver. 220. of Me or Tc,) It was a serious dislarly famous for their skill in disputation.
puti, about which the learned were much divided, Ver. 202. sleeps in port. ) viz. “ Now retired and some treatises written : had it been about into harbour, after the tempests that had long meum and tuum it could not be more contested, agitated his society.” So Scriblerus. But the than whether at the end of the first Ode of Horace, learned Scipio Maffei understands it of a certain to read, Me doctarum hederæ premia frontium, wine called port, from Oporto, a city of Portugal, or, Te doctarum hederæ. --- By this the learned of which this professor invited him to drink abuna scholiast would seem to insinuate that the dispute daptly. Scip. Maff . De Compotation. Academicis.
was not about meum and tuum, which is a inis(And to the opinion of Mavici inclineth the saga- take: for, as a venerable sage observeth, words cious annotator on Dr. King's Advice are the counters of wisemen, but the money of Horace.]
fools ; so that we see their property was indeed Ver. 210. Aristarchus.] A famous commentator concerned.---Seribl. and corrector of Hower, whose name has been
Ver. 222. Or give up Cicero to C or K.] frequently used to signify a coinplete critic. The Grammatical disputes about the manner of procompliment paid by our author to this eminent nouncing Cicero's name in Greek. It is a dispute professor, in applying to him so great a naine,
whether in Latin the name of Hermagoras should was the reason that he hath omitted to comment
end in as or a. Quintilian quotes Cicero as writ. on this part which contains his own praises. We ing it Hermagora, which Bently rejects, and says shall therefore supply that loss to our best Quintilian must be mistaken, Cicero could not ability.---Scribl.
write it so, and that in this case he would not Ver. 214. Critics like mea] Alluding to two believe Cicero himself. These are his very worus: famous editions of Horace and Milton; whose | Ego vero Ciceronem ita scripsisse ne Ciceroni richest veins of poetry he had prodigally reduced quidem affirmanti crediderim. - Epist. ad Mill. to the poorest and most beggarly prosi. -Verily in fin. Frag. Menand. et Phil. the learned scholiast is grievously mistaken.
Ver. 223, 224. Freind-Alsop] Dr. Roberta Aristarchus is not boasting here of the wonders Freind, master of Westminster-school, and canon of his art in annihilating the sublime ; but of the of Christ-church, Dr. Anthony Alsop, a happy usefulness of it, in reducing the turgid to its proper imitator of the Horatian style. class; the words “ make it prose again," plainly
Ver. 226. Manilins and Solinus] Some critics showing that prose it was, though ashamed of having had it in their choice to comment either on its original, and therefore to prose it should re
Virgil or Manilius, Pliny or Solinus, have chosen turn. Indeed, much it is to be lainented that the worse author, the more frcely to display their Dulness doth not confine her critics to this useful Critical capacity. task; and commission them to disinount what
Ver. 208, &c. Suidas, Gellius, Stobuus) The Aristophanes calls rape cee' iTTobé pora, all prose on
first a dictionary-writer, a collector of impertinent hors back.Seribl.
facts and barbarous words; the serond a minute Ver. 210. Author of something yet more great eritic; the third an anthor, who gave his commonthan letter;} Alluding to those grammarians, I place bouk to the public, whicre we happen to tind sich as Palamedes and Simonides, who invented much minco-meat of old books.
The critic eye, that microscope of wit,
Walker! our hat”-nor more he deign'd to say, Sees hairs and pores, examines bit by bit :
But, stern as Ajax' spectre, strode away. How parts relate to parts, or they to whole; In flow'd at once a gay embroider'd race, The body's harmony, the beaming soul,
And tittering push'd the pedants off the place: Are things which Kuster, Burman, W'asse shall see, Some would have spoken, but the voice was drown'd: When man's whole frame is obvious to a flea. By the French horn, or by the opening hound.
“Ah, think not, mistress ! more true Dulness lies The first came forwards, with as easy mien, In Folly's cap, than Wisdom's grave disguise. 240 | As if he saw St. James's and the queen. 280 Like buoys, that never sink into the flood,
When thus th' attendant orator begun, On Learning's surface we but lie and nod,
Receive, great empress, thy accomplish'd son: Thine is the genuine head of many a house, Thine from the birth, and sacred froin the rod, And much divinity without a Nəūs.
A dauntless infant! never scar'd with God. Nor could a Barrow work on every block,
The sire saw, one by one, his virtues wake: Nor has one Atterbury spoil'd the flock.
The mother begy'd the blessing of a rake. See! still thy own, the heavy canon roll, Thou gav'st that ripeness, which so soon began, And metaphysic smokes involve the pole.
And ceas'd so soon, he ne'er was boy, nor man. For thee we dim the eyes, and stufi' the head Through school and college, thy kind cloud o'erWith all such reading as was never read: 250
cast, For thee explain a thing till all men doubt it, Safe and unseen the young Æneas past : 290 And write about it, goddess, and about it:
Thence bursting glorious, all at once let down, So spins the silk-worm small its slender store, Stunn'd with his giddy larum half the town, And labours, till it clouds itself all o'er. What though we let some better sort of fool Thrid ev'ry science, run through every school? Ver. 280. As if he saw St. James's] Reflecting Nerer by tumbler through the hoops was shown on the disrespectful and indecent behaviour of Such skilllin passing all, and touching none.
several forward young persons in the presence, so He may indeed (if sober all this time)
offensive to all scrious men, and to none more than Plague with dispute, or persecute with rhyme. 260 the good Scriblerus. We only furnish what he cannot use,
Ver. 281. th' attendant orator] The governor Or wed to what he inust divorce, a Muse :
above-said. The poet gives him no particular Full in the midst of Eurlid dip at once,
name; being unwilling, presume, to offend or .Ind petrify a genius to a dunce:
to do injustice, to any, by celebrating one only Or set on metaphysic ground to prance,
with whom this character agrees, in preference to Show all his paces, not a step advancé.
so many who equally deserve it. -Scribl, With the same cement, ever sure to bind,
Ver. 284. A dauntless infant! never scar'd We bring to one dead level every mind.
with God) i. e. Brought up in the enlarged princiThen take him to develop if you can,
ples of modern education; whose great point is, And hew the block off, and get out the man. 270 to keep the infant mind free from the prejudices But wherefore waste ( words? I see advance of opinion, and the growing spirit unbroken hy Whore, pupil, and lac'd governor, from France. terrifying names. Amongst the happy conse
quences of this reformed discipline, it is not the
least, that we have never afterwards any occasion Ver. 245, 246. Barrow, Atterbury) Isaac Bar- for the priest, whose trade, as a modern wit row, master of Trinity, Francis Atterbury, dean informs us, is only to finish what the nurse began. of Christ-church, both great geniuses and eloquent -Scribl. preachers; one more conversant in the sublime Ver. 286.—the blessing of a rake.] Scriblerus geoinetry, the other in classical learning ; but who is here much at a loss to find out what this blessing equally made it their care to advance the polite should be. ile is soinetimes tempted to imagine arts in their several societies.
it might be the marrving a great fortune: but Ver. 272. Jac'd governor) Why lacid ? Because this, again, for the vulgarity of it, he rejects, as gold and silver are necessary trimming to denote something uncommon seemed to be prayed for. the dress of a person of rank, and the governor And after many strange conceits, not at all to must be supposed so in foreign countries, to be the honour of the fair sex, he at length rests in admitted into courts and other places of fair re- this, that it was, that her son might pass for a ception. But how comes Aristarchus to know at wit; in which opinion he fortifies bimself by rer. sight that this governor came from France? Know? 316. where the orator, speaking of his pupil, says, Why, by the laced coat.-Scribl.
that he Ibid. Whore, pupil, and lac'rl governor] Some Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whord, critics bave ohjected to the order here, being of which seems to insinuate that her prayer was opinion that the governor should have the pre-heard. cedence before the whore, if not before the pupil
. every where else, lays open the very soul of
Here the good scholiast, as, indeed, But were he so placed, it might be thought to modern criticism, while he makes his own ignoranco insinuate that the governor led the pupil to the
of a poétical expression hoid open the door to whore; and were the pupil placed first, he might
inuch erudition and learned conjecture :
the be supposed to lead the governor to her. But
blessing of a rake signifying no more than that our impartial poet, as he is drawing their picture, he might be a rake; the effects of a thing for the represents them in the order in which they are thing itself, a common figure: The careful mo Sinerally seen; namely, the pupil between the ther only wished her son might be a rake, as well whore and the governor, but placeth the whore first, knowing that its attendant blessings would follow as she usually governs both the other.
Intrepid then, o'er scas and lands he flew:
Her too receive (for her my soul adores), Furope he saw, and Europe saw bim too.
So may the sons of sons of sons of whores There all thy gifts and graces we display, Prop thine, ( empress ! like each neighbour Thou, only thou, directing all our way:
And make a long posterity thy own." (throne, To where the Seine, obsequious as she runs, Pleas'd, she accepts the hero and the dame, Pours at great Bourbon's feet her silken sons; Wraps in her veil, and frees from sense or shame. Or Tyber, now no langer Roman, colls,
Then look'd, and saw a lazy, lolling sort, Vaju of Italian arts, Italian souls;
300 Unseen at church, at senate, or at court, To happy convents, bosom’d deep in vines, Of ever-listless loiterers, that attend Where slumber abbots, purple as their wines : No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend, 340 To isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales,
Thee too, my Paridel; she mark'd thce there, Ditfusing languor in the panting gales :
Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair,
And heard thy everlasting yawn confess
Benigner infuence on thy nodding head.
But Annius, crafty seer, with ebon wand, Wafts the smooth eunuch and enamour'd swain. And well-dissembled emerald on his hand, Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round, 311 False as his gems, and canker'd as his coins, And gather'd every vice on christian ground; Came, cramm’d with capon, from where Pollio Saw every court, heard every king declare
350 His royal sense, of operas or the fair ;
Soft, as the wily fox is seen to creep, The stews and palace equally explorid,
Wbere bask on sunny banks the simple sheep, Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whor'd; Walk round and round, now prying here, now there, Try'd all hors d'auvres, all liqueurs definid, So he; but pious, whi«per'd first his prayer. Judicious drapk, and greatly-daring din'd; “Grant, gracious goddess! grant me stil to cheat, Dropt the dull lumber of the Latin stora,
O may thy cloud still cover the deceit ! Spoil'd his own language, and acquir'd no more ; Thy choicer mists on this assembly shed, All classic learning lost on classic ground; 321, But pour them thickest on the noble head. And last turn'd air, the echo of a sound;
So shall each youth, assisted by our eyes, See now, lalf cur'd, and perfectly well-bred, See other Cæsars, other Homers rise;
360 With nothing but a solo in his head;
Through twilight ages hunt th’ Athenian fowl, As much estate, and principle, and wit,
Which Chalcis gods, and mortals call an owl, As Jansen, Fleetwoorl, Cibber shall think fit; Now see an Attys, now a Cecrops clear, Stol'n froin a duel, follow'd by a nun,
Nay, Mahomet! the pigeon at thine car : And if a borough chuse hiin, not undone;
Be rich in ancient brass, though not in gold, See, to my country happy I restore
399 And keep his Lares, though his house be sold; This glorious youth, and add one Venus more.
To headliss Phabe his fair briae postpone,
370 Ver. 307. But chief, &c.] These two lines, in Blest in one Niger, till he knows of two." their force of imagery anıl colouring, emulate and equal the pencil of Rubens. Ver. 303. And Cupids ride the lion of the
Ver. 331. Her tru receive, &c.] This confirms deeps ;] The winged lion, the arms of Venice.
what the learned Scriblerus advanced in his note This republic heretofore the most considerable in
on ver. 272, that the gorernor, as well as the Europe, for her naval force and the extent of pupil, had a particular interest in this lady. her cominerce; now illustrious for her carni
Ver. 341. 'Thee too, my Paridel!] The poet vals.
seems to speak of this young gentleman with great Ver. 318. greatly-daring din'd);] It being in- affection. The name is taken from Spenser, who deed no small risque to eat through those extraor- gives it to a wandering courtly sqnire, that tradinary compositions, whose disguised ingredients velled about for the same reason for which many are generally muknown to the guests, and highly young squires are now fond of travelling, and intlammatory and unwholesome.
especially to Paris. Ver. 324. With nothing but a solo in bis hrad ;) Ver. 347, Annius,] The name taken from AnWith nothing but a solo? Why, if it be a solo, nius the monk of Viterbo, famous for many imhow should there be any thing else? Palpable positions and forgeries of ancient manuscripts and tautolovy! Read boldly an opera, which is enough inscriptions, which he was prompted to by mere of conscience for such a head as has lost all its vanity, but our Annius had a more substantial Latin.- Bentl.
motive. Ver. 326. Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber] Three
Ver. 363. Attys and Certops] The first king very eminent persons, all managers of plays: who, 1 of Athens, of whom it is hard to suppose any though not governors by profession, hau, cach in coins are extant; but not so improbable as what his way, concerned themselves in the education of follows, that there should be any of Mahomet, youth; and regulated their wits, their morals, or
who forbad all images; and the story of whose their finances, at that period of their age which is pigeon was a monkish 'fable. Nevertheless one the most important, their entrance into the polite of these Anniuses made a counterfeit medal of worldof the last of these, and his talents for that impostur, now in the collection of a learned this end, see Book i. ver. 199, &c.