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ACTS, ORDINANCES AND PROCLAMATIONS

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belore any couri of record within the United States, the one moiety thercof 10 the use of him or ihem who may prosecute therefor, and the other moiety 10 the use of the United States. And the said superintendents shall have power, and hereby are authorized, by force, to restrain therefrom all persons who shall attempt an intercourse with the said Indians, without a license Therefor obiained as aforesaid.

And be it further ordained. That in all cases where iransactions with any nation or tribe of Indians, shall become necessary to the purpose of this ordinance, which cannot be done without intersering with the legislative rights of a state, the superintendent in whose district the same shall happen, hall act in conjunction with the authority of such state.

Tone by the United States in congress assembled, this seventh day of Al rist, A.D. one thousand seven hundred and eighiy-six, &c.

BY AUTHORITY OF CONGRESS.

THE

Public Statutes at Large

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

FROM THE

ORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT IN 1789, TO MARCH 3, 1845.

ARRANGED IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.

WITH

REFERENCES TO THE MATTER OF EACH ACT AND TO THE SUBSEQUENT ACTS

ON THE SAME SUBJECT,

AND

COPIOUS NOTES OF THE DECISIONS

OF THE

Courts of the United States

CONSTRUING THOSE ACTS, AND UPON THE SUBJECTS OF THE LAWS.

WITH AN

INDEX TO THE CONTENTS OF EACH VOLUDE,

AND A

FULL GENERAL INDEX TO THE WHOLE WORK, IN THE CONCLUDING VOLUME.

TOGETHER WITH

Ebe Declaration of Xndependence, the Articles of Confederation, and

the Constitution of the United States;

AND ALSO, TABLES, LN THE LAST VOLUME, CONTAINING LISTS OF THE ACTS RELATING TO THE JUDICIARY,

IMPOSTS AND TONNAGE, THE PUBLIC LANDS, ETC.

EDITED BY
RICHARD PETERS, ESQ.,

COUNSELLOR AT LAW.

tae rights and Interest of the United States in the stereotype plates from which this work is printed, are hereby rocognised acknowledged, and declared by the publishers, according to the provisions of the Joint resolution of Congress, passed March 3, 1946

VOL. I.

BOSTON:
LITTLE, BROWN, AND COMPANY.

1853.

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STATUTE I. CHAP. XXXIII.-An Act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes.(a)

July 22, 1790. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- (Obsolete.) tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That no

Licenses to person shall be permitted to carry on any trade or intercourse with the trade with the

Indians, by Indian tribes, without a license for that purpose under the hand and seal of whom to be the superintendent of the department, or of such other person as the Presi- granted, dent of the United States shall appoint for that purpose; which superintendent, or other person so appointed, shall, on application, issue such license to any proper person, who shall enter into bond with one or more and how to be sureties, approved of by the superintendent, or person issuing such license, obtained. or by the President of the United States, in the penal sum of one thousand dollars, payable to the President of.the United States for the time being, for the use of the United States, conditioned for the true and faithful observance of such rules, regulations and restrictions, as now are, or hereafter shall be made for the government of trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes. The said superintendents, and persons by them licensed as aforesaid, shall be governed in all things touching the said trade and intercourse, by such rules and regulations as the President

tis shall prescribe. And no other person shall be permitted to carry on any trade or intercourse with the Indians without such license as aforesaid. No license shall be granted for a longer term than two years. Provided nevertheless, That the President may make such order respecting the tribes surrounded in their settlements by the citizens of the United States, as to secure an intercourse without license, if he may deem it proper. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the superintendent, or person

May be re issuing such license, shall have full power and authority to recall all called for cersuch licenses as he may have issued, if the person so licensed shall trans tain transgresgress any of the regulations or restrictions provided for the government

sioni, of trade agd intercourse with the Indian tribes, and shall put in suit such bonds as he may have taken, immediately on the breach of any condition in said bond: Provided always, That if it shall appear on trial, that the person froin whom such license shall have been recalled, has not offended against any of the provisions of this act, or the regulations prescribed for the trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, he shall be entitled to receive a new license.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person who shall al- Penalty for tempt to trade with the Indian tribes, or be found in the Indian country trading without

license. (@) See act of March 1, 1793, chap. 19. (Repealed.) Voi.. I.-18

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138

FIRST CONGRESS. Sess. II. Ch. 34.

1790.

with such merchandise in his possession as are usually vended to the Indians, without a license first had and obtained, as in this act prescribed, and being thereof convicted in any court proper to try the same, shall forfeit all the merchandise so offered for sale to the Indian tribes, or so found in the Indian country, which forfeiture shall be one half to the benefit of the person prosecuting, and the other half to the

benefit of the United States. Sales of lands Sec. 4. And be it enacted and declared, That no sale of lands made by Indians, in by any Indians, or any nation or tribe of Indians within the United what cases va. States, shall be valid to any person or persons, or to any state, whether

having the right of pre-emption to such lands or not, unless the same shall be made and duly executed at some public treaty, held under the

authority of the United States. Offences como Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if aày citizen or inhabitant mitled within the Indian ter

of the United States, or of either of the territorial districts of the United ritory, how to States, shall go into any town, settlement or territory belonging to any be punished. nation or tribe of Indians, and shall there commit any crime upon, or

trespass against, the person or property of any peaceable and friendly Indian or Indians, which, if committed within the jurisdiction of any state, or within the jurisdiction of either of the said districts, against a citizen or white inhabitant thereof, would be punishable by the laws of such state or district, such offender or offenders shall be subject to the same punishment, and shall be proceeded against in the same manner as if the offence had been committed within the jurisdiction of the state or district to which he or they may belong, against a citizen or white in

habitant thereof. Proceedings Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That for any of the crimes or therein.

offences aforesaid, the like proceedings shall be had for apprehending, imprisoning or bailing the offender, as the case may be, and for recognizing the witnesses for their appearance to testify in the case, and where the offender shall be committed, or the witnesses shall be in a district other than that in which the offence is to be tried, for the removal of the offender and the witnesses or either of them, as the case may be, to the dis

trict in which the trial is to be had, as by the act to establish the judicial Act of Sept. 24, 1789, ch. 20. courts of the United States, are directed for any crimes or offences

against the United States. Continuance Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be in force for of this act.

the term of two years, and from thence to the end of the next session of Congress, and no longer.

APPROVED, July 22, 1790.

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STATUTE II.

CHAP. XIX. An Act to regulate Trade and Intercourse with the Indian Tribes.' March 1, 1793. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

(Repealed.) of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That no person May 19, 1796, shall be permitted to carry on any trade or intercourse with the Indian ch. 30. tribes, without a license under the hand and seal of the superintendent the Indian tribes

Trade with of the department, or of such other person, as the President of the United to be under li. States shall authorize to grant licenses for that purpose; which superin- censes. tendent, or person so authorized shall, on application, issue such license,

1790, ch. 33. for a term not exceeding two years, to any proper person, who shall enter into bond with one or more sureties approved of by the superintendent, or person issuing such license, or by the President of the United States, in the penal sum of one thousand dollars, payable to the United States, conditioned for the true and faithful observance of such rules, regulations and restrictions, as are or shall be made, for the government of trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes. The said superintendents, and persons licensed, as aforesaid, shall be governed, in all things touching the said trade and intercourse, by such rules and regulations, as the President of the United States shall prescribe.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the superintendent, or person Power of the issuing such license, shall have full power and authority to recall the person granting

such licenses, same, if the person so licensed shall transgress any of the regulations or restrictions, provided for the government of trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and shall put in suit such bonds, as he may have taken, on the breach of any condition therein contained.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person, who shall Forfeiture on attempt to trade with the Indian tribes, or shall be found in the Indian attempting to

trade without country, with such merchandise in his possession, as are usually vended a license. to the Indians, without lawful license, shall forfeit all the merchandise offered for sale to the Indians, or found in his possession, in the Indian country, and shall, moreover, be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, and to imprisonment not exceeding thirty days, at the dis cretion of the court, in which the trial shall be: Provided, That any citizen of the United States, merely travelling through any Indian town or territory, shall be at liberty to purchase, by exchange or otherwise, such "rticles as may be necessary for his subsistence, without incurring any penalty.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That if any citizen or inhabitant Punishment of the United States, or of either of the territorial districts of the United on committing States, shall go into any town, settlement, or territory, belonging to any friendly Indians. nation or tribe of Indians, and shall there commit murder, robbery, larceny, trespass or other crime, against the person or property of any friendly Indian or Indians, which, if committed within the jurisdiction of any state, or within the jurisdiction of either of the said districts, against a citizen thereof, would be punishable by the laws of such state or dis trict, such offender shall be subject to the same punishment, as if the offence had been committed within the state or district, to which he or she may belong, against a citizen thereof. Vol. I.-42

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