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apostuliting with Israel in these words," How long
-walls thon go about in devious paths, which lead thee
way from tliv Gal, from happiness, and from the ways

be meint fathers thou backsliding daughter,"

and shout with divers errors ; listen to what I am bes to him, he cast: matraordinary thing has taken place

without ques which has not been heard of from the be

le, or began tich yet the fathers expected, - A woman
octrine which maBelieve me, the reparation of
d have said in the sting thy wearied soul, and the re-

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the persons ; het

t e: Holy Ghost,

is said, “ The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee,
od the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee;"
0, " She was found with child of the Holy Ghost;"u
d again,—“That which is conceived in her, is of the

Holy Ghost.” It is much more natural to refer these Expressions to the third person of the Godhead, than to - he Son according to the Divine nature. But with re

gard to the manner of the Spirit's operation on the Blessed Virgin, it is far more consistent with prudence and chastity, to cover it, after the example of God himself, with a veil of sacred silence, than to determine with audacious mind, or to presume to explain it with the tongue or the pen. Let it suffice to know, that the work of the Holy Spirit was distinguished by a

Louble miracle, 1st, The fructifying of the virgin's 5 vomb; 2dly, The sanctification of the fruit of the womb,

'ich the virgin conceived and brought forth.

xvi. This conception, however, although attributed @ ..

special manner to the Holy Ghost, doth not make the Father of Christ; for there is an obvious dif'? betwixt forming any thing of matter derived

other quarter, and generating from one's own ", We do not deny, that God is metaphori

the Parent of all men, because he creates es them; and that, in a similar sense, the night be termed in some respect the Fainan nature of Christ. Yet since geneproperly terminate on a nature but on person of Christ is not begotten by since the Holy Spirit is no where Christ in sacred writ, we, too,

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would come, to dwell in the midst of his people. This explication is plain, consonant to the analogy of faith and to the proper sense of the words, and also very well adapted to the scope of the Prophet's discourse. He is here recalling the virgin of Israel, a backsliding daughter, to that right and sure way which her believing fathers had trodden. Now, it is certain, that the great and capital error of backsliding Israel is this, that she does not acknowledge the Messiah, whom God has given her. He had in the preceding chapter foretold his birth, saying, “ Their Governor shall pro“ ceed from the midst of them.”p In this same chapter, he had related particularly one of its concomitant circumstances, namely, the slaughter of the infants of Bethlehem. He now adds another sign, the creation of a new thing in the earth, a birth from a virgin ;expostulating with Israel in these words, “ How long “ wilt thou go about” in devious paths, which lead thee away from thy God, from happiness, and from the ways of the ancient fathers,—“O thou backsliding daughter," carried about with divers errors; listen to what I am about to say; an extraordinary thing has taken place in the earth, which has not been heard of from the beginning, which yet the fathers expected, “ A woman “ shall compass a man.” Believe me, the reparation of thy loss, the refreshing of thy wearied soul, and the replenishing of thy sorrowful soul, depend on this mystery, and on the acknowledgment of it.

xv. The whole adorable Trinity concur in this work; and hence it is ascribed to each of the persons ; to the Father,"—to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.

r Chap. xxx. 21.
Heb. x. 5.

1 Verse 15.
s Philip. ii. 7.

It is said, “ The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, “ and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee;" also, “ She was found with child of the Holy Ghost;"u and again,“ That which is conceived in her, is of the “ Holy Ghost.” It is much more natural to refer these expressions to the third person of the Godhead, than to the Son according to the Divine nature. But with regard to the manner of the Spirit's operation on the Blessed Virgin, it is far more consistent with prudence and chastity, to cover it, after the example of God himself, with a veil of sacred silence, than to determine with audacious mind, or to presume to explain it with the tongue or the pen. Let it suffice to know, that the work of the Holy Spirit was distinguished by a double miracle, 1st, The fructifying of the virgin's womb; 2dly, The sanctification of the fruit of the womb, which the virgin conceived and brought forth.

XVI. This conception, however, although attributed in a special manner to the Holy Ghost, doth not make him the Father of Christ; for there is an obvious difference betwixt forming any thing of matter derived from another quarter, and generating from one's own substance. We do not deny, that God is metaphori. cally called the Parent of all men, because he creates and preserves them; and that, in a similar sense, the Holy Spirit might be termed in some respect the Father of the human nature of Christ. Yet since generation does not properly terminate on a nature but on a person, since the person of Christ is not begotten by the Holy Spirit, and since the Holy Spirit is no where called the Father of Christ in sacred writ, we, too, ought scrupulously to avoid that expression.

* Luke i. 35.

u Mat. i. 18.

v Mat. i. 20.

XVII. This event took place according to an agreement between the Father and the Son, or, as it is expressed by Zechariah, according to “the counsel of peace," which was between “ the LORD of Hosts,” the Father, and “ the man,” the Son, who was to become man, “ whose name is the BRANCH," being raised up by God, and being the new root of a new family, or of the sons of God according to the Spirit. This Branch “shall “ grow up out of his place ;* that is, as Aben Ezra understands it, of himself; t by his own proper power, without sowing, without human agency; since he was to be born of a virgin. “ And he shall build the temple of the Lord, even he shall build the temple of the LORD.” Here the repetition of the same words directs our thoughts to more than one temple. He builds the temple of his natural body, “ in which dwelleth « all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.”. This he built, in the first instance, when by his own will he became man, and, afterwards, when he rose again from the dead; and by means of both he became “ a Sanc“ tuary” to his people. He builds also the temple of his mystical body, that is, the Church.b 3

xvIII. But whilst we are considering the Causes of the incarnation, Mary must not be entirely overlooked. Three things chiefly respecting her, are worthy of notice. 1st, Her pedigree, being of the seed of Abraham, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Judah, of the house of David. 2dly, Her condition, as in a state

מתחתיו *

,a semetipso מאליו +

w Zech. vi. 12, 13.
y John ii. 21.
a Is. viii. 14.

* Is. iv. 2. Mal. i. 11.
2 Col. ii. 9.

0 1 Cor. iii. 16. 2 Cor. vi. 16. 3 See Note III.

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