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Diffontient, 1st, Because *i. bill, by confidering the colonies in America as a foreign nation, and declaring war on them in that character, has a direct tendency to effect an entire, and, we fear, permanent separation between the two capital parts of this empire. It is new to behold a nation - making a separation of its parts by a law, in hopes of re uniting them by a treaty. The sovereign power has hitherto always regarded rebellion as the criminal act of individuals, and not the hostility of any great colle&tive body of the community. The framers of this bill admit the principle in its full force, although by all the provi. sions they every where contradićt it; for whilst the clauses of the bill confign all to punishment, the preamble only declares, that many are guilty, the legislature chusing to be confidered rather as unjust to particulars, than confes itself to be universally odious. The English on both sides of the ocean

re now taught by act of parliament to look on themselves as separate nations; nations susceptible of general hostility, and proper parties for mutual declarations of war, and treaties of peace. We are by this act preparing their minds for that indepen

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