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fore not only the interest, but the plea- dent than spirited ; and, by possesssures are every where reciprocal. I ing internal content, are like men shall give one strong instance within who prefer a certain competency, my kuowledge.
rather than incur the risk too often * I beg leave to premise, that it is run by venturing for a large fortune. not my intention, but as little as pos- The three castles of Sandown, Wol. sible, io,lug myself into view; but as mer, and Deal, are in your view at difthe character in which I travelled ferent times before you arrive at brought forward the best observations Deal, which, in my idea, is a very it will be in my power to make, there pretty town. It is composed of three would be a kind of affectation in streets in parallel lines, not unlike the qualifying by allusiou what can never new town of Edinburgh, except that have such strong force as when plain- the houses at Deal are only handly told as a fact. I arrived at Mar- some, those at Edinburgh magnifigate at an inauspicious time for the cent. Deal is a true seaport. The encouragement of a public entertain- communication with ships in the ment. I had, however, a very capital Downs gives the sailors perfectness in night; but a lady at Ramsgate, who nautical knowledge, inore of which took it into her head to be very angry, is to be learnt in Channel service in a because I had not given that place a week, than on the open sea in six preference, went very great lengths months. It is owing to this that the indeed to spoil my sport. She sent Deal men, whose forms are wondercards of invitation to all the inhabi- fully compact and athletic, are such tants of Margate, whom she could expert pilots; and as to their expedieligibly invite, and thought herself tion in embarking troops, there are not pertecily sure of the officers of a re. such boatmen perhaps in the kingdom, giment which had that morning ar- and therefore certainly not in the Tived; but she was deserted by every
world. Before we quit Deal, it body, officers, pioneers, and all
, nay will be proper to remark that it has eyen by many of the inhabitants of often been thought feasible to conher own town, and was obliged to struct a harbour for the safety of range her splendid apartments alone, ships which occasionally ride at anwhile my place was crowded. chor in the Downs, and which, in
" At Sandwich I was bonestly in. spite of every precaution, are too offormed that I must not hope for ten exposed to great, and sometimes success, for that a lady was to have inevitable, danger. a christening, and bad invited the “ Nature seems to have designed whole place, and that the engage. the flat shore between Sandwich and ments had been for some time made. Deal for ílat
purpose, and in 1744, a I acquiesced in the propriety of the proposal to that effect was submitted objection, and was preparing for my to parliament, by a petition presented departure to Deal, when I received a by Mr. Fane but though the message, that as I had no other night scheme appeared not only plausible, to spare, the lady had put off the but even expedient, it was rejected christening, and with equal industry in favour of the harbour of Ramsand liberality had dispatched fresh gate, which can never be rendered cards to all her friends, requesting completely effectual.- From Deal we their company at my rendezvous, go upon the edge of the cliffs
, which giving for a reason, that she might are romantic and precipitous, with take another opportunity of christen- the French coast full in view, to Doing her child; but she understood ver, whose cliff Shakspeare has so that there could not possibly, ac- strongly described. It is, however, cording to my arrangement, be any intinitely less tremendous than many other opportunity of seeing me. other objects, but it well demonstrates Without enquiring how far I merited the animated mind of our glorious the notice of either of these ladies, I bard, who, in writing so interestingly think there could not be a stronger on Dover, shews how he would have instance of caprice on one side, or done justice to a description of the consistency on the other.
frightful Eagle-craigin Borrowdale, or Sandwich, however, after all,
* We omit a note here that has nothing must appear very dull to strangers, to recommend it but the profane dialect of for though it has great capabilities, a sailor, which the author seems to have the inhabitants are more indepen, mistaken for wit,
the perpendicular descentofthe tower. Collyer. The Memoir itself is very inig Ben Lomond. Dover, however, short, being only any enlargement of k singolarly situated, and its inhabić the account given of this celebrated tants are a most curious and extraordi- sculptor, in the Gentleman's MagaDary compound, having been chequer- zine for September 1790. e by English or French emigrants, Mr. B. it appears, was an artist who, time out of mind, from necessity formed by nature, and not by eduor pleasure, have passed and repassed cation, having been apprenticed to that strait, to which we are indebted paintingon porcelain; but the accidenfor our matchless grandeur, and our tal sight of some models of different enviable glory. Here, and indeed at sculptors inspired a passion for that every other sea-port, I had an oppor. art which nothing could impede, and tunity of witnessing the whimsical raised him to the top of his profession. original playfulness of the sailors. A It would be injustice to Mr. B. howparty of them in a post-chaise took it ever, not to add, that he excelled as by turns to throw a large stone fasten- much in copying the Christian vired to a rope backwards and for. tues in his own character, as he did wards, in imitation of heaving the in giving “ the human form divine" kead:-another set bought all the to marble. gingerbread at an old woman's From works of so easy purchase it stall
, on purpose to set a parcel of is not our custom to give extracts, bungry boys to scramble for it; and but we cannot forbear presenting our one day a sailor, who had noticed that readers with the following anecdotes : the ladies were accustomed to ride on “ At the time he was putting up borseback, fastened a doll to a jack- the monument of Lord Chatham, a ass, and whipt it through the streets; minister, to whom Mr. B. was an ut. though, had it been necessary, I have no ter stranger, was walking through doubt but the same sailor would have the Abbey, and coming unseen, taprisked his life, and have been thank- ped Mr. B. on the shoulder, saying, ful for the opportunity, to have pro- * Take care what you are about, you tected any one of those he had the 'work for eternity, alluding to the wanton folly to ridicule. I have story of Zeuxes. It happened the made it a constant remark, that sailors next morning that Mr. B. heard are timid and respectful admirers of this gentleman deliver a discourse female modesty, and, whatever may from the pulpit, and watching bim in be their freaks in their cups, it is very bis passage to the vestry, he came rarely indeed, that we hear of a pre- behind him, and tapping him in a meditated insult, or in fact any other similar manner, said, " Take care coaduct, from even the lowest of what you are about--you work for them, than admiration and respect 'eternity?", p. 48-9. towards women of real delicacy. I “ While Mr. B. was walking one hope it will not appear inviduous if day in Westminster Abbey, he obregard to truth obliges me to notice, served a person standing before his that the same cannot be generally principal work, who seemed to pride said of soldiers; – but, adieu-my himself on his taste and skill in the letter is too long. In my next I shall arts, and who was exuberant in his take leave of Kent.
remarks. This monument of Chat. “ Yours with perfect • ham,' said he to Mr. B. (whom it is Leicester-place, truth and sincerity, evident he anistook for an ignorant Kor. 18, 1800. .C. DIBDIN" stranger), ' is admirable upon the
p. 36–39. 'whole; but it has great defects.'
I should be greatly obliged,' said
Mr. B. • if you would be so kind as to XXVIII. MEMOIRS of John Bacon,
point them out to me.'– Why Esq. R. A. with Reflections drawn • here,' said the critic, and there from a Review of his moral and re
. do you not see? bad-very bad !' igious Character. By RICHARD at the same time employing his stick CECIL, A. M. 12mo. 2s. 6d. Ri- upon the lower figures with a viovingtons.
lence that was likely to injure the 0
ed a portrait, which we cannot • be glad to be acquainted why the help considering as one of the happiest parts you touched are bad?" Ile efforts of the combined talents of the found, however, nothing determinate artists employed on it-Russell and in the replv; but the saine vague
THE MIRROR AND THE PICTURE :
assertions repeated, and accompanied schools of industry at Kendall, with with the same violence. I told an Appendix, containing, No. i. • Bacon,' said he, ' repeatedly of The Bishop of Durham's Charge to * this, while the monument was form- Churchwardens. 2. Plan of instruc
ing--! pointed out other defects, tion at the Kendal schools of indus• but I could not convince him.'- try. 3. Reports of the sub-committee • What then, you are personally ac- appointed by the fever institution, t.
quainted with Bacon said Mr. B. direct the white-washing, with quick 0 yes' replied the stranger, 1 lime, of those dwellings of the poor • bare been intimate with him for in which infection has lately subsist4 many years. It is well for you ed. 4. Reverend James Cowc'scharge • then,' said Mr. B. taking leave of to the master of the workhouse at hin, that your friend Bacon is not Sunbury. 5. Etfects of the intem* now at your elbow, for he would not perate use of spirituous liquors. 6.
have been well pleased at seeing his Regulation of the Bishop Auckland * work so roughly handlel." P. 25. female friendly society.
It will readily be believed that From the report of a Sunday friendMr. B. had a talent for invention, ly society for the aged poor, which which he sometimes indulged in the originated in the advice of the Bishop composition of apologues, of which of Durham we extract the pleasing the following is given by Mr. Cecil intelligence, that this society “ was as a specimen.
established on the 2d day of September 1798; it consists of six aged women, thirteen aged men, and one
blind man. The anniversary meet"A Mirror, placed in a painter's ing for the distribution of their funds tudy, thus vaunted itself against a
is on Christmas day; their object, Design on the Easel: Can you,' says the Mirror, covered with blots and the observance of the sabbath, the <scratches, pretend to vie with me, motion of frugality and good neigh
study of the Scriptures, and the prowho exhibit so precise an image of bourhood. They make a point of every thing that comes before me! and where the variety is as great, taking of the sai rament, whenever
attending church regularly-of par'as the resemblance is exact.' I
administered -- of discountenancing *grant,' replied the Canvas, that
improper pastimes on Sunday, and, ail my excellence consists in faith• fiilly returning, whatever is com
as far as may be, of dissuading others mitted to my charge ; but it might
from the profanation of that sacred
day. "serve as a check to your pride to * consider, that after you have been assisted by the clergyman of the pa
« They meet every Sunday evening, * the companion of ihe wisest and rish, who reads to them some portion • best of characters, you are ready to and exposition of the Scriptures. admit a fool, or embrace a harlot.
They make a weekly contribution MORAL.
out of their earnings, to accumulate “ The same objects and events till the end of the year, allotting and which the superficial suffer to pass setting apart of it one tenth as a chawithout a trace left behind, become ritable fund for the relief of their ina fund of knowledge to the diligent; digent neighbours, who are not memwl.ish, being enriched with principle, bers of the society. They also enand tired by habit, they stand anong gage themselves to do every thing mankind a repository of all that is they can to promote good-will, good wise, and an example of all that is neighbourhood, and Christian chagood.” p. u.
rity one among another.
• By their rules, any inhabitant of XXIX. The Sixteenth Report of the of age, or upwards, may be a men:ber
Bishop Auckland, who is sixty years Society for bettering the Condition and of the Society. Their subscriptions increasing the Comforts of the Poor.
are generally one penny a week :-it 12mo. p. 79.' strached, 15. Hat. charit, Tircadilly; Bechett, &e.
under seventy the member is entitled
at Christmas to receive double his Is Report contains extracts subscription; being the amount of Friendly society for the aged poor, much more: if between seventy and a Bisliep duchland, and of the eighty, threefold; if between eighty
and ninety, fourfold, and so progres- two years to only £. 110. 1s. 2d.; or sirely. Blind persons are admissible £.55. 0s. id. a year.” p. 251. at any age. If any member dies “The girls schools are now, except within the year, bis relatives are en- as to their attendance on the reading titled to a proportionate benefit; but school, entirely under the direction ia case of absence from church, ex- of a committee of ladies, who regiicept on account of sickness, or some larly visit and superintend them, and unavoidable impediment, the absen- have produced an apparent ditter. tee forfeits his benefit upon the sub- ence in the cleanliness of their apart. seriptions for that week." p. 233— ments, and in their personal appear. 235.
ance. The original plan for the inThe intelligence this volume con- struction of them in the different tains, of the schools at kendal, will, kinds of kitchen-work is in part exwe are assured, be highly gratifying ecuted. Breakfast is provided at the to our readers, when they are ine school daily, except on Saturdays and formed, that “the schools of indus- Sundays, for above forty .scholars, try at Kendal, contain one hundred each of whom pays fourpence half. and twelve children; whereot' thirty penny a week; a sumn which will of the larger girls are employed in barely defray the expence of prospinning, sewing, knitting, and in the visions without the fuel. The elder work of the house; and the thirty-six girls are employed, in rotation, to younger girls in knitting only. Eight assist in preparing breakfast and boys are taught shoe-making, and in washing the utensils." p. 252, the reinaining thirty-eight are en- 253. gaged in what is called card-setting- "The mode of teaching the chil, the preparing the machinery for card. dren their letters is deserving of attening wool; an occupation apparently tion. They are taught first to copy difficult and intricate, but easily the capital letters in sand, from a learat, and peculiarly adapted to little printed card, beginning with the most children. For the industry schools simple forms, as I, 1, T, &c. and there are two mistresses for kuitting proceeding to those that are inore and spinning, at eight shillings a complex. They then learn to copy week each; and a master shoe.
the smaller letters in the same way, maker, whose salary (arising out of and in alphabetical order. It is very an allowance of two-pence a pair for curious to observe with what readitanishing the shoes, and, in fact, de- ness and correctness the youngest of ducted out of his scholars' earnings) these children will form these letters amounts to twelve shillings a week. in the sand, and how willingly they For the reading and writing school will make the knowledge of them a there is a master, aged eighteen, at matter of amusement and self grati. half a guinea a week, and an usher, a fication, boy of fourteen, who was allowed “ A set of maps having been pre. righteen pence a week, but in con- sented and hung up in the school, sequence of superior offers is now Dr. Briggs adopted the idea of enengaged at three shillings a week. couraging and stimulating the attenThese two, with the assistance of the ' tion of the children, by giving them upper and more intelligent boys, sup- every week, some easy lessons in ply all the requisite instruction for practical geography. Those who these industry schools, where one have not visited these schools may prohundred and twelve children are edu- bably doubt (as I did) of the propriety cated and fitted for useful life. The of making this a part of the education : expence of the whole establishment of poor children. L'pon attending this in salaries, fires, candles, rent, and morning, however, I have had reason every other incidental charge (furni- to appreciate highly the effects of this ture, premiums, and school wages addition to their instruction, espebeing deducted) * has amounted in cially when I have considered, that
these children might hereafter be The furniture and fitting up has cost placed in mercantile or naval situa4:46. 188. 14d.; the amount of the pre- tions, where this knowledge would be tions is €.23. 1ts. 04.; and the school of essential use to them. I found, Wages, received of the scholars, and in fact indeed, that those who answered best paid out of their earnings, 2.95, 138, 94d. upon this examination, were the same -Ibis is for two years.
ned these ea vere impartiality with which The morem copinye title given by
who carried off the prizes of industry; and I had reason to believe, that from XXX. A TREATISE ON BREWING; the information and pleasure which wherein is exhibited the whole Art they received in this instance, they and Mystery of brewing the various transferred a spirit and energy to all Sorts of Malt Liquor ; with practical their other occupations.
Examples upon each Species. Toge"The queries were not put in an ther with the manner of using the arranged series ; but were varied in Thermometer and Saccharometer clue expression and order, and were al- cidated by Examples, and rendered ways applied to the maps around easy 10 any Capacity, in brewing them.-Nothing could exceed the air London Porter, Brown Stout, Readof intelligence, and the eagerness and ing Beer, Amber, Hock, London Ale, correctness with which the children Windsor Ale, Welch Ale, Wirtemburg gave their answers, but the rapidity Ale, Scurvy-Grass Ale, Table Beer, and precision of the questions i* put and Shipping Beer. By ALEX. by DANIEL, THE USHER OF THE MORRICE, Common Brecver. 8vo. SCHOOL (a boy of fourteen years of pp. 180. 10s. 6d. H. D. Symonds. age, whoin Dr. Briggs, then present,
1802. directed to make the examination)
Author renders analysis he passed on to the next child, if necessary, and perhaps we should not there was the least delay or mistake have introduced the present work in in the answer. “ In the introduction of geography been to gratify our friend John Bull
this part of the Epitome, had it not into his schools, Dr. Briggs had another very important object in view
with the history of his favourite be--that of preparing the minds of the
verage, which is as follows: children for a system of RELIGIOUS
History of the London Brewery, from INSTRUCTION on a similar plan, so the Beginning of King William's Reign as to enable them to give a reason of to the present Time. the faith that is in them, whenever “In the beginning of King William's they may be assailed by SOPHISTRY reign, the duty on strong beer, or ale, AND INFIDELITY.” 8.253-257. was is. and 3d. per barrel: the brewer
In the Appendix is the report of then sold his brown alé at 16s. per the sub-committee of the fever insti. barrel, and the small beer (which was tution, established last summer, in inade from the same grains) at 6s. per which it appears, rooms neglected to barrel. These were mostly fetched be cleaned are liable to retain infec. from the brew-house by the cus, tion. We think it desirable to make tomers themselves, and paid for with the means they used as extensively ready money; so that the brewer known as possible, which was the kept but few servants, fewer bosses, washing of rooms supposed conta- bad no stock of beers or ales by him, gious with hot lime.
no purchasing of leases of public The female friendly society at houses, no bad debts, and but a triBishop Auckland promises fair to be . thing number of casks, and his money, a beneficial plan for the industrious consequently, returned before he eifemale, and worthy of imitation, but ther paid his duty, or for his malt. the nature and limits of our plan for The victualler then sold this ale for bid us to give the particulars. two pence per quart. Soon aster, our
wars with France occasioned further * I am ashamed to say, that I lost some duties on this commodity. I think part of the instruction, which I might have that, in 1689, 9d. per barrel more obtained from Daniel's questions, and the children's answers; for I could not help per barrel on small beer. In 1690,
was laid upon strong beer, and 3d. endeavouring to calculate exactly the pre- the duty was advanced 25. and 3d. cise quantum of service, which Daniel, rohen he can be spared, may be of in the me
per barrel on strong beer, and 9d. per tropolis, by finishing the education of our
barrel upon small; and in 1692, an men of high rank and Ivarning, in practical additional duty of 9d. per barrel was gengraphy, before they set off on their laid upon strong beer only. At this truncls.
period the brewer raised his price from Jos. to 185. and 195. per barrel; and the victualler raised his price to