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when the work was completed, he be visited upon the house of Jehu, received the express approbation of by which it had been shed. The God; and the continuance of the princes descended from Jehu were all sceptre of Israel in his family, to the idolaters; and idolaters have always fourth generation, was promised as been persecutors of the true religion. the reward of this good and accepted In all ages, and in all countries, they service *. “ Jehovah, said unto Jehu, have persecuted the Jezrael unto because thou hast done well,” &c. death, whenever they have had the And it cannot be conceived, that power of doing it. The blood of the very same deed, which was com- Jezrael, therefore, which was to be manded, approved, and rewarded, visited upon the house of Jehu, was in Jehu, who performed it, should be the blood of God's servants, shed in punished as a crime in Jehu's posterity, persecution, and of infants shed upon who had no share in the transaction. the altars of their idols by the idola.
" To avoid this difficulty, another trous princes of the line of Jehu, and interpretation is mentioned with ap so the expression was understood by probation by the learned Pocock, in St. Jerome and by Luther.” Critical which “ the blood of Jezrael,” is Notes, p. 53, 54, 55, 56. still understood of the blood of Ahab's family, shed by Jehu in Jezrael; but, CHAP. V. VER. 2.-" The Prickers by a particular acceptation of the have made a deep Slaughter. verb Tpo, (to visit] this is understood not as the object, but as the stand- back, attendants on the chase, whose
Prickers,'' scouts on horseard, or model, of the punishment, business it was to scour the country and the words are brought to this all around, and drive the wild beasts sense, that God will execute venge- into the toils. The priests and rulers ance upon the wicked house of Jehu, in slaughter abundant as the slaughter are accused as the seducers of the of Ahab's family and kindred in people to apostacy and idolatry, not Jezrael; but in this way of taking with premeditated design, under the
merely by their own ill example, but the words, a punishment is denounced for a crime not specified, which image of hunters deliberately spreadis not after the manner of the 'denun- ing their nets and snares upon the ciations of holy writ. Besides, al- emissaries in this nefarious project,
mountains. And their agents and though the Hebrew words in themselves might not be incapable of this the prickers in this destructive chase.
are represented under the image of construction, if this were the only The toils and nets are whatever in passage in which the phrase occurred: the external form of idolatry was calthe truth is, it is a very common man. Der of expression; and wherever the
culated to captivate the minds of phrase is used of visiting any thing altars, images richly adorned, the
men; magnificent temples, stately upon a person,” the thing, which is the object of the verb transitive gaiety of festivals, the pomp, and, in (without any preposition or prefix) the public rites. All which was sup
many instances, even the horror of is always to be understood as some crime to be punished upon the per
ported by the government at a vast son: and to take the phrase in any the prickers made, is thie killing of
expence. The deep slaughter which other manner here would be a mode
the souls of men. P. 16. of interpretation, which would tend
Prickers,” bow from the to bring upon the style of the sacred
verb ow circumire, discurrere, obwriters the very worst species of obscurity—that of uncertainty, divest. ambulare, lustrare, late per campos ing the most familiar expressions of Guaquaversum discurrere. It is apa clear definite meaning.
plied, Num. xi. 8. to the people “ For these reasons, I am per
scattered over the plain to gather up
the mauna. suaded, that Jezrael is to be taken
lience the noun now, in this in this passage in its mystical meaning; and is to be understood of horsemen, whose office it was in the
place may paturally render those the persons typified by the prophet's chase to spread themselves on all son--the holy seed--the true ser
sides of the plain, to drive the wild yants and worshippers of God. It
beasts roused from their laires or cois threatened that their blood is to
verts into the toils. Such persons, in * 2 Kings x, 30,
our old English language, were called
“prickers," as I conceive from the Jehovah is his memorial; that is, his verb to “prick," i. e. to shew off on appropriate, perpetual namel. “And a mettlesome horse * ; because their God said, moreover, unto Moses, office required that they should be thus shalt thou say unto the children well mounted, and they were always of Israel: Jehovah, the God of your galloping across the country in all fathers, the God of Abraham, the directions. The noun is not yet be God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, come quite obsolete. For the yeo hath sent me unto you. This is iny men that attend the king, when his name for ever, and this my Memomajesty hunts the stag, whose duty it RIAL (931) unto all generations." is to keep the animal within conve Where is this" rehearses “ Jehovah' nient bounds, are at this day called by itself; for the addition, the “God the " yeomen prickers.” I take of Abraham,” &c. is no part of the Dow here in this sense, as the nomi. name or memorial, but a most grapative
cious declaration of Jehovah's pecuas the accusative after the verb: liar connections with the fathers of “ Cursores profundam ediderunt the Israelites. Accordingly, the cædem.” In ihe Latin expression, Psalmist says, “ Jehovah is thy name “ profunda crdes," cædes is properly for ever; Jehovah is thy memorial the bloodshed; and a great number for all generationsb. of murders is represented under the “ Then, after a description of the image of a great depth of that blood. impotence and nothingness of idols, The imagery of the Hebrew in this the work of men's hands, the psalm place is exactly the same. But it is a concludes with animated solemn worligurative chase. The wild beasts are ship of Jehovah, by the reiteration of men not influenced and restrained by
this name. true principles of religion : the prin “ House of Israel, bless ye the cipal hunters, the kings and the apo- Jehovali. Ilouse of Aaron, bless
ye state priests, who, from motives of self the Jehovah. interest, and a wicked and mistaken “ House of Levi, bless ye the Jepolicy, encouraged idolatry, and sup- hovah. Ye that fear Jehovah, bless ported its institutions: the prickers, ye the Jehovah. ihe subordinate agents in the business: “ Blessed be Jehovah in Sion. Inthe slaughter, spiritual slaughter of habitants of Jerusalem, praise Jah." the souls of men.” Critical Notes, h. Where I observe by the way, that 77, 78.
wherever os (eth) is prefixed to Je
hovah as the accusative case after the CHAP. xii. Ver. 6.-“ JEHOVAH
verb, it points to the name Jeho. is his Memorial: i.e. God's memorial.
vah, as the memorial. 66 Bless him
who is the Jehovah.” I have, there. His appropriate, perpetual, incominunicable name, expressing his es
fore, always expressed it in my trans
" the." sence. P. 41. The learned Author, after stating
3dly. I observe, that the proper that the sentiments of Houbigant, the
name of a man, or any created being, LXX. and the Syriac, refer the pro
is never called its “ memorial.” This noun, not to Jehovah, but to Jacob,
is applied solely and exclusively to conceiving that the passage alludes to
the essential name of the sell-existent the name given by the angel to Jacob,
God. Critical Notes, p. 143, 144. presents us with the following objeca
After the Corrigenda we find an tions, “ Ist. The name of Israel has
advertisement, containing an addi. no reference to ,777but to be And
tional illustration of the foregoing taking the initial (Jod) in Sw7w
text, introduced in the following er(Israel) as merely formative of the pressive language : “ The Author proper name, as I conceive it to be, tinds, that he owes apology to the the exact significance of the name is,
orthodox reader for an omission, not a prince of God.”
of any thing essential to the elucida2d. God himself says this name
tion of the prophet, but in itself of
greater moment than any of the * A gentle knight was pricking on the plain, errata, enumerated in the foregoing
Yclad in mighty arms and silver shield, list, of the press or of the pen; it
llis angry steed did chide his foaming bit,
Is inuch disdainiug to the curb to yield.
a Exodus, ii. 15. b Ps. CXXXV. 13.
Ps. cxxxv. 19, 20, 21.
is, that he has omitted to add this a title of office. Jehovah-Angel" remark at the end of the long note would be a better rendering. The on the word “memorial,” in chap. JEHOVAH-ANGEL of the Old Testaxii. 5. namely, that the person, of ment is no other than He, who, in whom it is said, that the name Je- the fullness of time, “ was incarnate HOVAH is his memorial, is no other by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin than he whom the patriarch found at Mary." Advertisement, p. 925. Bethel, who there spake with the Israelites in the loins of their proge CHAP. xii. ver. 15.-" No Repentnitor. He, whom the patriarch found ance is discoverable to my Eye!" at Bethel, who there, in that manner, pake with the Israelites, was, by the
The frequent and sudden transitenor of the context, the antagonist tions from threatening to promise, with whom Jacob was afterwards from indignation to pathetic persua-. matched at Peniel. The antagonist
, sion, and the contrary, produce much with whom he was matched at Peniel, obscurity in the latter part of this wrestled with the patriarch, as we prophet, which, however, disappears, read in the book of Genesis a, in the when breaks are made in the proper human form. The conflict was no
places. In the 13th verse, the peril sooner ended than the patriarch ac
of Ephraim's situation, arising from knowledged his antagonist as Godb. his own hardened thoughtlessness, is The holy prophet first calls him an
described in the most striking images. gel (785) and after mention of In the 14th, God the Saviour comthe colluctation, and of the meeting final deliverance and salvation. In
forts him with the promise of the and conference at Bethel, says, that these words, " No repentance is disbe, whom he had called angel, was ** JEHOVAH, God of Hosts." And
coverable to my eye,” the Saviour to make the assertion of this person's complains, that these terrors and Godhead, if possible, still more un
these hopes are all ineflectual; that equivocal; he adds, that to him be- he perceives no signs of repentance longed, as his appropriate memorial,
wrought by them. The Hebrew that name which is declarative of the sounds literally, “ Repentance is hidvery essence of the Godhead. This den from mine eyes.
' The total de mar, therefore, of the book of Genesis, fect of the thing is most strongly exthis angel of Hosea, who wrestled pressed in the assertion, that nothring with Jacob, could be no other than of it is to be discerned by the allthe JEHOVAH-angel, of whom we searching eye of the Divine Saviour. so often read in the English Bible. This complaint of universal impeniunder the name of the "angel of the tence, with the reason assigned, inIhrd:” a phrase of an unfortunate troduces new threatening, with which structure, and so ill-conforined to the the chapter ends. The reason asoriginal, that it is to be feared, it has signed for the impenitence is, that led many into the error of conceiving Ephraim is run wild among savage of the Lord as one person, and of the beasts, broken loose from the reangel as another. The word of the straints of God's holy law, given up Hebrew, ill rendered “the Lord,” is
to bis depraved appetites, and turned not like the English word, an appel- mere heathen; for the heathen are lative, expressing rank or condition ;
the savage beasts. P. 47. but it is the proper naine JEHOVAH. And this proper name Jehovah, is not, in the Hebrew, a genitive after III. LIFE OF BONAPARTE, First Corthe noun-substantive * angel," as sudof France, from his Birth to the Peace the English represents it; but the of Luneville. To which is added,
Jehorah” an Account of his remarkable Actions, and “ angel," are two nouns sub). Replies, Speeches, and Traits of Chastantive in apposition, both speaking ractor : with Anecdotes of his different of the same person; the one, by the Campaigns. Translaied from the appropriate name of the essence (ren French, with his Portrait by Heath. dering by its very etymology, the 8vo. boards, 8s. Robinsons, Pater1978; this itiks, if it may be permitted to noster-Row. apply logical terms to that which is beyond all categories); the other, by Tun biographer gives the followGen. xxxii. 24.
close of his preface.
מלאך and יהוה words
“ Like Alexander, he is of the Brienne, he formed his little garden middle stature, of a pale and delicate, with his own hands, and fortified it, though tolerably strong complexion, as well as he was able, against the atdark eyes, aquiline nose, the chin tacks of his enemies. In this garden prominent, the forehead wide, and he was fond of shutting himself up, to the whole countenance indicative of walk and to meditate; and he passed a discerning and elevated mind. there almost all his hours of recrea
“ He is habitually of a taciturn and tion, with a book of philosophy or contemplative disposition; yet is not mathematics in his hand, his mind devoid of the French politeness and seeming to disdain all lower occupagaiety: To a courage at once ardent tions and less important studies. The and daring, he unites a coolness youths of the college were unfortuwhich nothing can derange; to the nate enough, in letting off some firevast conceptions of genius, all those works, to injure his little property; stratagems of war which Hannibal and he made them repent their carepractised so ably against the Romans ; lessness. His school-fellows feared, the deepest reflection to the most ra- but they esteemed him at the same pid execution; all the impetuosity time, and may be said even to revere of youth to the experience of riper him. years; the sagacity of the politician “ The only sports he was fond of to the talents of a great general; and, were those which required thought, lastly, to a desire of glory and the or were a type of the military art. daring spirit of former conquerors, He inspired several of his companions the virtues of sober wisdom, and every with the same inclination, and taught sentiment of humanity and modera- them the military exercise, in which he tion; politics and the military art conducted himself so well, that they are so much the favourite studies of were led to say, does he not appear his mind, as to be carried almost to born to command ? enthusiasm and passion; and from “ As it is natural to take pleasure the opposite qualities of her first con- in viewing the first efforts of an heroic sul, equally great in peace as in war, mind, and tracing in their dawn those France may justly boast, that she eminent qualities which are one day also has her Washington.” Preface, to command the respect and admirap. viii, ix, x.
tion of the world, we shall here re. This work is divided into thirty- cite a few anecdotes of the childhood four chapters, giving an account of the and youth of the First Consul. The battles in which Bonaparte was en following circumstances are little gaged, and the most important ac known, but they are real facts. They tions of his life.
come from Baron L-r, a school From the first chapter, containing fellow of the Consul's and the friend his birth, particulars of his youth, of his childhood. Before he had and the siege of Toulon, we obtain made any figure, or his name had the following information.
been even mentioned in any political Napoleon Bonaparte was born connection in France, Baron L---, at Ajaccio in Corsica, on the 15th said, I wish I knew zuhat is become of of August 1769. He was brought a school-fellow of mine, of the name of early into France, and was placed in Bonaparte; his whole heart must be in the military school of Brienne in the revolution. : Champagne, under the direction of “ They had been at the military the fathers, called Mininis; where school at Brienne together, liad left it the education he received developed at the same time to go to Paris, and in him the hidden germs of talents were in habits of close intimacy while and genius.
they continued there. “ Bonaparte,” “ In his youth, almost in his in- says he, “always showed the most fancy, he displayed an energy, and a lively interest in the success of the certain degree of pride, that would be patriots of Corsica when in arms: he a fault in an inferior character, but listened eagerly to all news from his which appears almost invariably to country: Paoli' was his god; be never show itself in those designed for an mentioned him, or his native soil, extraordinary and eccentric career, without enthusiasm. Some of the and to be a marked and distinguish French officers, who had been in ing quality of their minds.
Corsica, would now and then repair “While a pupil at the college of to the military school, and, talking of
the war, would give the most ex lumns is cut off by our troops at aggerated accounts of their success Salo, in their way from Brescia' to against the Corsicans: Bonaparte Trent, and that if he do not lay down quietly suffered them to talk on, ask- his arms in eight minutes from this ing them occasionally a shrewd ques. time, or if he sutfer a single musket to tion or two; but when he was certain be fired, every soul shall perish with he could prove their having falsified him. Take the bandage from the a fact, he would exclaim eagerly :- gentleman's eyes : let him see Ge• Are you not ashamed for a momen- neral Bonaparte and his staff in the tary gratification of vanity to calum. midst of an army of brave republipiate in this manner a whole nation ! cans. Tell your general he has a You say there were six hundred of good prize to take." The Austrians you only in the engagement: I know demanded time to deliberate; duryou were six thousand; and that you ing which, every thing was preparing were opposed only by a few wretched for the attack. The leader of the peasants !' He would then open his enemy's coluinn, desiring to be heard, journals and maps, and he generally proposed to surrender on capitulaended his declamation with saying tion. • No,' replied Bonaparte, to his friend_Come, L
' you are prisoners of war.' "The kave these dastards.' -er fol. enemy still hesitating, Bonaparte orloved and pacified him. P. 5-9 dered the light artillery to advance,
* At the time of his confirmation, and begin the attack. The Austrian when the archbishop asked his name, general then exclaimed: •We surBonaparte answered it with an open. render unconditionally.' Dess and confidence that formed a “ Thus three Austrian battalions, singular contrast with the timid and consisting of four thousand men and downcast looks of his comrades. The two hundred hulans, having the adDame of Napoleon being rather un vantage of four pieces of cannon, and Common, escaped the archbishop, who drawn up in order of battle, laid desired him to repeat it, which Bo- down their arms to twelve hundred Daparte did, with a little appearance republicans. P.51, 52, 53. of impatience. The assisting minister At the end of the seventh chapter remarked to the prelate: Napo- we find the following circumstance. * leon! I do not know that saint.' “ On the night ensuing the long and • Parbleu, I believe it,' replied Bona- dreadful battle of Arcola, Bonaparte parte, 'the saint is a Corsican.' P. disguised himself in the dress of an il.
inferior officer, and traversed the His valour being noticed by the camp. In the course of his round he representatives with the army, at the discovered a centinel leaning on the siege of Toulon, he was advanced, but-end of his musket in a profound from an officer in a company of artil. sleep. Bonaparte, taking the musket lery, to the rank of general of bric from under him, placed his head gale. He was soon appointed ge- gently on the ground, and kept watch teral in chief of the army of Italy, for two hours in his stead ; at the end alter the French had received a of which the regular guard came to caeck by the arrival of General relieve him. On awakening, the solWurmser, and obliged to raise the dier was astonished at seeing a young sege of Mantua, and the number of officer doing duty for him; but when, troops with Bonaparte amounted only looking more attentively, he recogto twelve hundred men. At this time nised in this officer the commander an officer arrived from the enemy's in chief, his astonishment was conquarters, requesting a parley. He verted into terror, . The general ! was brought hood. winked before the —Bonaparte!' he exclaimed ; • I ain general : his errand was to declare, then undone.' Bonaparte, with the tiat the left wing of the French army utmost gentleness, replied, “Not so, was surrounded, and that his general fellow-soldier; recover yourself: after wished to know, whether the rest so much fatigue, a brave man like xere willing to surrender,
you may be allowed for a while to * Go, tell your general, replied sleep; but, in future, choose your Bonaparte,, if 'bis intention be to time better.” P. 68, 69. insult the French army, that I am “ At the signing of the prelimina. here; that it is he and his corps wlio ries at Leoben, which were the basis are prisoners ; that one of his con of the treaty of Campo-Formio, the