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frequently done, more particularly the gratification of his own selfish by selectiog Sunday as a day for tra- desires. But however he may preTelling, for taking long journies, which serve his good humour, when he meets might as well be performed at any with no resistance, the moment he other time. This is a direct violation is thwarted and opposed in his tlagiof the fourth commandment, which tious purposes, he has no hesitation expressly gives the sabbath as a day in going any lengths to gain his point, of rest to our servants and our cats and will fight bis way to the object tle.
he has in view through the heart of " This temporary suspension of la- the very best friend he has in the bour, this refreshment and relief from world. The same thing we see in a incessant toil, is most graciously al. still more striking point of view, in lowed, even to the brute creation, by the conduct of Herodias. She was the great Governor of the universe, at first only a bold, unprincipled li. whose mercy extends over all his bertine, and might perhaps be adworks. It is the boon of heaven it- mired and celebrated, as many others self; it is a small drop of comfort of that description have been, for thrown into their cup of misery; and her good temper, her sensibility, her to wrest from them this only privi- generosity to the poor ; and with this lege, this sweetest consolation of their character she might have gone out wretched existence, is a degree of of the world, had no such person as inhumanity for which there wants a John arisen to reprove her and her name, and of which few people I husband for their profligacy, and to ampersuaded, if they could be brought endanger the continuance of her to reflect seriously upon it, would guilty commerce. But no sooner ever be guilty." P. 255, 256.
does he rebuke them as they de Lecture xi. Matth. xii.-Nature served, than Herodias shewed that and use of Parables.
she had other passions to indulge beLecture XII. Matthew xiii. con- sides those which had hitherto distinued.-Parable of the Sower ex- graced her character; and that, when plained.
she found it necessary to her plea. Lecture XIII. Matth. xiii. con- sures, she could be as cruel as she tinued. -- Parable of the Tares ex- had been licentious; could contrive plained.
and accomplish the destruction of a Lecture XIV. Matthew xiv.-His great and good nan, could feast her tory of Herod and Herodias.-Death eves with the sight of his mangled of john the Baptist.
head in a charger, could even make From the remarks arising from the her own poor child the instrument of circumstances connected with the her vengeance, and, as 'I am inclined murder of John, we select the follow- to think, a reluctant accomplice in a
most atrocious murder. “We here see a fatal proof of the “ flere is a inost awful lesson held extreme barbarities to which that out, not only to the temale sex, but most diabolical sentiment of revenge
to both sexes, to persons of all ages will drive the natural tenderness even and conditions, to beware of giving of a female mind; what a close con. way to any one evil propensity in nection there is between crimes of their nature, however it may be disapparently very different complexion; guised under popular names, however and how frequently the uncontrolled indulgently it may be treated by the indulgence of what are called the world, however it may be authorized softer affections, lead ultimately to by the general practice of mankind; the most violent excesses of the ma
because they here see, that they may lignant passions. The voluptuary ge- not only be led into the grossest extraberally piques himself on his bene. vagancies of that individual passion, volence, his humanity, and gentle. but may also be insensibly betrayed ness of disposition. His claim even into the commission of crimes of the to those virtues is at the best very deepest dye, which in their serious problematical; because, in bis pur- monents they always contemplated suit of pleasure, he makes no scruple with the utmost horror." p. 377– of sacrificing the peace, the confort, 379. the happiness of those for whom he Lecture XV. Matthew xvii. -T! pretends the tenderest affection, to Transfiguration of Christ.
Lecture XVI. Matth. xviii.-Mak- be charged with a few little venial ing our brother to offend.-Parable foibles, and pardonable infirmities, of the Unforgiving Servant.
(as they are called) yet we are asIn discoursing upon the first sub- sured that he has notwithstanding the ject in this Lecture, the peculiar mean- very best heart in the world. Thus it ing of the word offend is stated to be is that the principles of our youth "a causing any one to fall from his are insensibly, and almost unavoidfaith, to renounce his belief in Christ ably corrupted ; and instead of being by any means whatever; and against inspired, as they ought to be, even every one that makes use either of upon the stage, with a just detestation violence or artifice to terrify or se- of vice, they are furnished with apoduce the sincere, and bumble, and logies for it, which they never forget, unsuspicious believer in Christ from and are even taught to consider it as his faith and obedience to his divine a necessary part of an accomplished Master, the severest woes and the character. heaviest punishments are here de- “ And as if we had not enough of nounced.” Vol. ii. p. 33.
this disgusting nonsense and abomi. The various modes of making our nable profligacy in our own country, brother to offend are considered, and in our own language, we are among which our attention is engaged every day importing fresh samples by the following:
of thein from abroad, are ingrasting “ A bad example, though it open foreign immorality on our own narates fatally, operates comparatively tive stock, and introducing characters within a small circumference. It ex- on the stage or into the closet, which tends only to those who are near are calculated to recommend the enough to observe it, and fall within most licentious principles, and favour the reach of the poisonous infection irregularities and attachments that that it spreads around it; but the deserve the severest reprehension and contagion of a licentious publication, punishment." Vol ii. p. 41-43. especially if it be (as it too frequently Lecture XVII, Matth. xix.-The is) in a popular and captivating shape, Means of attaining Eternal Life.knows no bounds; it flies to the re- Difficulty of a Rich Man entering motest corners of the earth; it pene; into the Kingdom of Heaven. trates the obscure and retired habi- Lecture XVIII. Matthew xxi. tations of simplicity and innocence; Parable of the Marriage Feast.--Init makes its way into the cottage of sidious Questions put to Cbrist.-Two the peasant, into the hut of the shep- great Commandments. herd, and the shop of the mechanic; Lecture XIX. Matth. xxiv.-Qur it falls into the hands of all ages, Lord's Prediction of the Siege and ranks, and conditions; but it is pe- Destruction of Jerusalem. culiarly fatal to the unsuspecting and Lecture XX. Matth. xxiv. xxv.unguarded minds of the youth of Further Remarks on the same Proboth sexes, and to them its breath phecy:- Parables of the Ten Virgins is poison and its touch is death.' and of the Talents.-Day of Judg.
«'What then have they to answer ment. for, who are every day obtruding Lecture XXI. Matth. xxvi.-Inthese publications on the world, in stitution of the Lord's Supper. Our a thousand different shapes and forms; Lord's Agony in the Garrien.-Bein history, in biography, in poems, in trayed by Judas.-Carried before the novels, in dramatie pieces ; in all High Priest. which the prevailing feature is uni- Lecture XXII. Matthew xxvji. versal philanthropy and indiscriminate Christ carried before Pilate-triedbenevolence ; under the protection of condemned-and crucified. which the hero of the piece has the Lecture XXIII. Matthew xxyii. privilege of committing whatever ir- xxvili:-Doctrine of Redenption. regularities be thinks fit; and while Burial and Resurrection of our Blessed he is violating the most sacred obli- Lord. gations, insinuating the most licen- Lecture XXIV. Matth. xxviii.-tious sentiments, ard ridiculing every Mysteries of Christianity.-Conclething that looks like religion, he is sion of the Gospel of St. Matthew, nevertheless held up as a model of and of the Lectures. virtùe; and though he may perhaps
breeches tinder my trousers, which I LXXXV. JACKSON'S JOURNEY from found of very great service. A cum.
INDIA towards ENGLAND, in the berband about six yards long was tied Year 1797.
very tightly round my waist, and in this Concluded from page 285.)
I húng a brace of pistols, beside hav
ing a large Turkish sabre fastened FOR the journey froin BAGDAD TO round my middle with a belt: My assumes a new habit, of which he gives had not immediate occasion for, i the following account:
· My Ta. had packed up in wax cloth; shirts, tar * dress being ready, as well as tlie stockings, and other necessaries that
I should have occasion for on the trappings of my horse, I began to prepare for my departure from BAG. journey, I had put into a leather DAD. Though I was to travel under pouch, which was fastened behind the title of consul, yet it was neces.
the saddle.” (With this description sary to wear the Tatar dress, to avoid is a plate.) p. 107–109. being insulted by the populace, as is
AC DIABEKIR “the author caught always the case when they discover some locusts of an extraordinary size,
and an European, whom they call Frin- very thick in proportion to their which I found to be of great service, found it necessary to be careful that gui. I had also my head shaved, length. They have no wings, move
slowly, and are easily taken. I soon as it kept me cool, and was more convenient to me in wearing the Ta- they did not bite me, for I am pertar dress.” p. 105, 106.
suaded that they could easily have "My dress consisted of a yellow bitten my finger to the bone. I tried cap, about a foot high, broad at top,
one with a twig about as thick as a and almost flat, but becoming gra quill, which it bit through instantly. dually narrower till it fitted the head.
I then dissected one, and on exaThe lower part of the cap, was co
mining one of its grinders, found it vered all round with black lambskin nearly as large as a human tooth, and about four inches deep, the inside
so hard, that I was not able to make lined and quilted, and in the upper any impression on it with my penpart stuffed with wool extremely
knife. The grinders were nearly the light. Being thus calculated to resist colour of mahogany. any weapon, it it an excellent safe
Finding that we were not moguard to the head. This cap, which, lested by flies or other insects, and being very heavy, feels unpleasant at ascribing this circumstance to the exfirst, is called a culpack, and is only cessive heat of the sun at this season, worn by the Tatars. My other arti- I made an experiment on one of these cles of apparel were a brown cloth large locusts, by exposing it to the chat trimined with a broad black
sun, which actually killed it in less silk binding, wrapped quite round
than an hour. I also found that flies, the body, with short wide sleeves,
when exposed in the middle of the and hanging down to the calf of the day, fell down almost instantly; and leg; blue Turkish trousers, trimmed that all kinds of insects must either with black silk binding, made very get into some shade, or inevitably wide, but buttoning tight round the perish.”, p. 139, 140. small of the leg ; and strong red
In a description of DIABEKIR, the boots to pull over the trousers as high
Author writes : as the calf of the leg. The under dress which there are great numbers. They
“ I visited the manufactories, of a Turkish gown, with long sleeves, buttoning close round the wrist, and manufacture copper, iron, woul, cota shirt without a collar. Turks of all ton, silk, and several other staples. descriptions have the neck entirely Some of their wool is very fine, and bare. The Tatars wear drawers;
the weavers are numerous. People but I wore a pair of strong leather
of the same trade usually live toge
ther; thus, one street contains no* !a a note towards the beginning of the thing but weavers ; another street, work it is noticed that this word is “
shoemakers ; another, smiths, &c. wery improperly, written Tartar."
Their leather is very good, and they Canbell's Journey over-land to India, and work it exceedingly well. I had other works. It is pronounced Tatár, the cases made for my pistols, which were accent being on the last syllable.
executed very neatly. Here are a
great many dyers, and the waters of to pasture. The women then put the the Tigris are said to be peculiarly, milk into a sort of bottle made of 3 adapted to the purposes of that goat's skin, every part of which is trade.
sewed up except the neck; but when “ In some branches these people are they are churning, the neck is tied equal, if not superior, to many Euro- with a string close and tight enough peans; but the weavers are very in- to prevent the milk running out. ferior to the English; and the cloth They then fix three strong sticks in they make, whether of woollen, cot- the ground, in a form something like ton, or silk, is always very narrow. what we often use in raising weights, They entertain a very high opinion only on a smaller scale. From these of the British manufactures, and the they suspend the goat's skin tied by very name of an Englishman is suf- each end, and continue shaking it ficient to gain the greatest respect. backward and forward till it be
“ People of all descriptions seem comes butter; and they easily know here to enjoy much liberty: The va- when it is ready by the noise it rious sects of Christians have their makes. They then empty the skins chapels and churches, and each fol- into a large vessel, skim off the butlows his own mode of worship without ter, put hot water into the skin to molestation.” p. 161-163.
clean it, and hang it up to dry. Facing page 179 is a plate, repre- * Besides this employment, they senting a portable spinning machine, have also to bake bread every morning used at Kessereck and GERMILLY for the day's consumption ; for all in ARMENIA, by which one man spins this work is performed by the women. two threads, twists the two threads The bread is bakedon large iron plates, he has spun before, and turns the as in many parts of Europe; but wheel at the same time.
should any of the women happen to Among some of the manners and lie longer than usual in the morning, customs noticed, we think the fol- so as not to be able to get their work lowing merits attention.
done before the sun becomes hot, " At one o'clock we arrived at the they not only have to work in the encampment of Hassan CHILLA- sun, but are heartily laughed at by BY ; for here also the inhabitants, better housewives." P. 187-189. having quitted the town, which was In the course of the journey the about two miles distant, had en- author had an opportunity of witcamped on a bill.
nessing the agility of his conductors. " I now found that we could not He says, “ they would sometimes proceed farther without a very strong draw out of the ranks half a dozen on guard.
each side, and throw blunted spears, “ The people belonging to the tent at which exercise these men are wonwherein we rested were very atten- derfully dexteroua, being able to pick tive, and I was fortunate in cultivat- up spears from the ground without ing the friendship of the women, who quitting their horses. They have also took some pains to provide such food a particular method of avoiding their and refreshment as they thought I opponents spears by hanging down should like best. I had also a favour- on the opposite side of the horse, and able opportunity of observing their thus exposing only one foot, yet al manners and custonis.
the same time going on full gallop. • The whole of the cattle belonging But though the men are at this exerto these encampments are driven cise so much superior to Europeans, every morning into such of the val.
I was even more entertained by obJies as contain the greatest plenty of serving the motions of the horses, water and vegetation, where they are some of which were beautiful wbite watched all day by two or three per. Arabians. The horseman makes very sons employed for that purpose, and little use of the reins on these occa. in the evening are brought back sicns, and the horse is governed by again. The tents are always pitched the motions of the rider's body. Ii in a circle, and the cattle remain all the latter lean towards the right or wight in the centre.
left, the horse will turn to that side, * The people rise at dawn of day, and if the motion be quick will gallop and the first employment of the wo. full speed. If the rider lean forward, men is to milk their cows and goats, the horse gallops straight on; and if *hich are immediately sent off again the man raise his body upright, the p. 196, 197.
lorse, though at that time on full the straw, and observed the same to speed, will stop in a moment, with. be adopted in all countries where out the rider touching the bridle.” the rains are periodical. “ They
make a ring about forty yards round, Amasia is considered by our Au. sometimes of clay, and sometimes thor to be a very pleasant situation, paved. They then bring their corn and he has given the representation from the field, and throw it in a heap of it in a plate.
in the middle of the ring. They have “For nearly a mile above the town a sledge too, which is sometimes was a deep valley, in which were drawn by bullocks, sometimes by many gardens and orchards. There horses, and some of these have pieces was also a fine stream of water run- of iron driven into the bottom, to cut ning from the mountains that we had the straw as it goes round, though in come over, on which were several others I have seen flint stones fasmills.
tened to the bottom. Upon the " AMAsia is a very extensive and sledge is a heavy weight. Beside the populous town, nearly as large as person who drives the cattle, another Tocat, and is surrounded by many is employed with a fork in tossing the lofty rugged mountains. The faces straw from the ring, if the grain is of these inountains have nearly half extracted, and taking fresh from the a mile of almost perpendicular height; heap in the middle. In this manner and in one of these are several places they are enabled to continue till they cut in the solid rock, similar to a have extracted the whole of their Hindoo pagoda, and which can only corn, without being in any danger of be approached by little narrow passes having it spoiled by rain. This is cut through the rock.” p. 211, 212. much quicker, and easier too, than
The method of watering this town our mode of thrashing in ENGLAND.” deserves notice.
p. 249, 250. “The town is well watered, parti- The Author thinks the same mecularly the lower parts, by means of thod might be adopted in England, large wheels near thirty feet in dia- under covered buildings, much to the meter. These are turned by the advantage of agriculture. stream, having a great many large The last mechanical object which buckets fastened to them. As the engaged the Author's attention is of wheel turns round, these buckets some importance, and thus noticed. empty themselves into troughs fixed “ On the river DANUBE, below within a few feet as high as the wheel. Peste, are many floating corn-mills, By this method they are enabled to which are admirably adapted for the keep up a continual stream of water, purpose. The vessels on which the which is conveyed by pipes from the mills are built are always kept afloat troughs to the hummums, fountains, and at anchor in the middle of the &c. p. 212, 213.
stream; the wheel is turned by the A custom among the Grecian wo- current, and I am of opinion, that men is thus noticed. “At a village mills built on a similar construccalled BENLEE, we stopt half an hour tion might be made serviceable on at a Greek's house to refresh. The the river THAMES, without obstruct. master of the house had two very ing the navigation ; for we have too beautiful daughters. The Greeks in many instances of flour and bread general have handsome features ; but advancing in price, on account of the these particularly attracted my atten- mills in the neighbourhood not being tion. They, as well as the peasantry able to raise a sufficient supply, par. in general, had a very ridiculous cus- ticularly in dry seasons.” . 275, 276. tom of tying all their treasure round their necks; and I have actually seen some wear three or four hundred Ve. LXXXVI. TRAVELS throngh Swenetian sequins perforated and fastened round their necks with silk
den, Finland, and Lapland, 10 the
North Cape, in the Years 1793 and strings. This custom, however, is confined to the unmarried part of the
1799. By JOSEPH ASCERBI. In
Two Volumes. Illustraied with Sen sex, wives having no ornament whatever on that part of their persons.”
venteen elegant Engravings. 410. p. 247, 248.
The author also notices the method Tha first volume contains thirty used here of separating the corn from portrait of the author, engcaved by