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to one of the gymnasia. There also degree, to respect the public opinion. are public schools, but upon a larger There is much regard paid to the na. scale than the former and one of tural claiins of individuals ; justice is them exists in almost every province. tempered with mercy, and great at From the gymnasia the young men, tention is shewn in their hospitals at the age of seventeen or eighteen, and other institutions to the situa. proceed to one of the universities, tions of the poor and helpless. From and for the greater part to Ypsala. the influence of the court among 4 The higher schools are under the quick, lively, and active race of men, care and inspection of the bishops, private intrigue and cabal have, to a who, accompanied with some of the great degree, crept into every depart, inferior clergy, visit them at stated inent of society; and this is what I periods.

find the greatest subject of blame, or of “ If any of the youth whose cir. regret, in speaking of that country." cumstances might not admit of an Þ. 172. university education, give indications The utility and advantages of the of fine parts, and a genius for any de. sledges is next shewn, by means of partment of science, the inspectors, which the different commodities are who are in general allowed to dis- conveyed from one place to another charge their duty with great diligence and it is not uncommon for the pea. and fidelity, make a report of him to sants to undertake journeys to 4 the king, who then orders that he market at the distance of three or may receive an education suitable to four hundred English miles. "A mild his talents and his merit." I may take winter sometimes, but very seldom this opportunity to observe, that the happens, when it does, it is deemed Swedish clergy áre, for the most part, as great a calamity as a bad harvest, regular and decent in their deport. for by this means the communication ment, and attentive to the duties of is limited, and commercial inter their office." p. 139, 140.

course confined. With a sledge you Chap. IX. describes the annual ex; may proceed on the snow, through hibition of pictures at Stockholm, forests and marshes, across rivers with the academy of painting and and lakes, without any impediment sculpture, and an account of some or interruption. It is on account of distinguished painters and their

pro- this facility of transporting merchan. ductions. Some works of the Dille- dize over the ice, that all the great tanti,

fairs in Sweden and Finland are held Chap. X. This chapter commences in the winter season. with a tribute of praise to Mr. Coxe, " When the author was taking his for his account of Sweden, and for departure from Stockholm, a difti. his eagerness in collecting informa- culty arose as to the kind of sledge tion. The general impression made in which he and his friends should on the author's mind of the state of travel, as there is a variety of them, Sweden in respect to arts and sci- which are described, and only a parences, commerce and manufactures, ticular sort and size suitable to finand civil freedom. “The state of land. The manner of rendering the Sweden, and particularly that of the roads passable in the North, after a capital, has leit this general imprese fall of snow, is to place a sort of trision on my mind, that a greater pro- angle of wood, the base of which may gress has been made in the sciences be about eight or ten feet, on rollers and arts, both liberal and mechanical, where the passage is to be, and to by the Swedes, than by any other have this frame drawn forward along nation struggling with equal disad: the middle by horses or oxen, the Tantage of soil and climate, and la. acute apgle, or piece of the triangle bouring under the discouragement of being placed foremost. In this maninternal convulsions and external

ag; ner the snow lying on the middle gressions, from proud. powerful, and of the way is pushed to the sides, and overbearing neighbours. Their com- a passage is thus rendered easier for merce, all things considered, and the sledges that come after. But this their manufactures are in a Hourishing triangle removes or diininishes only state. The spirit of the people, un- the quantity of snow in the middle der various changes unlavourable to of the road, so that the travellers, liberty, remains yet unbroken. The who afterwards may pass that way, government is still obliged, in some make another rutt or furrow, pro.

p. 176.

portionable to the width of their met with masses of ice heaped one sledges : and as the second always upon the other, and some of them follows the tract of the first, this fur- seeming as if they were suspended row, in the course of time, and by in the air, while others were raised in new falls of snow accumulating on the form of pyramids. On the whole, the sides, becomes so deep, that it they exhibited a picture of the wild. forms a kind of case, which admits est and most savage confusion, that only sledges of the same dimension.” surprized the eye by the novelty of

its appearance. It was an immense On the 16th of March, 1799, the cbaos of icy ruins, presented to view travellers leave Stockholm, and are under every possible form, and emrive at Grislehalmn the same even- bellished by superb stalactites of a ing, a distance not less than sixty: blue green colour. nine English miles, in which space “ Amidst this chaos, it was not withno inn is to be met with nor refresh- out difficulty and trouble that our ment procored. Enveloped in pe. horses and sledges were able to find lices of Rossian bear's skins, their and pursue their way. It was neces heads closely covered with fur caps, sary to make frequent windings, and and their hands in gloves lined with sometimes to return in a contrary diwool or fur, they found no reason to rection, following that of a frozen complain of cold the whole way. wave, in order to avoid a collection

The author with much interest de- of icy mountains that lay before us. scribes the happiness of the peasantry, In spite of all our expedients for dishe says, “the traits of innocence, covering the evenest paths, our sledges simplicity, and contentment, which, were every moment overturned to on entering any one of their cabins, the right or the left; and frequently you may perceive in their counte: the legs of one or other of the com. nances, "form a picture that must pany, raised perpendicularly in the greatly move the sensibility of a air, served as a signal for the whole stranger, and interest the feelings of caravan to halt. The inconvenience his heart.”, p. 1815

and danger of our journey were still Chap. XI! Grislehamn is a small farther increased by the following port town, remarkable only for its circumstance: Our horses were made being a place of rendezvous for tra- wild and furious, both by the sight vellers by sea and land, in their way and smell of our great pelisses, mato or from Sweden or Finland. At nufactured of the skins of Russian this place our travellers enter upon wolves or bears. Whenever one of the golph of Bothnia; the following the sledges was overturned, the horses description is given of this journey, belonging to it, or to that next to it, accompanied with a plate.

frighted at the sight of what they sup“ The distance across is forty-three posed to be a wolf or bear rolling English miles, thirty of which you on the ice, would set off at full galtravel on the ice without touching lop, to the great terror of both pason land. This passage over the fro- senger and driver. The peasant, apzen sea is, doubtless, the most sin- prehensive of losing his horse in the gular and striking spectacle that a midst of this desert, kept firm hold traveller from the south can behold. of the bridle, and suffered the horse I laid my account with having a jour. to drag his body through masses of ney more dull and unvaried than ice, of which some sharp points surprising or dangerous. I expected threatened to cut him to pieces. The to travel forty-three miles without animal, at last wearied out by the sight of land, over a vast and uniform constancy of the man, and dishear. plain, and that every successive mile tened by the obstacles continually would be in exact unisoh and mono- opposed to his flight, would stop; then tonous correspondence with those I we were enabled to getinto ourstedges, had already travelled; but my asto- but not till the driver liad blindfolded nishment was greatly increaserl' in the aninial's eyes." p. 184, 185. proportion as we advanced from onr "In their way over the golph they starting post. The sea, at first smooth stop to refresh at the island of Signil. and even, became inore and more skar, and between the isles of Verrugged and unequal. It assumed, as gata and Kumlinge. They have for we proceeded, ani undulating appears their guide a peasant of about fifty: ance, resembling the waves by which five years of age, who, though he had it had been agitated. At length we never received any education, nor


341 read any books, astonished them with the great freedom of his con. LXXXVII. The PoeTICAL Regisa versation as well as the good sense TER, and Repository of Fugitive of his observations. Being informed Poetry, for 1801. they were from Italy, he expressed much astonishment; he had beard, THIS volume is an enlargement, he said, that there was a war in Italy, and it is hoped an improveand that there was in that country ment, of the plan of a work established a warrior who struck terror into all in France in the year 1763, entitled the world; alluding, no doubt, to Bo- the Almanack des Muses. That work innaparte." p. 190.

cludes only poetry and criticism ; the Chap. XII. An account of the isles first nearly, if not all original, and of Aland–Their situations, name and the latter to a very limited extent. history-Parishes and Civil Regula. In tbe Poetical Register it is proposed tious--Soil and produce-The Inha- to include every subject connected bitants-their manners and customs with poetry.” Advertisement, p.iv. - Natural History - Quadrupeds - The contents of this work are di. Birds-Amphibious animals--Fishes vided into Original Poetry-Ancient -Insects--Plants, and minerals. Poetry-Fugitive, Poetry--Criticisins

Concerning the inhabitants the au- of Poetical Works-Catalogue of Pothor writes, “The Alanders are upon etical Works of 1801- Poetical Biothe whole an ingenious, lively, and graphy, containing Memoirs of Mrs. courteous people, and on the sea Chapone ; and Miscellanies, consistdisplay a great degree of skill and ing of a letter from Miss Sewardresolution. As a proof of the regu. Catalogue of living Poets, and nolarity of their lives, it is only neces. tices of Poetical Publications in the sary to observe, that from the year Press. 1749 to 1793, no more than seven criminals were capitally convicted, From the department of Original and within that space of time only Poetry we present our readers with seven murders committed, which is the following production of Miss in the proportion of one execution Seward : and one murder to one thousand eighthundred natural deaths; whereas in London, during the year 1791, out of eighteen thousand seven hundred

A Morning Scene. and sixty who died, thirty-seven “ Thy joys, gay spirit of the sosuffered under the hands of the exe- cial plain, cutioner; and at Naples and in Si- And useful labours renovate my cily, six hundred murders are sup

strain ; posed to be perpetrated one year Rising, it vibrates to thy oaten reed, with another, in a population of five And sings the artiess pleasures of the millions. From the year 1749 to mead. 1773, there were born in Aland one No frown the muse from truth and hundred and nineteen illegitimate nature fears, children; from 1774 to 1790, the Tho' pale refineinent sicken as she number of these was one hundred hears. and twenty-six, which is in the pro- Now it is June's bright morn, and portion for the first twenty-five years,

beauty twines of one bastard child to eighty-three The glowing wreaths that deck her legitimate children ; and for the fol- thousand shrines. lowing sixteen years of one to fifty- On the lark's wing sweet music hails three. The laiter proportion, how

the day, ever, is in some measure a proof of And o'er the sun-beam pours her lithe increase of moral depravity, quid lay; though it be trifling when compared While the blithe spirit of the social with other places, such as Stockholin and Abo, where one sixth part of the Leads health, and love, and gladness children born are illegitimate ; and in his train. if we take the births through Sweden, Crown'd with her pail, light rocking we shall find the proportion to be one

as she steps, to forty-five.” 5. 199, 200. Along the fresh, moist path young (To be continued.)

Lucy trips ;



The rustic rest is from her ankle The careful parents of the village drawn,

dwell, Yet caichęs many a dew-drop of the And mix the savory pottage in the lawn.

cell. Warm on her downy cheek health's Their little rosy girls and boys predeepest glow,

pare While from her eyes its lavish lustres The steaming breakfast thro' the vale flow,

to bear. And in her voice its wildly-warbled See, with pleas'd looks, gay Ceres' song

happy train, Floats, and returns, the echoing glades Watch their young donors, loaded on among.

the plain; Her nut-brown tresses wanton on the Inhale the grateful fumes that round gale;

them rise, Her breath perfumes afresh the blos, Mark their slow, heedful step, and som'd vale.

earnest eyes; Nine blooming maidens meet her on The chubby hands that grasp the the grove,

earthen rim, And ask, and tell the tender tale of Where health's warm viand rises to love.

the brim. With their prone fork a mystic scroll Light on the new-shorn bank recline they frame,

the band, Tracing on sand the heart-recorded And take the present from the willing name.

hand. O'er each bar'd shoulder hangs the With eager appetite and poignant idle rake,

taste, And busy fancy paints the coming Thank the kind bearers, and enjoy wake.

the feast. But from the lip th' unfinish'd pe- Yon tall white spire, that rises 'mid riods break,

the trees, And joy's warm blushes deeper tinge Courting, with gilded vane, the pass. the cheek;

ing breeze; For see th' expected youths, in vi. A peal, far heard, sends merry down gor's pride,

the dale, Stoutly are striding down the moun- The notes triumphant tell a bridal tain's side;

tale. Q’er the swift brook, at once, they Its hallow'd green sod the swift river lightly bound,

laves, And gay good-morrows thro' the Dark alders trembling o'er the sunny

fields resound. And now is labour busy in the dale ; The ripling flood receives each mea. The cow stands duteous by the sur'd round, cleanly pail,

Mellowing the shrillness of the silver Where the rich milk descends in ed

sound. dying tides,

Our youthful lovers hail the jocund Pure as the virgin hands through noise, which it glides.

And hope anticipates their bridal The youths, with short’ning arm, and joys; bending head,

Pours all her magic influence o'er Sweep their bright scythes along the

the scene, shiver'd mead.

Laughs in their eyes, and animates Three blithsome maids the grassy their mien. plunder shake;

Sportive their little friends around Three draw, with gentle hand, the them rove, thrifty rake,

And all is frolic, innocence, and love. And three, mid carol sweet, and jo- May equal joys the varying year cund tale,

adorn, Shatter the breathing verdure to the And gild the labours of each future gale.

morn; Where yonder cottages' ascending Whether the wanton hours, that lead smoke,

the spring, In spiral columns, wreaths the sun. Catch the translucentrain-drops from gilt oak;

her wingi



ness find

Or zoneless summer, faunting o'er While glory sighs for other spheres, the meads,

I feel that one's too wide, Consumnjate bloom, and richest fra. And think the home which love en. grance sheds;

dears, Or auburn Autumn, from her full lap, Worth all the world beside. throws

The needle thuš, too rudely moved, The mellow fruit upon the bending Wanders unconscious where, bouglis ;

Till having found the place it loved, Or winter, with his dark relentless it trembling settles there.” p. 234.

train, Wind, snow, and sleet, shall desolate the plain

TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE Howl round the hill, and, as the river

HENKY DUNDAS, raves, In drear stagnation warp th' arrested Grouse Shooting in the Highlands. After

retiring from office in 1801. O may the days of bloom and ripe. From public toils, and cares, and

strife, Such joys the meed of each untainted Welcome once more to privaté life, mind;

In Scotia's rude domain ; And in the rage of the severer hours, Enjoy repose, content and ease, May balmy comforts, with assuasive Inhale the health-inspiring breeze, powers,

Nor think of France and Spain. Present the stores, by former toil Let those who hold the helm of state amass'd,

Consume their nights i. dire debate, Pile the warm hearth, and spread the

Their days in factious jars;
neat repast:

Bid sport and song prepare the glad. To raise reluctant millions more,

ways and means incessant pore, some rite;

Scant food for future wars. Then smooth the pillow thro' the stormy night.

Even peace on their devoted heads Thus health and love the varying

No balmy dew of comfort sheds,

But discord flaps her wings; year shall crown,

each adverse claim, While truth and nature smile, tho' For who shall pale refinement frown."

Untouched his wisdom and his fame,

By censure's venomed stings? p. 83–86.

Far from the senate and the throne, From the Ancient Poetry we select from budget, tax, investment, loan, the following,

Impeachment, expedition;

Peace shall your bether pillow bind, Written by James Shirly, in 1646,

And war more distract' your


Nor projects of ambition. " I stood, and saw my mistress The easy, social, joyous hour, dance,

Unknown to pomp, remote from Silent, and with so fix'd an eye,

power, Some might suppose me in a trance,

Awaits you in the wild;
But being asked why,
By one that knew I was in love,

Friendship shall lead you by the

hand, I could not but impart

And Caledonia's arms expand My wonder, to behold her move

To clasp her patriot child. So nimbly with a marble heart."

Should warfare still your thoughts p. 222.


To muirland scenes confive your The following pieces are selected rage, from the Fugitive Poetry.

In mimic càmp array'd;

Unheard the sound of noisy drums, " I've roam'd through many a weary

There no Mysorean tyrant comes, round.

Your quiet to invade. I've wander'd east and west, The laurels won at Aboukir, Pleasure in every clime I found, Deep moistened with a nation's tear, But sought in vain for rest.

Were death and glory's prize;


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